Gatchinsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwestern central part of the oblast and borders with Krasnoselsky and Pushkinsky Districts of the federal city of St. Petersburg in the north, Tosnensky District in the east, Luzhsky District in the south, Volosovsky District in the west, with Lomonosovsky District in the northwest; the area of the district is 2,868.7 square kilometers. Its administrative center is the town of Gatchina. Population: 140,210 ; the northern part of the district is a mixture of urban areas - suburbs of Saint Petersburg - and summer house areas. The central and the southern parts are forested. Much of the area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Luga River, a tributary of the Gulf of Finland; the main tributary of the Luga within the district is the Oredezh River. Minor areas in the east of the district belong to the basin of the Tosna River, the northern part of the district, including the town of Gatchina, belongs to the basin of the Izhora River.
Both the Tosna and the Izhora are left tributaries of the Neva. Minor areas in the northwest in the district belong to the basin of the Strelka River a tributary of the Gulf of Finland. In the south of the district, the Mshinskoye Boloto Zakaznik was created to protect the swamp landscape with the pine-tree forest; the zakaznik is shared with Luzhsky District. The area of the district was populated by Finnic peoples, in particular, the Izhorians. From the 9th century, the area was changing hands between Novgorod Republic, Sweden. Gatchina was first mentioned under 1499 as Khotchino. In 1617, according to the Treaty of Stolbovo, the area was transferred to Sweden, in the 1700s, during the Great Northern War, it was conquered back by Russia; the city of Saint Petersburg was founded in 1703. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate, it was split between Tsarskoselsky and Petergofsky Uyezds. Gatchina was chartered in 1796.
It was a residence of Russian Tsars, for instance, Pavel I grew up in Gatchina, Alexander III lived exclusively there. On November 20, 1918 Tsarskoye Selo was renamed Detskoye Selo, the uyezd was renamed Detskoselsky. On February 14, 1923 Detskoselsky and Petergofsky Uyezds were abolished and merged into Gatchinsky Uyezd, with the administrative center located in Gatchina. On February 14, 1923 Gatchina was renamed Trotsk, Gatchinsky Uyezd was renamed Trotsky Uyezd, after Leon Trotsky. On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Trotsky District, with the administrative center in the town of Trotsk, was established; the governorates were abolished, the district was a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. It included parts of former Trotsky Uyezd. On August 2, 1929, after Trotsky was deported from Soviet Union, Trotsk was renamed Krasnogvardeysk, the district was renamed Krasnogvardeysky. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished as well, the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.
In the 1930s, some areas from Oraniyenbaumsky and Luzhsky Districts were transferred to Krasnogvardeysky District. On October 3, 1938 Krasnogvardeysk was designated a town of oblast significance. Between August 1941 and January 1944 the area of Krasnogvardeysky District was occupied by German troops. On January 28, 1944 Krasnogvardeysk was renamed Gatchina, the district was renamed Gatchinsky. In 1963—1965, Lomonosovsky District was merged into Gatchinsky District, while at the same time parts of Gatchinsky District were transferred to Luzhsky District. In 1965, Gatchinsky District was restored in its old borders. In 2010, the administrative division of Leningrad Oblast was harmonized with the municipal division, Gatchina was made the town of district significance. On August 1, 1927, Oredezhsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Oredezh, was established as well, it was a part of Luga Okrug of Leningrad Oblast and included parts of former Trotsky and Luzhsky Uyezds, as well as of Novgorodsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate.
Between August 1941 and February 1944 the area of the district was occupied by German troops. On October 22, 1959 Oredezhsky District was abolished and split between Luzhsky and Gatchinsky Districts. On August 19, 1936 Slutsky District was established, it included some aread from Tosnensky District. On June 23, 1939 parts of Krasnogvardeysky District were transferred to Slutsky District. Between September 1941 and January 1944 parts of the district were occupied by German troops. On April 23, 1944 Slutsk was renamed Pavlovsk, the district was renamed Pavlovsky. On July 25, 1953 Pavlovsky District was abolished and split between the city of Leningrad and Tosnensky Districts. In 2011, industry was responsible for 73.7% GDP of the district. There are several enterprises related to timber industry, including two paper mills and to food industry, as well as a plant producing airplane motors and another one producing diverse electric equipment; the main specializations of agriculture in the district are poultry breeding.
