Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, the tenth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits. The city had an estimated population of 1,752,704 in 2016 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres. Budapest is both a city and county, forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33 percent of the population of Hungary; the history of Budapest began when an early Celtic settlement transformed into the Roman town of Aquincum, the capital of Lower Pannonia. The Hungarians arrived in the territory in the late 9th century; the area was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241. Buda, the settlements on the west bank of the river, became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century; the Battle of Mohács in 1526 was followed by nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule. After the reconquest of Buda in 1686, the region entered a new age of prosperity.
Pest-Buda became a global city with the unification of Buda, Óbuda, Pest on 17 November 1873, with the name'Budapest' given to the new capital. Budapest became the co-capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a great power that dissolved in 1918, following World War I; the city was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Battle of Budapest in 1945, the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Budapest is an Alpha − global city with strengths in commerce, media, fashion, technology and entertainment, it is Hungary's financial centre and the highest ranked Central and Eastern European city on Innovation Cities Top 100 index, as well ranked as the second fastest-developing urban economy in Europe. Budapest is the headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology, the European Police College and the first foreign office of the China Investment Promotion Agency. Over 40 colleges and universities are located in Budapest, including the Eötvös Loránd University, the Semmelweis University and the Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
Opened in 1896, the city's subway system, the Budapest Metro, serves 1.27 million, while the Budapest Tram Network serves 1.08 million passengers daily. Budapest is cited as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, ranked as "the world's second best city" by Condé Nast Traveler, "Europe's 7th most idyllic place to live" by Forbes. Among Budapest's important museums and cultural institutions is the Museum of Fine Arts. Further famous cultural institutions are the Hungarian National Museum, House of Terror, Franz Liszt Academy of Music, Hungarian State Opera House and National Széchényi Library; the central area of the city along the Danube River is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has many notable monuments, including the Hungarian Parliament, Buda Castle, Fisherman's Bastion, Gresham Palace, Széchenyi Chain Bridge, Matthias Church and the Liberty Statue. Other famous landmarks include Andrássy Avenue, St. Stephen's Basilica, Heroes' Square, the Great Market Hall, the Nyugati Railway Station built by the Eiffel Company of Paris in 1877 and the second-oldest metro line in the world, the Millennium Underground Railway.
The city has around 80 geothermal springs, the largest thermal water cave system, second largest synagogue, third largest Parliament building in the world. Budapest attracts 4.4 million international tourists per year, making it a popular destination in Europe. The separate towns of Buda, Óbuda, Pest were in 1873 unified and given the new name Budapest. Before this, the towns together had sometimes been referred to colloquially as "Pest-Buda". Pest has been sometimes used colloquially as a shortened name for Budapest. All varieties of English pronounce the -s- as in the English word pest; the -u in Buda- is pronounced either /u/ like food or /ju/ like cue. In Hungarian, the -s- is pronounced /ʃ/ as in wash; the origins of the names "Buda" and "Pest" are obscure. The first name comes from: Buda was the name of the first constable of the fortress built on the Castle Hill in the 11th century or a derivative of Bod or Bud, a personal name of Turkic origin, meaning'twig'. or a Slavic personal name, the short form of Budimír, Budivoj.
Linguistically, however, a German origin through the Slavic derivative вода is not possible, there is no certainty that a Turkic word comes from the word buta ~ buda'branch, twig'. According to a legend recorded in chronicles from the Middle Ages, "Buda" comes from the name of its founder, brother of Hunnic ruler Attila. There are several theories about Pest. One states that the name derives from Roman times, since there was a local fortress called by Ptolemaios "Pession". Another has it that Pest originates in the Slavic word for пещера, or peštera. A third cites pešt, referencing a cave where fires burned or a limekiln; the first settlement on the territory of Budapest was built by Celts before 1 AD. It was occupied by the Romans; the Roman settlement – Aquincum – became the main city of Pannonia Inferior in 106 AD. At first it was a military settlement, the city rose around it, making it the focal point of the city's commercial life. Today this area corresponds to the Óbuda district within Budapest.
