Kozhikkode lighthouse

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Kozhikkode Lighthouse
Calicut
കോഴിക്കോട് വിളക്കുമാടം പടിഞ്ഞാറുനിന്നുള്ള ദൃശ്യം.jpg
Kozhikkode Lighthouse in 2012
Kozhikkode Lighthouse Calicut is located in Kerala
Kozhikkode Lighthouse Calicut
Kozhikkode Lighthouse
Calicut
Kerala
LocationKerala, India Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates11°15′30″N 75°46′09″E / 11.258460°N 75.769189°E / 11.258460; 75.769189Coordinates: 11°15′30″N 75°46′09″E / 11.258460°N 75.769189°E / 11.258460; 75.769189
Year first constructed1847 (first)
Year first lit1907 (current)
Constructionmasonry tower
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternwhite tower and lantern
Tower height15 metres (49 ft) (current)
33 metres (108 ft) (first)
Focal height17 metres (56 ft)
Light sourcemains power
CharacteristicFl (2) W 6 s
Admiralty numberF0686
NGA number27640
ARLHS numberIND-097[1]

Kozhikkode Lighthouse is a defunct light in the Kozhikkode District of Kerala. It was constructed in 1907. The first lighthouse was constructed in 1847 at a height of 33 meters (108 ft). The current tower is 15 meters (49 ft) and is painted white.[2] Kozhikode or Calicut lighthouse is automated, and an LED flasher apparatus is in use.

History[edit]

In 1847, a 33-meter (108 ft) tower was erected using stones in lime mortar. The light was a fixed one with wick lamp using coconut oil, and a metal reflector was placed on back of it. The light was improved in 1881 using a fourth-order fixed optic transferred from Armagon lighthouse. Mr. Ashpitel, an engineer with Public works department, who was deputed to study on lighthouses in Madras Presidency in 1885, recommended the height of the tower be reduced to improve the efficiency of light. A new tower 15 meters (49 ft) high was erected in 1903 and using the available optic and an occulting mechanism imported from England; the light was converted from fixed to occulting. Further modifications were done in 1924 by converting the light to a flashing one using acetylene gas flasher. The light was converted to LED flashing light using solar energy in 2008.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of India: Kerala and Karnataka". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  2. ^ Lighthouses of India: Kerala and Karnataka[dead link]

External links[edit]