Netflix, Inc. is an American media-services provider headquartered in Los Gatos, founded in 1997 by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph in Scotts Valley, California. The company's primary business is its subscription-based streaming OTT service which offers online streaming of a library of films and television programs, including those produced in-house; as of January 2019, Netflix had over 139 million paid subscriptions worldwide, including 60.55 million in the United States, over 148 million subscriptions total including free trials. It is available worldwide except in mainland China as well as Syria, North Korea and Crimea; the company has offices in the Netherlands, India and South Korea. Netflix is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America. Netflix's initial business model included DVD sales and rental by mail, but Hastings abandoned the sales about a year after the company's founding to focus on the DVD rental business. Netflix expanded its business in 2007 with the introduction of streaming media while retaining the DVD and Blu-ray rental service.
The company expanded internationally in 2010 with streaming available in Canada, followed by Latin America and the Caribbean. Netflix entered the content-production industry in 2012. Since 2012, Netflix has taken more of an active role as producer and distributor for both film and television series, to that end, it offers a variety of "Netflix Original" content through its online library. By January 2016, Netflix services operated in more than 190 countries. Netflix released an estimated 126 original series and films in 2016, more than any other network or cable channel, their efforts to produce new content, secure the rights for additional content, diversity through 190 countries have resulted in the company racking up billions in debt: $21.9 billion as of September 2017, up from $16.8 billion from the previous year. $6.5 billion of this is long-term debt. In October 2018, Netflix announced it would raise another $2 billion in debt to help fund new content. Netflix was founded on August 29, 1997, in Scotts Valley, California, by Marc Randolph and Reed Hastings.
Randolph worked as a marketing director for Pure Atria. Randolph was a co-founder of MicroWarehouse, a computer mail order company, was employed by Borland International as vice president of marketing. Hastings, a computer scientist and mathematician, sold Pure Atria to Rational Software Corporation in 1997 for $700 million in what was the biggest acquisition in Silicon Valley history, they came up with the idea for Netflix while commuting between their homes in Santa Cruz and Pure Atria's headquarters in Sunnyvale while waiting for government regulators to approve the merger, although Hasting has given several different explanations for how the idea was created. Hastings invested $2.5 million in startup cash for Netflix. Randolph admired the fledgling e-commerce company Amazon and wanted to find a large category of portable items to sell over the Internet using a similar model, they rejected VHS tapes as too expensive to stock and too delicate to ship. When they heard about DVDs, which were first introduced in the United States on March 31, 1997, they tested the concept of selling or renting DVDs by mail, by mailing a compact disc to Hastings' house in Santa Cruz.
When the disc arrived intact, they decided to take on the $16 billion home video sales and rental industry. Hastings is quoted saying that he decided to start Netflix after being fined $40 at a Blockbuster store for being late to return a copy of Apollo 13, but this is an apocryphal story that he and Randolph designed to explain the company's business model and motivation. Netflix was launched on April 14, 1998, as the world's first online DVD rental store, with only 30 employees and 925 titles available, the entire catalogue of DVDs in print at the time, through the pay-per-rent model with rates and due dates that were similar to its bricks-and-mortar rival, Blockbuster. Netflix introduced the monthly subscription concept in September 1997, dropped the multiple-rental model in early 2000. Since that time, the company has built its reputation on the business model of flat-fee unlimited rentals without due dates, late fees and handling fees, or per-title rental fees. In 2000, when Netflix had just about 300,000 subscribers and relied on the U.
S. Postal Service for the delivery of their DVDs, they were losing money and offered to be acquired by Blockbuster for $50 million, they proposed that Netflix, which would be renamed as Blockbuster.com, would handle the online business, while Blockbuster would take care of the DVDs, making them less dependent on the U. S. Postal Service; the offer was declined. While they experienced fast growth in early 2001, both the dot-com bubble burst and the September 11 attacks would occur that year, affecting the company badly and forcing them to lay off a third of their employees. However, sales of Apple products took off as they became more affordable, selling for about $2,000 around Thanksgiving time, becoming one of that year's most popular Christmas gifts. By early 2002, Netflix saw a huge increase in business from rental to laptop DVD users. Netflix initiated an initial public offering on May 29, 2002, selling 5.5 million shares of common stock at the price of US$15.00 per share. On June 14, 2002, the company sold an additional 825,000 shares of common stock at the same price.
