Charles Yves Jean Ghislaine Michel is a Belgian politician, the current Prime Minister of Belgium. He is the son of Louis Michel a prominent politician. Charles Michel was the leader of the francophone liberal party Mouvement Réformateur since February 2011 until becoming Prime Minister. Michel is the youngest Belgian Prime Minister since 1845. Charles Michel was born in Namur, Wallonia on 21 December 1975, his father, Louis Michel, is a Reformist Movement politician, mayor of Jodoigne and subsequently a European Commissioner and Member of the European Parliament. His mother is Martine Pierre. Charles Michel began his political career at the age of 16 when he joined the Young Liberal Reformers of Jodoigne, affiliated to the MR. In 1994, at the age of 18, Charles Michel was elected provincial councilor in Walloon Brabant, he graduated in law at the Université Libre de Bruxelles and the University of Amsterdam in 1998, after which he became lawyer at the Brussels Bar. He is fluent in English in addition to his native French.
Michel has been elected to the federal Chamber of Representatives since 1999, representing Walloon Brabant, a stronghold of the liberal MR. In 2000, he became Minister of Home Affairs in the Walloon Government. Aged 25, he became the youngest minister in Belgium's history. At the local level, he was elected city councillor in Wavre in 2000. In 2006, he became mayor of the city. In December 2007, Michel became the Belgian Minister of Development Cooperation in the Verhofstadt III Government and subsequently in the Leterme I, Van Rompuy I and Leterme II governments. In 2009, he declared himself to be shocked by statements of Pope Benedict XVI claiming that condoms promoted AIDS, calling the statements "astounding and irresponsible."After the June 2009 regional elections, Michel was part of a group demanding the MR leader Didier Reynders to step down. After the party suffered further losses in the June 2010 federal elections, Reynders stepped down. Charles Michel announced his candidacy for leader of MR.
In January 2011 he was elected leader of the Mouvement Réformateur, for which he resigned as Minister for Development Cooperation. Charles Michel and Didier Reynders are longtime rivals within their party. After the 2014 federal elections, Michel became co-formateur in the 2014 Belgian government formation. CD&V Kris Peeters was expected to be Prime Minister. However, CD&V insisted on Marianne Thyssen becoming European Commissioner; the other parties would not accept CD&V holding the two most important political posts. The parties agreed to propose Thyssen for European Commission, with the Prime Minister to come from one of the liberal parties (MR or Open VLD; as Michel was serving as co-formateur, it became clear. When on 7 October 2014 an overall agreement was reached between four parties to form a new government, Michel was formally proposed to lead the Michel Government, with Peeters as one of four Deputy Prime Ministers. Michel is the youngest Belgian cabinet leader since 1841 and the youngest with the title of Prime Minister of Belgium.
He is only the second Francophone liberal to become Prime Minister. When Michel formally succeeded Elio Di Rupo, he became the first francophone Prime Minister to succeed another francophone in 50 years, when Pierre Harmel was succeeded by Paul Vanden Boeynants. In December 2018, a political crisis emerged over. Michel's coaltition partner N-VA, which supported the Compact, reversed course to oppose it whereas the other three parties continued to support it. Prime minister Michel subsenquently announced the formation of a minority government with CD&V, MR and Open Vld, backing the compact. On 18 December, he presented his government's resignation to the King; the King accepted Michel's resignation on 21 December after consulting party leaders. Belgium: Grand Officer, Order of Leopold Official website
Maggie De Block
Maggie Celine Louise De Block is a Belgian politician and member of the Flemish liberal party Open VLD. In 2013 and 2014, she was voted the most popular politician in Flanders. In February 2015, she was voted the most popular politician in Belgium, being the most popular in all three regions, she held the portfolio of Minister of Social Affairs and Health in the Michel Government, but following a reshuffle on 9 December 2018 to prevent the government's collapse, she was assigned to the post of Secretary of State for Asylum and Migration. De Block was born in Merchtem, she studied medicine at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel after which she became a general practitioner for 25 years. Her brother, Eddie De Block, is the mayor of Merchtem. From 1999 to 2011 Maggie De Block was a Member of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives for the electoral district Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde, she became the Secretary of State for Asylum and Social Integration in the Di Rupo Government in December 2011. In December 2012, she became the vice-chair of the Open Vld party.
