Kureinji

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Kureinji Traditional lands
New South Wales
MilduraMurrayRiver.JPG
Murray River on Kureinji lands
Kureinji Traditional lands is located in New South Wales
Kureinji Traditional lands
Kureinji Traditional lands
Coordinates34°11′0″S 142°11′0″E / 34.18333°S 142.18333°E / -34.18333; 142.18333Coordinates: 34°11′0″S 142°11′0″E / 34.18333°S 142.18333°E / -34.18333; 142.18333

The Kureinji, otherwise known as the Keramin, are an Aboriginal group whose traditional lands are located in the Northern Riverina of southwest New South Wales, Australia.

Language[edit]

Kureinji was one of 35 languages spoken in this area of southwestern New South Wales, around and north of the border with Victoria.[1] Linguistically the tribe was part of the Lower Murray Areal group.[2]

Country[edit]

According to Norman Tindale the Kureinji's traditional lands embraced some 1,700 square miles (4,400 km2) of territory, running in good part along the northern banks of the Murray River, ranging from the vicinity of Euston to Wentworth downstream.[3] Across the river from the Kureinji, Mildura, which is in Latjilatji tribal land, was first settled in 1847.

Kemendok National Park is part of their traditional land, and traces of their habitation remains in scar trees, fire hearths, flaked stone artefacts, burial sites and middens.[4]

History[edit]

Charles Sturt[5] passed through their country in 1830 but did not mention the Kureinji, Charles Lockhart in 1862 also appears to mention, without however actually specifying this tribe.[3] Many of the Kureinji today live in Mildura.

During colonial times, bodies were taken from five burial sites along the New South Wales side of the Murray River,[6] and are now part of the Murray Black Collection. Tribal groups have been seeking the repatriation of these bodies.[a]

Alternative names[edit]

  • Kareingi
  • Karin
  • Kerinma, Karinma, Karingma
  • Grangema
  • Garnghes
  • Orangema (misprint).
  • Kinenekinene
  • Kianigane
  • Keramin
  • Kemendok
  • Pintwa
  • Jungeegatchere[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 'The Murray Black Collection was the largest collection of Indigenous Australian remains at the time of its donation, comprising approximately 800 individuals from the Maraura, Kureinji, Tati-tati, and Wati Wati peoples across five burial sites along the New South Wales side of the Murray River.'[7]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ von Zinnenburg Carroll 2014, pp. 85, 125.
  2. ^ Dixon 2002, pp. xxxvi, 669.
  3. ^ a b Tindale 1974, p. 196.
  4. ^ Statement 2014.
  5. ^ Mildura history.
  6. ^ Prince 2015, p. 11.
  7. ^ Prince 2015, pp. 11–13,11.
  8. ^ Tindale 1974.

Sources[edit]