After incurring substantial losses during its first few years, Netflix posted its first profit during fiscal year 2003, earning US$6.5 million profit on revenues of
Ahmad Jamal is an American jazz pianist, composer and educator. For five decades, he has been one of the most successful small-group leaders in jazz. Jamal was born in Pennsylvania, he began playing piano at the age of three, when his uncle Lawrence challenged him to duplicate what he was doing on the piano. Jamal began formal piano training at the age of seven with Mary Cardwell Dawson, whom he describes as influencing him, his Pittsburgh roots have remained an important part of his identity and it was there that he was immersed in the influence of jazz artists such as Earl Hines, Billy Strayhorn, Mary Lou Williams, Erroll Garner. Jamal studied with pianist James Miller and began playing piano professionally at the age of fourteen, at which point he was recognized as a "coming great" by the pianist Art Tatum; when asked about his practice habits by a critic from The New York Times, Jamal commented that, "I used to practice and practice with the door open, hoping someone would come by and discover me.
I was never the practitioner in the sense of twelve hours a day. I think about music all the time." Jamal began touring with George Hudson's Orchestra after graduating from George Westinghouse High School in 1948. He joined another touring group known as The Four Strings, which disbanded when violinist Joe Kennedy Jr. left. In 1950 he moved to Chicago and performed intermittently with local musicians Von Freeman and Claude McLin, solo at the Palm Tavern joined by drummer Ike Day. Born to Baptist parents, Jamal discovered Islam in his early 20s. While touring in Detroit, where there was a sizable Muslim community in the 1940s and 1950s, he became interested in Islam and Islamic culture, he converted to Islam and changed his name to Ahmad Jamal in 1950. In an interview with The New York Times a few years he said his decision to change his name stemmed from a desire to "re-establish my original name." Shortly after his conversion to Islam, he explained to The New York Times that he "says Muslim prayers five times a day and arises in time to say his first prayers at 5 am.
He says them in Arabic in keeping with the Muslim tradition."He made his first records in 1951 for the Okeh label with The Three Strings: the other members were guitarist Ray Crawford and a bassist, at different times Eddie Calhoun, Richard Davis, Israel Crosby. The Three Strings arranged an extended engagement at Chicago's Blue Note, but leapt to fame after performing at the Embers in New York City where John Hammond saw the band play and signed them to Okeh Records. Hammond, a record producer who discovered the talents and enhanced the fame of musicians like Benny Goodman, Billie Holiday, Count Basie helped Jamal's trio attract critical acclaim. Jamal subsequently recorded for Epic using the piano-guitar-bass lineup; the trio's sound changed when Crawford was replaced with drummer Vernel Fournier in 1957, the group worked as the "House Trio" at Chicago's Pershing Hotel. The trio released the live album, Live at the Pershing: But Not For Me, which stayed on the Ten Best-selling charts for 108 weeks.
Jamal's recording of the well known song "Poinciana" was first released on this album. Jamal's most famous recording and undoubtedly the one that brought him vast popularity in the late 1950s and into the 1960s jazz age, At the Pershing was recorded at the Pershing Hotel in Chicago in 1958. Jamal played the set with drummer Vernel Fournier; the set list expressed a diverse collection of tunes, including "The Surrey with the Fringe On Top" from the musical Oklahoma! and Jamal's arrangement of the jazz standard "Poinciana". Jazz musicians and listeners alike found inspiration in the At the Pershing recording, Jamal's trio was recognized as an integral new building block in the history of jazz. Evident were his unusually minimalist style and his extended vamps, according to reviewer John Morthland. "If you're looking for an argument that pleasurable mainstream art can assume radical status at the same time, Jamal is your guide," said The New York Times contributor Ben Ratliff in a review of the album.