She became Minister of Justice charged with Asylum, Social Integration, Poverty Reduction in the Di Rupo Government in July 2014. In March 2013, she was voted woman of the year by readers of the francophone newspaper La Libre Belgique. In 2013 and 2014 polls, she became the most popular Flemish politician, ahead of the Minister-President of Flanders Kris Peeters. In the Michel Government formed in October 2014, she became Minister of Social Affairs and Health; when taking the oath, she described the portfolio as "her dream". Critics have said that she does not set the right example as Health Minister due to her obesity, she has answered that "I know I'm not a model but you have to see what's inside, not the packaging." In the position, she was involved in coordinating the Belgian response to the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa. In 2015, she became the most popular politician in Flanders and Brussels - making her the most popular politician in Belgium. In September 2018 she decided to introduce plain packaging for all tobacco products in Belgium.
On 9 December 2018, it was announced that de Block would become Secretary of State for Asylum and Migration, replacing Theo Francken. She held the post in a previous government. Belgium: Commander in the Order of Leopold II Media related to Maggie De Block at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Pieter De Crem
Pieter Frans Norbert Jozef Raymond De Crem is a Belgian, Flemish politician and member of Christian Democratic and Flemish. He has been a Member of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives since 1995, he headed the CD&V fraction in the Chamber of Representatives from 2003 to 2007. Since 1995, he has been the mayor of Aalter, in East Flanders. De Crem became the Belgian minister of defence on 21 December 2007. On 5 March 2013, he was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister in the Belgian federal government. From 11 October 2014 to 9 December 2018, he served as Secretary of State for Foreign Trade in the Michel I Government, he was subsequently appointed Minister for the Interior under the Michel II Government. De Crem holds a Master of Romance Philology from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and a Master of European and international Law from Vrije Universiteit Brussel. De Crem attended the six-week Harvard Business School Advanced Management Program; when Jan De Crem – father of Pieter De Crem – decided to retire after more than 30 years in office as a mayor of the township of Aalter, Pieter was considered as his favorite successor.
In 1994, he participated for the first time in the municipal elections. He was straightaway elected mayor, his mandate was renewed in the elections in 2000 and in 2006. During the elections of 2006, all opposition parties in Aalter bundled their efforts while attempting to break the Christian Democrate majority; the opposition was led by former federal Minister Jef Tavernier. The election resulted in a major success for the incumbent majority as two out of three citizens voted in favor of De Crem’s party. With the municipal elections of 14 October 2012, De Crem succeeded in improving his success of 2006, his party won 64,56 % of the votes. The municipal elections of 14 October 2018 confirmed his absolute majority and he became by far the most popular politician in Aalter with a personal score of 5056 preferential votes. On 21 December 2007, when the ‘interim government Verhofstadt III’ was established, De Crem was appointed Minister of Defense, he promptly revised a controversial arms contract, signed by his predecessor André Flahaut, who ordered several non-NATO standard 90mm turrets for Belgian Army's armored vehicles.
On 23 January 2008, he came into the news by suggesting that nuclear capability was present at the Kleine Brogel Air Base, confirming in this way Belgium’s responsibilities in NATO’s nuclear policy. De Crem increased the participation of the Belgian armed forces in international operations; as of early 2009, well over 1.200 Belgian troops participated in peace support missions around the world. This was an increase by half compared with the average during the five preceding years. Belgium sent first four and even six F-16 combat aircraft to Kandahar in southern Afghanistan. According to De Crem, hereby supported by several international reports, an emphasis must be granted on training the Afghan Army and Police; as a result, he sent two Operational Mentoring and Liaison Teams to Kunduz in the north to train the Afghan National Army. Meanwhile, the UNIFIL mission in Lebanon was extended for one year, he launched several new initiatives. From September 2009 a Belgian navy frigate, flying the European flag, patrols in the Gulf of Aden to fight piracy.
