click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Directed individual study

Directed individual study is a college, university or college preparatory school level class providing a more in-depth and comprehensive study of a specific topic than is available in the classroom. Courses may be taken as electives. In some cases, a directed individual study may be: a professor-student rendition of a course that will not be offered again before a student graduates the college or university department does not have an established course on the subject area the student wishes to research an available course in more depth a course offered at another college or university, not a part of the general curriculum. Courses that may be applied to satisfy the requirements for a Master's degree. In general, a student should have or may have to acquire: an earned overall GPA of 3.0 or better an earned 90 hours toward graduation have registered for a course load of no more than 15 semester hours the advance approval of the department head of the department offering the course, the instructor follow an approved course of study of prerequisite or courses.

A student identifies an area in which he or she wishes to undertake research and approaches a faculty member with expertise in that field to request a directed individual study. The student and instructor complete a DIS form and submit it to the academic coordinator who establishes the course in the registration system; the student titles his/her own subject area. The content and requirements of the course are worked out between each student. Students should not expect a faculty member to agree to a directed individual study unless they have had the student in a regular class and are familiar with that student; the faculty member develops a related syllabus, for review and approval by the department chair and in some cases the dean of the college. University of Missouri-Kansas City, Doctor of Pharmacy Washington and Lee University, Department of Accounting University of Alabama, Department of Consumer Sciences Florida State University, Department of Political Science Denison University Registrar's Office.

Requirements for Directed/Independent Study University of North Carolina-Wilmington, Communications Cranbrook Kingswood Upper School Curriculum Guide

Carl Ernst Bock

Carl Ernst Bock was a German physician and anatomist. Born in Leipzig to anatomist Carl August Bock, he studied at the University of Leipzig, from which he graduated in 1831. During the November Uprising in Poland, he served as a hospital physician for both the Polish and Russian armies. On returning to Leipzig in 1832 he became a private lecturer, in 1837 was appointed to preside over autopsies at Leipzig's hospital. In 1839 he was appointed extraordinary professor of pathological anatomy, in 1850 became head of the university's clinical department. In addition to his writings on anatomical and surgical matters, in his years Bock wrote numerous essays and books on public health; these were written in clear and strident language and addressed to a popular audience in the style of Ernst Keil's Die Gartenlaube, so gained him a good deal of public recognition and influence. Handbuch der Anatomie des Menschen, mit Berücksichtigung der Physiologie und chirurgischen Anatomie Anatomisches Taschenbuch Handatlas der Anatomie des Menschen Lehrbuch der pathologischen Anatomie und Diagnostik Atlas der pathologischen Anatomie Buch vom gesunden und kranken Menschen Volksgesundheitslehrer Bau, Leben und Pflege des menschlichen Körpers "Bock".

Meyers Konversations-Lexikon. 3. 1890. P. 100. "Bock, Karl Ernst". The New American Cyclopædia. 3. 1858. P. 410. "Bock, Karl Ernst". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920

Ashin Jinarakkhita

Ashin Jinarakkhita, born Tee Boan-an 戴满安 was an Indonesian-born Chinese who revived Buddhism in Indonesia. He was known as Bhante Ashin, Tizheng Lao Heshang 體正老和尚, Teh-ching, Sukong 師公 ("Grandmaster", The Flying Monk. Jinarakkhita was born in Bogor, West Java on 23 January 1923 as Tee Boan-an 戴满安, the third son of The Hong Gie and Tan Sep Moy. According to Juangari, as a young boy Tee Boan-an was interested in yoga and "mystic powers"; as a boy, he met a Theosophist from the Netherlands, who encouraged him to read "The Ancient Wisdom" and "The Secret Doctrines". When he was a teenager, Tee Boan-an practiced meditation at Gede Mountain and Salak Mountain, visited "virtuous people" and Viharas to gain spiritual knowledge. After attending the HBS at Jakarta and the Technical School in Bandung, he left in 1946 for the Netherlands to study chemistry at Groningen University. There he continued his interest in Theosophy, he learnt Pali and Sanskrit languages from Dr. Van Der Leeuw, acquired fluency in English, German and Dutch.

During holidays, he went to France, where he had the opportunity to attend lectures by Jiddu Krishnamurti. In 1951 he returned to Indonesia, where he worked as a teacher at several secondary schools in Jakarta, but took an active interest in religion. Tee Boan-an became president of the Indonesian Sam Kauw Union as well as the vice-president of the central committee of the Indonesian Theosophy Youth. Buddhism was reintroduced in Indonesia in the beginning of the 20th century by the Theosophical Society, which played a central role in the popularisation of Buddhism in the west, the revival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. In Indonesia the Theosophical Society found adherents among the Dutch colonials, Chinese immigrants, Indonesian noblemen. Buddhism spread in the form of Mahayana. Theravada followers had contacts with Buddhist monasteries in Sri Lanka and Thailand, while Chinese Mahayana priests were invited by the Indonesian-Chinese Buddhist communities. Tee Boan-an received ordination as a Mahayana Ch'an novice monk on 29 July 1953, received the name Tizheng 體正 from the Chinese Mahayana priest Benqing Lao Heshang, from the Guanghua Monastery in Putian, China.