The Romans constructed roads, amphitheaters and houses with heated floors in this fortified military camp. The Roman city of Aquincum is the best-conserved of the Roman sites in Hungary; the archaeological site was turned into a museum with open-air sections. The Magyar tribes led by Árpád, forc
Ivan Andreyevich Krylov is Russia's best-known fabulist and the most epigrammatic of all Russian authors. A dramatist and journalist, he only discovered his true genre at the age of 40. While many of his earlier fables were loosely based on Aesop's and La Fontaine's fables were original work with a satirical bent. Ivan Krylov spent his early years in Orenburg and Tver, his father, a distinguished military officer, resigned in 1775 and died in 1779, leaving the family destitute. A few years Krylov and his mother moved to St. Petersburg in the hope of securing a government pension. There, Krylov obtained a position in the civil service, but gave it up after his mother's death in 1788, his literary career began in 1783, when he sold to a publisher the comedy “The coffee-grounds fortune teller” that he had written at 14, although in the end it was never published or produced. Receiving a sixty ruble fee, he exchanged it for the works of Molière, Boileau and it was under their influence that he wrote his other plays, of which his Philomela was not published until 1795.
Beginning in 1789, Krylov made three attempts to start a literary magazine, although none achieved a large circulation or lasted more than a year. Despite this lack of success, their satire and the humour of his comedies helped the author gain recognition in literary circles. For about four years Krylov lived at the country estate of Prince Sergey Galitzine, when the prince was appointed military governor of Livonia, he accompanied him as a secretary and tutor to his children, resigning his position in 1803. Little is known of him in the years after, other than the accepted myth that he wandered from town to town playing cards. By 1806 he had arrived in Moscow, where he showed the poet and fabulist Ivan Dmitriev his translation of two of Jean de La Fontaine's Fables, “The Oak and the Reed” and “The Choosy Bride”, was encouraged by him to write more. Soon, however, he moved on to St Petersburg and returned to play writing with more success with the productions of “The Fashion Shop” and “A Lesson For the Daughters”.
These satirised the nobility's attraction to a fashion he detested all his life. Krylov's first collection of fables, 23 in number, appeared in 1809 and met with such an enthusiastic reception that thereafter he abandoned drama for fable-writing. By the end of his career he had completed some 200 revising them with each new edition. From 1812 to 1841 he was employed by the Imperial Public Library, first as an assistant, as head of the Russian Books Department, a not demanding position that left him plenty of time to write. Honours were now showered on him in recognition of his growing reputation: the Russian Academy of Sciences admitted him as a member in 1811, bestowed on him its gold medal in 1823. After 1830 he wrote little and led an sedentary life. A multitude of half-legendary stories were told about his laziness, his gluttony and the squalor in which he lived, as well as his witty repartee. Towards the end of his life Krylov suffered two cerebral hemorrhages and was taken by the Empress to recover at Pavlovsk Palace.
After his death in 1844, he was buried beside his friend and fellow librarian Nikolay Gnedich in the Tikhvin Cemetery. Portraits of Krylov began to be painted as soon as the fame of his fables spread, beginning in 1812 with Roman M. Volkov's somewhat conventional depiction of the poet with one hand leaning on books and the other grasping a quill as he stares into space, seeking inspiration; the same formula was followed in the 1824 painting of him by Peter A. Olenin and that of 1834 by Johann Lebrecht Eggink. An 1832 study by Grigory Chernetsov groups his corpulent figure with fellow writers Alexander Pushkin, Vasily Zhukovsky and Nikolay Gnedich; this was set in the Summer Garden, but the group, along with many others, was destined to appear in the right foreground of Chernetsov's immense "Parade at Tsaritsyn Meadow", completed in 1837. In 1830 the Academician Samuil I. Galberg carved a portrait bust of Krylov, it may have been this or another, presented by the Emperor to his son Alexander as a new year's gift in 1831.
