Leisel Marie Jones, OAM is an Australian former competition swimmer and Olympic gold medallist. A participant in the 2000 Summer Olympics – at just 15 years old – and 2004 Summer Olympics, she was part of gold-medal-winning Australian team in the women's 4×100-metre medley relay at the Athens Games in 2004 and a gold medallist for 100-metre breaststroke in the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. On 17 March 2012, Jones earned selection to compete at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, became the first Australian swimmer to compete at four Olympic games. There, she won a silver medal in the 4 × 100-metre medley relay. Jones is noted for employing a classic breaststroke technique, typified by a slow but deeper stroke cycle and by her slow starts. Along with South African champion Penny Heyns, she is regarded as one of the greatest breaststroke swimmers ever. While at Southern Cross Catholic College, Jones used to train at the Redcliffe club in Scarborough and was coached by Ken Wood, her training partners included Geoff Huegill and Jessicah Schipper.
After her disappointing campaign in Athens, Jones moved to train at the Fortitude Valley Pool in Brisbane, alongside Libby Lenton, under Swiss-born coach Stephan Widmar at the Commercial Swimming Club. Following the move, Jones began to speak about the depression and self-esteem issues that had plagued her following her being thrust into the spotlight at such a young age; the successes that followed endeared her to an Australian public, critical of her attitude following her failure to capture individual gold in Athens. Some, including Dawn Fraser, believed Jones had acted immaturely and ungratefully in her indifferent displays of emotion during post-race interviews and medal ceremonies. In 2009, Jones became the new face of the World Animal Protection Australia & New Zealand anti-whaling campaign. Jones confirmed her retirement from swimming in November 2012, she is planning to begin a university degree in psychology in 2013. In 2015, Jones published. Jones was selected for the Australian team at just 14 years of age, qualifying in the 100-metre breaststroke by winning the event at the Australian Championships in May 2000 in Sydney, ending the international career of former world champion Samantha Riley.
Jones swam a personal best in the final at the Sydney Olympics to claim an unexpected silver medal behind American Megan Quann. She combined with Dyana Calub, Petria Thomas and Susie O'Neill in the 4×100-metre medley relay to win silver, again behind the Americans. Jones left school aged 15 to concentrate on swimming. At the 2001 World Aquatics Championships in Fukuoka, Jones was now one of the established swimmers and expected to win medals, but finished second to China's Luo Xuejuan; the competition marked her international debut in the 200-metre breaststroke, where she came fourth place. She collected a gold in the medley relay alongside Calub and Sarah Ryan, the first time that the US women had been beaten at world or Olympic level in this event, excluding the systemically doped East German and Chinese teams. In 2002, Jones claimed her first titles on the international arena, claiming the breaststroke double at the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester, England. Australia won the medley relay.
In 2003, Jones set an Australian record in the 200-metre individual medley earlier in the year, in an experimental event. At the 2003 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, she started setting a world record in the semifinals of the 100-metre breaststroke. However, she came third, with Luo again winning the event, she achieved a silver in the 200-metre breaststroke in Barcelona, behind Amanda Beard in. She collected a bronze in the medley relay. In the month leading up to the Athens Olympics, Jones set a world record in the 200-metre breaststroke in a meet in Brisbane, Australia; this led to high expectations of an better performance in Athens, as Jones had not been rested prior to swimming the world record. However, it was reclaimed by Beard at the US Olympic trials only a few days later. In Athens, Jones was again the quickest qualifier of the 100-metre breaststroke, after setting an Olympic record in the semifinals, two seconds clear of the second fastest swimmer in the event's history, Amanda Beard.
However, in the final race she finished in the bronze position. In the 200-metre breaststroke, she attempted to take an attacking approach, but faded in the last 50 metres and was pipped to the wall by Amanda Beard, winning silver. Australia went on to win the 4×100-metre medley relay, giving Jones her first Olympic gold. Jones' world record in the 100-metre breaststroke was broken at the 2005 World Aquatics Championships in Montreal, Canada by Jessica Hardy of the United States in 1:06.20, again in the semifinal. However, this time the expectations turned to Hardy and Jones turned the tables and beat her to the wall, breaking through for her first win at world or Olympic level, she broke the world record for the 200-metre breaststroke, on 29 July 2005. In the process she won the gold medal. For her efforts she was named by Swimming World magazine as the Female World Swimmer of the Year in 2005; the changes which occurred in 2005 continued to pay off at the Australian Commonwealth Games Swimming Trials in early 2006 where Jones broke her personal best time in the 50-metre breaststroke and took 1.18 seconds off her previous world record in the 200-metre breaststroke.