After the recording of the best-selling album But Not For Me, Jamal's music grew in popularity throughout the 1950s, he attracted media coverage for his investment decisions pertaining to his "rising fortune". In 1959, he took a tour of North Africa to explore investment options in Africa. Jamal, twenty-nine at the time, said he had a curiosity about the homeland of his ancestors influenced by his conversion to the Muslim faith, he said his religion had brought him peace of mind about his race, which accounted for his "growth in the field of music that has proved lucrative for me." Upon his return to the U. S. after a tour of North Africa, the financial success of Live at the Pershing: But Not For Me allowed Jamal to open a restaurant and club called The Alhambra in Chicago. In 1962, The Three Strings disbanded and Jamal moved to New York City, where, at the age of 32, he took a three-year hiatus from his musical career. In 1964, Jamal resumed touring and recording, this time with the bassist Jamil Nasser and recorded a new album, Extensions, in 1965.
Jamal and Nasser continued to play and record together from 1964 to 1972. He joined forces with Fournier and drummer Frank Gant, among others; until 1970, he played acoustic piano exclusively. The final album on which he played acoustic piano in the regular
Mahershalalhashbaz Ali, known professionally as Mahershala Ali, is an American actor, a recipient of several awards, including two Academy Awards and a Golden Globe Award. After pursuing a MFA degree from New York University, Ali began his career as a regular on television series, such as Crossing Jordan and Threat Matrix, before his breakthrough role as Richard Tyler in the science fiction series The 4400, his first major film release was in the David Fincher-directed fantasy The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. He gained wider attention for his supporting role in the Netflix political thriller series House of Cards, he featured as Boggs in the final two films of The Hunger Games film series and as Cornell "Cottonmouth" Stokes in the Netflix superhero series Marvel's Luke Cage. For playing a drug dealer in the drama film Moonlight, Ali won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, becoming the first Muslim actor to win an Oscar for acting, he won a second Academy Award and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor for portraying Don Shirley in the comedy-drama Green Book.
This made him the first black actor to win two Academy Awards in the same category. In 2019, he played the lead role of a troubled police officer in the third season of the HBO anthology crime series True Detective. Ali was born Mahershalalhashbaz Gilmore in 1974, in Oakland, the son of Willicia and Phillip Gilmore, he was raised in California. His father was an actor, he attended St. Mary's College of California in Moraga, where he graduated in 1996 with a degree in mass communication. Though Ali entered SMC with a basketball scholarship, he became disenchanted with the idea of a sports career because of the treatment given to the team's athletes. Ali developed an interest in acting after taking part in a staging of Spunk; this landed him an apprenticeship at the California Shakespeare Theater following graduation. Following a sabbatical year where Ali worked for Gavin Report, he enrolled in New York University's graduate acting program at Tisch School of the Arts, earning his master's degree in 2000.
He was named after Maher-shalal-hash-baz, a biblical prophetic-name child and raised a Christian by his mother, an ordained minister. During his college basketball career, he went under the first name of Hershal. In 2000, he converted to Islam, changing his surname from Gilmore to Ali and joined the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community – a revivalist movement within Islam. In interviews, he has recounted numerous problems he has encountered at airports, with banks and otherwise in everyday life as an American Muslim since the September 11 attacks. Ali was known professionally by his full name, Mahershalalhashbaz Ali, from 2001 until 2010, when he began to be credited as Mahershala Ali. Ali had considered shortening his name for a while, saying that using his full first name was "a crazy thing to do considering that we're in Hollywood", although he had never been pressured by managers or agents to change it, he decided to use a shorter version of his first name after being told that his full name was too long to fit on the poster for the film The Place Beyond the Pines.