A bust is recorded as being placed on the table before Krylov's seat at the anniversary banquet held in his honour in 1838. The most notable statue of him was placed in the Summer Garden ten years after his death. Regarded as a sign of the progress of Romanticism in Russian official culture, it was the first monument to a poet erected in Eastern Europe; the sculptor Peter Clodt seats his massive figure on a tall pedestal surrounded on all sides by tumultuous reliefs designed by Alexander Agin that represent scenes from the fables. Shortly afterwards, he was included among other literary figures on the Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod in 1862. Monuments chose to represent individual fables separately from the main statue of the poet; this was so in the square named after him in Tver. It was erected on the centenary of Krylov's death in 1944 and represents the poet standing and looking down an alley lined with metal reliefs of the fables mounted on plinths. A monument was installed in the Patriarch's Ponds district of Moscow in 1976.
This was the work of Andrei Drevin, Daniel Mitlyansky, the architect A. Chaltykyan; the seated statue of the fabul
Timon of Athens
Timon of Athens is a play by William Shakespeare written in collaboration with Thomas Middleton in about 1605–1606, published in the First Folio in 1623. It is about the fortunes of an Athenian named Timon; the central character is a beloved citizen of Athens who through tremendous generosity spends his entire fortune on corrupt hangers-on only interested in getting the next payout. The earliest-known production of the play was in 1674, when Thomas Shadwell wrote an adaptation under the title The History of Timon of Athens, The Man-hater. Multiple other adaptations followed over the next century, by writers such as Thomas Hull, James Love and Richard Cumberland; the straight Shakespearean text was performed at Smock Alley in Dublin in 1761, but adaptations continued to dominate the stage until well into the 20th century. Timon of Athens was grouped with the tragedies, but some scholars name it one of the problem plays. In the beginning, Timon is a generous Athenian gentleman, he hosts a large banquet, attended by nearly all the main characters.
Timon gives away money wastefully, everyone wants to please him to get more, except for Apemantus, a churlish philosopher whose cynicism Timon cannot yet appreciate. He accepts art from Poet and Painter, a jewel from the Jeweller, but by the end of Act 1 he has given that away to another friend. Timon's servant, has been wooing the daughter of an old Athenian; the man is angry, but Timon pays him three talents in exchange for the couple's being allowed to marry, because the happiness of his servant is worth the price. Timon is told that Ventidius, is in debtors' prison, he sends money to pay Ventidius's debt, Ventidius is released and joins the banquet. Timon gives a speech on the value of friendship; the guests are entertained by a masque, followed by dancing. As the party winds down, Timon continues to give things away to his friends: his horses, as well as other possessions; the act is divided rather arbitrarily into two scenes, but the experimental and/or unfinished nature of the play is reflected in that it does not break into a five-act structure.
Now Timon has given away all his wealth. Flavius, Timon's steward, is upset by the way Timon has spent his wealth, overextending his munificence by showering patronage on the parasitic writers and artists, delivering his dubious friends from their financial straits. Timon is upset that he has not been told this before, begins to vent his anger on Flavius, who tells him that he has tried in the past without success, now he is at the end. Shadowing Timon is another guest at the banquet: the cynical philosopher Apemantus, who terrorises Timon's shallow companions with his caustic raillery, he was the only guest not angling for money or possessions from Timon. Along with a Fool, he attacks Timon's creditors when they show up to make their demands for immediate payment. Timon cannot pay, sends out his servants to make requests for help from those friends he considers closest. Timon's servants are turned down, one by one, by Timon's false friends, two giving lengthy monologues as to their anger with them.
Elsewhere, one of Alcibiades's junior officers has reached an further point of rage, killing a man in "hot blood." Alcibiades pleads with the Senate for mercy, arguing that a crime of passion should not carry as severe a sentence as premeditated murder. The senators disagree, when Alcibiades persists, banish him forever, he vows revenge, with the support of his troops. The act finishes with Timon discussing with his servants the revenge he will carry out at his next banquet. Timon hosts; the serving trays are brought in. Timon sprays them with the water, throws the dishes at them, flees his home; the loyal Flavius vows to find him. Cursing the city walls, Timon goes into the wilderness and makes his crude home in a cave, sustaining himself on roots. Here he discovers an underground trove of gold; the knowledge of his discovery spreads. Alcibiades and three bandits are able to find Timon before Flavius does. Accompanying Alcibiades are two prostitutes and Timandra, who trade barbs with the bitter Timon on the subject of venereal disease.
