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Krakus

Krakus, Krak or Grakch was a legendary Polish prince and founder of Kraków, the ruler of the tribe of Lechitians. Krakus is credited with building Wawel Castle and slaying the Wawel Dragon by feeding him a dead sheep full of sulfur; the latter is how Krak the cobbler became Krakus the prince, king. The first recorded mention of Krakus spelled Grakch, is in the Chronica seu originale regum et principum Poloniae from 1190. Historian J. Banaszkiewicz attributes Krak's name to a pre-Slavic word "krakula", meaning judge's staff; the same word-root is believed to have been used in Russian naming conventions. However, historians Cetwiński and Derwich suggest a different etymology, which seems more probable to some, with Krak, meaning an oak, a sacred tree, most associated with the concept of genealogy. Krakus Mound, which exists to this day, was believed to contain Krakus' remains, it has been the subject of thorough archeological research from 1934–38, however, no grave has been found in it. The mound has a diameter of over 50 meters.

According to research, it was erected between the 8th and 10th centuries as a central element of an ancient grave site, which does not exist today. The Krak and Princess Wanda legend appeared in the early Polish history written by Wincenty Kadlubek. Princess Wanda, Krak's daughter Krakus II, Krak's son Lech II, Krak's sonArtifacts related to the legend of Krakus Krak or Krakus? at historycy.org'Krakus and the Dragon'. A puppet re-telling by the pupils of St. Mary's Primary, Gorleston

Justice Center Complex

The Justice Center Complex is a building complex located in the Civic Center District in Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States. The complex consists of the Cleveland Police Headquarters Building, the Cuyahoga County and Cleveland Municipal Courts Tower, the Correction Center, Jail II, it occupies a city block bounded by Lakeside Avenue, Ontario Street, West 3rd Street, St. Clair Avenue; the Lakeside Avenue entrance faces the Cuyahoga County Court House, erected in 1912. When the Justice Center was proposed in 1969, then-Mayor Carl B. Stokes did not want to be part of the Justice Center project. At the time, the Cleveland Police were at an older headquarters on East 22nd Street. In 1971, voters elected Mayor Ralph Perk, who accepted the police department recommendation to move to the proposed Justice Center; the original cost for the Justice Center was set at $60 million, but infighting between Cuyahoga County and City of Cleveland officials escalated the cost to $128 million. On October 20, 1972, ground was broken for the Justice Center.

Construction was complete in 1976. The Courts Tower component, 26 stories high, was designed by Prindle and Associates. Jail I was built in 1976, it had 956 beds, arranged in pods of 23, each pod was designed to take extensive advantage of natural light. The Courts Tower has been criticized by Steven Litt in The Plain Dealer as menacing and distracting. In 1995, the Robert P. Madison International-designed, $68 million Jail II was erected on the southern corner of the block. A suburban location was considered for the facility, but county officials found it was cheaper to demolish two older structures next to the Justice Center. Jail II added 480 beds. Determined to avoid cost overruns on the structure, Jail II was left without stone cladding—which made it clash with the three buildings beside it. Jail II was harshly criticized by Steven Litt in The Plain Dealer as "straight out of 1984" and for clashing with historic structures in the nearby Warehouse District. A four-story atrium exists in the center of the block, serves as the secure public entry to the complex.

The atrium helps resolve ground-level changes at the site, connects the Courts Tower, Police Headquarters, Correction Center structures internally. The north and east walls of the atrium are glass curtain walls. An enclosed, elevated walkway connects Jail I and Jail II, while an enclosed walkway connects Cleveland Police Headquarters with Jail II; the entire complex contains about 2,300,000 square feet of interior space. The bases of both the Cleveland Police Headquarters and the Correction Center are recessed with a regular spacing of bays and perimeter columns. Bronze tinted glass enhances the play of shadow upon the surface of the structures. Cleveland Police Headquarters and the atrium are set much further back from Ontario Street than the Courts Tower. An open paved plaza occupies this space. Located at the northwestern end of this plaza is the Isamu Noguchi sculpture, donated by the Gund Foundation in 1977; the $100,000, 36-foot high sculpture was cast by the Patterson-Leitch Company of Cleveland.

