Bulvar Rokossovskogo (Sokolnicheskaya line)
Bulvar Rokossovskogo Ulitsa Podbelskogo, is a Moscow Metro station in the Bogorodskoye District, Eastern Administrative Okrug, Russia. It is on the Sokolnicheskaya line; the station was opened in 1990. Riders may make an out-of-station transfer to Bulvar Rokossovskogo on the Moscow Central Circle line; the station was named "Ulitsa Podbelskogo" for Podbelskogo Street, named for the Bolshevik revolutionary Vadim Podbelsky. After the street was renamed in 1991 to Ivanteyevskaya Street, the station's name was unchanged until 2014. On 10 April 2014 Moscow City Commission on Names recommended renaming the station to "Bulvar Marshala Rokossovskogo", for Rokossovsky Boulevard, named for Soviet Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky. On 8 July, the station was renamed to "Bulvar Rokossovskogo". Rather than continuing the straight path of the Sokolnicheskaya line to the northeast, Bulvar Rokossovskogo was built to the northwest of Cherkizovskaya, forming a right angle with the rest of the line; this would allow Bulvar Rokossovskogo to become part of a planned second ring line around the city, at which time the Sokolnicheskaya line could be further extended in its original direction.
Beyond Bulvar Rokossovskogo are reversal sidings which are planned to become part of the future "Big Ring" line. A junction between Bulvar Rokossovskogo and Cherkizovskaya is used by southbound trains entering and leaving the Cherkizovo depot, since the depot is directly connected only to the southbound tunnel. Bulvar Rokossovskogo is a shallow column tri-vault station; the station was designed by architects Nina Aleshin and Natalya K. Samoilova and applied the following theme: ferroconcrete pillars faced with white marble.
Oktyabrskoye Polye is a station on the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. The station was opened on 30 December 1972 as part of the Krasnopresnenskiy radius, for three years it was the original terminus of the Krasnopresnenskaya Line; the station received its name from Khodynka Field, a nearby locality, known as October Field during the Soviet era. Designed by Nina Alyoshina and L. Zaitseva, the station features a typical pillar-trispan "Novaya Sorokonozhka" design, with polygonal aluminium coated pillars and walls with bright-grey coloured marble decorated with anodized aluminium artworks; the floor is coated white marble except for the area around the pillars where it gives way to black granite. The two vestibules are interlinked with subways that allow access to Narodnogo Opolcheniya Street and Marshala Biryuzova Street; the station has a daily passenger flow of 75,910 people. Yuri Gridchin's Site. KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Krasnopresnenskaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Presnensky District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Kiyevskaya and Belorusskaya stations, it was named for Krasnaya Presnya, on which it is situated. Passengers may transfer to Barrikadnaya station on the Tagansko–Krasnopresnenskaya line, it was designed by Victor Yegerev, M. Konstantinov, Felix Novikov, I. Pokrovsky and opened on 14 March 1954; the station has red granite pylons with white marble cornices and 14 bas-reliefs by N. Shcherbakov, Yu. Pommer, Yu. Ushakov, V. Fedorov, G. Kolesnikov; as the Presnya area of Moscow was the site of the Moscow Uprising of 1905 during the 1905 Russian Revolution, the station is decorated with artwork commemorating the events of the period. Eight of the bas-reliefs depict the events of the Russian Revolution of 1905 and the other six show scenes from the Russian Revolution of 1917. Statues of Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin stood at the end of the platform, though these had been removed by the early 1960s.
The passage to Barrikadnaya was built in the same location. The station's round vestibule is on the south side of Krasnaya Presnya street, between Druzhinnikovskaya and Konyushkovskaya streets. A sculpture by A. Zelinsky entitled "Combatant" is located in front. Коды станций московского метро Московское метро — проект Студии Артемия Лебедева
The Moscow Canal, named the Moskva-Volga Canal until 1947, is a canal that connects the Moskva River with the Volga River. It is located in the Moscow Oblast; the canal connects to the Moskva River in Tushino, from which it runs north to meet the Volga River in the town of Dubna, just upstream of the dam of the Ivankovo Reservoir. The length of the canal is 128 km, it was constructed between 1932 and 1937 by 200,000 GULAG prisoners, under the direction of the Soviet secret police and Matvei Berman. Thanks to the Moscow Canal, Moscow has access to five seas: the White Sea, Baltic Sea, Caspian Sea, Sea of Azov, the Black Sea; this is why Moscow is sometimes called the "port of the five seas". Apart from transportation, the canal provides for about half of Moscow's water consumption, the shores of its numerous reservoirs are used as recreation zones. One of the world's tallest statues of Vladimir Lenin, 25-meter high, built in 1937, is located at Dubna at the confluence of the Volga River and the Moscow Canal.