Timon offers most of the gold to the rebel Alcibiades to subsidise his assault on the city, which he now wants to see destroyed, as his experiences have reduced him to misanthropy. He gives the rest to his whores to spread disease, much of the remainder to Poet and Painter, who arrive soon after, leaving little for the senators who visit him; when Apemantus appears and accuses Timon of copying his pessimistic style there is a mutually misanthropic exchange of invective. Flavius arrives, he wants the money as well, but he wants Timon to come back into society. Timon acknowledges that he has had one true friend in Flavius, a shining example of an otherwise diseased and impure race, but laments that this man is a mere servant, he invites the last envoys from Athens, who hoped Timon might placate Alcibiades, to go hang themselves, dies in the wilderness. Alcibiades, marching on Athens throws down his glove, ends the play reading the bitter epitaph Timon wrote for himself, part of, composed by Callimachus: The play's date is uncertain, though its bitter tone links it with Coriolanus and King Lear.
John Day's play Humour Out of Breath, published in 1608, contains a reference to "the lord that gave all to his followers, begged more for himself"—a possible allusion to Timon that would, if valid, suppor
Baron Bálint Balassi de Kékkő et Gyarmat was a Hungarian Renaissance lyric poet. He wrote in Hungarian, but was proficient in further eight languages: Latin, German, Turkish, Slovak and Romanian, he is the founder of erotic poetry. Balassi was born at Zólyom in the Kingdom of Hungary, he was educated by the reformer Péter Bornemisza and by his mother, the gifted Protestant zealot, Anna Sulyok. His first work was a translation of Michael Bock's Wurlzgertlein für die krancken Seelen, to comfort his father while in Polish exile. On his father's rehabilitation, Bálint accompanied him to court, was present at the coronation diet in Pressburg, capital of Royal Hungary in 1572, he joined the army and fought the Turks as an officer in the fortress of Eger in North-Eastern Hungary. Here he fell violently in love with Anna Losonczi, the daughter of the captain of Temesvár, evidently, from his verses, his love was not unrequited, but after the death of her first husband she gave her hand to Kristóf Ungnád.
Balassi only began to realize how much he loved Anna when he had lost her. He pursued her with gifts and verses, but she remained true to her pique and to her marriage vows, he could only enshrine her memory in immortal verse. In 1574 Bálint was sent to the camp of Gáspár Bekes to assist him against Stephen Báthory, his not rigorous captivity lasted for two years, during which he accompanied Báthory where the latter was crowned as King of Poland. He returned to Hungary soon after the death of János Balassi. In 1584 married his cousin, Krisztina Dobó, the daughter of the valiant commandant, István Dobó of Eger; this became the cause of many of his subsequent misfortunes. His wife's greedy relatives nearly ruined him by legal processes, when in 1586 he turned Catholic to escape their persecutions they slandered him that he and his son had embraced Islam, his desertion of his wife and legal troubles were followed by some years of uncertainty, but in 1589 he was invited to Poland to serve there in the impending war with Turkey.
This did not take place and after a spell in the Jesuit College of Braunsberg, somewhat disappointed, returned to Hungary in 1591. In the 15 years war he joined the Army, died at the siege of Esztergom-Víziváros the same year as the result of a severe leg wound caused by a cannonball, he is buried in Hybe in today's Slovakia. Balassi's poems fall into four divisions: hymns and martial songs, original love poems, adaptations from the Latin and German, they are all most original, exceedingly objective and so excellent in point of style that it is difficult to imagine him a contemporary of Sebestyén Tinódi Lantos and Péter Ilosvay. But his erotics are his best productions, they circulated in manuscript for generations and were never printed until 1874, when Farkas Deák discovered a perfect copy of them in the Radványi library. For beauty and transporting passion. There is nothing like them in Magyar literature until we come to the age of Mihály Csokonai Vitéz and Sándor Petőfi. Balassi was the inventor of the strophe which goes by his name.