Two railroads cross the district from north to south. One connects Saint Petersburg with Nevel. Another one originates in Saint Petersburg, passes Gatchina, proceeds to L
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are located in rural areas, the term urban village is applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are permanent, with fixed dwellings. Further, the dwellings of a village are close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement. In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies that practice subsistence agriculture, for some non-agricultural societies. In Great Britain, a hamlet earned the right to be called a village. In many cultures and cities were few, with only a small proportion of the population living in them; the Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in factories. This enabled specialization of labor and crafts, development of many trades; the trend of urbanization continues, though not always in connection with industrialization.
Although many patterns of village life have existed, the typical village is small, consisting of 5 to 30 families. Homes were situated together for sociability and defence, land surrounding the living quarters was farmed. Traditional fishing villages were located adjacent to fishing grounds. "The soul of India lives in its villages," declared M. K. Gandhi at the beginning of 20th century. According to the 2011 census of India, 68.84% of Indians live in 640,867 different villages. The size of these villages varies considerably. 236,004 Indian villages have a population of fewer than 500, while 3,976 villages have a population of 10,000+. Most of the villages have their own temple, mosque, or church, depending on the local religious following. In Afghanistan, the village, or deh is the mid-size settlement type in Afghan society, trumping the hamlet or qala, though smaller than the town, or shār. In contrast to the qala, the deh is a bigger settlement which includes a commercial area, while the yet larger shār includes governmental buildings and services such as schools of higher education, basic health care, police stations etc.
Auyl is a Kazakh word meaning "village" in Kazakhstan. According to the 2009 census of Kazakhstan, 42.7% of Kazakhs live in 8172 different villages. To refer to this concept along with the word "auyl" used the Slavic word "selo" in Northern Kazakhstan. People's Republic of China In mainland China, villages 村 are divisions under township Zh:乡 or town Zh:镇. Republic of China In the Republic of China, villages are divisions under townships or county-controlled cities; the village is called a tsuen or cūn under a rural township and a li under an urban township or a county-controlled city. See Li. Japan South Korea In Brunei, villages are the third- and lowest-level subdivisions of Brunei below districts and mukims. A village is locally known by the Malay word kampung, they may be villages in the traditional or anthropological sense but may comprise delineated residential settlements, both rural and urban. The community of a village is headed by a village head. Communal infrastructure for the villagers may include a primary school, a religious school providing ugama or Islamic religious primary education, compulsory for the Muslim pupils in the country, a mosque, a community centre.
In Indonesia, depending on the principles they are administered, villages are called Kampung or Desa. A "Desa" is administered according to traditions and customary law, while a kelurahan is administered along more "modern" principles. Desa are located in rural areas while kelurahan are urban subdivisions. A village head is called kepala desa or lurah. Both are elected by the local community. A desa or kelurahan is the subdivision of a kecamatan, in turn the subdivision of a kabupaten or kota; the same general concept applies all over Indonesia. However, there is some variation among the vast numbers of Austronesian ethnic groups. For instance, in Bali villages have been created by grouping traditional hamlets or banjar, which constitute the basis of Balinese social life. In the Minangkabau area in West Sumatra province, traditional villages are called nagari. In some areas such as Tanah Toraja, elders take; as a general rule and kelurahan are groupings of hamlets. A kampung is defined today as a village in Indonesia.