The accompanying statue of Joseph Stalin of similar size was demolished in 1961 during the period of de-stalinization. Minimum depth in the canal is 18 feet, lock dimensions are 950 by 100 feet
Skhodnenskaya is a station on the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. The station is a single vault, a significant engineering achievement and a change from the typical functionality design of the 1960s. Moscow's history of single vault stations began 40 years prior to Skhodnenskaya with Biblioteka Imeni Lenina which opened along with the Metro itself in 1935. Built to a design of the Paris Métro, problems of keeping the structure from collapse and pouring in bitumen called for no repeat of such methods; the second single vault, opened in 1938, was built with the cut and cover method, was not successful. The delicacy required when preparing and handling heavy monolithic concrete vault blocks was labour-intensive and in that period of industrialisation, was not cost affective. During the late 1960s following the beginning the deviation from a policy of functionality, engineers returned to the single-vault design. First tested in the Kharkov Metro, the design is initiated with a simple cut and cover as a column tri-span after the walls are mounted.
The pit is filled with the excavated earth, up to the depth of the vault keystone, shaped into a half-cylinder. From there a metallic armature is placed on the earth, on it, concrete blocks. Once set, the earth under the completed vault is re-excavated and work on the station platforms can begin; the exact shape of the dome depends on the hydro-geological conditions of the surrounding location. If hydro-isolation is not required, the walls that erected the dome are incorporated into the design and the appearance is that of a vault lying on top of them. If hydro-isolation is required, the vault extends all the way to the bottom and the station appears like a half-cylinder. In presence of high water pressure from the soil, the walls are not only left outside, but the vault is forced into a backwards curvature, making the station more cylindrical. Skhodnensakaya was the first station in Moscow to be built using this method, its design incorporated the walls into its construction. Architects Popov and Fokin were the first to exploit the potential design which gave greater potential than the pillar-trispan.
The walls were adorned with decorative cast-aluminium panels. All signage and light fixtures were attached to the ceiling, keeping the platform free of obstructions. Skhodnenskaya opened on 30 December 1975 as part of the northern extension of the Krasnopresnenskiy Line; the new design proved popular and was used in all future extensions, or new line segments and in Moscow and other ex-USSR metros had at least some single vaults. This single vault design however, should not be confused with those found in Saint Petersburg Metro, which are built exploiting a different technology; the station's underground vestibules are interlinked with subways allowing access to the Skhodnenskaya street, Yana Rainisa and Khimkinskiy Boulevards. Each day 78,750 people use the station. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Volgogradsky Prospekt (Moscow Metro)
Volgogradsky Prospekt is a Moscow Metro station in the Nizhegorodsky District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Proletarskaya and Kuzminki stations. Volgogradsky Prospekt was opened on 31 December 1966 as part of the Zhadovsky radius and is named after the nearby Avenue that leads on from the centre of Moscow into an intercity highway all the way to the southwest of Russia, although not directly to Volgograd; the station was built to a slight modification of the standard 1960s pillar-trispan decoration showing the first signs of innovative design, as architects V. Polikarpova and A. Marova did; the platform is narrowed. The white ceramic tiles on the walls are arranged on 45 degrees to the platform and are decorated with metallic artworks out of anodized aluminium depicting the Battle of Stalingrad; the pillars are faced with white marble whilst the floor with grey granite. The station has two underground vestibules with glazed concrete pavilions which allow passengers access to the Talalikhin and Novostapovskaya streets as well as directly to the AZLK automobile plant..
Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Pushkinskaya (Moscow Metro)
Pushkinskaya is a station on Moscow Metro's Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line. Opened on 17 December 1975, along with Kuznetsky Most as the segment which linked the Zhdanovskaya and Krasnopresnenskaya Lines into one. Like its neighbour, the station was a column tri-vault type, which had not been seen in Moscow since the 1950s. Arguably the most beautiful station on the Line, the architects Vdovin and Bazhenov took every effort to make it appear to have a'classical' 19th century setting; the central hall lighting is created with stylised 19th century chandeliers with two rows of plafonds appearing like candles, while the side platforms have candlesticks with similar plafonds. The columns, covered with'Koelga' white marble are decorated with palm leaf reliefs and the grey marble walls are decorated with brass measured insertions based on the works of the great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin; the grey granite floor completes the appearance of the masterpiece. Architecturally the station put the final stop to the functionality economy design of the 1960s and went against Nikita Khrushchev's policy of struggle to avoid decorative'extras', which left the stations of 1958–59 altered in their design.
The station's original vestibule, with its magnificent cessoned ceiling from anodized aluminium is situated under Pushkinskaya Square of the Boulevard ring, the centre of Moscow's nightlife, is linked with subways to the square and to Tverskaya Street. In 1979 it was combined with the Gorkovskaya station of the Zamoskvoretskaya Line; the opposite end was decorated with a bust of the great poet himself, however in 1987 a pathway was opened to the underground vestibule of the two escalator cascades of the Chekhovskaya station of the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line. The bust was moved into a combined vestibule built into the office building of the newspaper Izvestia on the Strastnoi Boulevard of the Boulevard ring; when transferring between the stations it is possible to bypass the vestibule via the lyre fenced stairs leading from the middle of the columns. The transfer point, was named for the three writers and poets. In 1991, the original street Ulitsa Gorkova was renamed Tverskaya, hence the station was given this name.
The transfer point is one of the busiest in Moscow. Yuriy Gridchin's site mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map