He did not want the alternative of "M. Ali" to represent himself on the poster, so he chose to adopt the shorter version of his name, he elaborated in an interview to Vanity Fair in October 2016: He is known for his portrayal of Remy Danton in the Netflix series House of Cards, Cornell Stokes in Marvel's Luke Cage, Colonel Boggs in The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1 and The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 2, Tizzy in the 2008 film The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. His first major film role was that of Tizzy Weathers in the 2008 David Fincher-directed romantic fantasy drama film The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. Other notable films include Predators, The Place Beyond the Pines, Free State of Jones, Hidden Figures, as Boggs in The Hunger Games series. For his performance as mentor and drug dealer Juan in the drama film Moonlight, Ali received universal acclaim from critics and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, the SAG Award and the Critics' Choice Award for Best Supporting Actor, received a Golden Globe and a BAFTA Award nomination.
His win at the 89th Academy Awards made him the first Muslim actor to win an Oscar. In 2017 Ali joined the video game Madden NFL 18's story mode Longshot, in which he played Cutter Wade, the father of protagonist Devin, he played Don Shirley in the 2018 film Green Book, receiving his second Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He won a 2019 Golden Globe award for best supporting actor for his role, as well as a BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. Ali starred as Arkansas State Police detective Wayne Hays in the third season of the HBO series True Detective, which premiered on January 13, 2019, in the United States. On Rotten Tomatoes, the site's critical consensus reads, "Driven by Mahershala Ali's mesmerizing performance, True Detective's third season finds fresh perspective by exploring real world events – though it loses some of the series' intriguing strangeness along the way." Ali was signed to Bay Area recording label Hieroglyphics Imperium during the late 2000s and recorded rap music as Prince Ali.
He released his album, Curb Side Service, in 2007, but did not tour to promote the album, choosing instead to focus on his acting career. Ali is an Ahmadi Muslim, he named his cat Nas, after the rapper. He is married to an actress and musician; the couple welcomed their first child, a daughter, a few days before his Oscar win in 2017. Curb Side Service List of awards and nominations received by Mahershala Ali List of actors with Academy Award nomi
Green Book (film)
Green Book is a 2018 American biographical comedy-drama film directed by Peter Farrelly. Set in 1962, the film is inspired by the true story of a tour of the Deep South by African American classical and jazz pianist Don Shirley and Italian American bouncer Frank "Tony Lip" Vallelonga who served as Shirley's driver and bodyguard; the film was written by Farrelly, Brian Hayes Currie and Vallelonga's son, Nick Vallelonga, based on interviews with his father and Shirley, as well as letters his father wrote to his mother. The film is named after The Negro Motorist Green Book, a mid-20th century guidebook for African-American travelers written by Victor Hugo Green. Green Book had its world premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 11, 2018, where it won the People's Choice Award, it was theatrically released in the United States on November 16, 2018, by Universal Pictures, has grossed $312 million worldwide. The film received positive reviews from critics, with Mortensen's and Ali's performances being lauded, although it drew some criticism for its depiction of both race and Shirley.
Green Book won the National Board of Review award for the best film of 2018, was chosen as one of the top 10 films of the year by the American Film Institute. The film received numerous accolades and nominations, at the 91st Academy Awards won Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay, Best Supporting Actor for Mahershala Ali; the film won the Producers Guild of America Award for Best Theatrical Motion Picture and the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy, while Ali won the Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, BAFTA awards for Best Supporting Actor. New York City bouncer Frank "Tony Lip" Vallelonga is searching for new employment while the Copacabana nightclub, where he works, is closed for renovations, he is invited to an interview with Doctor Don Shirley, an African American pianist, looking for a driver for his eight-week concert tour through the Midwest and Deep South. Don hires Tony on the strength of his references, they embark with plans to return to New York on Christmas Eve.