In May 2009 when a Belgian ship, the'Pompey', was hijacked in the Gulf of Aden, he offers immediate military assistance to all Belgian merchant vessels sailing through the strait of Aden. At the same time De Crem and his colleague Minister of Justice Stefaan De Clerck update an old law against piracy in order to enable prosecution; the Vessel Protection Disposal concept was born. As part of the budget cuts by the Belgian Government, Minister De Crem accelerated the reduction in staff from 42,000 to 37,725 employees, he realized, six years earlier than the objectives of a previous army reform. At the same time he reduced the number of generals by 20 percent. On 21 October 2009, De Crem got approval of the government for his own transformation plan, it received severe opposition from the unions. The plan completes all former but still unfinished reforms. De Crem is committed to finalize this reform in the current legislative period. By 2012 the number of employees shall be reduced to 34,000 and 23 military barracks will close.
Equipment and personnel are grouped together to form full deployable units. The contingent needs to be reduced to bring expenditure back into balance. After years of searching in the jungle of Central Africa, Minister De Crem approved new defense efforts in order to locate the remains of a helicopter crash; the plane, a Piasecki H-21 Shawnee, was flown by a Belgian military three-man crew. It disappeared in 1965 in bad weather conditions. At the end of 2010, at year long insistence of the families, because De Crem considers it important that the fate of every missing soldier is known, the Minister approved and sponsored an expedition into the jungle. Belgian paratroopers found the wreck after a four-day march through inaccessible terrain, they do not find any human remains, though they found serial numbers that demonstrated that they’ve found the missing helicopter. De Crem used the opportunity of the Belgian EU-Presidency in the second half of 2010 to set the first steps towards more cooperation in the field of a common European Defence.
On 9 December 2010 at the Council for Foreign Affairs in Brussels, all 27 Defence Ministers of the EU Member States supported the "Ghent Framework Initiative". European member states commit themselves to more cooperation in the defence field through pooling and sharing; the Framework Initiativ
Système universitaire de documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers, it is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education. Official website
The Flemish Government is the executive branch of the Flemish Community and the Flemish Region of Belgium. It consists of a government cabinet, headed by the Minister-President and accountable to the Flemish Parliament, the public administration divided into 13 policy areas, each with an executive department and multiple agencies; the Flemish Government cabinet consists of up to a maximum of eleven ministers, chosen by the Flemish Parliament. At least one minister must come from Brussels; the ministers are drawn from the political parties. The Government is chaired by the Flemish Minister-President. Ministers head executive departments of the government administration. Ministers must defend their policies and performance in person before the Flemish Parliament; the Flemish Government must keep the confidence of the Flemish Parliament. Until 1993 the Flemish Government was called the Flemish Executive. Following the 25 May 2014 election, N-VA, CD&V and Open Vld parties formed a coalition. Following the 7 June 2009 election, CD&V, N-VA and SP.
A parties formed a coalition. Following the 2004 election, CD&V / N-VA, SP. A/ Sociaal-Liberale Partij and Open VLD parties formed a coalition. From 19 July 2004 to 26 June 2007, the Minister-President of Flanders was Yves Leterme, leading a coalition of CD&V-N-VA, VLD-Vivant, SP. A-Vl. Pro. On 26 June 2007, in the aftermath of the 2007 Belgian general elections, Yves Leterme and Inge Vervotte resigned as minister-president and minister in the Flemish Government to take their seats in the Belgian Parliament. On June 28, Kris Peeters was sworn in as new minister-president, taking over the responsibilities of Leterme, Vanackere and Crevits replaced Vervotte and Peeters as Flemish ministers. On 10 October 2007 Fientje Moerman resigned due to the fallout of a hiring scandal. On 22 September 2008 Geert Bourgeois was forced to resign due to pressure by the SP. A-Vl. Pro and Open VLD coalition partners because of his party's no confidence vote in the federal government of Leterme and their lack of trust in further negotiations by the Regions regarding the state reform.
