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George Johnstone Hope

Rear-Admiral Sir George Johnstone Hope, KCB, KSO was a British naval officer, who served with distinction in the Royal Navy throughout the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, including service at the Battle of Trafalgar. A close personal friend of Admiral Nelson, he received many honours following the battle, served as a Lord of the Admiralty. Born the son of The Hon. Charles Hope-Weir, grandson of Charles Hope, 1st Earl of Hopetoun, Hope joined the navy at 15, in 1782, spent much of his early career serving on frigates, he was promoted from midshipman to lieutenant on 29 February 1788 and was given command of his own sloop, HMS Racehorse on 22 November 1790. At the time of Britain's entry into the war, as part of the First Coalition, Hope was serving as commander in the sloop HMS Bulldog in the Mediterranean Sea, conducted several convoys to the forces of Lord Hood, besieging Toulon at the time. In the year, on 13 September 1793, he was promoted to the rank of Post Captain, in August 1794, given command of the large frigate HMS Romulus, in which he saw action against French ships off Genoa in 1795.

Following his appointment to HMS Alcmene, Hope joined Nelson at Aboukir bay, 11 days after the battle of the Nile. On 19 August Nelson left for Naples but left Hood with three 3rd rates and three frigates, including Alcmene, with which to blockade Alexandria, where the remaining French ships. Hope obtained Nelson's good graces by capturing the French gunbrig Légère off Egypt, seizing dispatches intended for Napoleon; the papers had been thrown overboard by the French captain but two of Alcmene's crew jumped in to retrieve them. Hope sailed to Naples and evacuated the Neapolitan royal family in the face of a Republican uprising, quelled by Nelson's personal intervention. By 1801, Hope was an experienced Mediterranean campaigner, and, in command of the frigate HMS Leda, supported the successful amphibious landings which began the British invasion of Egypt. Following the Peace of Amiens, Hope returned to sea aboard the 74-gun ship of the line HMS Defence; when Spain entered the war in December 1804, Defence became part of a newly formed'Spanish Squadron' under Sir John Orde.

The squadron was involved in the blockade of Cadiz when on 8 April 1805, Villeneuve arrived with 11 ships of the line and 6 frigates. The 6 British ships formed line of battle but the French refused to engage and allowed the squadron to retreat to Lagos Bay. Villenueve gathered the ships that were ready to put to sea again. Orde believed they were bound for the Channel but in fact Villenueve was on his way to the West Indies. Orde therefore took his squadron, including Defence, north to rendezvous with the Channel Fleet. Hope and his ship Defence stayed with the Channel fleet until the end of August joined another squadron under Sir Robert Calder; this squadron was sent to Cadiz, arriving on 15 September, to find Villenueve's fleet back from the West Indies and under blockade from a small contingent of vessels under the command of Vice-Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood. Nelson arrived on the 29th and moved the bulk of his force out to sea, in an attempt to lure out the combined French and Spanish fleet.

When Villenueve ordered his fleet to sail on 19 October, Defence was one of the ships that passed the signal to Nelson. On the morning of 21 October 1805, Hope found his ship at the rear of Admiral Collingwood's division at the start of the Battle of Trafalgar; the position of his ship prevented Hope engaging with the enemy until the battle was two and a half hours old, but once within range, the Defence was engaged, fighting with the French ship Berwick, the Spanish ship San Ildefenso, whose surrender Hope received after some hours of battle. Hope sensibly anchored both ships during the ensuing storm, so his prize was one of only four captured ships to survive the following week of gales, it was Nelson's desire that the fleet anchor after the battle but his order was never passed on and Hope made the decision on his own initiative. During the action and storm, despite being engaged during the close of the battle. After the storm, now in charge, selected Hope and four other captains to sink the remaining prizes to prevent their recapture.

Evacuating the crews was "a arduous task in a high sea running" that earned Hope a mention in dispatches. Following his action at Trafalgar, Hope continued to serve in the Defence until 1809, when he was appointed Captain of the Fleet. Under Sir James Saumarez, with his flag in HMS Victory, Hope helped to defend and maintain British trade interests in the Baltic Sea. Hope remained Saumarez's chief of staff until 12 August 1811 when he was made Rear Admiral of the Blue through seniority and good service, on 21 August 1812, was promoted to Rear Admiral of the White. In June 1812 Napoleon invaded Russia and Hope was sent back to the Baltic to rescue as much of the Russian fleet as could be saved from the French invasion, bring it to Britain; the plan was never enacted due to the defeat of Napoleon. Hope was rewarded with a position as one of the Lords of the Admiralty, a post he retained for the next six years, his service ended abruptly, when he died whilst working late at the Admiralty on the evening of 2 May 1818.