On Day 5 of the Australian Nationals Jones swa
Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water. The sport takes place in open water. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with varied distance events in butterfly, breaststroke and individual medley. In addition to these individual events, four swimmers can take part in either a freestyle or medley relay. A medley relay consists of four swimmers; the order for a medley relay is: backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle. Swimming each stroke requires a set of specific techniques. There are regulations on what types of swimsuits, caps and injury tape that are allowed at competitions. Although it is possible for competitive swimmers to incur several injuries from the sport, such as tendinitis in the shoulders or knees, there are multiple health benefits associated with the sport. Evidence of recreational swimming in prehistoric times has been found, with the earliest evidence dating to Stone Age paintings from around 10,000 years ago.
Written references date from 2000 BC, with some of the earliest references to swimming including the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Bible, the Quran and others. In 1538, Nikolaus Wynmann, a Swiss professor of languages, wrote the first book about swimming, The Swimmer or A Dialogue on the Art of Swimming. Swimming emerged as a competitive recreational activity in the 1830s in England. In 1828, the first indoor swimming pool, St George's Baths was opened to the public. By 1837, the National Swimming Society was holding regular swimming competitions in six artificial swimming pools, built around London; the recreational activity grew in popularity and by 1880, when the first national governing body, the Amateur Swimming Association was formed, there were over 300 regional clubs in operation across the country. In 1844 two Native American participants at a swimming competition in London introduced the front crawl to a European audience. Sir John Arthur Trudgen picked up the hand-over stroke from some South American natives and debuted the new stroke in 1873, winning a local competition in England.
His stroke is still regarded as the most powerful to use today. Captain Matthew Webb was the first man to swim the English Channel, in 1875. Using the breaststroke technique, he swam the channel 21.26 miles in 45 minutes. His feat was not replicated or surpassed for the next 36 years, until T. W. Burgess made the crossing in 1911. Other European countries established swimming federations; the first European amateur swimming competitions were in 1889 in Vienna. The world's first women's swimming championship was held in Scotland in 1892. Men's swimming became part of the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 in Athens. In 1902, the Australian Richmond Cavill introduced freestyle to the Western world. In 1908, the world swimming association, Fédération Internationale de Natation, was formed. Women's swimming was introduced into the Olympics in 1912. Butterfly was developed in the 1930s and was at first a variant of breaststroke, until it was accepted as a separate style in 1952. Competitive swimming became popular in the 19th century.
The goal of high level competitive swimming is to break personal or world records while beating competitors in any given event. Swimming in competition should create the least resistance in order to obtain maximum speed. However, some professional swimmers who do not hold a national or world ranking are considered the best in regard to their technical skills. An athlete goes through a cycle of training in which the body is overloaded with work in the beginning and middle segments of the cycle, the workload is decreased in the final stage as the swimmer approaches competition; the practice of reducing exercise in the days just before an important competition is called tapering. Tapering is used to give the swimmer's body some rest without stopping exercise completely. A final stage is referred to as "shave and taper": the swimmer shaves off all exposed hair for the sake of reducing drag and having a sleeker and more hydrodynamic feel in the water. Additionally, the "shave and taper" method refers to the removal of the top layer of "dead skin", which exposes the newer and richer skin underneath.
