Yr.no is a Norwegian website for weather forecasting and other meteorological information. The site is a joint responsibility of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation and the Norwegian Meteorological Institute; the word yr has multiple meanings in Norwegian. The meteorological meaning is light drizzle, but it can mean giddy, joyful or wild; the website offers forecasts for more than 9 million places in the world. The Norwegian forecasts are supplemented with textual forecasts, weather radars, satellite images and a wide range of more specialised forecasts; the forecasts are based on data from the Norwegian Meteorological Institute and several international meteorological organisations. The meteorological data on yr.no is available as web services, enabling users free access to high-quality weather data for use with applications, services or research. The free weather data service is popular, with around 30 million downloads a day; some mobile phones, like the Vibo T588, use yr.no for their weather service.
The online weather service is the 5th most visited weather service on the internet.yr.no was launched as a beta version on May 29, 2007, launched four months on September 19, 2007. It drew a large audience: 87% of the Norwegian population says they know yr.no and 28% uses it daily. Hans-Tore Bjerkaas is Editor in chief, Anton Eliassen is in charge of the meteorological data and Ingrid Støver Jensen is editor of yr.no. Official website in English About yr.no
Norway the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land. Norway has a total area of 385,207 square kilometres and a population of 5,312,300; the country shares a long eastern border with Sweden. Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, the Skagerrak strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the Barents Sea. Harald V of the House of Glücksburg is the current King of Norway. Erna Solberg has been prime minister since 2013. A unitary sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the parliament, the cabinet and the supreme court, as determined by the 1814 constitution; the kingdom was established in 872 as a merger of a large number of petty kingdoms and has existed continuously for 1,147 years.
From 1537 to 1814, Norway was a part of the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, from 1814 to 1905, it was in a personal union with the Kingdom of Sweden. Norway was neutral during the First World War. Norway remained neutral until April 1940 when the country was invaded and occupied by Germany until the end of Second World War. Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities; the Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with both the United States. Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, the Nordic Council. Norway maintains the Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, its values are rooted in egalitarian ideals; the Norwegian state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, having extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, lumber and fresh water.
The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. On a per-capita basis, Norway is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside of the Middle East; the country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World IMF lists. On the CIA's GDP per capita list which includes autonomous territories and regions, Norway ranks as number eleven, it has the world's largest sovereign wealth fund, with a value of US$1 trillion. Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since 2009, a position held between 2001 and 2006, it had the highest inequality-adjusted ranking until 2018 when Iceland moved to the top of the list. Norway ranked first on the World Happiness Report for 2017 and ranks first on the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, the Democracy Index. Norway has one of the lowest crime rates in the world. Norway has two official names: Norge in Noreg in Nynorsk; the English name Norway comes from the Old English word Norþweg mentioned in 880, meaning "northern way" or "way leading to the north", how the Anglo-Saxons referred to the coastline of Atlantic Norway similar to scientific consensus about the origin of the Norwegian language name.
The Anglo-Saxons of Britain referred to the kingdom of Norway in 880 as Norðmanna land. There is some disagreement about whether the native name of Norway had the same etymology as the English form. According to the traditional dominant view, the first component was norðr, a cognate of English north, so the full name was Norðr vegr, "the way northwards", referring to the sailing route along the Norwegian coast, contrasting with suðrvegar "southern way" for, austrvegr "eastern way" for the Baltic. In the translation of Orosius for Alfred, the name is Norðweg, while in younger Old English sources the ð is gone. In the 10th century many Norsemen settled in Northern France, according to the sagas, in the area, called Normandy from norðmann, although not a Norwegian possession. In France normanni or northmanni referred to people of Sweden or Denmark; until around 1800 inhabitants of Western Norway where referred to as nordmenn while inhabitants of Eastern Norway where referred to as austmenn. According to another theory, the first component was a word nór, meaning "narrow" or "northern", referring to the inner-archipelago sailing route through the land.
