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Kunigunde of Eisenberg

Kunigunde of Eisenberg, was a German noblewoman and the second wife of Landgrave Albert II of Thuringia. She was a daughter of his wife Anna of Kottwotz. Kunigunde was a lady-in-waiting of Margaret of Sicily. Beautiful and ambitious, she attracted the attention of the Landgrave and became his mistress, bearing him two illegitimate children: Elisabeth, married before 11 April 1291 to Henry II of Frankenstein. Albert, nicknamed Apitz, Lord of Tenneberg from 1290, buried in the St. Catherine monastery in Eisenach. With her lover's knowledge, is said that Kunigunde attempted the murder of Landgravine Margaret so that she could usurp her position and honours. After some poison attempts, Kunigunde managed to so frighten her mistress, that Margaret fled the court the night of 24 June 1270, fearing for her life. According to legend, she bit, she died six weeks in Frankfurt am Main. Kunigunde's marriage with Albert took place soon afterwards, despite the fact that she was of lower rank. During the ceremony, she concealed her son Apitz under her robe, as this was supposed to procure for natural children, the privileges of legitimacy.

However this marriage brought baneful consequences for Thuringia. Estranged from his legitimate sons, the Landgrave disinherited them and proclaimed Kunigunde's son to be his heir; the Thuringian nobility resisted this, which led to a long succession of military hostilities between father and sons. The affair was only able to be settled peaceably, she was buried in the St. Catherine monastery in Eisenach. Was only after her death that Albert divided his territories amongst his legitimate sons. W. K. v. Isenburg: Europäische Stammtafeln, vol. I, table 45, Marburg, 1953, reprinted: 1965 O. Posse: Die Wettiner, Leipzig, 1897, reprinted: 1994 D. Schwennicke: Europäische Stammtafeln, vol. 11, table 152, Marburg, 1998 Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1283, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 635. Eisenberg, Cunigunde von – in: abitofhistory.net. Marek, Miroslav. "wettin/wettin2.html". Genealogy.euweb.cz. Cawley, Charles, MEISSEN, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Lundy, Darryl. "Kunigunde von Eberstein".

The Peerage. P. 4180 § 4179. Http://wwperson.informatik.uni-erlangen.de/cgi-bin/l3/LANG=germ/F=Cunigunde/N=v. Eisenberg

26th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry

The 26th Massachusetts was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The 26th Massachusetts was organized at Camp Cameron in Cambridge and mustered in for a three-year enlistment on August 28, 1861, under the command of Colonel Edward F. Jones; the regiment was attached to Ship Island Expedition to March 1862. 2nd Brigade, Department of the Gulf, to October 1862. Defenses of New Orleans, Department of the Gulf, to January 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIX Corps, Department of the Gulf, to July 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XIX Corps, Department of the Gulf, to February 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIX Corps, Department of the Gulf, to June 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XIX Corps, Department of the Gulf, to July 1864, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to January 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XIX Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, to April 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Provisional Division, Army of the Shenandoah, to April 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Department of Washington, XXII Corps, to June 1865.

Department of the South to August 1865. The 26th Massachusetts mustered out of service August 26, 1865, at Savannah and was discharged September 18, 1865, in Boston, Massachusetts. Moved to Camp Chase in Lowell, September 23, to Boston November 19. Sailed on steamer Constitution to Ship Island, Miss. November 21, arriving there December 3. Duty at Ship Island until April 15, 1862. Occupation of Ship Island, Miss. December 3, 1861, to April 15, 1862. Skirmish at Mississippi City March 8, 1862. Movement to the passes of the Mississippi River April 15–18. Operations against Forts St. Phillip and Jackson April 18–28. Occupation of Forts St. Phillip and Jackson April 28 to July. Moved to New Orleans, La. and duty there until June 20, 1863. Expedition to Pass Manchac and Ponchatoula September 13–15, 1862. Ponchatoula September 14–15. Moved to LaFourche Crossing June 20, 1863. Action at LaFourche Crossing, June 20–21. Moved to Bontee Station June 26, to Jefferson Station June 30. Moved to New Orleans July 15, provost duty there until August 28.

Moved to Baton Rouge August 28–29. Sabine Pass Texas Expedition, September 4–11. At Algiers until September 16. Moved to Brashear City and Berwick City September 16, to Camp Bisland September 23. Bayou Teche Campaign October 3-November 30. At New Iberia until January 7, 1864. Moved to Franklin January 7–9 and duty there until February 24. Moved to New Orleans February 24–25 and duty there until March 22. Camp at Carrollton until June 8. Moved to Morganza June 8 and duty there until July 3. Moved to New Orleans July 3–4 to Fortress Monroe and Bermuda Hundred, Va. July 11–21. On the Bermuda Hundred front July 22–28. Demonstration on north side of the James July 28–30. Deep Bottom July 28–29. Moved to Washington, D. C. July 30-August 1. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequon, September 19. Fisher's Hill, September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Non-veterans left front October 19 and mustered out November 7, 1864. Provost duty at Headquarters of Middle Military Division and Army of the Shenandoah at Winchester, until May 1, 1865.

