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The Kubrawiya order (Arabic: سلسلة کبرویة‎) or Kubrawi order,[1] also known as Firdausia Silsila,[citation needed] is a Sufi order that traces its spiritual lineage (Silsilah) to prophet Muhammad through Ali, Muhammad's cousin, son-in-law and the First Imam. This is in contrast to most other Sufi orders that trace their lineage to Ali, the Kubrawiya order is named after its 13th-century founder Najmuddin Kubra, who lived in Bukhara in Khorezm (present day Uzbekistan).[2] The Mongols captured Bukhara in 1221 and killed much of the population including Sheikh Najmuddin Kubra.

The Kubrawiya order places emphasis on being a universal approach, applicable to both Sunnis and Shiites,[3] it is popular in eastern India, Bangladesh and Mauritius.

Unique view[edit]

Prominent feature of the Kubrawiya order is that all its spiritual masters were believed to be followers of Shi'ism,[4] for instance of the work of Saad ad Din Humya make reference to the connection between divine guardianship (wilayat) and prophet-hood (nubuwah) while his disciple, Nasafi too has quoted as Saad ad Din Hamya as proclaiming that the station of divine guardianship (Walayah) and prophet-hood exclusively belong to The Twelve Imams

Further more Aladawla Simnani(a sunni sufi) has also enumerated and eulogized the virtuous qualities of Ahl al Bayt and has included the discussion on the description of the Ghadir-e-Khum event affirming the successorship of Ali (in term of sipirtuality and gate/source of Knowledge but as 4th caliph definitly). He has also presented the description of a true Shi'a(followers as like the period of Ali ) and the difference between a nominal Shi'a while regarding he Sufis to be the true followers of Ali because they are obeying Ali in real sense always respect the companons of Prophet[5] in his book.

Branches of Kubrawiya order[edit]

In Iran the Kubrawiya order split into branches after Second Ali (Ali Sani), Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani Known as Said-Ul Auliya (Head of the Islamic saints), was succeed by Khwaja Ishaq Khatlani. Difference had arisen between the two claimants to successorship of one group which called itself the Nurbakshia group comprising the supporters of Nurbaksh and other the supporters of Barzish Abadi, in Mashhad.

The Nurbakshia Order[edit]

The Noorbakhshiya has emerged in the 15th century in Iran as a branch of the kubrawiya Sufi order A similar controversy has later developed about the religious affiliation of Sayyid Muhammad Noorbakhsh who had been a disciple of said-Ul-Auliya sayyid Ali Hamadani ( a great sunni sufi)’s principal successor Khwaja Ishaq Khuttalani, and who is being considered the founder and eponymous of a new branch of the Kubrawiya. However, mayother sources rejected it because he was great scholar of Islam and caliph of Syed Ali Humdani[Kashmir and Syed Ali Sani} Noorbakshi doctrines were preached in Kashmir and Baltistan in the early 16th century by Mir Sham ud-Din Iraqi himself a disciple of Sayyid Muhammad Noorbakhshis's son and spiritual heir, Shah Qasim Faidbakhsh.

The Dahabiyya Order[edit]

This order has been attributed to Syed Abdullah Barzish Abadi and it spread during first years of Safavid dynasty first in Khurasan then in Sheraz.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Adel, Gholamali Haddad; Elmi, Mohammad Jafar; Taromi-Rad, Hassan (2012), Sufism: An Entry from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam, EWI Press, pp. 53–, ISBN 978-1-908433-08-4 
  2. ^ The Kubravi order
  3. ^ Stump, Roger W. (2008), The Geography of Religion: Faith, Place, and Space, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, pp. 196–, ISBN 978-0-7425-8149-4 
  4. ^ Sufism: An Entry from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. Published by MIU Press. 2012-08-30. ISBN 9781908433084.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  5. ^ Manazir a -Mahadir lil manazir al-hadir
  6. ^ Sufism, Sufis, and Sufi Orders: Sufism's Many Paths

External links[edit]