Norrmalm is a borough in central Stockholm, named after the dominating district. Except Norrmalm there are two districts in the borough: Vasastaden. A portion of northern Östermalm is organized in Norrmalm borough; the population as of 2004 is 61,905 on an area of 4.95 km², which gives a density of 12,506.06/km². The most populous district is Vasastaden. Media related to Norrmalm at Wikimedia Commons
Lilla Essingen is a small island in central Stockholm, next to the larger neighbouring island Stora Essingen. Both Essingen islands are residential areas, the smaller densely packed with blocks of flats while the larger is scattered with villas; the Essingeleden motorway, part of the Europe-spanning E4, passing over both islands is named after them. Bus route 1 stops at two places on Lilla Essingen, providing transport to central parts of town and connections to the underground network. Bus route 49 stops at five places, connecting the Essinge islands with Kristineberg and adjacent suburbs. Bridges of Lilla Essingen: From Kungsholmen: Mariebergsbron Fredhällsbron From Stora Essingen Essingebron Lilla Essingen lies at the edge of what is considered central Stockholm, wedged in between Kungsholmen and the outer suburbs. Most of the island was an industrial area. In 1908, the manufacturing facilities of Lux, a company manufacturing lamps for lighthouses, were moved to Lilla Essingen; the initial complex was composed of a workshop and an office building, the latter still present at the edge of the newly built flats.
In 1912, the manufacturing was extended to include vacuum cleaners thanks to a contract with Axel Wenner-Gren. In 1919, the company was merged with AB Elektro-Mekaniska; the facilities built on Lilla Essingen kept growing, when the main workshop was destroyed by fire in 1936, the renovation included a lot of expansion. Quite a lot of ground was filled up on the edge of the water to allow for more construction. A lot of Electroluxs main production facilities in Sweden was composed of the factory on Lilla Essingen; the entire complex dating from the late 1930s was built in the by modern architecture composed of a lot of red brick. A few of those facades incorporated in the modern architecture of today. In the 90s, Electrolux stirred quite a bit of a debate when it filed a request to rebuild a lot of its industrial areas. Considering the immense changes in mechanics and industry since the 1940s, the workshops were outdated; the Stockholm City Museum, had a special interest in the facilities on Lilla Essingen and required certain insight into the renovation of the area.
At this point, Electrolux decided to remove its operations on the island and the facilities were bought by the estate development company JM, with the intent to construct apartment blocks. Maps and aerial photos
Enskede-Årsta-Vantör is a borough in the southern part of Stockholm. The districts that make up the borough are Enskedefältet, Enskede Gård, Gamla Enskede, Stureby, Årsta, Östberga, Bandhagen, Högdalen, Örby, Rågsved and Hagsätra; the population as of 2014 was 96,916. The borough was formed in January 2007 from Vantör. Johanna and Klara Söderberg, musicians Janet Leon, former member of Play Sanna Nielsen, musician Media related to Enskede-Årsta-Vantör at Wikimedia Commons
Stockholm City Hall
The Stockholm City Hall is the building of the Municipal Council for the City of Stockholm in Sweden. It stands on the eastern tip of Kungsholmen island, next to Riddarfjärden's northern shore and facing the islands of Riddarholmen and Södermalm, it houses offices and conference rooms as well as ceremonial halls, the luxury restaurant Stadshuskällaren. It is one of Stockholm's major tourist attractions. In 1907 the city council decided to build a new city hall at the former site of Eldkvarn. An architectural contest was held which in the first stage resulted in the selection of drafts by Ragnar Östberg, Carl Westman, Ivar Tengbom jointly with Ernst Torulf, Carl Bergsten. After a further competition between Westman and Östberg the latter was assigned to the construction of the City Hall, while the former was asked to construct Stockholm Court House. Östberg modified his original draft using elements of Westman's project, including the tower. During the construction period, Östberg reworked his plans, resulting in the addition of the lantern on top of the tower, the abandonment of the blue glazed tiles for the Blue Hall.
Oskar Asker was employed as construction leader and Paul Toll, of the construction company Kreuger & Toll, designed the foundations. Georg Greve assisted in preparing the plans; the construction took twelve years, from 1911 to 1923. Nearly eight million red bricks were used; the dark red bricks, called "munktegel" because of their traditional use in the construction of monasteries and churches, were provided by Lina brick factory near Södertälje. Construction was carried out by craftsmen using traditional techniques; the building was inaugurated on 23 June 1923 400 years after Gustav Vasa's arrival in Stockholm. Verner von Heidenstam and Hjalmar Branting delivered the inaugurational speeches; the site, adjacent to Stadshusbron, being bordered by the streets of Hantverkargatan and Norr Mälarstrand to the north and west, the shore of Riddarfjärden to the south and east, allowed for a spacious layout. The building follows a rectangular ground plan, it is built around two open spaces, a piazza called Borgargården on the eastern side, the Blue Hall to the west.
The Blue Hall, with its straight walls and arcades, incorporates elements of a representative courtyard. Its walls are in fact without blue decorations, but it has kept its name after Östberg's original design, it is known as the dining hall used for the banquet held after the annual Nobel Prize award ceremony. The organ in the Blue Hall is with its 10,270 pipes the largest in Scandinavia. Above the Blue Hall lies the Golden Hall, named after the decorative mosaics made of more than 18 million tiles; the mosaics make use of motifs from Swedish history. They were executed by the Berlin, firm of Puhl & Wagner, after nine years of negotiations by Gottfried Heinersdorff for the commission; the southeast corner of the building adjacent to the shore, is marked by a monumental tower crowned by the Three Crowns, an old national symbol for Sweden. The tower is accessible by an elevator or by a stair of 365 steps; the eastern side of its base is decorated with a gold-plated cenotaph of Birger Jarl. Stadshuset is considered one of Sweden's foremost examples of national romanticism in architecture.
