Brakpan is a gold and uranium mining town in the Gauteng province of South Africa. The name Brakpan was first used by the British in the 1880s because of a non-perennial lake that would annually dry to become a "brackish pan"; the name Brakpan comes from a small pan on a farm called Weltevreden, filled with brackish water and was referred to as the "brakpan" and it was near this pan that the first settlement started. In 1888, a coal seam was discovered and a coal mine under the name of Brakpan Collieries was started; when a railway line was constructed from Germiston to Springs, Brakpan became one of the stations along the route. With gold fever running high on the Witwatersrand in the early years of the twentieth century, it was not long before gold was discovered. In 1905, Brakpan Mines Company sunk its first two gold mining shafts. One of its claims to fame was that it had the highest mine dump in the world at that time, its height being 120 metres above ground level; this was higher than any of the pyramids of Egypt except the Pyramid of Cheops.
From that moment the village began to grow remaining a suburb of Benoni until 1912 when it was granted the status of a municipality and proclaimed as a town. Brakpan's central position makes it a good distribution centre for industry engineering works and foundries. In the late 1990s the municipality approved the construction of a huge casino and entertainment complex, Carnival City, which opened the town to tourists and provided much-needed jobs for the people; the first activity which drew people to the area was the British coal mining in 1888 and the large coal powered power station built by the British. A tram line to Johannesburg was built at this time to service the power station; the Main Reef Road linked Brakpan to all the other mining towns in the Witwatersrand. Brakpan was a suburb of Benoni from 1914-1919; the Brakpan miners were involved in the miners' strike of 1922. The town has lost its importance as a gold mining area as the surrounding mines became low yield / high cost. Many British residents emigrated during the apartheid era leaving a vacuum in the town, filled by Afrikaner farmers who had lost interest in farming.
Situatued between Springs and Benoni, it forms part of the Ekurhuleni Metro. The main road through town is Voortrekker Street
Elsburg is a town in Ekurhuleni in the Gauteng province of South Africa. It is a town some 6 km south-east of Germiston. Laid out on the farm Klippoortjie in 1887 and proclaimed a town in 1908, it was named after the owner, F C Els, it was administered by a health committee from 1908 and by a village council from 1938. Municipal status was achieved in October 1957, it became the capital of the goldfields instead of Johannesburg
Alberton is a city situated on the southern part of the East Rand of the Gauteng Province in South Africa. It was incorporated into the Ekurhuleni metropolitan municipality in the year 2000 and celebrated its centenary year in 2005. According to the 2011 census conducted by Statistics South Africa, it has a population of 121,536. Alberton is described as a typical bedroom community, one, residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to work in nearby suburbs or cities; the town has multiple access roads to all major freeways in Gauteng and is situated on the banks of the Natal Spruit close to the major urban centres of Johannesburg, which lies 15 km to the northwest - and Pretoria -, 76 km to the north. Alberton has an elevation of 1,570 m above sea level. In the early 1840's, the Voortrekkers Johan Georg Meyer and Hester Catharina Elizabeth arrived in the Transvaal after moving from their home in Prince Albert, in what was the Cape Colony. Org sourced land and selected three farms, namely Klipriviersberg and Swartkoppies.
In 1856, Johannes Petrus Meyer acquired 11 hectares of his father's Elandsfontein farm and built a house next to the Natalspruit, close to where the civic centre stands today. In 1890, he built a new farmhouse mansion on the opposite end of the farm, miraculously left unharmed during the Anglo Boer War of 1899–1902; the homestead can still be seen today from the bypassing N12 freeway. Jan's brother Johan Georg Meyer, took over the farm after Jan's death. General Hendrik Abraham Alberts, a veteran of the Anglo Boer War, purchased a part of the farm from Org in 1904 and named it Alberton; the Afrikaans medium primary school Jan Meyer was named for the original owner of the farm, the affluent suburb Meyersdal refers to the family whose original farmhouse mansion still stands on the land behind the Meyersdal koppie. The primary school Generaal Alberts, Hennie Alberts Avenue in the suburb of Brackenhurst, are named after the town founder; the first official post office was opened in 1926, in 1938 building work started on a town hall.
In the same year, street names in the Alberton North suburb were renamed after Voortrekker leaders to coincide with the 100 year commemoration of the Great Trek. A well-known landmark of the city, The Blue Mill, was established in 1943 in Pieter Uys Avenue, Alberton North, is still trading today as a general store specializing in sporting goods; the town's initial centre of development was in the area now known as Alberton North or ‘Old’ Alberton. The original black settlement in Alberton was in the area of the Alberton Dam. During the apartheid era, inhabitants were moved to the surrounding black townships and a'white' suburb was established around the dam and named Verwoerdpark, after former prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd. Over the years, development sprawled out into adjacent areas, today Alberton is made up of 19 suburbs stretching over an area of 77km2. Alrode, Alberton's industrial suburb, was established in 1943. One of the most notable industries to be established in the town during this time was CJ Fuchs Ltd.
