Jackson Hole is a valley between the Teton Mountain Range and the Gros Ventre Range in Wyoming sitting near the border of Idaho. The term "hole" was used by early trappers or mountain men, who entered the valley from the north and east and had to descend along steep slopes, giving the sensation of entering a hole; these low-lying valleys surrounded by mountains and containing rivers and streams are good habitat for beaver and other fur-bearing animals. The town of Jackson was named in late 1893 by Margaret Simpson, who at the time was receiving mail at her home as there was no post office, she named the town in order for easterners to be able to forward mail west. Jackson, which became incorporated in 1914, was named after David Edward "Davey" Jackson who trapped beaver in the area in the late 1820s while a partner in the firm of Smith, Jackson & Sublette. Davy Jackson was one of the first European Americans to spend an entire winter in the valley of the Teton Mountains. Though used by Native Americans for hunting and ceremonial purposes, the valley was not known to harbor year-round human settlement prior to the 1870s.
Descriptions of the valley and its features were recorded in the journals of John Colter, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. After returning to the Rocky Mountains, Colter entered the region in 1807 in the vicinity of Togwotee Pass and became the first European American to see the valley, his reports of the valley, the Teton Range and the Yellowstone region to the north were viewed by people of the day with skepticism. The first people to settle the region were Native Americans fur trappers, homesteaders; because the soil is not ideal for raising crops, the valley was used for cattle. Tourism became popular with the establishment of dude ranches; the only incorporated town in the valley is Jackson, located at its southern end. Other communities in the valley include Wilson, Teton Village, Moran Junction, Hoback and Kelly. West of Jackson, Teton Pass crosses the southern end of the Teton Range, providing access to Victor and Driggs in eastern Idaho and Alta, Wyoming, on the western side of the Tetons.
This area was known as Pierre's Hole and hosted a major Rendezvous in 1832. Numerous elk use the valley as grazing range during the winter, sleigh rides are offered to tourists; the Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, Snow King and Grand Targhee Resort ski areas, nearby Grand Teton and Yellowstone national parks are major tourist attractions throughout all seasons of the year. The valley is formed by the Teton Range on the western side and the Gros Ventre Range on the eastern side. Grand Teton National Park occupies the north-western part of the valley encompassing much of the Teton Range as well as Jackson Lake; the town of Jackson is at the southern end. Between them lies, on U. S. Route 26, "Glacier View Turnout" offering a view of Teton Glacier on the north of Grand Teton, the National Elk Refuge, home of the largest elk herd on earth; the Snake River threads through the entire valley from its headwater in Yellowstone in the north to the mouth of the Snake River Canyon at the southern tip of the valley.
Blacktail Butte is a prominent landform rising from the valley floor. The average elevation of the valley is over 6,500 feet above sea level. High altitude and steep mountain slopes on all sides of the valley cause calm winter nights to be cold, as radiational cooling from snow-covered ground creates cold air near the surface, which slides down into the valley due to its higher density. In 1993, this effect during an severe cold snap plunged the morning low temperature down to −56 °F in the valley recorded by the National Weather Service; the state record low temperature was recorded in the valley at Moran at −66 °F in 1933. Summers are warm to mild, due to the surrounding mountains. Jackson Hole Airport is the busiest commercial airport in Wyoming. Strict noise abatement regulations and the terminal building's low profile allow for the airport to operate within federal guidelines inside Grand Teton National Park. However, it becomes difficult to fly in the winter months. Major airlines serve the valley with jet service, some of, seasonal.
Jackson Hole Airport is the only airport, permitted to be built inside of an American National Park. The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City has hosted an annual economic policy symposium at Jackson Lake Lodge since 1982, they chose Jackson Hole in 1982 because of its trout fishing, as they were trying to attract Paul Volcker, Chairman of the Federal Reserve and a keen fly-fisherman. Jackson Hole was rated in 2017 as the best campsite in Wyoming in a 50-state survey conducted by Msn.com. From 2016 to 2018, Kanye West lived on a ranch in Jackson Hole. On May 30th, Kanye flew hundreds of reporters, political commentators, more to Jackson Hole to hold a listening party as the album debuted. Additionally, the cover photograph for the album was taken just before the listening party and consists of the mountainous landscape surrounding West's land; the image was turned into an internet meme. In 2016, the Jackson Hole Tourism website put up 20 separate live screening web cams of the town in order to boost tourism.