The unique site, overlooking Riddarfjärden, inspired a central motif of the construction, namely the juxtaposition of city architecture and water that represents a central feature of Stockholm's cityscape as a whole. The architectural style is one of refined eclecticism, blending massive, North European brick construction and playful elements reminiscent of oriental and venetian architecture, such as turrets adorned with golden starlets, decorated balconies, wooden masts, statues; the small park between the building and Lake Mälaren's shore is adorned with several sculptures, among them Carl Eldh's ensemble representing the three artists August Strindberg, Gustaf Fröding and Ernst Josephson, as well as Eldh's bronze sculptures "Sången" and "Dansen". To the south-east of the City Hall, facing Riddarholmen, is a pillar 20 meters tall with a statue of Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson on top. Geography of Stockholm Stockholm Court House Media related to Stockholm City Hall at Wikimedia Commons Stockholm City: Official city hall pages CityMayors.com: Stockholm City Hall Stockholm360.net: Virtual Tour of Stockholm City Hall — with 360 x 180 degree panoramas
Farsta is a borough in Söderort in the southern part of Stockholm Municipality, Sweden. The districts that make up the borough are Fagersjö, Farsta strand, Farstanäset, Gubbängen, Hökarängen, Larsboda, Sköndal and Tallkrogen; the population as of 2004 is 45,463 on an area of 15.40 km², which gives a density of 2,952.14/km². Media related to Farsta at Wikimedia Commons
Districts of Sweden
Municipalities in Sweden are in some rare cases divided into smaller districts or urban districts, are sometimes assigned administrative boards responsible for certain areas of governance in their respective areas. These districts are not specified by national Swedish law, but rather are created by individual municipalities, thus the Swedish names of these districts vary from municipality to municipality, including kommundelar, stadsdelområden, primärområden, or stadsdelsnämndsområden; the degree of administrative autonomy of these districts varies but is very limited. The city council of Stockholm Municipality has divided the city into smaller subdivisions; the city uses the English term "district" to describe these subdivisions. The districts were first created in 1997 to facilitate the efficiency of local government in Stockholm; the number of districts was reduced from 24 to 18 the following year, reduced again to the current 14 in 2007. Since the establishment of these districts, certain administrative tasks, such as school administration were re-centralized.
Each district has its own district administration, led by a district council, responsible for certain areas of municipal governance within their district, including pre-school education, park maintenance, local economic initiatives, elderly services, financial counseling, refugee reception services. Individual district councils have no power over city planning or tax policy, both of which are retained by the central city council; the councilors that serve on these district councils are part-time politicians holding other employment. They are preferably residents of the district; the central city council itself is responsible for setting the budget and responsibilities of the district councils. The city council appoints the members of each district council, so the political makeup of the district council resembles that of the central city council, not that of the district; the member of the district council are not elected in any fashion by the residents of the district in question. Stockholm's 14 districts are sometimes divided into smaller parts for statistical purposes, however these smaller districts have no administrative function in the city's governance.
Stockholm has 14 districts as of the administrative changes made in 2007: Gothenburg Municipality is divided into subdivisions which it refers to as "districts" in English, though as with Stockholm's districts, they are referred to as boroughs in unofficial contexts. The Swedish term used by the city council is stadsdelsnämndsområden; these districts were created in 1990. Just like in Stockholm, these districts each have a local governing body which Gothenburg calls "district committees." These committees serve a nearly identical function to Stockholm's district councils, including recreation, local economic issues and social services, the lower levels of the education system, like Stockholm's councils, these committees are appointed by the centralized city council. Gothenburg is divided into each with a district committee; these 21 districts can be further divided into 94 subdivisions which exist only for statistical and organizational purposes, serve no administrative function. The 21 districts of Gothenburg and the premiärområden enclosed within each: Malmö Municipality is divided into five districts.
These districts each have a board or council called a stadsdelsfullmäktige, each consisting of eleven members, which are responsible for various local administrative tasks. In Malmö, the district councils are responsible for assisting members of the community in contacting their politicians or navigating their way through government agencies; these are the five districts of Malmö: Väster Innerstaden Norr Söder Öster Other smaller municipalities in Sweden use municipal subdivisions for official purposes, however these are not always administrative. For example, Strängnäs Municipality uses district councils which serve a purely advisory function and have no administrative power. Borås Municipality is divided into ten districts, each with a district council responsible for pre-school and primary school, recreational services, services for the elderly. Torshälla is a region inside Eskilstuna Municipality which has withheld a degree of autonomy since merging with Eskilstuna, including their own city council.
Other municipalities that use districts for advisory or administrative purposes include Huddinge, Kalmar, Köping, Södertälje, Umeå and Västerås. Government of Sweden Swedish municipal assemblies Politics of Sweden City of Stockholm City of Stockholm: About Stockholm
Stora Essingen is an island and a district in the Kungsholmen borough in Stockholm, Sweden. The Essingeleden motorway, part of European route E4, passes along a section of the eastern shore; the Tvärbanan light rail has one stop on the island. Bridges of Stora Essingen: From Lilla Essingen Essingebron, two parallel bridges, one for the motorway, another for local road traffic From the mainland, southeast: Gröndalsbron, two parallel bridges, one for the motorway, another for the light rail line From the mainland, northwest: Alviksbron, for the light rail and bicycles