Venturing into the production of domestic electrical appliances under licence from the American company Westing House Electric International, the business was relocated from central Johnnesburg to a newly-built, modern factory in Alrode in 1948. Until the mid-seventies, CJ Fuchs Ltd would continue to grow into a multi-million Rand operation, employing thousands of people in several subsidiary companies within the group. After Carl Fuchs' death in April 1976, the company was sold to the Barlow Rand. In 1973, he was the first to be admitted as a Freeman of the Town of Alberton; the construction of the Alberton Boulevard was a major development started in the late 1980s with the aim of converting a section of Voortrekker Road that runs past the Alberton City Shopping Mall into a pedestrian-friendly zone. There are many well-established sports facilities and clubs for tennis, road running, wrestling, jukskei, hockey, bowls and ring tennis in Alberton, it is home to the Reading Country Club and Golf Course.
Alberton was home to the now defunct New Market Race Course, now a shopping mall. Alberton borders on the Klipriviersberg Nature Reserve, located on Peggy Vera Road, Kibler Park, Gauteng; this reserve is home to many wild animals, including zebra, red hartebeest, black wildebeest, blesbok, duiker and 170 bird species. There are Iron Age settlements dating from about 1500 and the ruins of a house built in 1850 by voortrekker Sarel Marais. Healthcare facilities include numerous government clinics as well the run Union Hospital and Clinton Clinic. Japie Mulder Arnold Vosloo Carl Niehaus Andrew Hall André Pretorius Bernadette Coston Malcolm Marx Ruan Combrinck Gert van der Merwe Alberton web site Alberton Blogging and Community web site Alberton Online Community Forum and Business Directory
Madi Phala was a South African artist. His most recent works were predominantly painting, collage and dealt with the theme of the African herd boy. Phala was born 2 February 1955 in Kwa-Thema, South Africa. Phala's work is represented in several private and corporate art collections, including the French Embassy, his sculpture SS Mendi Memorial, commemorating the sinking of troopship Mendi in 1917, was designated a national heritage site in 2016. He was murdered outside his house at Cape Town on 2 March 2007 during a robbery. Recent exhibitions Extensive biography Barbara Lindop "Who is Madi Phala?", Sunday Times Heritage Project
City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality
The City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan municipality that forms the local government of the East Rand region of Gauteng, South Africa. The name Ekurhuleni means place of peace in XiTsonga. Ekurhuleni is one of the five districts of Gauteng province and one of the eight metropolitan municipalities of South Africa; the seat of Ekurhuleni is Germiston. The most common native language spoken by its 3.17 million people is IsiZulu, as of the 2001 Census. OR Tambo International Airport falls in the Kempton Park area of Ekurhuleni; the municipality was established in 2000, superseding the Eastern Gauteng Services Council, the Khayalami Metropolitan Council, the previous administrations of Alberton, Boksburg, Edenvale/Lethabong, Kempton Park/Tembisa and Springs. The planned abolition of the Lesedi Local Municipality, which includes Heidelberg, its absorption into Ekurhuleni after the 2016 municipal elections, were blocked by the High Court of South Africa in 2015; the name Ekurhuleni meaning place of peace alludes to the fact that the East Rand townships were the site of severe political violence between supporters of the Inkatha Freedom Party and the ANC in the early 1990's, prior to South Africa's first multiracial elections in 1994.
Ekurhuleni lies on the plateau, the highveld at about 1600 metres in altitude. The highest elevation is at the Gillooly's Ridge – Bill Stewart Side – Fisher's Hill at 1772m asl; the lowest point is at 1552m asl. The city is rich in wetlands, pans and rivers; the city is urbanised. Ekurhuleni has a Cwb climate according to the Köppen-Geiger Climate classification; this classifies a warm temperate climate of dry winters. In the winter months the city has a diurnal temperature pattern with a high amplitude, as temperatures can range from freezing at night to mid 20s °C in the day; the main precipitation falls between October and March with a monthly average precipitation of up to 148mm which falls in convective thundershowers. The daily maximum temperatures in October-March are on average 27 °C; the Winter is dry with only a few cold fronts reaching the highveld from the southern Atlantic Ocean. The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places: Ekurhuleni has over 206 wetlands and lakes.