It consists of nine lines a b c c b d d b, or three rhyming pairs alternating with the rhyming third and ninth lines. The family tree of the Balassi family: Hungarian literary award that bears the name of Balassi: Balint Balassi Memorial Sword Award. Founded by: Pal Molnar. Balassi Institute Balint Balassi Memorial Sword Award Pal Molnar, founder of the Balint Balassi Memorial Sword Award Homepage of Balassi Sword www.balassi.eu
Tess of the d'Urbervilles
Tess of the d'Urbervilles: A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented is a novel by Thomas Hardy. It appeared in a censored and serialised version, published by the British illustrated newspaper The Graphic in 1891 in book form in three volumes in 1891, as a single volume in 1892. Though now considered a major nineteenth-century English novel and Hardy's fictional masterpiece, Tess of the d'Urbervilles received mixed reviews when it first appeared, in part because it challenged the sexual morals of late Victorian England; the novel is set in impoverished rural England, Thomas Hardy's fictional Wessex, during the Long Depression of the 1870s. Tess is Joan Durbeyfield, uneducated peasants. However, John is given the impression by Parson Tringham that he may have noble blood, as "Durbeyfield" is a corruption of "D'Urberville", the surname of an extinct noble Norman family. Knowledge of this goes to John's head; that same day, Tess participates in the village May Dance, where she meets Angel Clare, youngest son of Reverend James Clare, on a walking tour with his two brothers.
He stops to join partners several other girls. Angel notices Tess too late to dance with her, as he is late for a promised meeting with his brothers. Tess feels slighted. Tess's father gets too drunk to drive to the market that night, so Tess undertakes the journey herself. However, she falls asleep at the reins, the family's only horse encounters a speeding wagon and is fatally wounded. Tess feels so guilty over the horse's death and the economic consequences for the family that she agrees, against her better judgment, to visit Mrs d'Urberville, a rich widow who lives in a rural mansion near the town of Trantridge, "claim kin", she is unaware that, in reality, Mrs d'Urberville's husband Simon Stoke adopted the surname though he was unrelated to the real d'Urbervilles. Tess does not succeed in meeting Mrs d'Urberville, but chances to meet her libertine son, who takes a fancy to Tess and secures her a position as poultry keeper on the estate. Although Tess tells them about her fear that he might try to seduce her, her parents encourage her to accept the job, secretly hoping that Alec might marry her.
Tess dislikes Alec but endures his persistent unwanted attention to earn enough to replace her family's horse. Despite his cruel and manipulative behaviour, the threat that Alec presents to Tess's virtue is sometimes obscured for Tess by her inexperience and daily commonplace interactions with him. Late one night, walking home from town with some other Trantridge villagers, Tess inadvertently antagonizes Car Darch, Alec's most discarded favourite, finds herself in physical danger; when Alec rides up and offers to "rescue" her from the situation, she accepts. Instead of taking her home, however, he rides through the fog until they reach an ancient grove in a forest called "The Chase", where he informs her that he is lost and leaves on foot to get his bearings. Alec returns to find Tess asleep, it is implied that he rapes her. Mary Jacobus, a commentator on Hardy's works, speculates that the ambiguity may have been forced on the author to meet the requirements of his publisher and the "Grundyist" readership of his time.
Tess goes home to her father's cottage, where she keeps entirely to her room feeling both traumatized and ashamed of having lost her virginity. The following summer, she gives birth to a sickly boy. On his last night alive, Tess baptises him herself, because her father would not allow the parson to visit, stating that he did not want the parson to "pry into their affairs"; the child is given the name'Sorrow', but despite the baptism Tess can only arrange his burial in the "shabby corner" of the churchyard reserved for unbaptised infants. Tess adds a homemade cross to the grave with flowers in an empty marmalade jar. More than two years after the Trantridge debacle, now twenty, has found employment outside the village, where her past is not known, she works for Mrs. Crick as a milkmaid at Talbothays Dairy. There, she befriends three of her fellow milkmaids, Izz and Marian, meets again Angel Clare, now an apprentice farmer who has come to Talbothays to learn dairy management. Although the other milkmaids are in love with him, Angel singles out Tess, the two fall in love.