It is one of Isamu Noguchi's famous sculptures, the most recognizable symbol of the Justice Center. One Cleveland art critic said Portal looked like "justice going down the drain", but artist John Clague praised it, sculptor Clement Meadmore says it is Noguchi's best work. The granite veneer of the Courts Tower, Police Headquarters, Corrections Center underwent a $3.2 million refurbishment in 1995. A $13 million renovation of the Corrections Center and Jail II was completed in 1999; the renovations increased the capacity of Jail I to 1,749 beds. In 2013, Cuyahoga County officials commissioned a study from Osborne Engineering to assess the condition of the Justice Center Complex; the report, issued in spring 2014, found that the Justice Center Complex was in significant disrepair. The study cited significant architectural and construction issues which have affected the longevity of the three original structures, Cuyahoga County Public Works Director Michael Dever said the electrical system, elevators, HVAC system all need replacing.

The structures have little capacity for modern communications and computer systems, systems are installed in insecure or temporary fashions. The buildings were not constructed to accommodate Wi-Fi or mobile phones, neither of which can be accommodated in many parts of the complex; the cost of renovation was pegged at a minimum of $300 million. The Osborne Engineering report estimated the cost of new construction at $429 million, which involved demolishing the Cleveland police headquarters and the Courts Tower and constructing a one or two new buildings in their place. County officials came to the preliminary conclusion that the Justice Complex should be demolished, a new "justice center" erected elsewhere in downtown Cleveland. Cuyahoga County Council member Michael Gallagher told The Plain Dealer newspaper that advances in corrections design made the existing Corrections Center/Jail I outdated, he claimed that renovations could not correct the design and other deficiencies of the buildings.

But county officials emphasized that no alternative site had been identified, no budget proposals or preliminary architectural discussions had occurred. The Justice Center Complex plays an important role in the third season of the podcast Serial; the season opens with a general description of day-to-day lives inside the complex and focusses on specific felony cases being handled and tried in the building. Several of the audio recordings take place inside the complex and

Jean Babelon

Jean Babelon was a 20th-century French librarian and numismatist. A student of the École nationale des chartes, Jean Babelon wrote a thesis entitled La moralité de Bien Advisé et Mal Advisé, précédée d'une étude sur les moralités en général which earned him the degree of archivist paleographer in 1910, he joined the Cabinet des médailles of the Bibliothèque nationale de France headed by his father. He made his whole career in this institution and led the department between 1937 and 1961, he was the author of a significant scientific work in the fields of numismatics as well as in Spanish art and literature. He was Jean-Pierre Babelon's father. From 1923 to 1931 he directed. Jean Babelon was a member of the Société des Antiquaires de France 1924–1936: Catalogue de monnaies grecques de la collection de Luynes, 4 volumes. 1927: La médaille et les médailleurs, Paris. 1934: Catalogue de la Collection de monnaies et médailles de M. Carlos de Beistegui. 1942: Le portrait dans l'antiquité d'après les monnaies.

Payot. 1944: La numismatique antique. Presses universitaires de France. 1946: Portraits en médaille. Alpina, Paris. 1963: Les monnaies racontent l'histoire. Hélène Nicolet-Pierre, « Jean Babelon » in Revue numismatique, 1978, Read online. Jean Babelon on data.bnf.fr Histoire des directeurs du département des Monnaies et Médailles sur le site de la BnF

Camp Pendleton (Virginia)

Camp Pendleton is a 325-acre state military reservation in Virginia Beach, named after Brigadier General William N. Pendleton, who served as Robert E. Lee's chief of artillery during the Civil War, it lies on the Atlantic coast east of Naval Air Station Oceana. The facility was laid out in 1911, with construction beginning in 1912, as the State Rifle Range for the use of the state militia. Between 1922 and 1942, it was named after the serving Governor of Virginia, being firstly named Camp Trinkle Camp Byrd, Camp Pollard, Camp Peery, Camp Price. During both World Wars, the base was federalized. In World War I it was used by the U. S. Navy for coastal artillery training and during World War II it was controlled by U. S. Army, who first applied the name Camp Pendleton; the Camp Pendleton-State Military Reservation Historic District was designated a historic district and listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 26, 2005. The camp was about 400 acres in size; the original 1912 construction related to the rifle range, but most of those buildings were demolished prior to World War II.