This helps to "shave" off mere milliseconds on your time. Swimming is an event at the Summer Olympic Games, where male and female athletes compete in 16 of the recognized events each. Olympic events are held in a 50-meter pool, called a long course pool. There are forty recognized individual swimming events in the pool; the international governing body for competitive swimming is the Fédération Internationale de Natation, better known as FINA. In open water swimming, where the events are swum in a body of open water, there are 5 km, 10 km and 25 km events for men and women. However, only the 10 km event is included in the Olympic schedule, again for both women. Open-water competitions are separate to other swimming competitions with the exception of the World Championships and the Olympics. In competitive swimming, four major styles have been established; these have been stable over the last 30–40 years with minor improvements. They are: Butterfly Backstroke
Georgia Bulldogs swimming and diving
The Georgia Bulldogs swimming and diving team represents the University of Georgia in NCAA men's and Women's swimming and diving. Known as the "Swim Dawgs," the teams compete at Gabrielsen Natatorium in Athens, Georgia, USA; the women have won seven NCAA national championships. Jack Bauerle is the head coach over women's swimming teams. Dan Laak is the head diving coach; the men's team was formed in 1926 by Clarence Jones and practices were held in the Athens YMCA 20-yard pool. The men's team moved to Stegeman Hall, an indoor athletics and training facility built during World War I and demolished in 1996; the women's team began competing in 1974. Both teams moved to their current facility, Gabrielsen Natatorium, in 1996; the women's 1st-place finish in the 2016 Women's NCAA national championships was their 21st consecutive top-7 effort at that meet. The men's team has finished in the top 15 at Men's NCAA national championships every year since 1997. A 5th place showing at the 2016 Men's championship was the fourteenth top-ten finish for the men's team in its history.
The Georgia Swimming and Diving program competes in Gabrielsen Natatorium located on the UGA campus. The center opened in 1996 and has hosted competitions including the SEC Championships and NCAA Championships; the women's team has won 7 NCAA National Championships. NCAA women's swimming and diving NCAA men's swimming and diving
Ute Geweniger is a former breaststroke and medley swimmer, a leading member of the East German swimming team in the 1980s. She won two Olympic gold medals, in the 100 m breaststroke and 4×100 m medley relay at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, set seven individual and two relay world records, she was named by Swimming World Magazine as World Swimmer of the Year in 1983 and as the European Swimmer of the Year in 1981 and 1983. In 2005, she admitted. Geweniger came to prominence when she set a world record in the 100 m breaststroke in qualifying for the East German team for the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. There she captured gold, she combined with Rica Reinisch, Andrea Pollack and Caren Metschuck to claim gold in the medley relay in world record time. In 1981, she broke the 100 m breaststroke world record thrice, the 200 m individual medley world record, prior to the European Championships in Split, Yugoslavia. There she claimed gold in the 100 m and 200 m breaststroke, 200 m individual medley, medley relay, as well as a silver in the 400 m individual medley behind team-mate Petra Schneider.
At the World Championships the following year in Guayaquil, she won gold in both the 100 m breaststroke and the medley relay, combining with Ines Geißler, Birgit Meineke and Kristin Otto to again lower the world record. At the 1983 European Championships in Rome, she again won the breaststroke double, the 200 m individual medley and the 4×100 m medley relay, setting a world record in the 100 m breaststroke. Geweniger was tipped for further Olympic success, but her career was ended when the Soviet bloc, including East Germany, staged a retaliatory boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics held in Los Angeles
Sylvia Gerasch is a former swimmer who competed for East Germany and Germany. Gerasch was sixteen years old when she participated in the 1983 European Championships and placed second behind Ute Geweniger in the 100 m and 200 m breaststroke. In the subsequent European championships she won her first international title in the 100 m breaststroke. At the 1986 World Aquatics Championships, she won the 100 m breaststroke and the 4×100 m medley relay, together with teammates Kristin Otto, Kathrin Zimmermann and Kornelia Gressler. In October 1986, she was awarded a Star of People's Friendship in gold for her sporting success, her first and only Olympic appearance was at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, where she competed for a unified Germany and finished eighth in the 100 m breaststroke. Dieter Lindemann was accused of giving Gerasch anabolics. Gerasch claimed, she claimed that some competitors put the tablets in the aquarium, that the female fish became more colourful like the male ones. Following a test at the European Sprint Swimming Championships 1993 in Gateshead in November 1993, Gerasch was suspended in January 1994 for two years for having 16 mg of caffeine, equivalent to six cups of coffee, in her blood compared to the permitted limit of 12 mg.
The German Swimming Association shortened the suspension for national competitions. In November 1995, the compulsory ban for caffeine was reduced from two years to three months, in Autumn 2003, caffeine was removed from the list of banned substances
Rebecca Soni is an American former competition swimmer and breaststroke specialist, a six-time Olympic medalist. She is a former world record-holder in the 100-meter breaststroke and the 200-meter breaststroke, is the first woman to swim the 200-meter breaststroke in under 2 minutes 20 seconds; as a member of the U. S. national team, she holds the world record in the 4×100-meter medley relay. Soni has won a total of twenty-two medals in major international competition, fourteen gold, seven silver, one bronze spanning the Olympics, the World, the Universiade, the Pan Pacific Championships, she burst onto the international scene at the 2008 Summer Olympics where she won two silver medals and one gold. In the 200-meter breaststroke at the Olympics, she set the world record en route to winning gold, shocking Australian favorite Leisel Jones. Four years at the 2012 Summer Olympics, Soni defended her Olympic title in the 200-meter breaststroke in world record time, becoming the first woman to do so in the event.
