Laitila is a town and a municipality of Finland. It is located in the Southwest Finland region; the municipality has a population of 8,656 and covers an area of 545.32 square kilometres of which 13.65 km2 is water. The population density is 16.28 inhabitants per square kilometre. Laitila is renowned for its poultry farms and egg festival; the municipality is unilingually Finnish. Kaarlo Heininen Pasi Saarela Valle Mäkelä Markus Seikola Susanna Tapani Media related to Laitila at Wikimedia Commons Town of Laitila – Official site
Salo is a town and municipality of Finland. It is part of the Southwest Finland region; the municipality has a population of 52,312 and covers an area of 2,168.30 square kilometres of which 181.78 km2 is water. The population density is 26.33/km2. In Finnish salo means woodland, backwoods but a wooded island, it is thought that Salo has meant the island that over thousand years ago existed to the south of the current town but is today a hill, not very close to the sea. Salo is located between the capital Helsinki and the provincial capital Turku, making it a busy small city; the short distance from these bigger cities keeps its business life growing. Farming plays a considerable part in the area. Salo's neighbouring municipalities are Koski Tl, Kemiönsaari, Paimio, Raseborg and Somero. Once the town's main claim to fame, Salo had a large consumer electronics and mobile phone industry, with a manufacturing plant operated by Nokia and by Microsoft Mobile in the 2010s until it was shut down. Nokia was once the dominant employer in the town, the plant's closure in 2015 has led to high unemployment.
Salo is the birthplace of the president of Finland Sauli Niinistö. The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Salo has existed as a centre of rural commerce since at least the 16th century, emerging in the location where the Great Coastal Road, the important East-West road, crossed River Salo. In 1887 Salo became a market town and, in the beginning of 1891, an independent municipality; the area of the municipality was very small, only 0.65 km². In 1932 it grew to 18 km ² when areas from neighbouring Halikko were annexed to Salo. Salo became a town in 1960; the municipality of Uskela was consolidated with Salo 1967. The municipalities of Halikko, Kisko, Muurla, Perniö, Suomusjärvi and Särkisalo were consolidated with Salo in the beginning of 2009. Salo is a popular last name in Finland. Salo was well known in Finland and around the world for its large mobile phone factory operated by Nokia. Nokia first started producing mobile phones in Salo in 1981. A new plant, 15,000 square metres, opened in June 1995.
By this time 1,200 people were employed there, it exported products to 70 countries as of 1995. As of 2008, 5,000 people were employed at the plant. In 2012 amid heavy financial losses, Nokia laid off a third of Salo's 3,500 workforce and shifted manufacturing to Asia, it had a negative impact on the town with unemployment rising. In 2010 Nokia accounted for 95% of the town's corporate tax income, amounting to €60 million, but this dropped to just €14 million by 2012. By the end of the year Salo no longer produced hardware and became a research and development centre. After the centre was in the hands of Microsoft Mobile, layoffs continued and in June 2015 Microsoft announced the closure of the plant, putting the jobs of the 1,100 employees at risk. By this time Salo's unemployment rate was 15%, the layoffs could push that further to 20%. Solidarity was expressed by some Finnish politicians after Salo's decline, which came amid Finland's slow post-2008 crisis economy; the city is home to the professional basketball team Salon Vilpas Vikings, which plays in the Finish 1st Division Korisliiga.
It plays its home games in the Salohalli. The most important orienteering club is Angelniemen Ankkuri, which organizes the Halikko relay every autumn. European route E18 runs through Salo; the "Coastal Railway" from Helsinki to Turku and further to Turku Harbour crosses the town center. The closest airports are Helsinki-Vantaa Airport. In 2016, the city of Salo signed a letter of intent with Los Angeles-based company Virgin Hyperloop One in order to launch a project to build a 50 km long Hyperloop tube between Salo and Turku. Salo has eight sister cities: Anija, Estonia Elva, Estonia Odder, Denmark Rzhev, Russia Gárdony, Hungary Nagykanizsa, Hungary Puchheim, Germany St. Anthony, Hennepin County, United States Vennesla, Norway Town of Salo – Official website
A sailboat or sailing boat is a boat propelled or by sails smaller than a sailing ship. Distinctions in what constitutes a sailing boat and ship vary by maritime culture. Although sailboat terminology has varied across history, many terms have specific meanings in the context of modern yachting. A great number of sailboat-types may be distinguished by size, hull configuration, keel type, purpose and configuration of masts, sail plan. Popular monohull designs include: The cutter is similar to a sloop with a single mast and mainsail, but carries the mast further aft to allow for a jib and staysail to be attached to the head stay and inner forestay, respectively. Once a common racing configuration, today it gives versatility to cruising boats in allowing a small staysail to be flown from the inner stay in high winds. A catboat does not carry a jib. Most modern designs have the mainsail. A dinghy is a type of small open sailboat used for recreation, sail training, tending a larger vessel, they are popular in youth sailing programs for their short LOA, simple operation and minimal maintenance.
