Kristen Nygaard was a Norwegian computer scientist, programming language pioneer, politician. Internationally Nygaard is acknowledged as the co-inventor of object-oriented programming and the programming language Simula with Ole-Johan Dahl in the 1960s. Nygaard and Dahl received the 2001 A. M. Turing Award for their contribution to computer science. Nygaard was born in Oslo and received his master's degree in mathematics at the University of Oslo in 1956, his thesis on abstract probability theory was entitled "Theoretical Aspects of Monte Carlo Methods". Nygaard worked full-time at the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment from 1948 to 1960 – in computing and programming and operational research. From 1957 to 1960 he was head of the first operations research groups in the Norwegian defense establishment, he was cofounder and first chairman of the Norwegian Operational Research Society. In 1960 he was hired by the Norwegian Computing Center, responsible for building up the NCC as a research institute in the 1960s, becoming its Director of Research in 1962.
Together with Ole-Johan Dahl he developed SIMULA I and SIMULA-67 – the first object-oriented programming languages, introducing core concepts of object-oriented programming languages: objects, inheritance, virtual quantities and multi-threaded program execution. In 2004, AITO established an annual prize in the name of Ole-Johan Dahl and Kristen Nygaard to honor their pioneering work on object-orientation; the AITO Dahl-Nygaard prize is awarded annually to two individuals that have made significant technical contributions to the field of Object-Orientation. The work should be in the spirit of the pioneer conceptual and/or implementation work of Dahl and Nygaard which shaped our present view of object-oriented programming; the prize is presented each year at the ECOOP conference. The prize consists of two awards given to a junior professional, he conducted research for Norwegian trade unions on planning and data processing, all evaluated in light of the objectives of organised labour, working together with Olav Terje Bergo).
His other research and development work included the social impact of computer technology and the general system description language DELTA, working with Erik Holbaek-Hanssen and Petter Haandlykken). Nygaard was a professor in Aarhus and became professor emeritus in Oslo, his work in Aarhus and Oslo included research and education in system development and the social impact of computer technology, became the foundation of the Scandinavian School in System Development, linked to the field of participatory design. Beginning in 1976, he was engaged in the development and the implementation of the general object-oriented programming language BETA; the language is now available on a wide range of computers. Nygaard was in the first half of the 1980s chairman of the steering committee of the Scandinavian research program SYDPOL, coordinating research and supporting working groups in system development, language research and artificial intelligence. In the 1980s, he was chairman of the steering committee for the Cost-13 -financed research project on the extensions of profession-oriented languages necessary when artificial intelligence and information technology are becoming part of professional work.
Nygaard's research from 1995-1999 was related to distributed systems. He was the leader of General Object-Oriented Distributed Systems, a three-year Norwegian Research Council-supported project starting in 1997, aiming at enriching object-oriented languages and system development methods by new basic concepts that make it possible to describe the relation between layered and/or distributed programs and the computer hardware and people carrying out these programs; the GOODS team included Haakon Bryhni, Dag Sjøberg, Ole Smørdal. Nygaard's final research interests were studies of the introductory teaching of programming, the creation of a process-oriented conceptual platform for informatics; these subjects are to be developed in a new research project called COOL together with a number of international test sites. He was giving courses on these subjects in Norway and elsewhere. In November 1999 he became chair of an advisory committee on Broadband Communication for the Norwegian Department for Municipal and Regional Affairs.
He held a part-time position at Simula Research Laboratory from 2001, when the research institute was opened. In June 1990, he received an honorary doctorate from Lund University, in June 1991 he became the first individual to be given an honorary doctorate by Aalborg University, Denmark, he became a member of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences. In October 1990, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility awarded him its Norbert Wiener Award for Social and Professional Responsibility. In 1999, he became – together with Dahl – the first to receive the Rosing Prize; this new prize is awarded by the Norwegian Data Association for exceptional professional achievements. In June 2000, he was awarded an Honorary Fellowship for "his originating of object technology concepts" by the Object Management Group, the International Organization for Standardization within object-orientation. In November 2001, he and Dahl were awarded the IEEE John von Neumann Medal by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers "For the introduction of the concepts underlying object-orie
The conservative coalition was an unofficial Congressional coalition bringing together a conservative majority of the Republican Party and the conservative wing of the Democratic Party. According to James T. Patterson: "By and large the congressional conservatives agreed in opposing the spread of federal power and bureaucracy, in denouncing deficit spending, in criticizing industrial labor unions, in excoriating most welfare programs, they sought to "conserve" an America which they believed to have existed before 1933."The coalition was dominant in Congress from 1937 to 1963 and remained a political force until the mid-1990s when few conservative Democrats remained in Congress. The conservative Democrats formed the Blue Dog Coalition, after the Republican Revolution in 1994. In terms of Congressional roll call votes, it appeared on votes affecting labor unions; the conservative coalition did not cooperate on civil rights bills in unison, requiring a partnership between member Everett Dirksen and President Johnson to unite sufficient numbers of northern Republicans to ally with northern liberal Democrats to push the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to cloture.
