click links in text for more info

Korean People's Army

The Korean People's Army is the de facto military forces of North Korea and the armed wing of the Workers' Party of Korea. Under the Songun policy, it is the central institution of North Korean society. Kim Jong-un is its Supreme Commander and the Chairman of the Central Military Commission; the KPA consists of five branches: Ground Force, the Navy, the Air Force, the Strategic Rocket Forces, the Special Operation Force. The KPA considers its primary adversaries to be the South Korean military and United States Forces Korea, across the Korean Demilitarized Zone, as it has since the Armistice Agreement of July 1953; as of 2016, with 5,889,000 paramilitary personnel, it is the largest paramilitary organisation in the world. This number serves as 25% of the North Korean population. Kim Il-sung's anti-Japanese guerrilla army, the Korean People's Revolutionary Army, was established on 25 April 1932; this revolutionary army was transformed into the regular army on 8 February 1948. Both these are celebrated as army days, with decennial anniversaries treated as major celebrations, except from 1978 to 2014 when only the 1932 anniversary was celebrated.

In 1939, the Korean Volunteer Army, was formed in Yan'an, China. The two individuals responsible for the army were Mu Chong. At the same time, a school was established near Yan'an for training military and political leaders for a future independent Korea. By 1945, the KVA had grown to 1,000 men Korean deserters from the Imperial Japanese Army. During this period, the KVA fought alongside the Chinese communist forces from which it drew its arms and ammunition. After the defeat of the Japanese, the KVA accompanied the Chinese communist forces into eastern Jilin, intending to gain recruits from ethnic Koreans in China from Yanbian, enter Korea. Just after World War II and during the Soviet Union's occupation of the part of Korea north of the 38th Parallel, the Soviet 25th Army headquarters in Pyongyang issued a statement ordering all armed resistance groups in the northern part of the peninsula to disband on 12 October 1945. Two thousand Koreans with previous experience in the Soviet army were sent to various locations around the country to organise constabulary forces with permission from Soviet military headquarters, the force was created on 21 October 1945.

The headquarters felt a need for a separate unit for security around railways, the formation of the unit was announced on 11 January 1946. That unit was activated on 15 August of the same year to supervise existing security forces and creation of the national armed forces. Military institutes such as the Pyongyang Academy and the Central Constabulary Academy soon followed for the education of political and military officers for the new armed forces. After the military was organised and facilities to educate its new recruits were constructed, the Constabulary Discipline Corps was reorganised into the Korean People's Army General Headquarters; the semi-official units became military regulars with the distribution of Soviet uniforms and weapons that followed the inception of the headquarters. The State Security Department, a forerunner to the Ministry of People's Defense, was created as part of the Interim People's Committee on 4 February 1948; the formal creation of the Korean People's Army was announced on four days on 8 February, the day after the Fourth Plenary Session of the People's Assembly approved the plan to separate the roles of the military and those of the police, seven months before the government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was proclaimed on 9 September 1948.

In addition, the Ministry of State for the People's Armed Forces was established, which controlled a central guard battalion, two divisions, an independent mixed and combined arms brigade. Before the outbreak of the Korean War, Joseph Stalin equipped the KPA with modern tanks, trucks and small arms. During the opening phases of the Korean War in 1950, the KPA drove South Korean forces south and captured Seoul, only to lose 70,000 of their 100,000-strong army in the autumn after U. S. amphibious landings at a subsequent drive to the Yalu River. On 4 November, China staged a military intervention. On 7 December, Kim Il-sung was deprived of the right of command of KPA by China; the KPA subsequently played a secondary minor role to Chinese forces in the remainder of the conflict. By the time of the Armistice in 1953, the KPA had sustained 290,000 casualties and lost 90,000 men as POWs. In 1953, the Military Armistice Commission was able to oversee and enforce the terms of the armistice; the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission, made up of delegations from Czechoslovakia, Poland and Switzerland, carried out inspections to ensure implementation of the terms of the Armistice that prevented reinforcements or new weapons being brought into Korea.