Moved to Washington, D. C. May 1–2, camp there until June 3. Moved to Savannah, Ga. June 3–7, provost duty there until August 2. Mustered out August 26, 1865. Moved to Boston, Mass. September 12–18, there discharged from service; the regiment lost a total of 249 men during service. Colonel Edward F. Jones Colonel Alphon B. Farr List of Massachusetts Civil War Units Massachusetts in the American Civil War Chandonnet, Ann. Write Quick: War and a Woman's Life in Letters, 1835-1867, 2010. ISBN 0-9789-7368-2 Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, 1908. Estabrooks, Henry L. Adrift in Dixie. Post, Merry B. A Farm Boy in the Civil War: The Experiences of Aaron Jones Fletcher and His Family from Acton, Massachusetts, 2012; this article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H.. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co

Metrol

Metrol is the central control centre of the Melbourne suburban rail network. It controls signalling, passenger information, emergency procedures, it is located in the Melbourne central business district. Metrol has two key functions -- signalling. Operations are split, with train control covering the whole suburban area, while control of points and signalling is only over a limited area in the centre of Melbourne. Outside this area, signal-boxes direct trains under the direction of the train controllers at Metrol. Before Metrol, the points and signals in the Melbourne suburban area were controlled by a series of individual signal-boxes, under the direction of a train controller who coordinated train movements; the original function was to be the main train control facility for the Melbourne suburban railways, as well as to be the signal box for the City Loop, to control the ventilation and other systems for the tunnels. It was expanded in function to control points and signals for other stations in the inner Melbourne area.

The current area of point and signal control extends to Clifton Hill, East Richmond, Flinders Street, Southern Cross, North Melbourne Junction, South Kensington. The outer section of the Hurstbridge line will be controlled from Metrol after the completion of resignalling works, with work beginning in 2006. Metrol is where information about cancellations or delayed trains is entered into Metro Trains' SMS disruption alert system; the Metrol train control complex was built as part of the City Loop project of the 1970s. The original site was on Batman Avenue, beside the Jolimont rail yard, adjacent to Electrol, the control centre for the railway electrical substations and traction power supply. During construction, it was revealed that the Metrol building would block the view from Russell Street to the Botanic Gardens and Government House, that no planning permit had been applied for. Mr. A. G. Gibbs, chairman of VicRail, stated that under Section 79 of the Railways Act 1958, VicRail had the right to build anything on its own land that it deemed necessary.

The City of Melbourne and the Board of Works asserted that a permit was necessary, because the building was within 60 metres of the Yarra River. State Premier Rupert Hamer responded to the public outcry by ordering the half-constructed building to be demolished, he told all government departments that they must apply for planning permits, whether they were obliged to or not. The building was redesigned with a lower profile, which meant that completion was delayed until early 1980. That, in turn, delayed of the opening of the City Loop past August 1980. Control of suburban trains by Metrol commenced on 13 September 1980; as part of the removal of Jolimont Yard, the Metrol building was demolished in 1999, Metrol operations were moved to Transport House. The functions of Electrol were relocated to a permanent location elsewhere; the Transport House location was only intended to be temporary, pending the replacement of the elderly technology with a new system. When National Express was franchised to operate half of the Melbourne suburban network, after the privatisation of the system, the company was required, under its contractual obligations, to develop a new Metrol system by June 2001.

Work on the Train Management Facility started when Bombardier Transportation was awarded an $11 million contract, with completion due for mid-2001. The project included plans for a back-up "disaster recovery centre" at Melbourne Central station. In 2003 the State Government cancelled the $18 million contract, saying it was unhappy with the deal. On 28 June 2005, a leak in an air-conditioning hose caused Metrol to be shut down for two hours from 11.40am, causing 30,000 passengers to be stranded and 66 trains cancelled, with 23 more trains cancelled in the day due to flow-on effects. Train operator Connex Melbourne was fined $300,000 by the State Government for failing performance benchmarks. A second attempt to provide a replacement train control centre was announced in May 2006, as part of the State Government's "Meeting Our Transport Challenges" policy, was costed at $88 million; the first stage was a $27 million contract, awarded to Westinghouse Rail Systems Australia in March 2007, for the design and installation of the new Train Control and Monitoring System.

A customised version of the SystematICS control system was to be provided, with completion expected in November 2010. At a date, separate contracts were to be offered for a new passenger information system, a new reporting system, a refurbishment of the central control facility. Photos: Vicsig.net: Inside Metrol

Panama (cryptography)

Panama is a cryptographic primitive which can be used both as a hash function and a stream cipher, but its hash function mode of operation has been broken and is not suitable for cryptographic use. Based on StepRightUp, it was designed by Joan Daemen and Craig Clapp and presented in the paper Fast Hashing and Stream Encryption with PANAMA on the Fast Software Encryption conference 1998; the cipher has influenced several other designs, for example MUGI and SHA-3. The primitive can be used both as a stream cipher; the stream cipher uses a 256-bit key and the performance of the cipher is good reaching 2 cycles per byte. As a hash function, collisions have been shown by Vincent Rijmen et al. in the paper Producing Collisions for PANAMA presented at FSE 2001. The attack shows a computational complexity with negligible memory requirements. At FSE 2007, Joan Daemen and Gilles Van Assche presented a practical attack on the Panama hash function that generates a collision in 26 evaluations of the state updating function.