They have three sails: the mainsail and spinnaker. Ketches are similar to a sloop, but there is a second shorter mast astern of the mainmast, but forward of the rudder post; the second mast is called the mizzen mast and the sail is called the mizzen sail. A ketch can be Cutter-rigged with two head sails. A schooner has a mainmast taller than its foremast, distinguishing it from a yawl. A schooner can have more than two masts, with the foremast always lower than the foremost main. Traditional topsail schooners have topmasts allowing triangular topsails sails to be flown above their gaff sails; the most common modern sailboat is the sloop, which features one mast and two sails a Bermuda rigged main, a headsail. This simple configuration is efficient for sailing into the wind. A fractional rigged sloop has its forestay attached at a point below the top of the mast, allowing the mainsail to be flattened to improve performance by raking the upper part of the mast aft by tensioning the backstay. A smaller headsail is easier for a short-handed crew to manage.
A yawl is similar to a ketch, with a shorter mizzen mast carried astern the rudderpost more for balancing the helm than propulsion. Traditional sailboats are monohulls. Monohull boats rely on ballast for stability and are displacement hulls; this stabilizing ballast can, in boats designed for racing, be as much as 50% of the weight of the boat, but is around 30%. It creates two problems. Secondly, unless it has been built with buoyant foam or air tanks, if a monohull fills with water, it will sink. Multihulls rely on the geometry and the broad stance of their multiple hulls for their stability, eschewing any form of ballast. Multihulls are designed to be as light-weight as possible while still maintaining structural integrity, they are built with foam-filled flotation chambers and many modern commercial trimarans are rated as unsinkable, meaning that, should every crew compartment be filled with water, the hull itself has sufficient buoyancy to remain afloat. This absence of ballast results in performance gains in terms of acceleration, top speed, maneuverability.
The lack of ballast makes it much easier to get a multihull on plane, reducing its wetted surface area and thus its drag. The absence of drag improves wind precision. Compared to a monohull, acceleration to top speed is near-instantaneous. Reduced overall weight means a reduced draft, with a much reduced underwater profile. This, in turn, results directly in reduced wetted surface area and drag.. Without a ballast keel, multihulls can go in shallow waters. There are trade offs, however, in multihull design. A well designed ballasted boat can recover from a capsize from turning over completely. Righting a multihull that has gotten upside down is difficult in any case and impossible without help unless the boat is small or carries special equipment for the purpose. Multihulls prove more difficult to tack, since the reduced weight leads directly to reduced momentum, causing multihulls to more lose speed when headed into the wind. Structural integrity is much easier to achieve in a one piece monohull than in a two or three piece multihull whose connecting structure must be substantial and well connected to the hulls.
All these hull types may be manufactured as, or outfitted with, hydrofoils. All vessels have a keel, it is the backbone of the hull. In traditional construction, it is the structure upon. Modern monocoque designs include a virtual keel. Multihulls have keels. On a sailboat, the word "keel" is used to refer to the area, added to the hull to improve its lateral plane; the lateral plane is what allows sailing towards the wind. This can be a part of the hull. Most monohulls larger. Depending on the design of the boat, ballast may be 20 to 50 percent of the displacement; the ballast is integrated into their keels as large masses of lead or cast iron. This gets it as low as possible to improve its effectiveness. External keels are cast in the shape of the keel. A monohull's keel is made effective by a combination of weight and length. Most modern monohull boats ha
Mynämäki is a municipality of Finland located in the Southwest Finland region. Neighbouring municipalities are Aura, Laitila, Nousiainen, Pöytyä, Taivassalo and Vehmaa; the municipality has a population of 7,749 and covers an area of 536.08 square kilometres of which 16.37 km2 is water. The population density is 14.91 inhabitants per square kilometre. The municipality is unilingually Finnish; the municipality of Karjala was consolidated with Mynämäki in 1977. The municipality of Mietoinen was consolidated with Mynämäki in 2007. Daniel Juslenius Pekka Aakula Toivo Sukari Media related to Mynämäki at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Mynämäki – Official website
Finland the Republic of Finland, is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, Russia to the east. Finland is situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia; the capital and largest city is Helsinki. Other major cities are Espoo, Tampere and Turku. Finland's population is 5.52 million, the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish and speaks Finnish, a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages. Finland is the eighth-largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union; the sovereign state is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital city of Helsinki, local governments in 311 municipalities, one autonomous region, the Åland Islands. Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces one third of the country's GDP. Finland was inhabited when the last ice age ended 9000 BCE.