Germiston Lake has a catchment area of 1174ha. It is fed by surface runoff water and stormwater drains; the lake is one of the cleanest bodies of water in South Africa. It has a size of 57.4 ha and a maximum capacity of 2839× 10 6 m 3. Its depth is 8 metres. On the banks of the lake are a recreational park with playground equipment and Braai areas as well as a rowing club and golf club. A wetland of note is the Blesbokriver wetland. Flamingoes can be found in the Marievale Bird sanctuary; the Bullfrog Pan is 10 hectares and is home to more than 150 bird species. In 2017 the Chris Hani memorial at Thomas Nkobi Memorial Park in Boksburg was revealed during the 22nd commemoration of his death; the Chris Hani memorial site consists of the Monument, the Walk of Remembrance and the Wall of Remembrance which recognizes the historical events and people associated with the liberation struggle of South Africa. The Thokoza Wall of Remembrance commemorates the people who died in the fight between the Inkatha Freedom Party and the residents.
Ekurhuleni has a rich cultural life. In 2017 the Thami Mnyele Fine arts award had its 30th anniversary; the local music scene is well and alive and Ekurhuleni gave rise to a few notable music stars. O. R. Tambo Narrative Centre tells visitors all about the lives and contributions of the Tambo couple towards the dismantling of Apartheid in South Africa, it is situated on the banks of the Leeupan Wetland. It has an exhibition of environmental education aimed at children. Since 2016 Ekurhuleni has hosted the Ekurhuleni International Film Festival. In 2016 3,379,104 people lived in Ekurhuleni, of whom 22.7% were under 15 years old, 71.2% were between the ages of 15-64 and 6.1% were older than 65 years old. Ekurhuleni had 1,299,490 households with an average people per household number of 2.6. 80.2% of people lived in formal dwellings and 52.9% owned housing. The following statistics are from the 2014 census. Ekurhuleni has two school districts: Ekurhuleni South. There are 671 schools in Ekurhuleni. Ekurhuleni has two colleges of further education and training as well as two centres of adult education and training.
There are plans to establish a university in Ekurhuleni. The city has scored best in governance out of all metros in South Africa; the municipal council consists of 224 members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. 112 are elected by first-past-the-post voting in 112 wards, while the remaining 112 are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress lost its majority on the council for the first time; the ANC subsequently formed a coalition with the African Independent Congress, the Pan Africanist Congress, the Patriotic Alliance and the Independent Ratepayers Assosciation of South-Africa. The following table shows the results of the 2016 election; as of 2014 the GDP of Ekurhuleni was estimated at over US$55 billion. Ekurhuleni has an active workforce of 1.6 million people of. Ekurhuleni makes up 6.2% of national production
Bedfordview is a wealthy town in western Ekurhuleni, sharing an administrative boundary with the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa. Bedfordview has been part of the City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality since 2000; the Eastgate shopping centre is located here. The site of Bedfordview was taken up by the farm Elandsfontein and was administered as part of the District of Potchefstroom in the South African Republic; the coat-of-arms of Bedfordview features an Eland holding a fountain as a tribute to the early rural history of the town. The Witwatersrand Gold Reef had a huge impact on the area. Elandsfontein was purchased for the mineral rights, was divided into smaller farms and small-holdings, many of which were settled by retired miners; the entire area became known as Geldenhuis Estates Smallholdings. One of these farms was owned by Sir George Herbert Farrar, a randlord who played a prominent role in planning the infamous Jameson Raid, one of the main causes of the Second Anglo-Boer War.
His farm, was located in the present-day suburb of St Andrews, parts of the original farm can still be seen in St Andrews' School. The farm itself was named after Sir Farrar's home-town of Bedford in England; the raid itself was planned in a small house close to the farm. Sir George is buried in Milner Ave, close to the only official grave in the town. During the war, British cavalry was based in Bedfordview and planted the oak trees along Van Buuren Ave. There is a legend that an Indian Rajah-based with the unit died and was buried somewhere in Bedfordview in full regalia, including his jewel-encrusted sword; the name "Bedfordview" came about as the result of a competition. A girl who won the competition thought. "Bedford View" was registered. Over the years the name has contracted to one word. On 24 February 1926, the suburb obtained its name. By 1932 the small-holding had developed into a small village; the 1st Bedfordview Scout Troop opened its doors on 26 July 1928, there was a government school and a post office.
However, there were major health concerns. Bill Stewart, headmaster at the school, recalled that sewage would run down Van Buuren Road from Malvern East and that the piggeries and other farms caused swarms of flies. There was talk that the area should become part of a municipality in order to deal with the matter, residents were asked whether they would prefer to join Johannesburg or Germiston. Joining a municipality would mean rates and taxes though, so the residents elected instead to set up a health committee to sort out the problem; this developed into the Bedfordview Village Council and the Bedfordview Town Council. Bedfordview was joined with Germiston and Palm Ridge to form the Transitional Council of Greater Germiston, after the institutition of democracy; this was in turn merged with other East Rand towns to form the City of Ekurhuleni, which incorporated the old municipalities of Alberton, Benoni, Brakpan, Germiston, Kempton Park and Springs. The site Bedfordview.co.za is a dedicated listing for business, shops and property in the Bedfordview area.