Soviet thinking on the strategic scale was replaced since December 1962 with a people's war concept. The Soviet idea of direct warfare was replaced with a Maoist war of attrition strategy. Along with the mechanisation of some infantry units, more emphasis was put on light weapons, high-angle indirect fire, night fighting, sea denial; until 1977, original Korean People's Army's official date of establishment was 8 February 1948. But in 1978, changed to 25 April 1932, Kim Il-sung's anti-Japanese guerrilla army – Joseon People's Revolutionary Army, considered the predecessor of the Korean People's Army, was formed on 25 April 1

Stawell, Somerset

Stawell is a village and civil parish 4.5 miles north-east of Bridgwater, 2 miles north-west of Moorlinch, in the Sedgemoor district of Somerset, England. The civil parish includes the village of Sutton Mallet; the parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime and traffic; the parish council's role includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance and improvement of highways, footpaths, public transport, street cleaning. Conservation matters and environmental issues are the responsibility of the council; the village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Sedgemoor, formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having been part of Bridgwater Rural District, responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health and fairs, refuse collection and recycling and crematoria, leisure services and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, main roads, public transport and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning. It is part of the Bridgwater and West Somerset county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, it elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election. Church of St Francis, Stawell dates from the 13th century and has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building. Sutton Mallet Church which has a church dating from 1829 on the site of an earlier church, it is Grade II listed. The church is in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust. Media related to Stawell, Somerset at Wikimedia Commons

Emily Hatoyama

Emily Hatoyama is a Japanese essayist and former actress and model. She was the wife of Kunio Hatoyama, the Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications under Prime Minister Tarō Asō. Hatoyama was born to a Japanese mother, Sadako Takami and Australian father, J. K. Beard, a sergeant in the Australian Army, stationed in Japan as part of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force. Hatoyama's older sister, Marjorie Beard worked as an actress, under the name Risa Takami, in Toei movies and commercials during the mid-1960s. is now married to Hiroshi Ishibashi, grandson of Bridgestone founder Shōjirō Ishibashi and is working for Australia–Japan relations as of 2009. Emily was engaged to Kunio Hatoyama at the age of 17 in February 1973; the couple had three children. Hatoyama began working as a model during the 1960s, as both Emily Takami – her mother's maiden surname – and Emily Jane Beard; this included being a cover model for Shōjo Friend by Kodansha, Hatoyama started working as an actress during the 1970s and made her debut as a singer in 1972.

She retired from modeling after her marriage. Ōgon Bat Kamen Rider Emily Takami on IMDb 高見エミリー at the Japanese Movie Database

Fliegerstaffel 15

The late Fliegerstaffel 15 of the Swiss Air Force was active until 1994 and equipped with Hawker Hunter aircraft. The home base of their last service was the airfield at St. Stephan; the Fliegerstaffel 15 carried as their coat of arms a paper aircraft on a blue ground with a red "15". The old badge of the FlSt15 was a black bird of prey with two red circles. In 1925 the "Fliegerkompanie 15" was founded, equipped with Dewoitine D-27 until 1939. After that the unit used the Messerschmitt Bf 109D from 1939 to 1941 at its homebasePayerne Air Base. Using the same type of aircraft as well as its version E, the Fliegerstaffel 15 continued operating from 1941 to 1947 from Biel-Bözingen. In 1945, during a reorganization, only the Flying Staff of the Fliegerkompanie 15 was transferred to the newly created Fliegerstaffel 15, from 1952 onwards, the crew flew the Morane D-3801 from St. Stephan military airfield. Only three years the change to the jet aircraft De Havilland D. H. 100 vampires and the same year to De Havilland D.