She was named Swimming World's World Swimmer of the Year award in 2010 and 2011, the American Swimmer of the Year award in 2009, 2010 and 2011. Soni was born in New Jersey, in 1987, the daughter of Peter and Kinga Szőnyi. Soni's parents are of Hungarian descent. Besides English, Soni speaks Hungarian. Soni has one older sister, a swimmer. A gymnast, Soni began swimming at the age of ten. Soni is a 2005 graduate of West Windsor-Plainsboro High School North in Plainsboro Township, New Jersey, she leads the school and state in many swimming strokes. In July 2006 she had a cardiac ablation. Soni attended the University of Southern California and graduated in 2009, she majored in communication at the Annenberg School for Communication. At USC, Soni was a six-time NCAA Champion, having won the 200-yard breaststroke in 2006 through 2009 and the 100-yard breaststroke in 2008 and 2009. Soni swims for the Trojan Swim Club in Los Angeles with coach Dave Salo, who coaches breaststroke world-record holder Jessica Hardy.
In August 2010, Soni became a spokeswoman for the United Nations Foundation's Girl Up campaign. The organization focuses on improving the lives of the world's adolescent girls, she dated fellow U. S. Olympic swimmer Ricky Berens from 2010 to 2012; as a 17-year-old at the 2004 U. S. Olympic Team Trials, Soni finished 15th overall in the 100-meter breaststroke and 11th overall in the 200-meter breaststroke; the following year, at the 2005 World Championship Trials, Soni just missed a spot on the 2005 World Aquatic team after finishing third in the 200-meter breaststroke behind Tara Kirk and Kristen Caverly. Soni placed fourth in the 100-meter breaststroke. At the 2005 Summer Universiade, Soni earned her first international medals by winning silver in the 100-meter and 200-meter breaststroke and gold in the 4×100-meter medley relay. At the 2006 World Short Course Championships, Soni finished in 4th place in the 200-meter breaststroke. Just a few weeks before the 2006 National Championships, Soni underwent a procedure called radiofrequency ablation to help regulate her heartbeat.
Although it was not health-threatening, Soni would sometimes experience a high heart rate which sometimes interfered with her training. At the 2006 National Championships, the selection meet for the 2006 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships and the 2007 World Aquatics Championships, Soni finished tenth overall in both the 100-meter and 200-meter breaststroke. At the 2008 U. S. Olympic Team Trials, Soni competed in two events, the 100-meter and 200-meter breaststroke. In the 100-meter breaststroke, Soni finished fourth in a time of 1:07.80. The top two finishers would qualify for the Olympics. However, after second-place finisher Jessica Hardy withdrew from the team and third-place finisher Tara Kirk missed the entry deadline, Soni was chosen to swim the event. Soni earned her berth by being the swimmer on the team with the fastest time in the event since January 1, 2006. In the 200-meter breaststroke, Soni won with a time of 2:22.60, the third-fastest finish as of that date. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, Soni won a silver medal in the 100-meter breaststroke, finishing behind world record holder Leisel Jones of Australia 1:06.73 to 1:05.17.
In the 200-meter breaststroke, Soni upset the favored Jones, winning the gold medal and breaking Jones's world record with a time of 2:20.22. Jones finished second with a time of 2:22.05. After the race, Soni said, "It's been a long road to get here, I can't believe what just happened." Soni combined with Natalie Coughlin, Christine Magnuson, Dara Torres in the 4×100-meter medley relay to finish second behind Australia. Soni had the second best split time in the field behind Jones. At the 2009 National Championships Soni competed in two events, the 100-meter and 200-meter breaststroke. In the 100-meter breaststroke, Soni won with a time of 1:05.34. In the 200-meter breaststroke, Soni again exhibited dominance by finishing first with a time of 2:20.38, just off her world record pace. At the 2009 World Aquatics Championships, held in Rome, Soni set a meet record in the heats of the 100-meter breaststroke, with a time of 1:05.66. In the semi-final, Soni recorded a time of 1:04.84 to set a new world record and become the first female to finish under 1:05 for the event.