A second major construction phase began in 1919, during which the U. S. Navy focused on improvements to the rifle range; those buildings have been demolished, but the layout of both the first and second phase remains. The third and final phase of construction was the responsibility of the U. S. Army during World War II. At the time it was listed on the National Register, Camp Pendleton had 108 buildings in a condition good enough to qualify them as contributing properties; the operation and maintenance of Camp Pendleton is funded by the federal government through the National Guard Bureau, its primary purpose is the training of personnel and organizations of the Virginia National Guard, as well as other states' National Guard units and components of the U. S. Armed Forces; when the facilities are not used by military organizations and local civilian agencies conduct training at the site. Its facilities include a small arms range, helicopter landing strip, barracks, dining halls, maintenance garages, training fields, a chapel.

Other tenants include the Military Sealift Command, whose facilities are leased to the federal government by the State of Virginia, the 203rd RED HORSE of the Virginia Air National Guard. On March 3, 2001, 18 members of the 203rd RED HORSE and 3 aviators from the Florida Army National Guard died when their aircraft, a Florida ARNG C-23 Sherpa, crashed over Georgia, it is considered the worst peacetime National Guard crash and the worst National Guard loss of life in Virginia since World War II. In 1991 the United States Department of Defense began the Youth Challenge Program; the Virginia implementation of that program is the Commonwealth Challenge, a program with a military structure operated by the Virginia National Guard on Camp Pendleton for at risk 16 to 18 year olds. It focuses on developing, "...values, skills and self-discipline." The at risk youths come from all parts of Virginia. The Camp Pendleton program is 5 1/2 months long and offers a GED program. There are three phases: 2 weeks of indoctrination, 20 weeks of the core program, a 12-month post-graduation program.

Community service is part of the program. Classes start each June; the only cost to the participant are for personal items. So far 30 classes and over 3000 cadets have graduated from the Virginia program. In 2010 Virginia removed funding for the program, but it was restored by the then-governor. Since shortly after World War II a 2,000 square feet home on the camp has served as a vacation spot for the presiding governor of Virginia; the architecture of this home is in the same style as the rest of the camp. It has vinyl siding; the "cottage" was built in 1915 and served as the commanding officer's residence. Since the summer of 2004, the United States Naval Sea Cadet Corps has conducted summer and winter boot camps at Camp Pendleton; when the facility was created it was in a remote, sparsely populated area. Since the City of Virginia Beach has grown and developed around it, leading to concerns over safety issues. Over time, hundreds of acres of land belonging to the camp have been sold to the city of Virginia Beach.

The role of Camp Pendleton is changing, as more National Guard training takes place at the much larger Fort Pickett, lessening the importance of Camp Pendleton. This has led to repeated requests by the City authorities to convert it to other uses, including complete or partial conversion to a state park; the findings of a report completed at the behest of the Virginia General Assembly on November 22, 1998 were that it was not feasible at that time to convert Camp Pendleton to a state park because of the demands of long-term planning, coordination with the federal government, environmental reclamation. National Register of Historic Places listings in Virginia Beach, Virginia Camp Pendleton State Military Reservation: Virginia National Guard Geocaching info on Camp Pendleton US Army info on Camp Pendleton

List of compositions by Johann Baptist Wanhal

List of compositions by Johann Baptist Wanhal. 4 Sinfonie Concertanti "A favourite" Concerto for the German Flute or Violin 6 Harpsichord Concertos: Concerto for Harpsichord No.1 Concerto for Harpsichord No.2 Concerto for Harpsichord No.3 Concerto for Harpsichord No.4 Concerto for Harpsichord No.5 Concerto for Harpsichord No.6 1 Concertino for Harpsichord 3 Concertos for Flute: Flute Concerto No.1 in A major Flute Concerto No.2 in B-flat major Flute Concerto No.3 in E major / E-flat major 2 Viola Concertos: Concerto for Viola in C major Concerto for Viola in F major Concerto for Harpsichord and Violin Concertos for Harpsichord 2 Concertos for Harpsichord Organ Concerto Concerto for 2 Violins 5 Violin Concertos 2 Concertos for Cello: Cello Concerto in C major Cello Concerto in A major 2 Concertos for Flute: Flute Concerto No.1 in D major Flute Concerto No.2 in E-flat major 2 Concertos for Viola: Viola Concerto in F major [original version for Bassoon and orchestra, transcription by the composer- Viola Concerto in C major Double-bass Concerto in D major Clarinet Concerto Concerto for 2 Bassoons Bassoon Concerto in F major Wanhal left 51 published symphonies.

