Area codes 450 and 579
Area codes 450 and 579 are telephone area codes in the Canadian province of Quebec, encompassing the off-island suburbs of Montreal, served by area codes 514 and 438. Among the cities served by area code 450 are Laval; the communities of Ormstown, Boucherville, Roussillon, Saint-Hyacinthe, Chambly, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu and Vaudreuil-Dorion are part of this area code. The 450 area code is shared by several small communities in an adjacent part of Ontario: some landline customers in Chute-à-Blondeau, near Pointe-Fortune have +1-450-451-xxxx numbers from the Rigaud phone exchange. 514 had served the entire Montreal area for over half a century. However, by the mid-1990s it was on the verge of exhaustion due to Montreal's rapid growth and Canada's inefficient system of number allocation. All Canadian competitive local exchange carriers are allocated blocks of 10,000 numbers for every rate centre where they plan to offer service in the smallest hamlets. Though most rate centres don't need nearly that many numbers, a number can't be reallocated elsewhere once assigned to a carrier and rate centre.
This resulted in thousands of wasted numbers. By the latter years of the 20th century, this made a second area code necessary in Canada's second-largest toll-free calling zone. 450 entered service in 1998. It surrounds 514, confined to the Island of Montreal and a few surrounding islands. For this reason, Montrealers sometimes refer to the off-island suburbs as "les 450", much like the suburbs of Toronto are called "the 905." On May 7, 2009, the CRTC ruled that area code 438, used as an overlay for 514 since 2006, would be extended to overlay both 450 and 514. However, a decision revised it and ruled that 579 would overlay 450 on its own, effective August 21, 2010. On May 2, 2011 a prepaid mobile telephone registered to "Pierre Poutine, Separatist Street, Joliette" at 760-7746 on Bell Mobility's "Virgin" service played a key role in a robocall scandal in which voters in Guelph, Ontario were inundated with calls directing them to the wrong polling station; the main incumbent local exchange carrier for 450/579 is Bell Canada.
The main competitive local exchange carriers for 450/579 are Telus. There are independent companies as well. Acton Vale: 236 366 406 546 642 Baie-du-Febvre: 783 Beauharnois: 225 268 270 277 289 351 395 429 617 Bedford: 203 248 590 433 Beloeil: 262 281 339 446 464 467 527 536 600 714 813 864 229 600 883 949 Berthierville: 836 263 358 Boucherville: 274 300 356 363 449 552 641 645 650 655 857 868 891 906 215 230 882 900 Bromont: 534 726 919 Brossard: 443 444 445 462 465 466 486 604 619 656 659 671 672 676 678 812 890 902 904 923 926 723 Brownsburg: 407 533 856 Chambly: 279 403 447 489 572 593 658 700 715 982 220 885 Châteauguay: 201 287 507 691 692 698 699 716 844 977 288 860 977 Chomedey: 231 238 497 505 506 680 681 682 686 687 688 781 828 902 910 934 973 978 988 231 252 679 929 934 Clarenceville: 294 Contrecœur: 392 401 503 573 587 Coteau-du-Lac: 308 316 740 763 Coteau-Landing: 217 267 739 913 Cowansville: 260 263 266 306 815 931 955 216 Crabtree: 389 607 754 264 Dunham: 284 295 814 738 Eastman: 297 437 739 Farnham: 293 337 554 946 Franklin Centre: 827 530 Frelighsburg: 298 440 Granby: 204 305 320 330 360 361 372 375 378 405 521 522 525 531 558 574 577 578 762 770 775 776 777 830 877 915 956 991 994 232 361 488 589 595 787 Hemmingford: 247 636 Henryville: 299 722 Howick: 237 353 603 825 Hudson: 202 309 458 853 Huntingdon: 264 957 Joliette: 271 365 386 394 398 404 421 499 559 750 751 752 753 755 756 757 758 759 760 803 867 875 898 916 917 944 960 244 248 337 500 Knowlton: 242 243 438 786 Lachute: 207 331 409 495 562 566 612 613 Lacolle: 246 604 431 Lanoraie: 887 261 865 Laprairie: 282 444 619 659 695 724 800 874 907 984 221 