Since the audience of the live screening has grown with some reports saying there may be 2000 people watching at any one time. Jackson Hole has been the filming location for many films. 3 Bad Men – Starring George O'Brien and Olive Borden, directed by John Ford. The Big Trail – Starring John Wayne; the Big Sky – Starring Kirk Douglas. Shane Spencer's Mountain Any Which Way You Can – Starring Clint
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho; the parallel 42 ° north delineates the southern boundary with Nevada. Oregon is one of only four states of the continental United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles, Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U. S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U. S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U. S. marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands. At 11,249 feet, Mount Hood, a stratovolcano, is the state's highest point. Oregon's only national park, Crater Lake National Park, comprises the caldera surrounding Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States; the state is home to the single largest organism in the world, Armillaria ostoyae, a fungus that runs beneath 2,200 acres of the Malheur National Forest. Because of its diverse landscapes and waterways, Oregon's economy is powered by various forms of agriculture and hydroelectric power. Oregon is the top timber producer of the contiguous United States, the timber industry dominated the state's economy in the 20th century. Technology is another one of Oregon's major economic forces, beginning in the 1970s with the establishment of the Silicon Forest and the expansion of Tektronix and Intel.
Sportswear company Nike, Inc. headquartered in Beaverton, is the state's largest public corporation with an annual revenue of $30.6 billion. The earliest evidence of the name Oregon has Spanish origins; the term "orejón" comes from the historical chronicle Relación de la Alta y Baja California written by the new Spaniard Rodrigo Montezuma and made reference to the Columbia River when the Spanish explorers penetrated into the actual North American territory that became part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This chronicle is the first topographical and linguistic source with respect to the place name Oregon. There are two other sources with Spanish origins, such as the name Oregano, which grows in the southern part of the region, it is most probable that the American territory was named by the Spaniards, as there are some populations in Spain such as "Arroyo del Oregón" considering that the individualization in Spanish language "El Orejón" with the mutation of the letter "g" instead of "j". Another early use of the name, spelled Ouragon, was in a 1765 petition by Major Robert Rogers to the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The term referred to the then-mythical River of the West. By 1778, the spelling had shifted to Oregon. In his 1765 petition, Rogers wrote: The rout...is from the Great Lakes towards the Head of the Mississippi, from thence to the River called by the Indians Ouragon... One theory is that the name comes from the French word ouragan, applied to the River of the West based on Native American tales of powerful Chinook winds on the lower Columbia River, or from firsthand French experience with the Chinook winds of the Great Plains. At the time, the River of the West was thought to rise in western Minnesota and flow west through the Great Plains. Joaquin Miller explained in Sunset magazine, in 1904, how Oregon's name was derived: The name, Oregon, is rounded down phonetically, from Ouve água—Oragua, Or-a-gon, Oregon—given by the same Portuguese navigator that named the Farallones after his first officer, it in a large way, means cascades:'Hear the waters.' You should steam up the Columbia and hear and feel the waters falling out of the clouds of Mount Hood to understand the full meaning of the name Ouve a água, Oregon.
Another account, endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names, was advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 18th century, on which the Ouisiconsink River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon". According to the Oregon Tourism Commission, present-day Oregonians pronounce the state's name as "or-uh-gun, never or-ee-gone". After being drafted by the Detroit Lions in 2002, former Oregon Ducks quarterback Joey Harrington distributed "Orygun" stickers to members of the media as a reminder of how to pronounce the name of his home state; the stickers are sold by the University of Oregon Bookstore. Oregon is 295 miles north to south at longest distance, 395 miles east to west. With an area of 98,381 square miles, Oregon is larger than the United Kingdom.
It is the ninth largest state in the United States. Oregon's highest point is the summit of Mount Hood, at 11,249 feet, its lowest point is the sea level of the Pacific Ocean along the Oregon Coas
Thriller is a broad genre of literature and television, having numerous overlapping subgenres. Thrillers are characterized and defined by the moods they elicit, giving viewers heightened feelings of suspense, surprise and anxiety. Successful examples of thrillers are the films of Alfred Hitchcock. Thrillers keep the audience on the "edge of their seats" as the plot builds towards a climax; the cover-up of important information is a common element. Literary devices such as red herrings, plot twists, cliffhangers are used extensively. A thriller is a villain-driven plot, whereby he or she presents obstacles that the protagonist must overcome. Homer's Odyssey is one of the oldest stories in the Western world and is regarded as an early prototype of the genre. Writer Vladimir Nabokov, in his lectures at Cornell University, said: "In an Anglo-Saxon thriller, the villain is punished, the strong silent man wins the weak babbling girl, but there is no governmental law in Western countries to ban a story that does not comply with a fond tradition, so that we always hope that the wicked but romantic fellow will escape scot-free and the good but dull chap will be snubbed by the moody heroine."Thrillers may be defined by the primary mood that they elicit: suspenseful excitement.