He had served as a Member of Parliament for East Grinstead, from 1815 and on 2 January that year, had been inducted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. He received a sword of honour and gold medal in recognition of his service at Trafalgar. Hope was buried in Westminster Abbey

Dubuque–Wisconsin Bridge

The Dubuque–Wisconsin Bridge is a steel bowstring arch bridge connecting Dubuque, with still rural Grant County, Wisconsin. It is an automobile bridge, it is one of two automobile bridges in the Dubuque area, the other being the Julien Dubuque Bridge, located about three miles south. The bridge is part of the US Highway 61/151 route; this bridge replaced the older Eagle Point Bridge that served as the connection between Dubuque and Wisconsin. In the late 1970s and the early 1980s, city officials became convinced that the Eagle Point Bridge was no longer adequate for the city's needs, they determined that a four lane bridge would be needed for the increasing traffic, anticipated. Several names for the bridge were considered for the new bridge. Included among the names suggested was one that honored the pioneer priest Samuel Charles Mazzuchelli. Construction was delayed when a Native American burial site was found on part of the proposed Wisconsin approach. A Winnebago medicine man was brought in to bless the site.

When the Dubuque–Wisconsin Bridge opened in 1981, it ended on an island in the river called City Island known as Ham's Island. From City Island, a new bridge was constructed over the Peosta Channel of the Mississippi River, along an alignment that connected with East 16th Street. City Island has since been named Chaplain Schmitt Memorial Island in honor of Father Aloysius Schmitt, killed in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. In the late 1980s, a riverfront expressway for US-61 and US-151 was funded; this nearly mile long curving bridge was designed to fill in the gap between the Dubuque–Wisconsin Bridge and the new waterfront expressway. The bridge crosses the Peosta Channel of the Mississippi River, as well as a backwater pond. Despite crossing two bodies of water, only 5 of the 20 spans of the bridge are over water. Upon completion in 1983, traffic was shifted over from the Eagle Point Bridge to the new bridge; the Eagle Point Bridge was demolished soon afterward. In the early 1990s, the approach to the bridge was rebuilt to accommodate the new four lane US 61/151 highway being built in Dubuque.

During the rebuilding of the Julien Dubuque Bridge, traffic from U. S. Highway 20 was detoured on to this bridge. In 2003, the deck of the bridge was rebuilt and the bridge cleaned. Transport portal Engineering portal Iowa portalList of crossings of the Upper Mississippi River

Ved Stranden 12

Ved Stranden 12 is a town house located opposite Christiansborg Palace in central Copenhagen, Denmark. The building was listed on the Danish registry of protected buildings and places in 1932; the building is flanked by the Gustmeyer House to the Sundorph to the right. At the time of the 1787 census, the property owned by a widow named Dorthe Solle, her son, Christopher Solle, a surgeon, was a resident in the building. He inherited it from her, but died at an early age and it was passed to his widow, Dine Bente Solle; the building was destroyed in the Copenhagen Fire of 1795 but rebuilt in its current design the following year. Dine Bente Solle was still the owner in 1806; the building is four bays wide. The facade is rendered in a pale orange colour with white painted windows and decorative details, A cornice supported by corbels line the top of the building and a second cornice is located between the ground floor and first floor. A central recessed frieze with three festoons is located between the first and second floor.

The green painted entrance door is located in the left-hand side of the building while an inclined hatch farthest to the right affords access to the basement. A two-bay side wing projects from the rear side of the building; the roof is clad with red tiles towards the small courtyard. Alfred Howitz & Co. a stockbroking firm, was for decades based in the building. The firm was founded on 12 February 1904 by Alfred Howitz, his son by the same name joined the company as a partner in 1948, The company was in 1950 still based in the building. The building contains a 283 square metre apartment, it was put up for sale for DKK 45 mio. in 2016 but taken off the market. Ved Stranden at indenforvoldene.dk