However, the coalition did have the power to prevent unwanted bills from coming to a vote. The coalition included many committee chairmen from the South who blocked bills by not reporting them from their committees. Furthermore, Howard W. Smith, chairman of the House Rules Committee could kill a bill by not reporting it out with a favorable rule; the conservative coalition was not concerned with foreign policy, as most of the southern Democrats were internationalists, a position opposed by most Republicans before the 1950s. In 1936, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had won a second term in a landslide, sweeping all but two states over his Republican opponent, Alf Landon. For the 1937 session of Congress, the Republicans would have 89 congressmen. Given his party's overwhelming majorities, FDR decided he could overcome opposition to his liberal New Deal policies by the conservative justices of the Supreme Court, which had struck down many New Deal agencies as unconstitutional. Roosevelt proposed to expand the size of the court from nine to fifteen justices.
However, the Southern Democrats controlled the entire South with only token Republican opposition, thus had both liberal and conservative factions. While the South had many New Deal supporters it had many conservatives opposed to the expansion of federal power. Among their leaders were Senators Harry Byrd and Carter Glass of Virginia and Vice President John Nance Garner of Texas. U. S. Senator Josiah Bailey released a "Conservative Manifesto" in December 1937, which included several statements of conservative philosophical tenets, including the line "Give enterprise a chance, I will give you the guarantees of a happy and prosperous America." The document called for a balanced federal budget, state's rights, an end to labor union violence and coercion. Over 100,000 copies were distributed and it marked a turning point in terms of congressional support for New Deal legislation. Coalition opposition to Roosevelt's "court packing" Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937 was first led by House coalition Democrat and House Judiciary Committee chairman Hatton W. Sumners.
Sumners refused to endorse the bill chopping it up within his committee in order to block the bill's chief effect of Supreme Court expansion. Finding such stiff opposition within the House, the administration arranged for the bill to be taken up in the Senate. Congressional Republicans decided to remain silent on the matter, denying pro-bill congressional Democrats the opportunity to use them as a unifying force. Republicans watched from the sidelines as their Democratic coalition allies split the Democratic party vote in the Senate, defeating the bill. In the hard-fought 1938 congressional elections, the Republicans scored major gains in both houses, picking up six Senate seats and 80 House seats. Thereafter the conservative Democrats and Republicans in both Houses of Congress would vote together on major economic issues, thus defeating many proposals by liberal Democrats; the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 was the last major New Deal legislation that Roosevelt succeeded in enacting into law.
A confidential British Foreign Office analysis of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in April 1943 stated that although the committee had 15 Democrats, seven Republicans, one independent, because of the Republican-conservative Democratic alliance only 12 of the 23 members supported Roosevelt's policies. A handful of liberal measures, notably the minimum wage laws, did pass when the Conservative Coalition split; some infrastructure bills received conservative support, funding for more highways was approved under both FDR and President Dwight D. Eisenhower. While such liberal successes did happen, they required negotiations between factions controlling different House committees. With conservatives influencing the House agenda through the House Rules Committee and the threat of possible filibusters in the Senate several liberal initiatives such as a health insurance program were stopped. Truman's Fair Deal in 1949–1951 was defeated, except for one public housing provision when conservatives split.
Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo —or Santo Domingo Institute of Technology, is a private, university in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. It was founded on October 9, 1972, by a group of connoted professional and is considered the best institute of technology in the country; the University began with the intention to contribute to the social transformation of the country, the continuous improvement of the quality of life and the preservation of moral and material patrimony. It was incorporated as a non-profit organization by means of Presidential Decree no. 2389 on June 15, 1972. Its original academic activities included post-graduate programs, permanent education, scientific research. In 1973, the university integrated other fields of study into its curriculum, its current curricular structure is based on the System, offering academic programs in Engineering, Business Administration, the Humanities, Social Sciences, Medicine. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo Dominican Republic Student & University Guide
Gregory Maguire is an American novelist. He is the author of Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, Confessions of an Ugly Stepsister, several dozen other novels for adults and children. Many of Maguire's adult novels are inspired by classic children's stories; the blockbuster Broadway musical Wicked was inspired by Maguire's first novel for adults. Written by Stephen Schwartz and Winnie Holzman, the musical is Broadway's fifth longest-running show, at its peak nine companies ran around the world. Maguire and raised in Albany, New York, is the middle child of seven. Schooled in Catholic institutions through high school, he received a BA in English and Art from the State University of New York at Albany, an MA in Children's Literature from Simmons College, a PhD in English and American Literature from Tufts University, his doctoral thesis was about English-language fantasy written for children between 1938 and 1988. He was a professor and co-director at the Simmons College Center for the Study of Children's Literature from 1979 to 1986.