800 869 886 Laval-Est: 232 239 315 639 666 720 861 218 939 979 Laval-Ouest: 233 241 314 627 634 689 719 860 962 969 219 379 989 Lavaltrie: 368 540 541 547 576 586 608 935 260 Lawrenceville: 535 Le Gardeur: 470 580 581 582 585 654 657 704 721 841 932 233 259 L'Épiphanie-L'Assomption: 588 589 591 705 713 749 938 262 Les Cèdres: 200 317 452 737 Longueuil: 286 321 332 396 442 448 463 468 616 626 640 646 647 651 670 674 677 679 693 748 876 892 912 928 999 214 234 274 721 799 881 999 Mansonville: 292 788 Marieville: 460 708 725 900 222 400 859 Mascouche: 313 325 417 474 477 722 769 918 966 968 235 Mirabel-Aéroport: 307 476 595 478 Mirabel-Saint-Augustin: 414 475 597 858 Mirabel-Sainte-Scholastique: 258 412 594 838 Morin Heights: 226 644 Napierville: 245 570 430 Notre-Dame-de-Stanbridge: 296 334 Oka: 415 479 596 828 Ormstown: 829 843 Pierreville: 345 568 Pont-Viau: 256 328 453 490 557 575 629 662 663 667 668 669 696 697 786 863 901 903 933 967 972 975 980 981 236 300 779 919 Rawdon: 333 834 865 882 258 864 Rigaud: 206 318 451 738 227 Rivière-Beaudette: 269 605 Roxton Falls: 548 247 Saint-Liboire: 793 245 Shawbridge: 224 335 643 996 Sorel: 249 352 494 517 551 556 561 730 742 743 746 780 808 846 855 880 881 899 908 943 954 243 249 Saint-Aimé: 788 Saint-Alphonse-de-Rodriguez: 220 850 883 Saint-André Est: 528 537 Saint-Barthélemy: 842 885 Saint-Bl
Mercier is a suburban town in southwestern Quebec, Canada, in the Roussillon Regional County Municipality. It is located on southwest of Montreal; the population as of the Canada 2016 Census was 13,115. The CIT du Haut-Saint-Laurent provides commuter and local bus services. List of cities in Quebec Media related to Mercier, Quebec at Wikimedia Commons Mercier official website
Châteauguay is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, located both on the Chateauguay River and Lac St-Louis, a section of the St. Lawrence River; the population of the city of Châteauguay at the 2011 Census was 45,904, the population centre was 70,812. The land was first given to Charles Lemoyne by the governor of New France at the time, the Comte de Frontenac with the intention of setting up a seigneurie in the area. Afterwards the seigneurie was assumed by Zacharie Robutel de la Noue in 1706. In 1763 France relinquished its claims in Canada and Châteauguay was now under British mandate; the seigneurie was bought by Marguerite d'Youville, a founder of the Quebec religious society the Grey Nuns in 1765 and 10 years construction began on the Church of Saint-Joachim. Châteauguay played an important part in the colonial history of North America. With the United States having declared war on Britain in 1812, Châteauguay was seen as little more than a good vantage point to post troops to defend Montreal against an invasion.
This prong of the American advance on Montreal ended with the Battle of the Châteauguay, where on October 26, 1813, Lieutenant Colonel Charles de Salaberry succeeded in halting the American force of 4,000 advancing on Montreal with only some 400 troops French-Canadian and 170 Kahnawake Mohawk warriors. The second American incursion towards Montreal was defeated shortly after at Crysler's Farm on November 11. During the Lower Canada Rebellion, Châteauguay was the scene of a notable action involving Les Patriotes. In November 1838, members of the French-Canadian rebel group, including the leaders of the rebels were arrested: François-Maurice Lepailleur, exiled to Australia, two natives of Châteauguay, Joseph Duquet and Joseph-Narcisse Cardinal, both of whom were hanged at the prison at Au-pied-du-courant and subsequently interred beneath a monument to les Patriotes at Notre Dame des Neiges cemetery in Montreal; the actual village of Châteauguay was created in 1855, after the abolition of the seigneurie system in Quebec by the United Province of Canada.
