Kosmos 605

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Kosmos 605 / Bion 1
Mission type Bioscience
Operator Institute of Biomedical Problems
COSPAR ID 1973-083A
SATCAT no. 6913
Mission duration 21.5 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Bion
Manufacturer TsSKB
Launch mass 5,500 kg (12,100 lb)
Landing mass 900 kg (2,000 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 31 October 1973, 18:24:59 (1973-10-31UTC18:24:59Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U A 15000-004
Launch site Plesetsk 43/3
End of mission
Landing date 22 November 1973, 07:12 (1973-11-22UTC07:13Z) UTC
Landing site 53°29′N 65°27′E / 53.483°N 65.450°E / 53.483; 65.450 (Bion 1 spashdown)
Sarykol, Kazakh SSR, USSR
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Eccentricity 0.0130338
Perigee 212 km (132 mi)
Apogee 386 km (240 mi)
Inclination 62.7999 degrees
Period 93.1 minutes
RAAN 192.1415 degrees
Argument of perigee 113.7984 degrees
Mean anomaly 247.6840 degrees
Mean motion 15.91198635
Epoch 19 November 1973, 22:36:39 UTC[1]
Revolution no. 305

Kosmos 605 (Russian: Космос 605 meaning Cosmos 605), or Bion No.1, was a Bion satellite. Kosmos 605 was the first of eleven satellites Bion.

Launch[edit]

Kosmos 605 was launched by a Soyuz-U rocket flying from Site 43/3 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Soviet Union. The satellite was initially launched in a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 221 kilometres (137 mi) and a 424 kilometres (263 mi) apogee with an orbital inclination of 62.8 degrees. The spacecraft orbited the Earth for 21 days until their biological capsule returned to Earth on November 22, 1973 in a region of northwestern present-day Kazakhstan.[2]

Mission[edit]

It carried several dozen male rats (possibly 25[3] or 45[4]), six Russian tortoises (Agrionemys horsfieldii)[5] (each in a separate box), a mushroom bed, flour beetles (Tribolium confusum[4]) in various stages of their life cycle, and living bacterial spores. It provided data on the reaction of mammal, reptile, insect, fungal, and bacterial forms to prolonged weightlessness.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peat, Chris. "COSMOS 605". Heavens-Above. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Bion". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Mark Wade. Retrieved July 10, 2018. 
  3. ^ Brian Harvey, Olga Zakutnyaya (2011). Russian Space Probes. Springer. p. 448. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-8150-9. ISBN 978-1-4419-8149-3. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  4. ^ a b "PowerPoint Presentation" (PDF). 130.26.92.88. Retrieved 2014-03-08. [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Bion 1 Data Archive
  6. ^ "Bion 1". NSSDCA. NASA Goddard Space Center. 2013-08-16. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kozlov, D. I. (1996). Mashnostroenie, ed. Konstruirovanie avtomaticheskikh kosmicheskikh apparatov. Moscow. ISBN.
  • Melnik, T. G. (1997). Nauka, ed. Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Sili. Moscow. ISBN.
  • "Bion' nuzhen lyudyam". Novosti Kosmonavtiki (6): 35. 1996.