Kukum Field

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Kukum Field
Part of the Pacific Theater of World War II
Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
Aerial view of Kukum Field.jpg
Aerial view of Kukum Field
Coordinates 09°25′34″S 160°00′39″E / 9.42611°S 160.01083°E / -9.42611; 160.01083Coordinates: 09°25′34″S 160°00′39″E / 9.42611°S 160.01083°E / -9.42611; 160.01083
Site information
Controlled by USAAF
Royal New Zealand Air Force
Condition abandoned
Site history
Built 1942-3
Built by Seebees/Marine Aviation Engineers
In use 1943-69
Materials Coral
Kukum Field is located in Solomon Islands
Kukum Field
Kukum Field
Location of Kukum Field, Solomon Islands

Kukum Field also known as Fighter 2 Airfield is a former World War II airfield on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

From the beginning of the Guadalcanal Campaign it was planned that the area would be developed into a major air base. In November 1942 the 6th Naval Construction Battalion began work on a fighter strip at Lunga Point, the 6th Battalion was later replaced by the First Marine Aviation Engineers who completed the coral-surfaced runway by 1 January 1943. In June–July 1943 the 46th and 61st Battalions built a second coral-surfaced 4,000 feet (1,200 m) by 150 feet (46 m) runway with 75 feet (23 m) shoulders, coral taxiways 80 feet (24 m) wide, and 121 hardstands.[1] The 26th Battalion built a tank farm providing storage for 2,000,000 US gallons (7,600,000 l; 1,700,000 imp gal) of aviation gasoline, 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800,000 l; 830,000 imp gal) of motor gasoline, and 42,000 US gallons (160,000 l; 35,000 imp gal) of diesel oil.[2]

USAAF units based at Kukum included:

USMC units based at Kukum included:

  • VMF-124 operating F4Us from 12 February–September 1943
F4Us of VMF-124 on Guadalcanal

Royal New Zealand Air Force units based at Kukum included:

Postwar[edit]

Kukum Field remained operational after the war as a civilian airfield until 1969 when Henderson Field was modernized and reopened as Honiara International Airport. The airfield is now part of the Honiara Golf Course.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ Building the Navy's Bases in World War II History of the Bureau of Yards and Docks and the Civil Engineer Corps 1940-1946. US Government Printing Office. 1947. p. 246. 
  2. ^ Bases, p.249
  3. ^ Ross, John (1955). Royal New Zealand Air Force. Historical Publications Branch. p. 276. ISBN 0898391873. 
  4. ^ a b Ross, p.276
  5. ^ Ross, p.186
  6. ^ Ross, p.181
  7. ^ a b Ross, p.197
  8. ^ Ross, p.193

External links[edit]