H. 112 Venom was done. From 1980 to 1994 the Fliegerstaffel 15 continued to use the Hawker Hunter from St. Stephan. In 1994, the Hawker Hunter was withdrawn from service; the military airfield St. Stephan was handed over to civilian users, the Fliegerstaffel 15 was disbanded. In the autumn of 1994 the Hawker Hunter J-4040 received a special painting for the farewell; the all white aircraft wore the names of the pilots as well as texts Fliegerstaffel 15 in newspaper style, in reference to the symbol of the paper aircraft. The underwing tanks received this coating; the registration was changed from J-4040 to J-4015, although the Luftwaffe operated another Hunter with the registration J-4015 at the same time. The Hunter with the original registration J-4015 was decorated in September 1994 as Graffity Hunter by the Fliegerstaffel 20; the 15 Squadron aircraft was named Papyrus-Hunter. The "Papyrus Hunter" was to be placed on a pedestal at the entrance to the St. Stephan airfield, but the Hunterverein Obersimmenthal managed to keep the aircraft airworthy to this day with the civilian Aircraft registrationHB -RVS and performing displays airshows.

Fliegerstaffel 15 had a blue Citroën 2CV which carried the coat of armsof the Fliegerstaffel 15 on both sides. Hermann Keist FlSt15 Christophe Donnet: Hunter fascination. Schück, Adliswil 1995, ISBN 3-9520906-0-3


63 and 19 are mixtapes by Kool A. D, released as a double-album on February 7, 2013; the albums include collaborations with Pictureplane, Young L, SKYWLKR, Keyboard Kid, Fat Tony, Mike Finito and Spank Rock as well as a beat Ad-Rock of the Beastie Boys made for Das Racist. 63 and 19 received positive reviews from critics. Vice described 19 and 63 as "taking the discursive and funny work he was doing with Das Racist and stripping it of any sense of structure or formula, but work to free him from the label of'Dude in Das Racist.'" Pitchfork praised the mixtapes, calling them "organically avant-garde", giving 19 a score of 7.9 out of 10 and 63 a score of 7.6 out of 10. Afropunk lauded the albums as "challenging and sometimes brilliant." named 63 one of the ten best albums of 2013. "Knowledge Born" "Eroika" "New World" "Marine World Africa U. S. A." "Vendedores" "Beautiful Naked Psychedelic Gherkin Exploding Tomato Sauce All Over Your Face" "Wow" "Hawaii 510" "Fresh Prince" "Jaleel White" "Jenny Holzer" "Kriss Kross" "NPR" "Cheeba Cheeba" "Attitude" "All Skreets" "Finally Every Dimension of the Skreets" "63" "Moneyball" "Froyo" "Sclera" "Chuck Very" "Airplane Flight" "Finito Posse Jawn" "Get a Job" "Mass Appeal" "Future Primitive Culinary School" "Rap Genius" "OK Computer" "Question Jam Answer" "Ken Burns" "Red Wine" "Saved by the Bell" "Lush" "Hydrants" "Bering Sea Gold" "Exotische Kunst" Note 1 "Equality Understanding" Note 1: While the track list credits Kanye West, it's only a sample

Johnny Temple (bassist)

Johnny Temple is an American bassist, known best for his work in the post-hardcore bands Soulside and Girls Against Boys. Temple formed a side project with fellow Girls Against Boys member Scott McCloud called New Wet Kojak. In 1996 he founded Akashic Books out of Brooklyn with the intent of publishing works by independent artists. Johnny Temple grew up on 16th Street Northwest in Washington D. C. In high school, he worked at a reggae record store. In college he studied the history and politics of Black Americans at Wesleyan University earning a master's degree in social work at Columbia University in New York City, it was during his second year that Temple began playing bass guitar, with much of his influence being drawn from the punk rock and reggae scene in D. C. Johnny Temple has two sons, he has lived in Fort Greene, Brooklyn since 1990 and told The New York Times that one of his "goals in life is to leave Fort Greene as little as possible". Johnny Temple discography at Discogs