In Shinto, Kotoamatsukami is the collective name for the first gods which came into existence at the time of the creation of the universe. They were born in the world of Heaven at the time of the creation. Unlike the gods, these deities were born without any procreation; the three deities that first appeared were: Amenominakanushi - Central Master Takamimusubi - High Creator Kamimusubi - Divine CreatorA bit two more deities came into existence: Umashi'ashikabihikoji - Energy Amenotokotachi - HeavenThe next generation of gods that followed was the Kamiyonanayo, which included Izanagi-no-Mikoto and Izanami-no-Mikoto, the patriarch and matriarch of all other Japanese gods, respectively. Afterward, the Kotoamatsukami "hides away" as hitorigami. Though the Zōkasanshin are thought to be genderless, another theory stated Kamimusuhi was the woman and Takamimusubi the man, comparing them with water and fire or with yin and yang; the theologian Hirata Atsutane identified Amenominakanushi as the spirit of the North Star, master of the seven stars of the Big Dipper.
Strangely, Takamimusubi reappeared together with Amaterasu as one of the central gods in Takamagahara, his daughter was the mother of the god Ninigi-no-Mikoto. He played important roles in the events of the founding of Japan, such as selecting the gods who would tag along with Ninigi and sending the Yatagarasu, the three legged solar crow, to help Emperor Jimmu, who in turn worshiped him by playing the role of medium priest taking Takami Musubi's identity, in the ceremonies before his Imperial Enthronement. Takamimusubi was worshiped by the Jingi-kan and considered the god of matchmaking; some Japanese clans claimed descent from this god, such as the Saeki clan, he is an Imperial ancestor. As for Kamimusuhi, he has strong ties with both the Amatsukami and the Kunitsukami of Izumo mythology. Kamimusuhi is said to have transformed the grains produced by the food goddess Ōgetsuhime after she was slain by Amaterasu's angered brother. Creation myth Japanese mythology
Anti-tank warfare originated from the need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War I. Since the Triple Entente developed the first tanks in 1916 but did not deploy them in battle until 1917, the German Empire developed the first anti-tank weapons; the first developed anti-tank weapon was a scaled-up bolt-action rifle, the Mauser 1918 T-Gewehr, that fired a 13mm cartridge with a solid bullet that could penetrate the thin armor of tanks of the time and destroy the engine or ricochet inside, killing occupants. Because tanks represent an enemy's greatest force projection on land, military strategists have incorporated anti-tank warfare into the doctrine of nearly every combat service since; the most predominant anti-tank weapons at the start of World War II in 1939 included the tank-mounted gun, anti-tank guns and anti-tank grenades used by the infantry, as well as ground-attack aircraft. Anti-tank warfare evolved during World War II, leading to the inclusion of infantry-portable weapons such as the Bazooka, anti-tank combat engineering, specialized anti-tank aircraft and self-propelled anti-tank guns.
Both the Soviet Red Army and the German Army developed methods of combating tank-led offensives, including deployment of static anti-tank weapons embedded in in-depth defensive positions, protected by anti-tank obstacles and minefields, supported by mobile anti-tank reserves and by ground-attack aircraft. Through the Cold War, the United States, Soviet Union and other countries contemplated the possibility of nuclear warfare. While previous technology had developed to protect the crews of armored vehicles from projectiles and from explosive damage. In the NATO countries little if any development took place on defining a doctrine of how to use armed forces without the use of tactical nuclear weapons. In the Soviet sphere of influence the legacy doctrine of operational maneuver was being theoretically examined to understand how a tank-led force could be used with the threat of limited use of nuclear weapons on prospective European battlefields; the Warsaw Pact arrived at the solution of maneuver warfare while massively increasing the number of anti-tank weapons.
To achieve this, Soviet military theorists such as Vasily Sokolovsky realized that anti-tank weapons had to assume an offensive role rather than the traditionally defensive role of the Great Patriotic War by becoming more mobile. This led to the development of improved guided anti-tank missiles, though similar design work was being performed in Western Europe and the United States. Both sides in the Cold War recognized the utility of the light anti-tank weapon, this led to further development of man-portable weapons used by the infantry squad, while heavier missiles were mounted on dedicated missile tank-destroyers, including dedicated anti-tank helicopters, heavier guided anti-tank missiles launched from aircraft. Designers developed new varieties of artillery munitions in the form of top-attack shells, shells that were used to saturate areas with anti-armor bomblets. Helicopters could be used as well to deliver scattered anti-tank mines. Since the end of the Cold War in 1992, the only major new threats to tanks and other armored vehicles have been remotely detonated improvised explosive devices used in asymmetric warfare and weapon systems like the RPG-29 and FGM-148 Javelin, which can defeat reactive armor or shell armor.