Airports Company South Africa has its head office in Bedfordview. TAAG Angola Airlines has an office in Bedfordview. Murray and Roberts has its head office in Bedfordview." Securities and Trading Technology has its head office in Bedfordview." Mochachos has its head office in Bedfordview." The following suburbs form part of Bedfordview: Bedford Gardens Bedford Park Essexwold Morninghill Oriel Senderwood St Andrews Eastgate Shopping Centre Bedford Centre Bedfordview High School Bedfordview Primary School Bishop Bavin School Leeuwenhof Akademie New Crawford School Reddam House School SAHETI School St Andrew's School for Girls St Benedict's Catholic School for Boys
Township (South Africa)
In South Africa, the terms township and location refer to the underdeveloped racially segregated urban areas that, from the late 19th century until the end of apartheid, were reserved for non-whites, namely Indians and Coloureds. Townships were built on the periphery of towns and cities; the term township has a distinct legal meaning in South Africa's system of land title, which carries no racial connotations. Townships for non-whites were called locations or lokasies in Afrikaans, are still referred to by that name in smaller towns; the slang term "kasie", a popular short version of "lokasie" is used. Townships sometimes have large informal settlements nearby. KwaGuqa had 130 000 population in census 2011 and should be on the first page of your list of township During the first half of the twentieth century, a clear majority of the black population in major urban areas lived in hostels or servants’ accommodations provided by employers and were single men. In the period during and following World War II urban areas of South Africa experienced a rapid period of urbanisation as the colour bar was relaxed due to the war.
Neither employers nor the government built new accommodation or homes for the influx of new residents. This led to overcrowding, poor living conditions, the absence of amenities thereby contributing to high levels of crime and violence. High rents and overcrowding led to land invasions and the growth of shack settlements which were ignored by government. By 1950 a substantial proportion of the urban black population lived in townships. In 1950, upwards of 100,000 people were living in townships on the Witwatersrand area, 50,000 people in Cato Manor in Durban, an estimated 150,000 black and coloured people lived in townships in Cape Town. Living conditions in the shack township settlements were low but had the advantage over other more established options in the hostels of being cheap and unregulated by the apartheid era South African Police. During the era of ideological apartheid, black people were evicted from properties that were in areas designated as "white only" and forced to move into segregated townships.
Separate townships were established for each of the three designated non-white race groups - black people and Indians - as per the Population Registration Act, 1950. Legislation that enabled the apartheid government to do this included the Group Areas Act. Most South African towns and cities have at least one township associated with them; some old townships have seen rapid development since 1994 with, for instance and middle-income areas sprouting in parts of Soweto and Chatsworth. Despite their origins in apartheid South Africa, today the terms township and informal settlement are not used pejoratively; however policy makers are, as in the 1950s, once again using the term'slums' in a pejorative way. Township communities are faced with several social problems. Most the residents of townships do not own the land on which their houses are built. In effect, these houses are built illegally. Construction is unregulated by the government; this results in a lack of access to basic services such as sewerage, electricity and clean water, which adversely affects residents' quality of life.
Sewerage and electrical Infrastructure within townships is in need of repair, resulting in a lack of sanitation due to problems with accessibility, availability. Electricity and sewerage are managed by different government departments, resulting in inefficiencies in the absence of substantial co-ordination at all stages of the project planning and implementation cycle; the sewerage system within the townships is constructed. The population of the townships grows faster than the infrastructure was planned for, causing overloads which result in blockages and overflows. There are a limited number of public toilets that are over-used and become health hazards for the community. Another that caused by the lack of space between houses is poor access for maintenance activities; some of the areas on the township peripheries or near riverbanks do not have access to facilities because they are not connected to the formal waterborne sewerage system. A consequence of inadequate pumping infrastructure and large populations is that water pressure in townships is low.
With each section of the townships is one pump per section. The water is used for everything from cleaning clothes, drinking and cleaning the house. Having little water accessible to each section makes it hard to get enough water for a day per household. Electrical wires strung along the trees leading to power boxes is an ubiquitous sight in the townships, due to illegal electricity connections; this is dangerous, however every house in the area has a wire coming out of it and every wire is known by their owner in order to fix problems as soon as they arise. Most of the sub-stations are unsecured to begin with so having so many additional wires coming off of it is dangerous for the people nearby and the kids playing in the area; the government does not like that the people using the sub-stations are not actual residents so they refuse to give them electricity but if they were to install more sub-stations the problem would be solved. Some townships, such as Alexandra and Diepsloot, are built near rivers, on flood plains.
These areas are dense with only tortuous, narrow access, few communal water points and banks of chemical toilets on the peripheries of the settlements. The settlements are beginning to be built in the old tributaries due to the continuing growth of the townships. With the houses in the dried up tributaries is