Tizheng received dharma transmission from Benqing. After the Communists took over power in China in 1949, Buddhist monasteries were closed in China, Indonesia tried to diminish Chinese influences in Indonesia. For these reasons, further Ch'an-training in China was problematic, Benqing sent Tizheng to Burma in 1953, where he practiced satipatthana meditation under Mahasi Sayadaw. Tizheng was ordained as a Theravada monk in 1954, received the name Ashin Jinarakkhita; the same year he returned to Indonesia, Jinarakkhita was instrumental in the revival of Buddhism in Indonesia. He realised. In 1955 Jinarakkhita formed the first Indonesian Buddhist lay organisation, Persaudaraan Upasaka Upasika Indonesia. In 1957, the PUUI was integrated into the Indonesian Buddhist Association, in which both Theravada and Mahayana priesthood were united. Nowadays, the PUUI is called Majelis Buddhayana Indonesia. In 1960 Jinarakkhita established the Sangha Suci Indonesia, as a monastic organisation. In 1963 the name was changed to Maha Sangha of Indonesia, in 1974 the name was change into Sangha Agung Indonesia.

It is a community of monastics from the Theravada and Tantrayana traditions. In 1965, after a coup-attempt, Buddhist organisations had to comply with the first principle of the Indonesian state ideology, the belief in one supreme God. All organisations that doubted or denied the existence of God were outlawed; this posed a problem for Indonesian Buddhism, solved by Jinarakkhita by presenting nibbana as the Theravada "God", Adi-Buddha, the primaeval Buddha of the region's previous Mantrayana Buddhism, as the Mahayana "God". According to Jinarakkhita, the concept of Adi Buddha was found in the tenth-century Javanese Buddhist text Sang Hyang Kamhayanikan. Another important factor in the Buddhist Revival was the use of a new category of lay Buddhist teachers; those were older Buddhists without a formal dharma transmission or authorisation, but with a lot of life-experience. Those elder teachers were sanctioned by Jinarakkhita, instituted new meditation-centers, organised meetings and lectures. Jinarakkhita died on Thursday 18 April 2002 in North Jakarta.

His ashes and relics were brought back to Sakyavanaram Temple at Cipendawa Cliff, Cianjur, West Java, where Jinarakkhita lived. Jinarakkhita had a liberal teaching on Buddhism. According to Jinarakkhita, orang suci can be found everywhere, religious experience is personal and unique; each person has to pursue her own path. In his teachings he quoted non-Buddhists, such as Ranggawarsita, he admired Sai Baba. Love, as represented by Guanyin, is essential: Duty is most important. If you practice love, there is no hate. Truth is love. Buddhism is a religion of love. Jesus Christ sacrificed his Life for the sake of love. All religions are based on love. Jinarakkhita had followers in both Indonesia and other countries. One of them is Ton Lathouwers, a Dutch lay student who received dharma transmission in the Rinzai-lineage in 1987, founded the Maha Karuna Ch'an organisation in the Netherlands. Ton Lathouwers, More than anyone can do. VU University Press Charles Luk and Zen Teaching Organisations Buddhayana Buddhayana.org ashinjinarakkhita.or Ekayana Buddhist Centre (In

Hispanic Garden

The Hispanic Garden is a garden in St. Augustine, Florida. St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission bought the plot of land between the Casa del Hidalgo, once a tourism office run by the Spanish Government, the Pan American Center to build a garden as a symbolic link between the shared Hispanic heritage of Spain, Latin America, Florida. Commission member Elizabeth Towers established and led the Hispanic Garden Committee in order to raise the $45,000 needed to complete the garden; the Committee held many fundraising events, including fashion shows and art auctions. They sold small items including jewelry, letter openers, key rings and paper bulls donated by the Spanish Pavilion at the 1964 New York World's Fair. Philanthropist, Great Floridian, Florida Women's Hall of Fame inductee Jessie Ball duPont donated over $30,000 to the garden project. Lee Schmoll and Drusilla Gjoerloff, the only two female landscape architects working in Florida at the time, were chosen to design the garden.