Fazlur Rahman Malik

Fazlur Rahman Malik known as Fazlur Rahman, was a modernist scholar and philosopher of Islam from today's Pakistan. He is renowned as a prominent liberal reformer of Islam, who devoted himself to educational reform and the revival of independent reasoning, his works are subject of widespread interest in countries such as Pakistan, Malaysia and Turkey. After teaching in Britain and Canada, he was appointed head of the Central Institute of Islamic Research of Pakistan in 1963. Although his works were respected by other Islamic reformers, they were heavily criticized by conservative scholars as being overtly liberal; this was exploited by opponents of his political paymaster, General Ayub Khan, led to his eventual exile in the United States. He left Pakistan in 1968 for the United States where he taught at the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Chicago. Rahman was born in the Hazara District of the North West Frontier Province of British India, his father, Maulana Shihab al-Din, was a well-known scholar of the time who had studied at Deoband and had achieved the rank of alim, through his studies of Islamic law, prophetic narrations, Quran'ic commentaries, logic and other subjects.

If Fazlur Rahman himself didn't go to a Darul uloom, his father acquainted him with all these traditional Islamic sciences, he memorized the entire Qur'an at the age of 10. Rahman studied Arabic at Punjab University, went on to Oxford University, where he wrote a dissertation on Ibn Sina. Afterwards, he began a teaching career, first at Durham University, where he taught Persian and Islamic philosophy, at McGill University, where he taught Islamic studies until 1961. In that year, he returned to Pakistan at the behest of President Ayub Khan to head up the Central Institute of Islamic Research in Karachi, set up by the Pakistani government in order to implement Islam into the daily dealings of the nation. However, due to the political situation in Pakistan, Rahman was hindered from making any progress in this endeavour. Orthodox ulema opposed his modernist interpretations and after Ayub Khan's power weakened, they denounced Rahman as an apostate and called for his death as a wajib ul qatl, he left for the United States.

In the US he returned to teaching, taught at UCLA as a visiting professor for a year. He moved to the University of Chicago in 1969 and established himself there becoming the Harold H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of Islamic Thought. At Chicago he was instrumental for building a strong Near Eastern Studies program that continues to be among the best in the world. Rahman became a proponent for a reform of the Islamic polity and was an advisor to the State Department. Rahman died in Chicago, Illinois July 26, 1988 at the University of Chicago Medical Center from complications of coronary bypass surgery. A resident of suburban Naperville, Illinois at his death, he is buried in Arlington Cemetery, Illinois. Since Rahman's death his writings have continued to be popular among scholars of Islam and the Near East, his contributions to the University of Chicago are still evident in its excellent programs in these areas. In his memory, the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Chicago named its common area after him, due to his many years of service at the Center and at the University of Chicago at large.

He was a polyglot who, apart from mastering Urdu, Persian and English quite early in his life also learned classical Greek, Latin and French in order to be more efficient in his academic career. He argued that the basis of Islamic revival was the return to the intellectual dynamism, the hallmark of the Islamic scholarly tradition, he sought to give philosophy free rein, was keen on Muslims appreciating how the modern nation-state understood law, as opposed to ethics. He was critical of historical Muslim theologies and philosophies for failing to create a moral and ethical worldview based on the values derived from the Qur'an:'moral values', unlike socioeconomic values,'are not exhausted at any point in history' but require constant interpretation, he believed that the modern conservatism of Islamic world is a defensive and temporary posture against the perceived political and economic setbacks of the Muslim world. Adding to this was stagnation in Islamic education begun in the early Middle Ages, which led to the inadequate understanding of Qur'anic teachings.

The issue of what is riba and whether it includes all interest on loans has been a major issue in Islam during the 20th century and early 21st. The Islamic revival movement that grew in strength and influence during Rahman's lifetime, considered all and any interest on loans riba and a "curse", considered putting an end to it a top priority; as an Islamic Modernist, Rahman disagreed, believing that only high-interest loans were riba, in that riba referred only to a particular type of interest charged in the time of Muhammad. He cited the Muwatta of Imam Malik in arguing that riba should not be interpreted but must be understood in the context of pre-Islamic Arab moneylending customs. Feisal Khan describes his position as being that The banned riba in the Quran referred to a particular custom, riba al-nasiah or riba al-jahaliyah, where when the debt came due it was traditional to ask the borrower `will you pay or will yo