Kampung is a term used in Malaysia, for "a Malay hamlet or village in a Malay-speaking country". In Malaysia, a kampung is determined as a locality with 10,000 or fewer people. Since historical times, every Malay village came under the leadership of a penghulu, who has the power to hear civil matters in his village. A Malay village contains a "masjid" or "surau", paddy fields and Malay houses on st
Leningrad Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. It was established on August 1, 1927, although it was not until 1946 that the oblast's borders had been settled in their present position; the oblast was named after the city of Leningrad. Unlike the city, the oblast retains the name of Leningrad; the oblast overlaps the historic region of Ingria and is bordered by Finland in the northwest and Estonia in the west, as well as five federal subjects of Russia: the Republic of Karelia in the northeast, Vologda Oblast in the east, Novgorod Oblast in the south, Pskov Oblast in the southwest, the federal city of Saint Petersburg in the west. The first governor of Leningrad Oblast was Vadim Gustov; the current governor, since 2012, is Aleksandr Drozdenko. The oblast has an area of 84,500 square kilometers and a population of 1,716,868; the most populous town of the oblast is Gatchina, with 88,659 inhabitants. Leningrad Oblast is industrialized. Leningrad Oblast is located around the Gulf of Finland and south of two great lakes of the European Part of Russia, Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega.
Its northeastern part, between the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga, occupies the Karelian Isthmus. Some islands in the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga belong to the oblast. Much of the area of the oblast belongs to the drainage basin of the Neva, the only outflow of Lake Ladoga. Whereas the Neva, which flows to the Gulf of Finland is short, its drainage basin is enormously big and includes Lake Onega and Lake Ilmen as well; the Svir and the Volkhov flow from Lake Onega and Lake Ilmen to lake Ladoga. Other major tributaries of Lake Ladoga include the Syas. Rivers in the western part of the oblast flow to the Gulf of Finland. Minor areas in the east of the oblast belong to the river basin of the Chagodoshcha, a tributary of the Mologa, of the Suda, both in the basin of the Volga. Thus, the divide between the basins of the Baltic and Caspian Seas crosses the oblast; the Karelian Isthmus is a rocky terrain. The biggest lakes on the Karelian Isthmus are Lake Vuoksa, Lake Sukhodolskoye, Lake Otradnoye.
The rest of the area of the oblast is flat. The exception is a chain of hills in the east of the oblast. Most of the area is covered by swamps. Leningrad Oblast contains two nature protected areas at the federal level, the Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve and Mshinskoye Boloto Zakaznik, both created to protect forest and swamp landscapes of northwestern Russia; the most taxonomically diverse vascular plant families are Asteraceae, Cyperaceae and Rosaceae. By far the most diverse genus is Carex; the diversity in genera Hieracium, Alchemilla, Potamogeton, Veronica, Juncus, Potentilla, Festuca, Poa, Campanula, Lathyrus, Geranium is considerable. The territory has no endemic plant taxa. Vascular plant species of Leningrad Oblast listed in the red data book of Russia are Botrychium simplex, Cephalanthera rubra, Cypripedium calceolus, Epipogium aphyllum, Lobelia dortmanna, Myrica gale, Ophrys insectifera, Orchis militaris, Pulsatilla pratensis, Pulsatilla vernalis; the territory of present-day Leningrad Oblast was populated shortly after the end of the Weichselian glaciation and now hosts numerous archaeological remnants.
The Volga trade route and trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks crossed the territory. Staraya Ladoga, the first capital of legendary Rurik, founded in the 8th-9th century, is situated in the east of the oblast, on the Volkhov River. In the 12th-15th century, the territory was divided between the Kingdom of Sweden and Novgorod Republic and populated by various Baltic Finns people such as Karelians and Votes, Vepsians, as well as Ilmen Slavs of Novgorod. During the Russo-Swedish Wars of the 15th-17th centuries, the border moved back and forth over the land; the central part of the territory is known as the historical region of Ingria and in the 17th century, after most of the present-day territory of Leningrad Oblast was captured by Sweden with the Treaty of Stolbovo of 1617, became subject to substantial Finnish Lutheran population influx from Finnish Karelia and Savonia. Having faced the religious pressure from Lutheran pastors and Swedish authorities, local Orthodox population of Russian and Finnic ancestry massively fled from Ingria to neighbour Russian provinces, so Ingrian Finns soon became the dominant ethnic group.