The interpretation as "northern", as reflected in the English and Latin forms of the name, would have been due to folk etymology. This latter view originated with philologist Niels Halvorsen Trønnes in 1847; the form Nore is still used in placenames such as the village of Nore and lake Norefjorden in Buskerud county, still has the same meaning. Among other arguments in favour of the theor
Laksefjorden is a fjord located in Lebesby Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. At 72 kilometres long, it is the third-longest fjord in Finnmark county after the Porsangerfjorden and Varangerfjorden; the fjord is situated in a sparsely populated area, with only few and small settlements along the fjord, including Lebesby, Kunes and Veidnes. The fjord is surrounded by the Sværholt Peninsula to the west and the Nordkinn Peninsula to the east, it empties to the north into the Barents Sea. Norwegian County Road 888 follows the eastern shoreline of the fjord. List of Norwegian fjords
Districts of Norway
The country Norway is divided into a number of districts. Many districts have deep historical roots, only coincide with today's administrative units of counties and municipalities; the districts are defined by geographical features valleys, mountain ranges, plains, or coastlines, or combinations of the above. Many such regions were petty kingdoms up to the early Viking age. A high percentage of Norwegians identify themselves more by the district they live in or come from, than the formal administrative unit whose jurisdiction they fall under. A significant reason for this is that the districts, through their strong geographical limits, have delineated the region within which one could travel without too much trouble or expenditure of time and money, thus and regional commonality in folk culture tended to correspond to those same geographical units, despite any division into administrative districts by authorities. In modern times the whole country has become more connected, based on the following: Communication technologies such as telegraph, telephone, radio and TV, in particular Televerket and NRK.
The construction of mountain crossings, tunnels through mountains, undersea tunnels. Establishing a coastal express route of combined passenger and cargo ships, like the Hurtigruten, sailing from Bergen to Kirkenes and back again, stopping by at a host of cities and towns along the western and northern coast; the construction of railroads between distant parts of the country. The opening of dozens of new airports all over the country through the 1960s and 1970s; the release of private cars from government rationing and import restrictions from the 1950s onwards. A concrete display of the Norwegian habit of identifying themselves by district can be seen in the many regional costumes, called bunad connected to distinct districts across the country. City dwellers proudly mark their rural origins by wearing such a costume, from their ancestral landscape, at weddings, visits with members of the royal family, Constitution Day, other ceremonial occasions; the following list is non-exhaustive and overlapping.
The first name is the name in the second Nynorsk. Helgeland Lofoten Ofoten Salten VesterålenSee Finnmark, Hålogaland and Troms. Agder Kristiansandregionen Lister Setesdal Fosen Gauldalen Innherad Namdalen Orkdalen Stjørdalen Dalane Hardanger Haugalandet Jæren Midhordland Nordfjord Nordhordland Nordmøre Romsdal Ryfylke Sogn Sunnfjord Sunnhordland Sunnmøre Voss Follo Glåmdalen Grenland Gudbrandsdalen Hadeland Hallingdal Hedmarken Land Numedal Ringerike Romerike Toten Upper Telemark Valdres Vestfold Østerdalen ØstfoldSee Viken and Vingulmark. Regions of Norway Counties of Norway Metropolitan regions of Norway Subdivisions of Norden Traditional districts of Denmark Districts of Norway in 1950 – From the documentation project at the University of Oslo Regionalization and devolution: Proposed new regions of Norway Map showing regions of Medieval Norway
Northern or North Sami, sometimes simply referred to as Sami, is the most spoken of all Sami languages. The area where Northern Sami is spoken covers the northern parts of Norway and Finland; the number of Northern Sami speakers is estimated to be somewhere between 15,000 and 25,000. About 2,000 of these live in between 5,000 and 6,000 in Sweden. Among the first printed Sami texts is Svenske och Lappeske ABC Book, written in Swedish and what is a form of Northern Sami, it was published in two editions in 1638 and 1640 and includes 30 pages of prayers and confessions of Protestant faith. It has been described as the first book "with a regular Sami language form". Northern Sami was first described by Knud Leem in 1748 and in dictionaries in 1752 and 1768. One of Leem's fellow grammaticians, who had assisted him, was Anders Porsanger, himself Sami and in fact the first Sami to receive higher education, who studied at the Trondheim Cathedral School and other schools, but, unable to publish his work on Sami due to racist attitudes at the time.