In short, if it "thrills", it is a thriller. As the introduction to a major anthology argues:... Thrillers provide such a rich literary feast. There are all kinds; the legal thriller, spy thriller, action-adventure thriller, medical thriller, police thriller, romantic thriller, historical thriller, political thriller, religious thriller, high-tech thriller, military thriller. The list goes on and on, with new variations being invented. In fact, this openness to expansion is one of the genre's most enduring characteristics, but what gives the variety of thrillers a common ground is the intensity of emotions they create those of apprehension and exhilaration, of excitement and breathlessness, all designed to generate that all-important thrill. By definition, if a thriller doesn't thrill, it's not doing its job. Suspense is a crucial characteristic of the thriller genre, it gives the viewer a feeling of pleasurable fascination and excitement mixed with apprehension and tension. These develop from unpredictable and rousing events during the narrative, which makes the viewer or reader think about the outcome of certain actions.
Suspense builds. The suspense in a story keeps the person hooked to reading or watching more until the climax is reached. In terms of narrative expectations, it may be contrasted with surprise; the objective is to deliver a story with sustained tension, a constant sense of impending doom. As described by film director Alfred Hitchcock, an audience experiences suspense when they expect something bad to happen and have a superior perspective on events in the drama's hierarchy of knowledge, yet they are powerless to intervene to prevent it from happening. Suspense in thrillers is intertwined with hope and anxiety, which are treated as two emotions aroused in anticipation of the conclusion - the hope that things will turn out all right for the appropriate characters in the story, the fear that they may not; the second type of suspense is the "...anticipation wherein we either know or else are certain about what is going to happen but are still aroused in anticipation of its actual occurrence."According to Greek philosopher Aristotle in his book Poetics, suspense is an important building block of literature, this is an important convention in the thriller genre.
Thriller music has been shown to create a distrust and ominous uncertainty between the viewer of a film and the character on screen at the time when the music is playing. Common methods and themes in crime and action thrillers are ransoms, heists, kidnappings. Common in mystery thrillers are the whodunit technique. Common elements in dramatic and psychological thrillers include plot twists, psychology and mind games. Common elements of science-fiction thrillers are killing robots, machines or aliens, mad scientists and experiments. Common in horror thrillers are serial killers, stalking and horror-of-personality. Elements such as fringe theories, false accusations and paranoia are common in paranoid thrillers. Threats to entire countries, espionage, conspiracies and electronic surveillance are common in spy thrillers. Characters may include criminals, assassins, innocent victims, menaced women, psychotic individuals, spree killers, agents, terrorists and escaped cons, private eyes, people involved in twisted relationships, world-weary men and women, psycho-fiends, more.
The themes include terrorism, political conspiracy, pursuit, or romantic triangles leading to murder. Plots of thrillers involve characters which come into conflict with each other or with outside forces; the protagonist of these films is set against a problem. No matter what subgenre a thriller film falls into, it will emphasize the danger that the protagonist faces; the protagonists are ordinary citizens unaccustomed to danger, although in crime and action thrillers, they may be "hard men" accustomed to danger such as police officers and detectives. While protagonists of thrillers have traditionally been men, women lead characters are common. In psychological thrillers, the protagonists are reliant on their mental resources, whether it be by battling wits with the antagonist or by battling for equilibrium in the cha
Vincent Joseph "Vince" Flynn was an American author of political thriller novels surrounding the story of the fictional assassin Mitch Rapp. He served as a story consultant for the fifth season of the television series 24, he died on June 2013, after a three-year battle with prostate cancer. Flynn was one of seven children born to Terry and Kathleen Flynn, a graduate of Saint Thomas Academy and the University of St. Thomas. After graduating, Flynn went to work for Kraft Foods as sales marketing specialist. In 1991, he left Kraft to pursue a career as an aviator with the United States Marine Corps. One week before leaving for Officer Candidate School, he was medically disqualified from the Marine Aviation Program. In an effort to overcome the difficulties of dyslexia, Flynn forced himself into a daily writing and reading routine, his writing influences included Leon Uris, Tom Clancy, Ernest Hemingway, John Irving, Robert Ludlum, J. R. R. Tolkien, Gore Vidal, his newfound interest in such novels motivated him to begin work on a novel of his own.