During the Great Northern War the territory of what is now Leningrad Oblast was returned from Sweden by Russia under Peter the Great, who founded Saint Petersburg amidst the land in 1703, which soon became the capital of the Russian Empire. In 1708, most of the territory was organized into Ingermanland Governorate under Governor General Alexander Menshikov, it was renamed Saint Petersburg Governorate in 1710 (the borders of that governorate, differed significantly from those of the present-day oblast and included much of the areas of
Kaliningrad Oblast referred to as the Kaliningrad Region in English, or Kaliningrad, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, located on the coast of the Baltic Sea. As an oblast, its constitutional status is equal to each of the other 84 federal subjects, its administrative center is the city of Kaliningrad known as Königsberg. It is the only Baltic port in the Russian Federation. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 941,873; the oblast is an exclave, bordered by Poland to the south and Lithuania to the east and north, so residents may only travel visa-free to the rest of Russia via sea or air. The territory was the northern part of East Prussia, with the southern part now being Poland's Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship. With the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, the territory was annexed by the Soviet Union. Following the post-war migration and Flight and expulsion of Germans, the territory was populated with citizens from the Soviet Union. Today no ethnic Germans remain. Early in the 21st century, the hitherto fledgling economy of Kaliningrad Oblast became one of the best performing economies in Russia.
This was helped by a low manufacturing tax rate related to its "Special Economic Zone" status. As of 2006, one in three televisions manufactured in Russia came from Kaliningrad; the territory's population was one of the few in Russia, expected to show strong growth after the collapse of the USSR. During the Middle Ages, the territory of what is now Kaliningrad Oblast was inhabited by tribes of Old Prussians in the western part and by Lithuanians in the eastern part; the tribes were divided by the rivers Alna. The Teutonic Knights established a monastic state. On the foundations of a destroyed Prussian settlement known as Tvanksta, the Order founded the city of Königsberg. Germans assimilated the indigenous Old Prussians; the Lithuanian-inhabited areas became known as Lithuania Minor. Speakers of the old Baltic languages became extinct around the 17th century, having been assimilated and Germanised. In 1525, Grand Master Albert of Brandenburg secularized the Prussian branch of the Teutonic Order and established himself as the sovereign of the Duchy of Prussia.
The duchy was nominally a fief of the Polish crown. It merged with the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Königsberg was the duchy's capital from 1525 until 1701; as the centre of Prussia moved westward, the position of the capital became too peripheral and Berlin became the new Prussian capital city. During the Seven Years' War it was occupied by the Russian Empire; the region was reorganized into the Province of East Prussia within the Kingdom of Prussia in 1773. The territory of the Kaliningrad Oblast lies in the northern part of East Prussia; the annexation of the territory, while on a temporary basis, was approved by the "Big Three" allied leaders of World War II in the Potsdam Agreement in 1945. Three years after the annexation by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the remaining two-thirds of East Prussia was annexed by Poland and is today organised into the Warmian-Masurian province. In 1824, shortly before its merger with West Prussia, the population of East Prussia was 1,080,000 people.
Of that number, according to Karl Andree, Germans were more than half, while 280,000 were ethnically Polish and 200,000 were ethnically Lithuanian. As of 1819 there were 20,000 strong ethnic Curonian and Latvian minorities as well as 2,400 Jews, according to Georg Hassel. Similar numbers are given with a breakdown by county. However, the majority of East Prussian Polish and Lithuanian inhabitants were Lutherans, not Roman Catholics like their ethnic kinsmen across the border in the Russian Empire. Only in Southern Warmia Catholic Poles - so called Warmiaks - comprised the majority of population, numbering 26,067 people in county Allenstein in 1837. Another minority in 19th century East Prussia, were ethnically Russian Old Believers known as Philipponnen - their main town was Eckersdorf. In year 1817, East Prussia had 796,204 Evangelical Christians, 120,123 Roman Catholics, 864 Mennonites and 2,389 Jews. East Prussia was an important centre of German culture. Many important figures, such as Immanuel Kant and E. T. A. Hoffmann, came from this region.