Don's record label gives Tony a copy of the Green Book, a guide for African-American travelers to find motels and filling stations that would serve them. They begin the tour in the Midwest before heading farther south. Tony and Don clash as Don is disgusted by Tony's habits while Tony feels uncomfortable being asked to act with more refinement; as the tour progresses, Tony is impressed with Don's talent on the piano, appalled by the discriminatory treatment that Don receives from his hosts and the general public when he is not on stage. A group of white men threatens Don's life in a bar and Tony rescues him, he instructs Don not to go out without him for the rest of the tour. Throughout the journey, Don helps Tony write letters to his wife spelling and rephrasing passages which move her. Tony encourages Don to get in touch with his own estranged brother, but Don is hesitant, observing that he has become isolated by his professional life and achievements. In the south, Don is found in a gay encounter with a white man at a YMCA pool and Tony bribes the officers to prevent the musician's arrest.
Don is upset. The two are arrested after a police officer pulls them over late at night in a sundown town and Tony punches him after being insulted. While they are incarcerated, Don asks to call his lawyer and instead uses the opportunity to reach Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, who pressures the governor to release them; because Tony lost his temper, Don is frustrated that he had to distract RFK who, with his brother JFK, are working hard for minority rights. On the night of the final performance on tour in Birmingham, Don is refused entry into the whites-only dining room of the country club, the same room in which he has been hired to perform, he must eat in a small changing room. First Tony says to Don that it is the last show, he should order from the menu so they can finish and go North. Tony threatens the owner, Don calms him down, saying he will let Tony decide whether he should play or not. Tony walks out, followed by the management yelling about a contract. Tony takes Don, still in white tie and tails, to get dinner at a predominantly black blues club, Orange Bird, where Don rouses the crowd with a passionate Frederic Chopin’s Winter Wind etude before being joined by the impressed blues band.
He plays as one of the band which gets everyone on their feet dancing. Tony and Don head back north to try to make it home by Christmas Eve. While en route on a snowy road they are stopped by another police officer. To their surprise, the officer turns out to be a Maryland State Trooper who wants to help Tony safely change a flat tire and doesn't harass them. Tony is too exhausted from driving in the snow to get home without sleep and says he will stop at the next lodging; the same night the car arrives in Tony asleep in the back. He wakes Tony, who invites him up to meet his wife at his home, but Don wishes him a merry Christmas and returns to his own apartment. A Christmas party is in full swing at Tony's place and he is given a grand welcome by all those present. Tony is happy to see his wife after a long time. Behind late arriving guests Don appears at Tony's place with champagne, he is embraced by Tony and his wife, who warmly thanks Don for helping Tony with the letters. The film postscripts read: "Dr. Shirley continued to tour and record to great acclaim.
Igor Stravinsky said of him,'His virtuosity is worthy of the Gods.'" "Frank'Tony Lip' Vallelonga we
Wynton Charles Kelly was a Jamaican American jazz pianist and composer. He is known as one of the finest accompanists in jazz, he began playing professionally at the age of 12, was pianist on a No. 1 R&B hit at the age of 16. His recording debut as leader occurred three years around the time he started to become better known as accompanist to singer Dinah Washington, as a member of trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie's band; this progress was interrupted by two years in the United States Army, after which Kelly returned to Washington and Gillespie, played with other leaders. Over the next few years, these included instrumentalists Julian "Cannonball" Adderley, John Coltrane, Roland Kirk, Wes Montgomery, Sonny Rollins, vocalists Betty Carter, Billie Holiday, Abbey Lincoln. Kelly attracted the most attention as part of Miles Davis' band from 1959, including an appearance on the trumpeter's Kind of Blue mentioned as the best-selling jazz album ever. After leaving Davis in 1963, Kelly played with his own trio, which recorded for several labels and toured the United States and internationally.
His career did not develop much further, he had difficulty finding enough work late in his career. Kelly, prone to epilepsy, died in a hotel room in Canada following a seizure, aged 39; the son of Jamaican immigrants, Kelly was born in Brooklyn, New York, on December 2, 1931. He did not receive much formal training in music, he attended the High School of Music & Art and the Metropolitan Vocational High School in New York, but "hey wouldn't give us piano, so I fooled around with the bass and studied theory."Kelly started his professional career in 1943 as a member of R&B groups. Through this, he improved his playing – the bands' "music had to be accessible and easy to dance to". Around this time he played organ in local churches. In his local area, he played with brothers Lee and Ray Abrams, as well as Ahmed Abdul-Malik, Ernie Henry, Cecil Payne, who went on to have careers in jazz. At the age of 15, Kelly toured the Caribbean as part of Ray Abrams' R&B band. Kelly made his recording debut aged 16, playing on saxophonist Hal Singer's 1948 "Cornbread", which became a Billboard R&B chart-topping hit.