Both those weapon systems use a tandem warhead where the first stage of the tandem warhead activates the reactive armor, the second stage of the tandem warhead defeats the shell armor by means of a High Explosive Anti Tank shaped charge. Anti-tank warfare evolved as a countermeasure to the threat of the tank's appearance on the battlefields of the Western Front of the First World War; the tank had been developed to negate the German system of trenches, allow a return to maneuver against enemy's flanks and to attack the rear with cavalry. The use of the tank was based on the assumption that, once they were able to eliminate the German trench lines with their machine gun and Infantry support gun positions, the Allied infantry would follow and secure the breach, the cavalry would exploit the breach in the trench lines by attacking into the depth of German-held territory capturing the field artillery positions and interdicting logistics and reserves being brought up from the rear areas. Naval crews used to operate the installed naval guns and machine guns were replaced with Army personnel who were more aware of the infantry tactics with which the tanks were intended to cooperate.
However, there was no means of communication between the tank's crew and the accompanying infantry, or between the tanks participating in combat. Radios were not yet portable or robust enough to be mounted in a tank, although Morse Code transmitters were installed in some Mark IVs at Cambrai as messaging vehicles. Attaching a field telephone to the rear would become a practice only during the next war. With greater use of tanks by both sides it was realized that the accompanying infantry could be forced to ground by ambush fire, thus separating them from the tanks, which would continue to advance finding themselves exposed to close-assaults by German infantry and sappers; the early tanks were mechanically rudimentary. The 0.23-to-0.47-inch thick armor prevented penetration by small arms fire and shell fragments. However a near miss from field artillery or an impact from a mortar HE round disabled the tank, or destroyed if the fuel tank was ruptured, it could incinerate the tank's crew. A large caliber gun was recognized as a tactical necessity t
Mengistu Worku was an Ethiopian footballer, recognised as one of the best Ethiopian footballer in history with Luciano Vassalo and Ydnekatchew Tessema. He is best known for his role in the final of the 1962 African Nations Cup, for being the head coach to take the Ethiopian national football team to the African Nations Cup in Libya in 1982. During the 1962 African Nationals Cup, Mengistu scored 1 goal in the final of the 3rd African cup against Egypt, when Ethiopia won their only major trophy to date. Ethiopia finished as top scorer of that tournament with 4 goals on the final day, he remained with the club for the entirety of his career. Mengistu was given numerous, offers to play professionally for teams in Italy and France, as well as Egypt's El Zamalek, but like earlier legend and coach Ydnekatchew, he refused all offers and stayed in Ethiopia wearing Saint George's characteristic "V" across his chest. Mengistu wore the number 8 for the entirety of his club and national team career, his international career began in 1958 and ended in 1970, following disappointment in the 7th African Nations cup in Sudan, where Ethiopia finished bottom of their group.
He still managed to score the only Ethiopian goals in that tournament. Mengistu played 2 more years with Saint George, retiring in 1972, he is the seventh-highest scorer in the history of the African Cup Of Nations with 10 goals. Mengistu coached the national team after retirement, but the team failed to match the success it found during his playing days, he did, coach the country to their first-ever CECAFA cup title in 1987, when the tournament was hosted by Ethiopia. In 2001, Mengistu was struck by a tumor, doctors had told him he had only months to live. With treatment unavailable in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian billionaire Mohammed Al Amoudi paid for Mengistu to travel to South Africa for treatment. "It was because of Al Amoudi that I am standing before you today," he said on Ethiopian television. At the 2002 CECAFA Cup, Mengistu was honored before the tournament kickoff by the Council for East and Central Africa Football Association, along with five other east African footballers and three referees, including Tesfaye Gebreyesus, the Ethiopian who refereed at three ACN tournaments.