In 1987, Maguire co-founded a nonprofit educational charity, Children's Literature New England, Inc. and was co-director for twenty-five years. He has been a board member of the National Children's Book and Literacy Alliance, has served on boards at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, the Board of Associates of the Boston Public Library, the Concord Free Press, among others. Maguire has lived in Dublin and the greater Boston area. While he published his first novel for children at the age of 24, his professional life includes commitments to literacy and literature education alongside his creative work, he met the American painter Andy Newman in 1997, in 1999 they adopted the first of their three children. Two others followed in 2001 and 2002. Maguire and Newman were married in June 2004, shortly after gay marriage became legal in Massachusetts; the novelist is an occasional reviewer for the Sunday New York Times Book Review. He has contributed and performed original material for NPR's "All Things Considered" and has lectured around the world on literature and culture.
Maguire and his family were featured on "Oprah" and he was the subject of a Sunday New York Times Magazine profile by Alex Witchel. His adult novels make New York Times and national bestseller lists. Egg & Spoon, a fantasy for young adults, was a Boston Globe-Horn Book Honor Book and is under option by Universal Studios; as of 2015, Maguire is a Roman Catholic. The Lightning Time The Daughter of the Moon Lights on the Lake The Dream Stealer The Peace and Quiet Diner I Feel like the Morning Star Lucas Fishbone Missing Sisters Oasis The Good Liar Crabby Cratchitt Leaping Beauty: And Other Animal Fairy Tales The Hamlet Chronicles: Seven Spiders Spinning Six Haunted Hairdos Five Alien Elves Four Stupid Cupids Three Rotten Eggs A Couple of April Fools One Final Firecracker What-the-Dickens: The Story of a Rogue Tooth Fairy Missing Sisters Egg and Spoon The Wicked Years: Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West Son of a Witch A Lion Among Men Out of Oz Confessions of an Ugly Stepsister Lost Mirror, Mirror The Next Queen of Heaven Tales Told in Oz After Alice Hiddensee Scarecrow, published in Half-Human edited by Bruce Coville Fee, Foe et Cetera, published in The Green Man: Tales from the Mythic Forest The Oakthing, published in The Faery Reel: Tales from the Twilight Realm Chatterbox, published in I Believe in Water: Twelve Brushes With Religion The Honorary Shepherds, published in Am I Blue?:Coming Out From The Silence Beyond the Fringe published in A Glory of Unicorns The Seven Stage a Comeback published in A Wolf at the Door and Other Retold Fairy Tales Matchless: A Christmas Story The Silk Road Runs Through Tupperneck, N.
H. published in How Beautiful the Ordinary: Twelve Stories of Identity In That Country, published in Parnassus Literary Arts Magazine Innocence and Experience: Essays and Conversations on Children's Literature Origins of Story: On Writing for Children Making Mischief: A Maurice Sendak Appreciation Gregory Maguire official website NCBLA Gregory Maguire bio NCBLA Gregory Maguire interview Official publisher web page Gregory Maguire at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database "American Fairy Tales" A Conversation with Gregory Maguire
The 2017–18 season was West Ham United's sixth consecutive campaign in the Premier League since being promoted in the 2011–12 season. It was West Ham's 22nd Premier League campaign overall, their 60th top flight appearance in their 123rd year in existence, their second in the London Stadium; the club were unable to play any games at the stadium until September, allowing for the time to convert it back to a football stadium following the 2017 World Championships in Athletics in August 2017. Aside of the Premier League, West Ham United took part in the FA Cup and League Cup, entering at the third round in the FA Cup and the second round in the EFL Cup. On 7 November 2017 David Moyes was appointed manager on a six-month contract. West Ham were eighteenth in the Premier Division at the time on nine points having played eleven games. West Ham arranged six pre-season friendlies, beginning against Sturm Graz II on 17 July 2017 in Bad Waltersdorf, before facing fellow London side Fulham on 20 July in Graz.
West Ham travelled to Germany, where they faced Werder Bremen in a two-legged tie over two days for the Betway Cup which they lost, 3-2 on aggregate, followed by a friendly with Altona 93 on 1 August. West Ham flew to Iceland to take on fellow Premier League side Manchester City in Reykjavík. In March 2018, with a break in Premier League action due to FA Cup and international games, the club travelled to financially struggling Dagenham & Redbridge for a fundraising game. Updated to match played 13 May 2018Source: Competitions Fixtures for the 2017–18 Premier League were announced on 14 June 2017, with West Ham travelling away to Manchester United on the opening weekend. West Ham United were drawn away to Cheltenham Town. West Ham won the match 2–0 with first-half goals from Diafra Sakho and André Ayew, their first goals of the season. A home match versus Bolton Wanderers was announced for the third round. A fourth round away trip to face. In the game, played at Wembley Stadium, West Ham beat Tottenham 3-2 having been 2-0 down at half-time.