There are another 81 symphonies which are preserved only in manuscripts.. Though the modern actual French spelling of Symphonie Périodique is Symphonie Périodique, the original 18th century French title of such works was Simphonie Periodique, as it can be seen on the 18th century frontispiece of Wanhal's published symphonies "a Amsterdam chez J. J. Hummel, Marchand & Imprimeur de Musique". 4 Symphonies, Op. 10 3 Symphonies, Op. 10 3 Symphonies, Op. 16 2 Symphonies, Op. 17 1 Symphony 3 Symphonies, Op. 10 1 Symphony, Op. 10 34 Symphonies Périodiques Symphony in A major, Bryan A9 Symphony in A flat major, Bryan As1 Symphony in B major, Bryan B3 Symphony in C major, Bryan C3 Symphony in C major, Bryan C11 Symphony in D major, Bryan D2 Symphony in D major, Bryan D4 Symphony in D major, Bryan D17 Symphony in G major, Bryan G6 Symphony in G major, Bryan G8 Symphony in G major, Bryan G11 Symphony in A minor, Bryan a2 Symphony in C minor, Bryan c2 Symphony in D minor, Bryan d1 Symphony in D minor, Bryan d2 Symphony in E minor, Bryan e1 Symphony in G minor, Bryan g1 Symphony in G minor, Bryan g2 Symphony in C major, Bryan C1 Symphony in C major, Bryan C17 Symphony in E flat major, Bryan Es1 Symphony in E minor, Bryan e3 4 Viola Sonatas, Op.5 3 Violin Sonatas, Op.43: Sonata No.1 in G major Sonata No.2 in B♭ major Sonata No.3 in D minor 6 Violin Sonatas String Trios: 6 Sonatas for 2 Violins and Cello, Op.12 1.

Sonata in B♭ major 2. Sonata in F minor 3. Sonata in A major 4. Sonata in E major 5. Sonata in G major 6. Sonata in E♭ major 6 Sonatas for 2 Violins and Cello Op.17 Piano Trios: Trio Op.20 No.1 Trio Op.20 No.2 Trio Op.20 No.3 Trio Op.20 No.5 for clarinet and piano 3 Piano Quartets: Piano Quartet in E flat major, Op.40 No.1 Piano Quartet in G major, Op.40 No.2 Piano Quartet, Op.40 No.3 6 Oboe Quartets, Op.7: Quartet No.1 in F major Quartet No.2 in B♭ major Quartet No.3 in G major Quartet No.4 in E♭ major Quartet No.5 in A major Quartet No.6 in C major Caper Quartet: Caper Quartet in G major, Op.4 No.1 String Quartets: String Quartet in E-flat major, WoO 6 String Quartets, Op.6 6 String Quartets, Op.13 6 String Quartets, Op.21 String Quintets, for 2 Violins, 2 Violas and Cello: Quintet No.1 in D major Quintet No.2 in E♭ major Quintet No.3 in G major Quintet No.4 in F major Quintet No.5 in G major Quintet No.6 in D major These works were written during Wanhal's journey to Italy, where they were written after he had met Florian Gassmann.

Sources do not agree whether Wanhal wrote the operas in their entirety, or supplied arias to operas by Gassmann. Both works are lost. Il Demofoonte Il trionfo di Clelia 2 Masses 2 Offertories Pange Lingua IV breves et faciles Hymni in honorem SS. Altari Sacramenti 58 Masses: Both the Masses are now publ. Artaria. 1 Credo Kyrie and Gloria 54 Offertories 16 Salve Regina 10 litanies 14 motets Stabat Mater Te Deum Tantum ergo Pange Lingua Quatro stationi Sacrum Solenne 31 arias

Sam Reid (musician)

Samuel "Sam" Reid is the founding keyboardist with the Canadian rock band, Glass Tiger. He and his band were honoured with five Canadian Music Industry Juno Awards, multiple Canadian SOCAN Classic Awards and were nominated for a Best New Artist Grammy Award. Juno Awards 1989 Glass Tiger Canadian Entertainer of the Year 1987 Glass Tiger Single of the Year – "Someday" 1986 Glass Tiger Album of the Year-The Thin Red Line 1986 Glass Tiger Single of the Year – "Don't Forget Me" 1986 Glass Tiger Most Promising Group of the Year 1986 Glass Tiger American Grammy Nomination – Best New ArtistGold & Platinum Records -Nearly every Glass Tiger record went Gold or Platinum The Thin Red Line Diamond Sun Simple Mission 31 The Spirit of Christmas Willow Music website