The first settlers left behind artefacts that present characteristics shared with those found in Estonia and Norway. The earliest people were hunter-gatherers; the first pottery appeared in 5200 BCE. The arrival of the Corded Ware culture in southern coastal Finland between 3000 and 2500 BCE may have coincided with the start of agriculture; the Bronze Age and Iron Age were characterised by extensive contacts with other cultures in the Fennoscandian and Baltic regions and the sedentary farming inhabitation increased towards the end of Iron Age. At the time Finland had three main cultural areas – Southwest Finland and Karelia – as reflected in contemporary jewellery. From the late 13th century, Finland became an integral part of Sweden through the Northern Crusades and the Swedish part-colonisation of coastal Finland, a legacy reflected in the prevalence of the Swedish language and its official status. In 1809, Finland was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland.
In 1906, Finland became the first European state to grant all adult citizens the right to vote, the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself independent. In 1918, the fledgling state was divided by civil war, with the Bolshevik-leaning Red Guard supported by the new Soviet Russia, fighting the White Guard, supported by the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a kingdom, the country became a republic. During World War II, the Soviet Union sought to occupy Finland, with Finland losing parts of Karelia, Kuusamo and some islands, but retaining their independence. Finland established an official policy of neutrality; the Finno-Soviet Treaty of 1948 gave the Soviet Union some leverage in Finnish domestic politics during the Cold War era. Finland joined the OECD in 1969, the NATO Partnership for Peace in 1994, the European Union in 1995, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997, the Eurozone at its inception, in 1999.
Finland was a relative latecomer to industrialisation, remaining a agrarian country until the 1950s. After World War II, the Soviet Union demanded war reparations from Finland not only in money but in material, such as ships and machinery; this forced Finland to industrialise. It developed an advanced economy while building an extensive welfare state based on the Nordic model, resulting in widespread prosperity and one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, human development. In 2015, Finland was ranked first in the World Human Capital and the Press Freedom Index and as the most stable country in the world during 2011–2016 in the Fragile States Index, second in the Global Gender Gap Report, it ranked first on the World Happiness Report report for 2018 and 2019. A large majority of Finns are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, freedom of religion is guaranteed under the Finnish Constitution.
The earliest written appearance of the name Finland is thought to be on three runestones. Two have the inscription finlonti; the third was found in Gotland. It dates back to the 13th century; the name can be assumed to be related to the tribe name Finns, mentioned at first known time AD 98. The name Suomi has uncertain origins, but a candidate for a source is the Proto-Baltic word *źemē, meaning "land". In addition to the close relatives of Finnish, this name is used in the Baltic languages Latvian and Lithuanian. Alternatively, the Indo-European word * gʰm-on "man" has been suggested; the word referred only to the province of Finland Proper, to the northern coast of Gulf of Finland, with northern regions such as Ostrobothnia still sometimes being excluded until later. Earlier theories suggested derivation from suomaa or suoniemi, but these are now considered outdated; some have suggested common etymology with saame and Häme, but that theory is uncertain
Koski Tl is a municipality of Finland. It is part of the Southwest Finland region; the municipality has a population of 2,348 and covers an area of 192.42 square kilometres of which 0.96 km2 is water. The population density is 12.26 inhabitants per square kilometre. Tl in the name means the former province of Pori, it was attached to name to distinguish Koski Tl from another municipality named Koski Hl. Koski Hl was renamed Hämeenkoski in 1995 but Koski Tl has not changed its name. Koski Tl is unilingually Finnish. Koski Tl's neighbouring municipalities are Loimaa, Marttila, Pöytyä, Somero and Ypäjä. Hämeen Härkätie runs through Koski and it crosses the Paimio River in the center of Koski; the church of Koski Tl is designed by architect Toivo Paatela and it was completed in 1935. There is an observation tower near the highest points of Hevonlinna ridge and Hevonlinnanjärvi. Yrjö Liipola Art Museum is exhibiting Yrjö Liipola's art collection. Media related to Koski Tl at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Koski Tl – Official website