West Ham's goals were scored by two by André Ayew. A quarter-final trip to face Arsenal was confirmed for the Hammers. West Ham United were drawn away to Shrewsbury Town. Correct as of match played 13 May 2018 Correct as of match played 13 May 2018
The Marlow-Hunter 33 is an American sailboat, designed by Glen Henderson and the Hunter Design Team and first built in 2012. The Marlow-Hunter 33 is a development of the Hunter 33-2004; the Marlow-Hunter 33 design was marketed by the manufacturer as the Hunter E33, but it can be confused with the 1977 Hunter 33 and the 2004 model Hunter 33-2004, both of which were sold as the Hunter 33. The design was built by Hunter Marine in the United States starting in 2011 under the designation Hunter E33; when the company became Marlow-Hunter in 2012 the design was re-designated as the Marlow-Hunter 33. It remained in production in November 2018 at a base price of US$148,998; the Marlow-Hunter 33 is a recreational keelboat, built predominantly of fiberglass. It has a fractional sloop B&R rig rig, a nearly plumb stem, a reverse transom, an internally-mounted spade-type rudder controlled by a wheel and a fixed fin keel, it carries 3,459 lb of ballast. The Marlow-Hunter 33 uses a similar hull mold as the predecessor Hunter 33-2004, with a below waterline chine added and the same rig.
The primary changes from the Hunter 33-2004 include a larger cockpit, new deck layout and new window geometry, moving from the 33-2004's three small windows of varying sizes, to three new abutting windows in an arched shape, plus the addition of a fold down swim platform on the transom. The boat has a draft of 5.50 ft with the standard keel and 4.5 ft with the optional shoal draft keel. The boat is fitted with a Japanese Yanmar inboard engine diesel engine of 21 hp, with a 29 hp engine optional; the fuel tank holds 25 U. S. gallons and the fresh water tank has a capacity of 50 U. S. gallons. The water/toilet holding tank has a capacity of 15 U. S. gallons. At its introduction in 2011, the design was named Cruising World's "Best Compact Cruiser" of the year; the winning details noted included that it meets its mission statement as an "affordable, introductory family coastal cruiser." Other items praised include the "tremendous attention to detail in hardware selection and A. B. Y. C. Standards compliance" and that the "smart and effective layouts grace the cockpit, the side decks, the interior space".
In 2012 Cruising World reviewer Alvah Simon wrote, "The innovations and improvements found in the new and revamped Hunter 33 aren’t mere window dressing. Always lurking is the risk of trying to squeeze too much into a small hull, such as larger cockpits, more spacious decks, increased interior volume, a plethora of modern gadgetry, but Glen Henderson and the Hunter Design Group have found a superb balance in this package of upgrades." Simon continued, "small but significant adjustments to the deck design add up to notable ergonomic efficiency. The cockpit pedestal has been moved back a few inches to create a larger cockpit area. A clever drop-down/walk-through transom adds to the usable space, because this is a high-sided vessel, it will be the preferred boarding point"; the conclusion is. This is a contemporary-looking, modern-feeling coastal or near-offshore cruiser designed to take an entire family to sea in ease and comfort."In a 2014 review for charter operator Norton Yachts, Jon Grant described the boat, "the Marlow Hunter 33 comes with a hard chine, dual ended main sheeting, internal halyards led back to the cockpit, self-tailing winches, a jib furling system, an optional in mast furling system with a rigid vang that make sailing this boat so easy."
And states, "It’s hard to believe what Marlow Hunter can pack into a 33’ boat and still make it so comfortable and easy to sail."Charter and sailing school, Great Lakes Sailing noted in a review, "The Award-Winning Hunter 33 is a stunning New sailing yacht. Hunter’s signature window line gives this yacht the sleek feel of the latest Hunters, but the improvements don’t end there; the hull design has been improved, featuring a wider beam further aft as well as a more profound bow hollow. The result of this hull design is a longer dynamic waterline; the deck features a sleek, modern profile with large side windows allowing for increased interior light. The deck hatches are flush-mount. Lengthening the cockpit has allowed the new Hunter 33 to have a cockpit, longer than its predecessor; the cockpit of the Hunter 33 features a fold-down swim platform that extends the lengthy cockpit when folded down while the boat is docked or at anchor." List of sailing boat typesRelated development Hunter 33-2004Similar sailboats Abbott 33 C&C 3/4 Ton C&C 33 C&C 101 C&C SR 33 CS 33 Endeavour 33 Hunter 33 Hunter 33.5 Hunter 333 Hunter 340 Mirage 33 Hunter 336 Moorings 335 Nonsuch 33 Tanzer 10 Viking 33 Official website