#Later on the city annexed Châteauguay-Heights and Châteauguay-Centre. In 1982, with the passage of the Loi sur l'aménagement et l'urbanisme, Québec, the city became part of the Roussillon Regional County Municipality. Chateauguay has traditionally had one of the highest proportions of English speakers in the Montérégie region; as according to the 2011 census, The prominent languages spoken at home by their relative share of the population are French and Spanish Twelve different ethnic groups represent at least 1% of the population in Chateauguay. The most prominent of them according to the 2006 census and their relative share are Canadian, Irish and Scottish The current mayor of Châteauguay is Pierre-Paul Routhier; the Chateauguay Police have more than 130 police officers. Their duties include crime prevention and routine city patrols; the force participates in many community efforts. The majority of these outreach programs are aimed at Chateauguay youth and focus on the prevention of drug and alcohol use, widespread among the youth.
The force having only jurisdiction within the city limits expanded its jurisdiction over the nearby cities of Lery, Mercier and Saint-Isidore between 2002 and 2007 through agreements between the municipalities. Public transportation is assured by CITSO, they run two Chateauguay-Angrignon loop bus routes circulating in opposite directions. A city minibus transfers commuters from the western part of the suburb to the downtown, where the other off-peak routes pass. During rush hours, more bus routes connect the various neighbourhoods with the Angrignon bus terminal and metro station. A special express bus route connects western Chateauguay and the Chateauguay Park-and-ride with downtown Montreal, only during rush hours. A reserved lane on Highway 138 eastbound makes the connection faster when the Mercier Bridge is congested; the Chateauguay public transit system offers a Taxi-Bus service which allows those people who live outside of the normal bus routes to, by way of transfer, use a taxi funded by CITSO to drop them off at specific points in the city within walking distance of their residence.
Since 1984, Châteauguay has been home to one of the largest HVDC-back-to-back stations in the world with an operating voltage of 140 kV and a maximum transmission rate of 1000 MW. The majority of the education institutions within Chateauguay are public, with the exception of College Heritage. A small list of Chateauguay schools includes: Collège Héritage - Semi-private high school for French-speaking students. Howard S. Billings Regional High School - High school for English-speaking students. Louis-Philippe-Paré, more known as L. P. P. - High school for French-speaking students. Gabrielle-Roy - Middle school for French-speaking students. Centennial Park Elementary - Elementary school for English-speaking students. St-Jude - Elementary school for French-speaking students. Mary Gardner - Elementary school for English-speaking students. École de La Rive - Elementary school for French-speaking students. Laberge - Elementary school for French-speaking students. Harmony School - Elementary school for English-speaking students.
St-Jean-Baptiste - Elementary school for French-speaking students. St. Willibrord - Elementary school for English-speak
Lake Saint-Louis is a lake in southwestern Quebec, Canada, at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. The Saint Lawrence Seaway passes through the lake. Lake St. Louis is a widening of the St. Lawrence River in the Hochelaga Archipelago it is fed by the Ottawa River via the Lake of Two Mountains at Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, the Beauharnois Canal, the Soulanges Canal, the St. Louis River, the Châteauguay River; the lake is bounded to the north and east by the Island of Montreal, by Beauharnois-Salaberry and Vaudreuil-Soulanges. The town of Beauharnois with its power-dam and canal lie to the south; the West Island shore is built-up with private houses, but includes some parks and clubs such as the Pointe-Claire Canoe Club, the Pointe-Claire Yacht Club. Islands in the lake include Dowker Islands. Lake St. Louis is the second of three fluvial lakes on the St. Lawrence River. Upstream of it is Lake St. Francis, downstream is Lake Saint Pierre, its average flow is 8,400 cubic metres per second.