In the final of the 100-meter breaststroke, Soni won the gold with a time of 1:04.93. Despite being the favorite in the 200-meter breaststroke, Soni went out too fast in the first half of the race and faded in the final meters placing fourth. In the 50-meter breaststroke
Lilly King is an American swimmer. At the 2016 Summer Olympics she won the gold medal in the 100 meter breaststroke competition and won a gold medal in the women's 4 × 100 m medley relay, in which she swam the breaststroke leg, she is the current world record holder in 50-metre breaststroke. King was born and raised in Evansville, the daughter of Mark and Ginny King. Mark ran track and cross-country at Indiana State University and Ginny swam for Eastern Kentucky University and Illinois State University. King's younger brother. King attended FJ Reitz High School, where the school's swim team shared Lloyd Pool with five other teams; the lanes at Lloyd Pool were crowded with swimmers below King's ability, so in order to help compensate, King added several morning practices a week with the local masters team and joined a competitive swim team called the Newburgh Sea Creatures. King attends Indiana University Bloomington, where she competes for the Indiana Hoosiers swimming and diving team. At the 2016 NCAA finals, her freshman year, she was crowned the NCAA Champion in the 100 yard breaststroke and 200 yard breaststroke.
The performance established King as one of the best short course yards breaststroke swimmers in history, setting the American, NCAA, NCAA Meet, U. S. Open, Indiana school, Big Ten, Georgia Tech Pool records in winning the NCAA titles; that same freshman year she was named the Big Ten Swimmer of the Year, earned four All-America honors, First-Team All-Big Ten, Big Ten Freshman of the Year. At the 2016 US Olympic trials in Omaha, King won both the 100 meter breaststroke and the 200 meter breaststroke, qualifying for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. In the 100-meter breaststroke heats, King finished 1st with a time of 1:05.78 and qualified for the semifinals. There she again finished first with a time of 1:05.70. The next fastest swimmer was Yuliya Yefimova from Russia, the reigning world champion who had served a 16-month doping suspension for failing a 2013 drug test. Yefimova failed a drug test in 2016, but with no research on how long the drug stayed in a person's system, she was not banned or given a suspension.
As King looked on from the ready room, where swimmers gather before they race, Yefimova won her semifinal and wagged her index finger. After posting the fastest time in the 100 m breaststroke semifinals, King expressed distaste. In a post-race interview with NBC, King said, "You wave your finger No. 1 and you’ve been caught drug cheating? I’m not a fan." King went on to win the Olympic gold medal in the 100-meter breaststroke, setting an Olympic record of 1:04.93 in the process. In the 200-meter breaststroke heats, King finished 15th with a time of 2:25.89 and qualified for the semifinals. She finished 7th in her semifinal with a time of 2:24.59. She did not qualify for the final. USA Today said King and Yefimova's rivalry "was heightened by the backstory, the international rivalry, the high stakes of a final event, it was the Olympics at its very best." Sporting News noted the two "joined the list of the hottest U. S.-Soviet/Russian head-to-heads in sports history." As a result of her approach to the 2016 Olympic Games and her rivalry with Yefimova, King developed a reputation as being "friendly but fiery, with no filter and no apologies."
Some journalists criticized her treatment of Yefimova. At the 2017 US Nationals, the qualification meet for the World Aquatics Championships in Budapest, King swept the breaststroke events, she won the 50-meter breaststroke with a time of 29.66, the 100-meter breaststroke with 1:04.95, the 200-meter breaststroke with 2:21.83. In her first event, King won the 100-meter breaststroke with a world record time of 1:04.13. King's American teammate Katie Meili finished Yefimova touched third; the race was anticipated because Yefimova had nearly broken the former world record and mockingly wagged her finger during the semifinal. On September 11, 2018, the city of Evansville approved the new Deaconess Aquatic Center, to replace Lloyd Pool, within which the facility's competition pool is to be named in honor of King, who pushed for the project. List of Olympic medalists in swimming List of world records in swimming World record progression 50 metres breaststroke World record progression 100 metres breaststroke Lilly King at USA Swimming Lilly King at the United States Olympic Committee