His portfolios of Administrative Affairs, Foreign Policy and Tourism were taken over by minister-president Peeters. On December 30, 2008 Steven Vanackere resigned to become federal Minister of Civil Service and Public Enterprises, he was replaced in the Flemish Government by Veerle Heeren. The composition at the end of the legislature: After the regional elections of 1999, a coalition of VLD, SP, Agalev and the VU was formed with Patrick Dewael as Minister-President. After the federal elections of June 2003, Patrick Dewael resigned as Minister-President and went to the federal political level, he was succeeded by Bart Somers as Flemish Minister-President until the end of term in 2004. Due to changes in political parties, the coalition was different: Volksunie fell apart. Instead, Spirit entered the coalition the SP was renamed to SP.a Agalev was renamed to Groen! After the regional elections of 1995, a coalition of CVP and SP was formed; the Flemish administration denotes the Flemish civil service.
With the 2006 reform program Better Administrative Policy, the Flemish civil service is designed to make the Flemish public administration more efficient and transparent. The tasks of the Flemish public administration are now organised in 13 policy areas; each policy area comprises a number of independent government agencies. Only those with their own article are mentioned below; the 13 policy areas are: Services for the General Government Policy Administrative Affairs Foreign Affairs Liaison Agency Flanders-Europe Flanders Investment and Trade Finance and Budget Education and Training Economy and Innovation Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology Participatiemaatschappij Vlaanderen National Botanic Garden of Belgium Culture, Youth and Media Agency for the Promotion of Physical Development and the Outdoor Recreation Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp Welfare, Public Health and Family Care Inspectorate Agriculture and Fisheries Work and Social Economy Mobility and Public Works Flemish Transport Company "De Lijn" Environment and Energy Flemish Energy Agency Town and Country Planning, Housing Policy and Immovable Heritage Immovable HeritageSeveral other institutes, such as the Flemish Opera and the Flemish Institute for Technological Research, were not incorporated into the above structure.
Every year, the Minister-President presents the current state of affairs in Flanders and the Government's plans for next year during the September Declaration on the fourth Monday in September. The below figures use the 2018 budget as example, which had €44.7 billion in expenses and €42.3 billion in revenue. The revenue commes from the following sources: 56% – Special financing law: the so-called "shared taxes" and "merged taxes" which the federal government raises through income taxes and VAT and transfers to the communities and regions based on a complex formula 34% – Fiscal autonomy 18% – Opcentiemen: additional "centimes" to the federal income tax 16% – Regional taxes, such
Yves Camille Désiré Leterme is a Belgian politician, a leader of the Christian Democratic and Flemish party. He was the 48th Prime Minister of Belgium, from November 2009 to December 2011. Leterme was the Prime Minister of Belgium from March 2008 to December 2008, he has been Minister of Foreign Affairs, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Budget, Institutional Reforms and the North Sea in the Belgian federal government. He is a former Minister-President of Flanders and Flemish Minister of Fisheries. Despite his French name, Leterme is Flemish, he is fluent in Dutch and English. On 14 July 2008, facing the imminent failure to meet a self-imposed deadline to enact "constitutional reform" consisting of further devolution of powers to the nation's three linguistic communities, Leterme tendered his resignation to King Albert II. On 17 July, King Albert, after holding a flurry of consultations with leaders of political parties, labour unions, the employers' association, rejected Leterme's resignation.