Many species of fish are present in the lake, including yellow perch. A small map by Samuel Champlain of 1611 names the lake; the same year, Champlain reported that a young man named Louys was drowned in what is now known as the Lachine Rapids, in 1870 Charles-Honoré Laverdière stated that the rapids, the lake, were named in honour of the drowned man. A 1656 Jesuit account describes a crossing «Lac Saint Louys». In 2014 there was a report of fecal coliform flowing into the lake from a Beaconsfield creek, of PCBs flowing into it from a Pointe-Claire industrial site
Sainte-Catherine is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, Canada, on the St. Lawrence River in the Regional County Municipality of Roussillon; the population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 16,762. The land had been occupied for more than three centuries, since the establishment of the Iroquois mission in 1676, it is only in 1937 that the founding of la paroisse de Sainte-Catherine de Laprairie marks a territorial organization. In 1973, a demographic boom granted the status of town to the village. In 2006, according to the city's official site, there were 17,000 inhabitants in Sainte-Catherine; the inauguration of the Honoré Mercier Bridge in 1934, of the Champlain Bridge in 1962 boosted the local economy. Guillaume Latendresse, NHL player Karine Sergerie, women's taekwondo champion, Olympian List of cities in Quebec
Provinces and territories of Canada
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the Province of Canada —were united to form a federated colony, becoming a sovereign nation in the next century. Over its history, Canada's international borders have changed several times, the country has grown from the original four provinces to the current ten provinces and three territories. Together, the provinces and territories make up the world's second-largest country by area. Several of the provinces were former British colonies, Quebec was a French colony, while others were added as Canada grew; the three territories govern the rest of the area of the former British North America. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territorial governments have powers delegated to them by the Parliament of Canada.
The powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the Government of Canada and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively. A change to the division of powers between the federal government and the provinces requires a constitutional amendment, whereas a similar change affecting the territories can be performed unilaterally by the Parliament of Canada or government. In modern Canadian constitutional theory, the provinces are considered to be sovereign within certain areas based on the divisions of responsibility between the provincial and federal government within the Constitution Act 1867, each province thus has its own representative of the Canadian "Crown", the lieutenant governor; the territories are not sovereign, but instead their authorities and responsibilities come directly from the federal level, as a result, have a commissioner instead of a lieutenant governor. Notes: There are three territories in Canada. Unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent sovereignty and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government.
They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, as well as most islands north of the Canadian mainland. The following table lists the territories in order of precedence. Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia were the original provinces, formed when several British North American colonies federated on July 1, 1867, into the Dominion of Canada and by stages began accruing the indicia of sovereignty from the United Kingdom. Prior to this and Quebec were united as the Province of Canada. Over the following years, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island were added as provinces; the British Crown had claimed two large areas north-west of the Canadian colony, known as Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory and assigned them to the Hudson's Bay Company. In 1870, the company relinquished its claims for £300,000, assigning the vast territory to the Government of Canada. Subsequently, the area was re-organized into the province of the Northwest Territories; the Northwest Territories were vast at first, encompassing all of current northern and western Canada, except for the British holdings in the Arctic islands and the Colony of British Columbia.
The British claims to the Arctic islands were transferred to Canada in 1880, adding to the size of the Northwest Territories. The year of 1898 saw the Yukon Territory renamed as Yukon, carved from the parts of the Northwest Territories surrounding the Klondike gold fields. On September 1, 1905, a portion of the Northwest Territories south of the 60th parallel north became the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. In 1912, the boundaries of Quebec and Manitoba were expanded northward: Manitoba's to the 60° parallel, Ontario's to Hudson Bay and Quebec's to encompass the District of Ungava. In 1869, the people of Newfoundland voted to remain a British colony over fears that taxes would increase with Confederation, that the economic policy of the Canadian government would favour mainland industries. In 1907, Newfoundland acquired dominion status. In the middle of the Great Depression in Canada with Newfoundland facing a prolonged period of economic crisis, the legislature turned over political control to the Newfoundland Commission of Government in 1933.
Following Canada's participation in World War II, in a 1948 referendum, a narrow majority of Newfoundland citizens voted to join the Confederation, on March 31, 1949, Newfoundland became Canada's tenth province. In 2001, it was renamed Newfoundland and Labrador. In 1903, the Alaska Panhandle Dispute fixed British Columbia's northwestern boundary; this was one of only two provinces in Canadian history to have its size reduced. The second reduction, in 1927, occurred when a boundary dispute between Canada and the Dominion of Newfoundland saw Labrador increased at Quebec's expense – this land returned to Canada, as part of the province of Newfoundland, in 1949. In 1999, Nunavut was created from the eastern portion of the Northwest Territories. Yukon lies in the western portion of Northern Canada. All t
Saint-Philippe is a municipality located in Roussillon Regional County Municipality in the Montérégie region of Quebec, Canada. The municipality was established on July 1, 1855; the population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 5,495. The CIT Le Richelain provides commuter and local bus services. List of municipalities in Quebec