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Temporal range: Late Cretaceous, 85 Ma
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Enantiornithes
Family: Kuszholiidae
Nesov, 1992
Genus: Kuszholia
Nesov, 1992
Species: K. mengi
Binomial name
Kuszholia mengi
Nesov, 1992

Kuszholia (meaning "Milky Way bird" after the Kazakh term for the Milky Way, kus zholi) is the name given to a genus of primitive birds or bird-like dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous. They were possibly coelurosaurs close to the ancestry of birds, although most scientists have considered it an avialan (either a primitive ornithuran or enantiornithine). Fossils were found in the Bissekty Formation in the Kyzyl Kum desert of Uzbekistan.

The genus contains a single species, K. mengi; a separate family has been erected for it (Kuszholiidae). It is known only from a series of small vertebrae, with prominent hollow chambers (pneumaticity).[1]


  1. ^ Nesov, L.A. (1992). "Record of the Localities of Mesozoic and Paleogene with Avian Remains in the USSR, and the description of New Findings." Russian Journal of Ornithology, 1: 7-50. [Article in Russian]

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