Despite being damaged during World War II and thereafter, the cities of the oblast still contain examples of German architecture. The Jugendstil style showcases cultural importance of the area. By the early 20th century, Lithuanians formed a majority only in rural parts of the north-eastern corner of East Prussia. A similar fate befell the Latvian-speaking Kursenieki who had settled the coast of East Prussia between Gdańsk and Klaipėda; the rest of the area, with the exception of the Slavic Masurians in southern Prussia, was overwhelmingly German-speaking. The Memel Territory part of north-eastern East Prussia as well as Lithuania Minor, was annexed by Lithuania in 1923. In 1938, Nazi Germany radically altered about a third of the place names of this area, replacing Old Prussian and Lithuanian names with newly invented German names. Slavic and Jewish populations under Nazi Germany were classified as subhuman and were the target of a campaign of genocide by the German state, with the eventual goal of their
Neman, prior to 1946 known by its German name Ragnit, is a town and the administrative center of Nemansky District in Kaliningrad Oblast, located in the historic East Prussia, on the steep southern bank of the Neman River, where it forms the Russian border with the Klaipėda Region in Lithuania, 130 kilometers northeast of Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 11,798 . Ragnita, founded in 1288, was a settlement of the Baltic tribe of Skalvians, it was contested by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania since its creation in the 13th century, on April 23, 1289 it was conquered by the Teutonic Knights, who built a Gothic castle there, which became the seat of a Komtur. The stronghold was called Landeshut, but the name did not become popular and the name Ragnit, after a local river, a tributary of the Memel, continued to be used. Although the settlement had an important castle not only guarding the Prussian lands of the State of the Teutonic Order from the north but serving as a military base for the Knights' campaigns into adjacent Samogitia, it was living in the shadow of the nearby city of Tilsit.
After the dissolution of the Order's State under its last Grand Master Albrecht von Hohenzollern, Ragnit on April 10, 1525 became a part of the Duchy of Prussia, ruled by the House of Hohenzollern as a fief of the Polish Crown until 1657. The duchy was inherited by the Hohenzollern margraves of Brandenburg in 1618, becoming an integral part of Brandenburg-Prussia, whereby remote Ragnit retained its status as a regional capital. Ragnit was devastated by Tatars during the Second Northern War in 1656 and again by Swedish forces during the Scanian War in 1678, while the "Great Elector" Frederick William of Brandenburg had achieved full sovereignty over his Prussian lands by the 1657 Treaty of Wehlau, his son and successor Elector Frederick III elevated himself to a King in Prussia in 1701. He granted Ragnit town privileges on April 6, 1722, it was again destroyed during the Seven Years' War, this time by Russian forces in 1757. Incorporated into the Province of East Prussia from 1815, Ragnit became a part of the German Empire upon the Prussian-led unification of Germany in 1871.
On November 1, 1892, a railroad line linking the town with Tilsit was opened. It was built to develop the wood industry in the area, but the development did not start and the area's economy remained dominated by food production; when Germany had to cede the Klaipėda Region north of the Neman River to the Conference of Ambassadors according to the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, Ragnit became a border town. In 1922, it lost its status as an administrative capital in favor of Tilsit. During World War II, on January 19, 1945, Ragnit was captured without a fight by the 3rd Belorussian Front of the Red Army in the course of the East Prussian Offensive. According to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement, the town became a part of Kaliningrad Oblast of the Russian SFSR, it was renamed Neman in 1946. Most of the local inhabitants who had not fled during the Soviet conquest of East Prussia were subsequently expelled to the western parts of Germany. Within the framework of administrative divisions, Neman serves as the administrative center of Nemansky District.
As an administrative division, it is, together with nineteen rural localities, incorporated within Nemansky District as the town of district significance of Neman. As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Neman is incorporated within Nemansky Municipal District as Nemanskoye Urban Settlement. Despite being a part of German-speaking states, for centuries Ragnit was an important center of Lithuanian culture. From 1549 to 1563, famous Lithuanian writer and translator Martynas Mažvydas was priest and Archdiacon of Ragainė. While living in Ragainė he wrote "The Song of St. Ambrosy", translated "The Form of Baptism" from German into Lithuanian, published "The Prussian Agenda" into the prayer "Paraphrasis". One of his major works was "The Christian Songs". In the 19th century, after the January Uprising when the Lithuanian language was banned from the office in all of Russian-ruled Lithuania, books in that language were printed in Ragnit and smuggled to Russia by the Lithuanian book smugglers.