List of The Last Blade characters

This is a list of characters from The Last Blade. Akari Ichijou is a 14-year-old girl in The Last Blade. Born and raised in Tokyo, she was battling diseases on her own until she understood her true calling: teleportation; when her older sister Hikari succumbed to disease, Akari became agitated. At that time, their father called for her, she restlessly sat before her grim-faced father, about to give her a lecture about Hell’s Gate. Akari found out that Hell’s Gate was causing trouble again, flew out of the room, bent on finding the perfect cure for her sister’s disease on her own: sealing Hell’s Gate, her father accused her of not listening to what he said, but she was gone. Akari has had the most appearances as a playable character out of all of the cast in the Last Blade games, appearing in NeoGeo Battle Coliseum, SNK Gals' Fighters and SNK vs. Capcom for the Neo Geo Pocket Color. Musashi Akatsuki is a legendary swordsman who once traveled the countryside, honing his skills and challenging worthy opponents along the way.

During one of his battles he was killed by another swordsman. When Shinnosuke Kagami begins his plan to open Hell's Gate and bring about a new world order, he resurrects Musashi to further his plans and kill innocent people. To both their chagrins, while on one of his travels, Musashi was defeated. Honorable just like he was during his life, he bids farewell to his opponent, before dissolving in a beam of light. Although a playable character in the first game, he is not allowed in matches, he has a crouching animation. He is selectable in the Dreamcast port of The Last Blade 2, his character is based on the historical Miyamoto Musashi. Genbu no Okina is a guardian of the demonic portal known as “Hell’s Gate”. For years, he and the other three guardians stood watch over its seal. For many years it was peaceful and Okina resigned himself to fishing and the complacent life of a hermit. Five years into his life of leisure, he was found by Kaede, who wished to train with him to improve his own sword skills.

Okina taught the young man all he knew and Kaede left after he had improved his skills. Sensing the boy’s departure and inquiry for training as a sign of trouble, Okina followed him at a distance. Despite Kaede preventing the opening of the Gate, it had still not been sealed properly; as the oldest guardian, Okina was aware of that and knew that to properly seal the portal, the legendary “Sealing Maiden” was required to perform the ritual. He discovered that an assassin called the “Messenger From Afar” was rumored to pursue the maiden. Determined to fulfill his role as a guardian, Okina set out on a journey. Hibiki Takane is the 17-year-old daughter of Genzō Takane, a renowned swordsmith known throughout Japan during the Bakumatsu era, he had retired to an isolated area in the countryside with his daughter but continued his work with various swordsmen around the country. One fateful day, Setsuna approaches requests that he forge a new sword. Though the man radiated an aura of pure, unfathomable evil, the master swordsmith finds himself unable to refuse the request.

He spends a time of 3 months forging this sword, which he dubs the “Yaso Magatsu Hi no Tachi”, detailing the amount of time he invested in the weapon. The labor renders him ill, he is soon permanently bedridden, he tells his daughter that the silver-haired man was the reason for his condition, that she should pursue him and the sword that he had forged. With a concerned Hibiki by his side, he utters his last words: “The thing that I saw... that I felt you must understand.” Though she was confused by her father’s cryptic request, Hibiki gathers her belongings and leaves in search of the silver-haired man. Several days a man named Hyo Amano stops by, hoping that Genzō would repair his weapon, the “Otokomae”, when he learns of the swordsmith's death, he sets out to find his daughter. Hibiki has 2 endings in the game, she is a playable character in Capcom vs. SNK 2, with her Speed Mode'Custom Combos' from Last Blade 2 given to her as super moves. In addition she has some different animations to her supers in Capcom vs. SNK 2.

Hyo Amano is characterized by flamboyant personality. He uses the element of fire in some of his attacks as well as special techniques involving sakura petals, his role in The Last Blade is somewhat ambiguous. As a carefree and fun-loving individual, Hyo has a strong love for sake and the thrill of the fight; when he discovers the petals of the beautiful cherry trees falling from their branches, he panics and decides he must go defeat opponents to solve the “problem”. In the end, he discovers it was only the changing of the seasons that resulted in the petals falling from the trees. After learning of the cause for the various Sakura trees petals falling, Hyo is devastated to learn that the sky is turning a dreadful gray color due to the re-opening of “Hell's Gate”, he finds it oddly dull and fragile. In order to fix it, he decides to ask a master swordsmith, to fix it. However, his friend has died. Amano discovers that he had a daughter who had departed the household. Concerned for his sword and for Hibiki, he sets off to locate her.

Hyo's ending in both games is interesting in that the player must choose one of two