Guido Bertoni, Joan Daemen, Michaël Peeters, Gilles Van Assche, at NIST's 2006 Second Cryptographic Hash Workshop, unveiled a Panama variant called RadioGatún. The hash function workings of RadioGatún does not have the known weaknesses that Panama's hash function has. In turn, RadioGatún inspired the new cryptographic standard SHA-3. Hash function security summary John Savard's page on Panama

Cumberland Inn & Museum

The Cumberland Inn & Museum, located in Williamsburg, are owned and operated by University of the Cumberlands. The facility opened in May 1994 as a way for Cumberland College to offer its students a positive work experience while promoting the college to visitors, they employ over 60 college students on both a part and full-time basis. The students work in every area of the hotel, including the museum, the conference center and the inn's Patriot Steakhouse; the Henkelmann Life Science Collection has "hundreds of specimens ranging from the petite short-tailed Shrew to the gigantic Polar Bear, procured by Henry and Mary Henkelmann on expeditions from Africa to the Arctic. The animals are displayed in surroundings created to match their natural habitats. A visit to this great exhibit fosters an appreciation of the beauty of life."The Robert O. Williams museum now contains over 7,000 crosses and crucifixes; the collection started when as a chaplain in the Air Force Williams he became aware of the special symbolism the cross had for Christians and of the variety of forms, used to portray this symbol.

The museum's collections were featured on Kentucky Educational Television. Cumberland Inn & Museum Official website

Kyle Bobby Dunn

Kyle Bobby Dunn is a Canadian composer and live performer of modern compositional and guitar based drone music. He has performed in live and exclusive outdoor settings, including Banff National Park, since 2000 and has released music on various international recording labels, his work has been described as "compositions that are patience incarnate" and "encourage an emotional response as its infinite, creeping swirl and hum threatens to numb. A difficult feat." It is music that "captures a mood somewhere between sadness and strength. At the same time Dunn intersperses quaint chamberal touches which evoke more traditionally classical sources. First realized in Calgary, Dunn started composing and arranging his music for homemade films on piano and cassette tapes in the late 1990s, his first love was filmmaking and it was film music that attracted him to composing his own works. He began performing and recording under the names'Subtract by Two' and Kyle Bobby Dunn with the first self-released album, Music for Medication around 2002–2003.

In interviews he has mentioned large admiration for classical and soundtrack composers including Arvo Pärt, Valentin Silvestrov, John Williams, Ennio Morricone and Jerry Fielding, yet his own music exhibits a more quiet and droning nature, compared to ambient contemporary musicians William Basinski, Brian Eno and Stars of the Lid. Releasing what he has referred to as his'first proper full length' album, Fragments & Compositions of Kyle Bobby Dunn, on Boston's Sedimental label in 2008; the album covered several years of his earliest compositional works for strings and piano. In early 2010, a long form album that filled a double compact disc set containing five years worth of his music, A Young Person's Guide to Kyle Bobby Dunn, arrived on the UK based label Low Point, was praised in various music journalism and considered a'deeply affecting' work by The New York Times, he released Ways of Meaning in 2011 on Buffalo, New York imprint, Desire Path Recordings, to unanimously positive reception.

The Huffington Post's Daniel Kushner wrote, "Dunn presents the listener with sounds that have no beginning, nor any end. There are not so much melodies, in the conventional sense – but rather an economical assemblage of tones, which linger in the air like the quivering brush strokes in an Impressionist still life."In 2012 he released another double disc set of long form works on the Low Point label. Bring Me the Head of Kyle Bobby Dunn was recorded at the artist's Bunce Cake studio and throughout remote locations in his native Canada; the recordings revealed a most personal and emotional aspect of the composer's work and reached a high standard for electronically produced and arranged music – only utilizing an electric guitar and loop pedal for the album's 15 songs. The disc received a positive response and was heralded by Resident Advisor as being among his finest work. In addition to the massive double disc release of 2012, a five song vinyl record was released in the year on the Toronto label, Komino.

It was considered as "a tightening of the composer's sound – the signature elements are there. In mid 2014 his released his largest full-length release album to date,'Kyle Bobby Dunn & The Infinite Sadness.' The album is artist's largest and most complex release with many of the previous guitar laden sounds of previous releases stretched out to long crescendos and intricate melodic development. The release is available on double compact disc formats. CollaborationsPERILS – PERILS, The Searchers / Voyevoda List of ambient music artists