The majority of his work has disappeared. The mass mobilization during the Alta controversy as well as a more tolerant political environment caused a change to the Norwegian policy of assimilation during the last decades of the twentieth century. In Norway, Northern Sami is an official language of two counties and six municipalities. Sami born before 1977 have never learned to write Sami according to the used orthography in school, so it is only in recent years that there have been Sami capable of writing their own language for various administrative positions; the consonant inventory of Northern Sami is large. Some analyses of Northern Sami phonology may include preaspirated stops and affricates and pre-stopped or pre-glottalised nasals. However, these can be treated as clusters for the purpose of phonology, since they are composed of two segments and only the first of these lengthens in quantity 3; the terms "preaspirated" and "pre-stopped" will be used in this article to describe these combinations for convenience.
Notes: Voiceless stops have voiced or voiced allophones when they occur adjacent to voiced sounds, sometimes word-initially. Stops before a homorganic nasal are realised as unreleased stops; some younger, speakers instead realise voiceless stops as a glottal stop in this position, decompose voiced stops into a homorganic nasal + glottal stop combination. /v/ is realised as a labiodental fricative in the syllable onset, as bilabial or in the syllable coda. Although is a fricative, it behaves phonologically like an approximant, in particular like /j/. Quantity 3 geminated plain stops and affricates are variously described as voiced or voiced. Voiceless sonorants are rare, but occur more as allophonic realisations. A combination of sonorant followed by /h/ in the coda, is realised as the equivalent voiceless sonorant. Voiceless only occurs this way, is quite rare. A combination of /h/ followed by a stop or affricate in the onset is realised as preaspiration. /θ/ is rare. Not all Northern Sami dialects have identical consonant inventories.
Some consonants are absent from some dialects. Western Finnmark lacks /ŋ/, using /ɲ/ in its place; this applies to sequences of pre-stopped /gːŋ/ and /kŋ/, which become /dːɲ/ and /tɲ/ respectively. Is retained before a velar consonant, but as an allophone of /n/. Eastern Finnmark does not have voiced pre-stopped nasals. Sea Sami does not have pre-stopped nasals at all, having geminate nasals in their place; the postaspirated stops do not occur in Western Finnmark dialects, plain stops are used instead. They occur only in recent loanwords from the Scandinavian languages, only before a stressed syllable when not next to another consonant. Consonants, including clusters, that occur after a stressed syllable can occur in multiple distinctive length types, or quantities; these are conventionally labelled Q1, Q2 and Q3 for short. The consonants of a word alternate in a process known as consonant gradation, where consonants appear in different quantities depending on the specific grammatical form. One of the possibilities is named the strong grade, while the other is named weak grade.
The consonants of a weak grade are quantity 1 or 2, while the consonants of a strong grade are quantity 2 or 3. Quantity 1 includes any single consonant, it originates from Proto-Samic single consonants in the weak grade. Quantity 2 includes any combination of consonants with a short consonant in the coda of the preceding syllable, it originates from Proto-Samic single consonants in the strong grade, as well as combinations of two consonants in the weak grade. Quantity 3 includes any combination of consonants with a long consonant in the coda of the preceding sylla
Finnmark is a county in the eastern part of Norway. By land, it borders Troms county to the west, Finland to the south, Russia to the east, by water, the Norwegian Sea to the northwest, the Barents Sea to the north and northeast; the county was known as Finmarkens amt or Vardøhus amt. Since 2002, it has had two official names: Finnmárku, it is part of the Sápmi region, which spans four countries, as well as the Barents Region, is the largest and least populated county of Norway. Situated at the northernmost part of continental Europe, where the Norwegian coastline swings eastward, Finnmark is an area "where East meets West," in culture as well as in nature and geography. Vardø, the easternmost municipality in Norway, is located farther east than the cities of St. Petersburg and Istanbul; the Old Norse form of the name was Finnmǫrk. The first element is the Norse name for the Sámi people; the last element is mǫrk which means "woodland" or "borderland". In Norse times the name referred to any places.