According to German data 17,500 Lithuanians lived in the Ragnit district in 1890. In 2010 Lithuanians composed 2.8% of the town population, being the third largest ethnic group after Russians and Belarusians. Martynas Mažvydas, Lithuanian priest, translator Johann Friedrich Domhardt, Agriculturalist Johann Friedrich Reiffenstein, German painter, antiquarian Julius Bacher, German novelist Martynas Jankus, Lithuanian printer, publicist Erich Klossowski, German-Polish art historian, painter Walter Bruno Henning, German scholar Neman is twinned with: Jurbarkas, Lithuania Lida, Belarus Ostróda, Poland Preetz, Germany Evacuation of East Prussia Правительство Калининградской области. Постановление №640 от 30 августа 2011 г. «Об утверждении реестра объектов административно-территориального деления Калининградской области», в ред. Постановления №877 от 21 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в Постановление Правительства Калининградской области от 30 августа 2011 г. №640». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования.
Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Официал
Antropovsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the twenty-four in Kostroma Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast; the area of the district is 2,470 square kilometers. Its administrative center is the rural locality of Antropovo. Population: 7,182 ; the population of Antropovo accounts for 50.1% of the district's population. Костромская областная Дума. Закон №112-4-ЗКО от 9 февраля 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Костромской области», в ред. Закона №567-5-ЗКО от 24 сентября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Костромской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Костромской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "СП — нормативные документы", №10, 28 февраля 2007 г.. Администрация Костромской области. Постановление №133-а от 8 апреля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра населённых пунктов Костромской области». Вступил в силу 11 апреля 2014 г. Опубликован: "СП — нормативные документы", №15, 11 апреля 2014 г..
Костромская областная Дума. Закон №237-ЗКО от 30 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований в Костромской области и наделении их статусом», в ред. Закона №496-5-ЗКО от 28 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Костромской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований в Костромской области и наделении их статусом"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Северная Правда", №8, 26 января 2005 г.. Губернатор Костромской области. Постановление №739 от 27 декабря 2004 г. «Об исключении из учётных данных деревни Контеево Антроповского сельсовета Антроповского района Костромской области». Вступил в силу со дня подписания.. Губернатор Костромской области. Постановление №359 от 17 августа 2007 г. «О признании утратившими силу некоторых Постановлений Губернатора Костромской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "СП – нормативные документы", #43, 29 августа 2007 г
Oboyansky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast; the area of the district is 1,090 square kilometers. Its administrative center is the town of Oboyan. Population: 31,042 ; the population of Oboyan accounts for 43.7% of the district's total population. Oboyansky District is located in the south central region of Kursk Oblast on the border with Belgorod Oblast; the terrain is hilly plain on the Central Russian Upland. The main river in the district is the Psel River, which flows south from the district into Ukraine, where it empties into the Dnieper River; the Psel is frozen from November to March. The district is 40 km south of 490 km southwest of Moscow; the area measures 25 km, 40 km. The administrative center is the town of Oboyan; the district is bordered on the north by Medvensky District, on the east by Pristensky District, on the south by Ivnyansky District of Belgorod Oblast, on the west by Belovsky District.
Губернатор Курской области. Постановление №489 от 6 ноября 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц населённых пунктов Курской области», в ред. Постановления №26-пг от 29 января 2013 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Постановление Губернатора Курской области от 06.11.2008 №489 "Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц населённых пунктов Курской области"». Вступил в силу 6 ноября 2008 г.. Курская областная Дума. Закон №48-ЗКО от 21 октября 2004 г. «О муниципальных образованиях Курской области», в ред. Закона №65-ЗКО от 23 августа 2011 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Закон Курской области "О границах муниципальных образований Курской области", Закон Курской области "О муниципальных образованиях Курской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Курская правда", №214, 30 октября 2004 г.. Oboyansky District on Google Maps Oboyansky District on OpenStreetMap