While employed as a bartender in the St. Paul area, he completed his first book, Term Limits, which he self-published."I had just finished reading The Government Racket: Washington Waste from A to Z, by Martin L. Gross, it is without a doubt the most disheartening and enlightening book about politics that I've read. I was out jogging one day wondering what it would take to change Washington, when my thoughts turned to a friend, shot and killed in Washington, D. C. several summers earlier. As I continued running, a story started to unfold."Pocket Books published the hardcover edition of Term Limits in 1998, the mass market paperback of Term Limits in 1999, which spent several weeks on The New York Times bestseller list. Subsequent works, including Flynn's 1999 novel, Transfer of Power, his 2000 novel The Third Option and his 2001 novel Separation of Power appeared on the New York Times bestseller list, with Separation of Power reaching as high as #7. Flynn's fifth novel, Executive Power, was published in hardcover by Atria Books in May 2003, followed by his sixth novel, Memorial Day in 2004, his seventh novel Consent To Kill in October 2005, his eighth novel Act Of Treason in October 2006, his ninth novel Protect And Defend in 2007 and his tenth novel Extreme Measures in 2008.
With the exception of his first novel Term Limits, his works centered around counter-terrorism agent Mitch Rapp. His 2008 release, Extreme Measures, became the ninth novel in the series. Flynn wrote six New York Times bestsellers for Atria Books, had a contract for four more, he remembered deciding between following the path, the most uncomfortable—continuing with what looked to be a promising career as a commercial real estate leasing agent—or taking a big risk and start a new career as a writer: "I look back on it now and I couldn't be happier with my decision, but at the time I remember a lot of people thought I was nuts."In February 2008, Flynn agreed on film and book projects with CBS Corporation units CBS Films and Simon & Schuster/Atria Books. Lorenzo di Bonaventura was negotiating to produce Mitch Rapp films; the first film, American Assassin, was released on September 15, 2017. Atria Books got worldwide rights to four books by the author. In August 2010, Flynn signed a two-book deal for a new series that he would have co-written with Brian Haig, a retired Army Lieutenant Colonel.
He was a frequent guest on The Glenn Beck Radio Program on the Fox News Channel, on Dan Barreiro's radio program on Twin Cities station KFAN. Flynn lived with his wife and their three children in the Twin Cities area. On February 1, 2011, in his fan newsletter, Flynn announced that he was being treated for advanced Stage III prostate cancer, he died of a rare form of aggressive prostate cancer in Saint Paul, aged 47, on June 19, 2013. In 1997, Flynn wrote Term Limits. Mitch Rapp, as portrayed by the author, is an undercover CIA counter-terrorism agent. Rapp's primary focus is thwarting terrorist attacks on the United States, he is presented as an aggressive operative willing to take measures that are more extreme than might be considered acceptable, his constant frustration with procedures and red tape is a major theme throughout the entire series. The Mitch Rapp series has been continued by Kyle Mills; the latest book in the series, Red War, was released in September 2018. Official Vince Flynn website Vince Flynn website Fantastic Fiction Author Page Internet Book List Author Page The World of Vince Flynn - TheThirdOption.net Audio Interview with Dr. Blogstein's Radio Happy Hour Transcript of interview with Hugh Hewitt Audio interview with Hugh Hewitt - part 1 of 3 Audio interview with Hugh Hewitt - part 2 of 3 Audio interview with Hugh Hewitt - part 3 of 3 Vince Flynn on IMDb
Kyle David Mills is a former New Zealand international cricketer who captained the New Zealand cricket team in limited overs matches. Mills played top-class cricket between 2015 as an all-rounder. Born in Auckland in 1979, Mills is of Ngāi Tahu descent, he was educated at Bucklands Beach Intermediate and Macleans College. Mills played domestically for Auckland, he played in the Sri Lanka Premier League for Uthura Rudras in 2012 and in English county cricket for Middlesex in 2013. Mills announced his retirement from all forms of cricket on 1 April 2015. Having been injured in Australia in February 2007, Mills was forced to withdraw from the 2007 World Cup. After an operation on a patella tendon and a winter of rehabilitation, he worked his way back to fitness to take part in New Zealand's tour of South Africa in November/December 2007. Called into the Test side, Mills was forced to withdraw from the second and final Test due to a stomach bug. Coming fresh into the three match one day series, Mills was the pick of the New Zealand bowlers in all three matches, taking career best figures of 5/25 in the series opener.