The design was inspired by plazoletas, classic Spanish gardens like ones seen at the Alhambra Palace. It was laid out in a trapezoid; the addition of an arbor on the eastern end gave the garden a more square appearance. The arbor was decorated with Confederate jasmine and Cherokee roses to act as a shaded walkway and rest area. There was no grass in the garden in order to maintain a accurate appearance. Plants included in the design were cabbage palms, marigolds, yaupon holly, Burfordi holly; each of these plants was chosen because it was native to northeast Florida or was introduced by the Spaniard settlers upon their arrival in the 16th century. Sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington created and donated a bronze sculpture of Queen Isabella riding a donkey, placed in the center of the garden on a raised pedestal. A square pool was placed underneath the statue, is surrounded by an inlaid pebble mosaic, inspired by Spanish design; the Hispanic Garden Committee sought to have the Hispanic Garden completed by the city's 400th anniversary on September 8, 1965.

Although not completed, the garden was dedicated on September 5, 1965 to be part of the celebrations. The project was completed two years and was rededicated on May 2, 1967. Attendees included Senator Spessard Holland, Senator George Smathers, Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall, Ambassador Alfonso Merry del Val, Director General Angel Sagaz, Governor Haydon Burns; the project was completed and rededicated on May 2,1967. At that time, the name was changed from Hispanic Garden to Hispanic Plaza, which they felt better represented its function. Archbishop Joseph Hurley and St. Augustine Mayor John D. Bailey attended this dedication ceremony and the Archbishop blessed the garden. Between 2000 and 2003, the bronze statue of Queen Isabella was removed from the Hispanic Garden while an archaeological dig was underway; the dig uncovered American Indian, British and American artifacts. There were talks at this time on building over the garden site. After 2003, a new fence was erected around the garden, addressing previous concerns of vandalism within the space.

The city of St. Augustine had not budgeted enough money to complete the upkeep and restoration project of 2003, so the owner of the St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park, David Drysdale, donated necessary funds, his mother Evelyn Drysdale was a member of part of the 1965 Hispanic Garden Committee. Today, the garden is maintained by the St. Augustine Foundation, Inc.. It is closed to the public but is opened special city events, such as the St. Augustine Easter Week Festival and knighting ceremonies

Locke High School

Alain Leroy Locke College Preparatory Academy is a Title 1 co-educational charter high school located in Los Angeles, United States, is part of the Los Angeles Unified School District/Green Dot Public Schools. It is named after Alain LeRoy Locke. Locke is located in South Los Angeles near Watts; the school colors are gold. Alain Leroy Locke Senior High School was opened in 1967 in response to the Watts’ riots, it was created to provide families in South Los Angeles a secure school. Forty years on September 11, 2007, the Los Angeles Unified School District made history when they voted to give operational control of Locke High School to Green Dot Public Schools. LAUSD made this decision in response to a conversion charter petition submitted by the teachers of Locke High School in support of the transition. On May 10, 2008, a fight "between rival groups of black and Latino students at Locke High School escalated into a campus-wide melee" involving up to 600 people; the disturbance, which occurred under the backdrop of tensions between black and Hispanic students, was quelled after dozens of officers from the Los Angeles Unified School District Police and Los Angeles Police Department responded.

Three students and one non-student were arrested. There were no serious injuries. On September 8, 2008, Locke High School reopened as seven small college-prep schools, now known as the Locke Family of High Schools: Locke 1, Locke 2, Locke 3, Locke 4, Locke Tech, Animo Watts, Ace Academy; the first class graduated in 2011. In 2013, Locke consolidated the family of schools, which were independently chartered, into one college-prep school under a single charter that contains a 9th grade academy and two upper-class academies, referred to as Gold Academy and Blue Academy. In 2010, Locke # 3 had a total of 566 students: 60 % Latino. At Animo Locke 3 there are 141 students in the 9th grade: 54 African American. There are 90 Latinos/Hispanics in 64 African Americans. In total there are 154 students in the 10th grade. There are 81 Latino/Hispanic and 81 African Americans in the 11th grade; the total is 162 students in 11th grade. There are 54 African Americans in the 12th grade. Making a total of 130 12th graders in Animo Locke 3.

There is a total of 232 African Americans and 334 Latino/Hispanics. The overall of students in the school ends up being 566 students learning in Animo Locke 3; the Saints compete in CIF's LA City Section in the Coliseum League. The following sports are offered to the students of Locke: Eddie Murray, Major League Baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame Ozzie Smith, Major League Baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame Patrice Rushen, song writer and producer Tyrese Gibson and actor Gerald Albright, musician Valerie Brisco-Hooks and field athlete, 5-time Olympic gold medalist. Cynthia Cooper-Dyke, WNBA player Leon "Ndugu" Chancler, music professor, drummer Fred Berry, actor Darrell Jackson, MLB player Richard Marshall, former NFL player Sirr Parker, former NFL player David Mack, police officer Jay Rock, musician Terrace Martin, Song Writer, Grammy Award Winning Producer Darian Hagan, NFL Player Darryl Haley, former NFL Player and world's largest triathlete Official website