In the following year, Kelly recorded with vocalist Babs Gonzales. Other R&B bands that Kelly played with included those led by Hot Lips Page, Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson, Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis. Material from sessions on July 25 and August 1, 1951 formed Piano Interpretations, a trio album, Kelly's recording debut as leader, released by Blue Note Records that year. Critic Scott Yanow indicates that, at this stage of his career, Kelly's main influence was Bud Powell, but that his playing "displayed some of the joy of Teddy Wilson's style along with his own chord voicings". Kelly became better known after joining vocalist Dinah Washington's band in 1951. After this, he played in bands led by Lester Young in the spring of 1952, Dizzy Gillespie, recording with the latter in 1952. In September of that year, just as Kelly was beginning to build a reputation, he was drafted into the army. After a period at Fort McClellan in Alabama, Kelly was part of a Third Army traveling show, he recruited future jazz pianist Duke Pearson into the show.
By April 1954 Kelly was "musical director of the show. He ended his military service with a music performance for an audience of 10,000 in the Chastain Memorial Park Amphitheater in Atlanta. Kelly was released from the military after two years, following which he worked on and off with Washington and Gillespie again. Kelly was part of Charles Mingus' group for a tour of Washington, D. C. California, Vancouver in late 1956 to early 1957, he left Mingus to rejoin Gillespie, who led a big band that toured Canada and the southern United States. Commenting on Kelly's ability to move from a small group to a big band setting, saxophonist Benny Golson from Gillespie's band, said that "He kept his identity, he would set up patterns – never interfering with the arrangement, but he was able to get into the cracks and he would always be adding something, giving it impetus, more energy." In 1956, Kelly recorded with vocalist Billie Holiday, including for the original version of her song "Lady Sings the Blues", as well as for the Blue Note debuts of saxophonists Johnny Griffin and Sonny Rollins.
After leaving Gillespie again, Kelly formed his own trio. Kelly was much in demand as a sideman for recordings, appeared on albums by most of the major jazz leaders in the late 1950s and early 1960s. In April 1957, for instance, he appeared as a guest in an enlarged version of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, for an album released as Theory of Art; the recording sessions continued four days with Kelly joining Blakey and others on Griffin's A Blowin' Session. That year, Kelly made a rare appearance playing bass, for one track of vocalist Abbey Lincoln's That's Him!, after the regular bassist, Paul Chambers, became drunk and fell asleep in the studio. Early in 1958, Kelly recorded his second album as leader, the qu
Krug Champagne is a Champagne house founded by Joseph Krug in 1843. It is based principally in Reims, the main city in France's Champagne region and is one of the famous Champagne houses that formed part of the Grande Marques. Today the house is majority owned by the multinational conglomerate LVMH Moët Hennessy • Louis Vuitton S. A. whose portfolio includes other well known wine brands such as Moët & Chandon, Veuve Clicquot, Château d'Yquem and Ruinart. Despite LVMH's majority ownership, the Krug family is still involved in all the key decisions of the house but does not manage the day-to-day operations. Joseph Krug founded the House of Krug in 1843, he was born Johann-Joseph Krug, a butcher's son, in Mainz, on the Rhine, in 1800, at a time when the city was part of the Napoleonic Empire. Having dispensed with the name Johann, he left Mainz by 1834 he was in Paris. Germans were much in demand in France as accountants and book-keepers and, as such, Joseph joined Champagne Jacquesson in Châlons-sur-Marne.