Instead, the King appointed a three-person commission of representatives of the linguistic communities to investigate how to restart the reform process. The commission was to report to the King by 31 July 2008. On 19 December 2008 he offered his resignation to King Albert II after a crisis surrounding the sale of Fortis to BNP Paribas. On 22 December 2008 the King accepted his resignation, along with that of his entire government, he remained Prime Minister until 30 December. On 24 November 2009, it was announced that Leterme would once again become Prime Minister, succeeding Van Rompuy, selected to become the first President of the European Council. On 22 April 2010 he once again offered his resignation to King Albert II after a key Flemish party, the Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats, withdrew its support for the coalition government. An election followed in June. Leterme remained as caretaker Prime Minister, but on 13 September 2011 announced that he would leave the post by the end of the year to take up the position of Deputy Secretary-General at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
On 6 December 2011 Leterme was succeeded as Prime Minister by Elio Di Rupo, ending the longest run of a caretaker government in the developed world. The following day he was appointed to the honorary title of Minister of State. Yves Leterme was born on 6 October 1960 in the city of Wervik in the province of West Flanders, he is half-Walloon, grew up fluently bilingual. He studied law at the Catholic University of Leuven where he received a LL. B. degree in 1981 and studied at Ghent University where he obtained a BSc degree in Political Science, a LL. M. degree, a MPA degree in 1985. Before entering national politics, Leterme served as an auditor at the country's Court of Audit, he became adjunct and national secretary of the Christian People's Party until he resigned to become a civil servant with the European Union. In 1997, he went on indefinite leave from that position when he was appointed Member of the Belgian Parliament, he has been a member of the city council of Ypres since 1995. He served as alderman of Ypres from 1995 to 2001.
He was appointed to the Chamber of Representatives in 1997, elected in 1999 and 2003. After the defeat of the CD&V in the general elections of 2003, he succeeded Stefaan De Clerck as party chairman. In 2004 Yves Leterme became Minister-President of the Flemish government. Flanders has fared well during his term in office. Yves Leterme took a pragmatic course of increasing the economic dynamic and social wellbeing in Flanders, he has made the Flemish government into the'investment government', focusing the investments on the infrastructure and logistics with respect to both the business climate and social wellbeing. To accelerate investment he has encouraged the use of the PPP structures. Additionally, Yves Leterme's government implemented rigorous budgeting – his government started with a sizeable implicit debt in Flanders, reduced to zero as the result of his policies. In the elections held on 10 June 2007, Leterme received 796,521 personal votes, leading his party to a landslide victory; this was the second highest amount of personal votes in Belgium's national elections.
On 21 December 2007, he became Vice-Prime Minister of Belgium and Minister of Budget, Institutional Reform and the North Sea. On 23 March, Leterme received confidence of the chamber as Prime Minister. Many French-speaking journalists have taken offence at Leterme's political opinions on the supported demand in Flanders for more regional autonomy, they decry him for making what they say are provocative or erroneous statements. During an interview with the French newspaper Libération in August 2006, bilingual with a French-speaking father, made a remark about the overall failure and refusal of French-speaking inhabitants to learn and use Dutch in certain municipalities, more in municipalities with language facilities. Most prominent Francophone politicians such as Elio Di Rupo and Isabelle Durant along with some Flemish politicians such as Pascal Smet and Guy Vanhengel objected to this remark. In the Flemish daily De Standaard of 28 August Leterme explained his words: "I am allowed to ask myself the question whether the lack of knowledge of Dutch is a matter of not wanting or not being able to."A news report produced by the Belgian Francophone television compan
Piet, Baron Vanthemsche is a Belgian veterinary surgeon and civil servant. In 2008, he succeeded Noël Devisch as President of the Boerenbond in Leuven. Born in Kortrijk, he graduated as a veterinary surgeon at the University of Ghent From 1980 until 1986 he practiced as a veterinary surgeon in Tielt. From February 1986 until July 1992, he was veterinary inspector at the Belgian Department of Veterinary Services. From August 1992 until September 1994 he was Director at the Department, section animal diseases. From October 1994 until December 1997, Piet Vanthemsche was Director at the General Secretariat. From December 1997 until July 1999, he was Chef de Cabinet of the Minister of Agriculture and from July 1999 until February 2000, Advisor-General at the General Secretariat. From March 2000 until July 2002, he worked as self-employed Consultant. From July 2002 until July 2006, he was CEO of the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain. From October 2006 until April 2007, he was Interministerial Commissioner Influenza.
From July 2006 until April 2007, he was General Administrator of the Belgian Federal Agency for Medicines and Health Products after which he was succeeded by Xavier De Cuyper. From April 2007 until March 2008, he was Vice President of the Boerenbond after which he succeeded Noël Devisch as its President and as regent of the National Bank of Belgium. Piet Vanthemsche Piet Vanthemsche Piet Vanthemsche verkozen tot voorzitter Boerenbond