Despite New Zealand losing the series 2–1, Mills was named Man of the Series. Due in part of the absence of Shane Bond, who signed to play in the Indian Cricket League, Mills' continued good form, he maintained his place in the ODI side, playing during New Zealand's 2009 ICC World Twenty20 campaign, reaching the final of the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy, which they lost to Australia in South Africa. Kyle Mills at ESPNcricinfo Kyle Mills at New Zealand Cricket Players Association
Federal Bureau of Investigation
The Federal Bureau of Investigation is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, its principal federal law enforcement agency. Operating under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Justice, the FBI is a member of the U. S. Intelligence Community and reports to both the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence. A leading U. S. counter-terrorism, counterintelligence, criminal investigative organization, the FBI has jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes. Although many of the FBI's functions are unique, its activities in support of national security are comparable to those of the British MI5 and the Russian FSB. Unlike the Central Intelligence Agency, which has no law enforcement authority and is focused on intelligence collection abroad, the FBI is a domestic agency, maintaining 56 field offices in major cities throughout the United States, more than 400 resident agencies in smaller cities and areas across the nation.
At an FBI field office, a senior-level FBI officer concurrently serves as the representative of the Director of National Intelligence. Despite its domestic focus, the FBI maintains a significant international footprint, operating 60 Legal Attache offices and 15 sub-offices in U. S. consulates across the globe. These foreign offices exist for the purpose of coordination with foreign security services and do not conduct unilateral operations in the host countries; the FBI can and does at times carry out secret activities overseas, just as the CIA has a limited domestic function. The FBI was established in 1908 as the Bureau of the BOI or BI for short, its name was changed to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1935. The FBI headquarters is the J. Edgar Hoover Building, located in Washington, D. C. In the fiscal year 2016, the Bureau's total budget was $8.7 billion. The FBI's main goal is to protect and defend the United States, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state and international agencies and partners.
The FBI's top priorities are: Protect the United States from terrorist attacks Protect the United States against foreign intelligence operations and espionage Protect the United States against cyber-based attacks and high-technology crimes Combat public corruption at all levels Protect civil rights, Combat transnational/national criminal organizations and enterprises Combat major white-collar crime Combat significant violent crime Support federal, state and international partners Upgrade technology to enable, further, the successful performances of its missions as stated above In 1896, the National Bureau of Criminal Identification was founded, which provided agencies across the country with information to identify known criminals. The 1901 assassination of President William McKinley created a perception that America was under threat from anarchists; the Departments of Justice and Labor had been keeping records on anarchists for years, but President Theodore Roosevelt wanted more power to monitor them.
The Justice Department had been tasked with the regulation of interstate commerce since 1887, though it lacked the staff to do so. It had made little effort to relieve its staff shortage until the Oregon land fraud scandal at the turn of the 20th Century. President Roosevelt instructed Attorney General Charles Bonaparte to organize an autonomous investigative service that would report only to the Attorney General. Bonaparte reached out to other agencies, including the U. S. Secret Service, for personnel, investigators in particular. On May 27, 1908, the Congress forbade this use of Treasury employees by the Justice Department, citing fears that the new agency would serve as a secret police department. Again at Roosevelt's urging, Bonaparte moved to organize a formal Bureau of Investigation, which would have its own staff of special agents; the Bureau of Investigation was created on July 26, 1908, after the Congress had adjourned for the summer. Attorney General Bonaparte, using Department of Justice expense funds, hired thirty-four people, including some veterans of the Secret Service, to work for a new investigative agency.
Its first "Chief" was Stanley Finch. Bonaparte notified the Congress of these actions in December 1908; the bureau's first official task was visiting and making surveys of the houses of prostitution in preparation for enforcing the "White Slave Traffic Act," or Mann Act, passed on June 25, 1910. In 1932, the bureau was renamed the United States Bureau of Investigation; the following year it was linked to the Bureau of Prohibition and rechristened the Division of Investigation before becoming an independent service within the Department of Justice in 1935. In the same year, its name was changed from the Division of Investigation to the present-day Federal Bureau of Investigation, or FBI. J. Edgar Hoover served as FBI Director from 1924 to 1972, a combined 48 years with the BOI, DOI, FBI, he was chiefly responsible for creating the Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory, or the FBI Laboratory, which opened in 1932, as part of his work to professionalize investigations by the government. Hoover was involved in most major cases and projects that the FBI handled during his tenure.
