Kritonios Crown

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The Kritonios Crown

The Kritonios Crown is an ancient ornate golden crown or wreath dating to the 4th century BC. It was discovered in 1814[1] in the tomb of a man named Kritonios in Armento, Italy. A twig of oaks forms the base, from which elements with chalices of blue enamel protrude, with intertwined patterns of convolvulus, narcissus, ivy, roses and myrtle. The top features an image of winged goddess. The pedestal on which the goddess stands bears a Greek inscription ΚΡEΙΘΩNIOΣ HΘHKH TON ETHΦANON (Kritonios dedicated this crown}.[2] Four male genii and two draped female figures float over the flowers, pointing towards the goddess. The errors in the inscription on the crown indicate the work of a Lucanian artist who studied at Heraclea or Taranto.[3] The style of the headgear's figures indicate a date around 350 BC.[4]

The crown is housed in the Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Germany.


  1. ^ "Footprints of the Lucans". APT Basilicata. Retrieved 5 Aug 2015.
  2. ^ E.K. Guhl. The Life of the Greeks and Romans Described from Antique Monuments. Рипол Классик. p. 181. ISBN 1146675313.
  3. ^ Adameșteanu, Dinu. "ARMENTO Basilicata, Italy". The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites. Retrieved 5 Aug 2015.
  4. ^ Reynold Alleyne Higgins (1980). Greek and Roman Jewellery. University of California Press. p. 124. ISBN 0520036018.