The coat of arms is black with a gold-colored castle tower, technically described as "Sable, a single-towered castle Or". The design shows the old Vardøhus Fortress on the eastern border with Russia. Finnmark is the easternmost county in Norway. By area, Finnmark is Norway's largest county. However, with a population of about 75,000, it is the least populated of all Norwegian counties. Finnmark has a total coastline of 6,844 kilometres, including 3,155 kilometres of coastline on the islands. Nearly 12,300 people or 16.6 percent of the county's population in 2000 was living in the 100-meter belt along the coastline. Knivskjellodden in Nordkapp Municipality sometimes considered the northernmost point of Europe. Honningsvåg in Finnmark claims to be the northernmost city of the world, Vardø is the easternmost town in Norway and is farther east than Istanbul; the coast is indented by large fjords, many of which are false fjords, as they are not carved out by glaciers. Some of Norway's largest sea bird colonies can be seen on the northern coast, the largest are Hjelmsøystauran on the island of Hjelmsøya in Måsøy Municipality and Gjesværstappan in Nordkapp Municipality.
The highest point is located on the top of the glacier Øksfjordjøkelen, which has an area of 45 square kilometres, it is located in Loppa Municipality. Both Øksfjordjøkelen and Seilandsjøkelen are located in the western part of Finnmark; the Øksfjord plateau glacier calved directly into the sea until 1900, the last glacier in mainland Norway to do so. The central and eastern part of Finnmark is less mountainous, has no glaciers; the land east of Nordkapp is below 300 m. The nature varies from barren coastal areas facing the Barents Sea, to more sheltered fjord areas and river valleys with gullies and tree vegetation. About half of the county is above the tree line, large parts of the other half is covered with small Downy birch; the most lush areas are the Alta area and the Tana valleys, in the east is the lowland area in the Pasvik valley in Sør-Varanger, where the pine and Siberian spruce forest is considered part of the Russian taiga vegetation. This valley has the highest density of Brown bears in Norway, is the only location in the country with a population of musk-rats.
Lynx and moose are rare on the coast. The interior parts of the county are part of the great Finnmarksvidda plateau, with an elevation of 300 to 400 m, with numerous lakes and river valleys; the plateau is famous for its tens of thousands of reindeer owned by the Sami, swarms of mosquitos in mid-summer. Finnmarksvidda makes up 36% of the county's area. Stabbursdalen National Park ensures protection for the world's most northern pine forest; the Tana River, which defines the border with Finland, gives the largest catch of salmon of all rivers in Europe, has the world record for Atlantic salmon, 36 kg. In the east, the Pasvikelva defines the border with Russia; the Finnmarksvidda plateau in the interior of the county has a continental climate with the coldest winter temperatures in Norway: the coldest temperature recorded was −51.4 °C in Karasjok on 1 January 1886. The 24-hour averages for January and July at the same location are −17.1 °C and 13.1 °C, the annual average is −2.4 °C, precipitation is only 366 millimetres per year with summer as the wettest season.
Karasjok has recorded up to 32.4 °C in July, giving a possible year amplitude of 84 °C. Finnmarksvidda has annual mean temperatures down to −3 °C, the coldest in mainland Norway and colder than Jan Mayen and Bear Island. However, Sihcajavri has recorded the warmest temperature in North Norway: 34.3 °C on 23 June 1920. Due to the proximity to the ice-free ocean, winters are much milder in coastal areas. Average annual precipitation