But as detailed below, his proved to be a controversial tenure as Bureau Director in its years. After Hoover's death, the Congress passed legislation that limited the tenure of future FBI Directors to ten years. Early homicide investigations of the new age
Robert Ludlum was an American author of 27 thriller novels, best known as the creator of Jason Bourne from the original The Bourne Trilogy series. The number of copies of his books in print is estimated between 500 million, they have been published in 40 countries. Ludlum published books under the pseudonyms Jonathan Ryder and Michael Shepherd. Ludlum was born in the son of Margaret and George Hartford Ludlum, his maternal grandparents were English. He was educated at The Rectory School Cheshire Academy and Wesleyan University in Middletown, where he earned a B. A. in Drama in 1951. While at Wesleyan, Ludlum joined the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity. After becoming an author in life, Ludlum would set his mystery novel Matlock Paper at the fictitious Carlyle University in Connecticut, a thinly disguised Wesleyan. Prior to becoming an author, he had been a theatrical actor and producer. In the 1950s, he produced shows at the Grant Lee theater in New Jersey. From 1960 to 1970, he managed and produced shows at the Playhouse on the Mall at Bergen Mall in Paramus, New Jersey.
His theatrical experience may have contributed to his understanding of the energy and action that the public wanted in a novel. He once remarked: "I equate suspense and good theater in a similar way. I think it's all what-happens-next. From that point of view, yes, I guess, I am theatrical."Many of Ludlum's novels have been made into films and mini-series, including The Osterman Weekend, The Holcroft Covenant, The Apocalypse Watch, The Bourne Identity, The Bourne Supremacy and The Bourne Ultimatum. Covert One: The Hades Factor, a book co-written with Gayle Lynds, was conceived as a mini-series; the Bourne movies, starring Matt Damon in the title role, have been commercially and critically successful, although the story lines depart from the source material. During the 1970s, Ludlum lived in Leonia, New Jersey, where he spent hours each day writing at his home. Ludlum died on March 12, 2001, at his home in Naples, while recovering from severe burns caused by a mysterious fire which occurred on February 10.
Ludlum's novels feature one heroic man, or a small group of crusading individuals, in a struggle against powerful adversaries whose intentions and motivations are evil and who are capable of using political and economic mechanisms in frightening ways. The world in his writings is one where global corporations, shadowy military forces and government organizations all conspired to preserve or undermine the status quo. Ludlum's novels were inspired by conspiracy theories, both historical and contemporary, he wrote that The Matarese Circle was inspired by rumors about the Trilateral Commission, it was published only a few years after the commission was founded. His depictions of terrorism in books such as The Holcroft Covenant and The Matarese Circle reflected the theory that terrorists, rather than being isolated bands of ideologically motivated extremists, are pawns of governments or private organizations who are using them to facilitate the establishment of authoritarian rule; some of Ludlum's novels have been made into films and mini-series, although the story lines might depart from the source material.
In general, a miniseries is more faithful to the original novel. Adaptations of Ludlum's works are published under the trademark Treadstone, held by The Executor Of The Robert Ludlum Estate. 1977 – The Rhinemann Exchange — miniseries — Stephen Collins as David Spaulding, Lauren Hutton as Leslie Jenner Hawkewood 1983 – The Osterman Weekend — film — Rutger Hauer as John Tanner, Sam Peckinpah directed 1985 – The Holcroft Covenant — film — Michael Caine as Noel Holcroft 1988 – The Bourne Identity — miniseries — Richard Chamberlain as Jason Bourne, Jaclyn Smith as Marie St. Jacques 1997 – The Apocalypse Watch — miniseries — Patrick Bergin as Drew Latham 2002 – The Bourne Identity — film — Matt Damon as Jason Bourne and Franka Potente as Marie Helena Kreutz 2004 – The Bourne Supremacy — film — Matt Damon as Jason Bourne 2006 – Covert One: The Hades Factor — miniseries — Stephen Dorff as Jon Smith 2007 – The Bourne Ultimatum — film — Matt Damon as Jason Bourne 2012 – The Bourne Legacy — film — starring Jeremy Renner, Rachel Weisz and Edward Norton 2016 – Jason Bourne — film — Matt Damon as Jason Bourne TBA – The Chancellor Manuscript — film — Leonardo DiCaprio as Peter Chancellor1 TBA – The Janson Directive — film — John Cena as Paul Janson11 announced/in development Airport novel Publishers Weekly lists of bestselling novels in the United States Spy fiction Official Robert Ludlum website Robert Ludlum on IMDb Robert Ludlum at the Internet Book List Works by or about Robert Ludlum in libraries