He spent eight years with Jacquesson, with his work taking him beyond accountancy as he went on the road around Europe testing the market and assessing criticism from wine sellers and customers. He learned about composition and taste so that by 1840 he seems to have been blending Champagne for at least one other house. In 1841 he married Emma-Anne Jaunay, the daughter of a French hotelier based in London's Leicester Square, an English mother; the following year Paul Krug, was born. In 1842 came the move to Reims and, following a year of negotiations, Krug et Cie. was founded in 1843 with sleeping partner Hyppolite de Vivès. Joseph was fluent in French and German and spoke some Russian, putting the company in position to exploit key overseas markets. Joseph died in 1866 and was succeeded by his son Paul Krug, trained by his father for the business in France and abroad. Joseph had laid the foundations and under the supervision of Paul the House was established as a grande marque. By the 1880s the prestige of Krug was acknowledged in the United Kingdom the primary overseas market for Champagne.
In 1866 the House moved in Reims, that it still occupies. After Paul's death in 1910, he was succeeded by his son, Joseph Krug II. However, during World War I Joseph II was taken prisoner and his wife Jeanne played a key role in the House, at a time when the Western Front divided the region between the Allies and the Germans. After the war, Joseph II's slow recovery led to his nephew Jean Seydoux becoming joint manager in 1924. In that decade, the Krug 1926 and 1928 vintages were created, which have been considered by critics to be amongst the greatest Champagnes; the lawyer and wine writer Maurice Healey observed in 1940 that "Krug holds my allegiance as the king of them all. And Krug 1928 must be the best wine made in the present century."By the mid-1930s, Paul Krug II, the son of Joseph II, was active in the business and would go on to become head of the House from 1959 to 1977. His father only died in 1967, by which time he was, according to Patrick Forbes, "one of the most popular and respected figures in the Champagne district".
In 1962 Henri Krug, the son of Paul II, joined the management, as did his brother Remi three years later. Their arrival was followed by a series of innovations, including extensions in the range of Champagnes. In 1979, for the first time, a graduate winemaker joined the House. In January 1999 the House became part of LVMH and by 2007, the brothers, while remaining on the tasting committee, had stepped down from day-to-day responsibilities. In 2009 Olivier Krug, the son of Henri, became House director. Krug produces Krug Grande Cuvée, supplemented by a non-vintage rosé, a vintage blanc, a vintage blanc de blancs from the Clos du Mesnil in the Cotes de Blancs, a vintage blanc de noirs from the Clos d'Ambonnay and older vintages released as Krug Collection series. On the nose, Krug is characterized by toasted, pastry or almond notes born from at least 6 years of ageing sur lies. On the palate, Krug is characterized by notes of fresh fruit citrus, a freshness linked to grape selection. Krug does not suppress malolactic fermentation nor does it provoke it, with the majority of its wines not undergoing the process.
Its wines are invariably dry. The Krug line-up of Champagnes includes: Krug Grande Cuvée Krug Rosé Krug Vintage 2000, Krug Vintage 2003 and Krug Vintage 2004 Krug Collection 1989 Krug Clos du Mesnil 2000 and Krug Clos du Mesnil 2003 Krug Clos d'Ambonnay 1998 and Krug Clos d'Ambonnay 2000Krug Grande Cuvée is a blend of over 120 wines coming from ten or more different vintages – some up to fifteen years in age – and three grape varieties from numerous vineyards, it is re-created on a yearly basis. In total, over twenty years are required to create a bottle of Krug Grande Cuvée, including at least six years during which the bottle sits in the Krug cellars, it is distinguished by its deep golden fine bubbles. Krug Grande Cuvée is rated one of the world's best Champagnes by wine critics. Krug Rosé is described by the House as a gastronomic Champagne; the fruit of an experiment carried out by Henri and Rémi Krug in the 1970s, the first bottles of Krug Rosé were presented for tasting in 1983, 140 years after the company's founding.
Krug Rosé is a blend of three grape varieties, several different vintages from Krug's library of 150 reserve wines and a skin-fermented Pinot noir wine which gives it its color and unique flavor. Krug Rosé spends at least five years in the House's cellars, it is re-created on a yearly bas