Angel spends a few days away from the dairy. His brothers Felix and Cuthbert, both ordained Church of England ministers, note Angel's coarsened manners, while Angel considers them staid and narrow-minded; the Clares have long hoped that Angel would marry Mercy Chant, a pious schoolmistress, but Angel argues that a wife who knows farm life would be a more practical choice. He tells his parents about Tess, they agree to meet her, his father, the Reverend James Clare, tells Angel about his efforts to convert the local populace, mentioning his failure to tame a young miscreant named Alec d'Urberville. Angel asks Tess to marry him; this puts Tess in a painful dilemma: Angel thinks her a virgin, she shrinks from confessing her past. Such is her love for him, that she agrees to the marriage, pretending that she only hesitated because she had heard he hated old families and thought he would not approve of her d'Urberville ancestry. However, he is pleased by this news because he thinks it will make their match more suitable in the eyes of his family.
As the marriage approaches, Tess grows troubled. She writes to her mother for advice, her anxiety increases when a man from Trantridge, named Groby, recognises her and crudely alludes to her history. Angel overhears and flies into an uncharac
Eduard Friedrich Mörike was a German Romantic poet and writer of novellas and novels. Mörike was born in Ludwigsburg, his father was a district medical councilor. After the death of his father, in 1817, he went to live with his uncle Eberhard Friedrich Georgii in Stuttgart, who intended his nephew to become a clergyman. Therefore, after one year at the Stuttgart Gymnasium illustre, Mörike joined the Evangelical Seminary Urach, a humanist grammar school, in 1818 and from 1822 to 1826 attended the Tübinger Stift. There, he scored low grades and failed the admission test to Urach Seminary, yet was accepted anyhow. At the Seminary he went on to study the classics, something, to become a major influence on his writing, he made the acquaintance of Wilhelm Hartlaub and Wilhelm Waiblinger. Afterwards he studied theology at the Seminary of Tübingen where he met Ludwig Bauer, David Friedrich Strauss and Friedrich Theodor Vischer. Many of these friendships were long-lasting. In Tübingen, with Bauer, he invented the fairyland Orplid - see the poem Song Weylas dating from 1831.
Mörike became a Lutheran pastor and, in 1834, he was appointed vicar of Cleversulzbach near Weinsberg. In the Autumn of 1843 he stayed for over half a year with his friend Pastor Wilhelm Hartlaub in the village of Wermutshausen, situated in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. During this time he produced a drawing of the Wermutshausen Petruskirche, dating from the early 1800s; this drawing is speculated, due to the perspective, to be from a top-floor room of a local brewery and guesthouse at the edge of town, which remains in operation today as Gasthaus und Manufaktur Krone Wermutshausen. In town there is a Museum commemorating this visit, in which guests can see the room in which Mörike lived. For reasons of health, Mörike retired quite early, in 1851 became professor of German literature at the Katharinenstift in Stuttgart; this office he held until he retired in 1866. He continued to live in Stuttgart until his death. Mörike was a member of the so-called Swabian school of writers around Ludwig Uhland.
His poems, are lyrical, yet humorous and written in simple and everyday German. His ballad “Schön Rotraut” — opening with the line “Wie heisst König Ringangs Töchterlein?” — became a popular favorite. His first published work was the novel Maler Nolten, a tale about the life of a painter, which revealed his imaginative power; the novella Mozart auf der Reise nach Prag was a humorous examination of the problems of artists in a world uncongenial to art. It is cited as his finest achievement, he wrote a somewhat fantastic Idylle vom Bodensee, oder Fischer Martin und die Glockendiebe, the fairy tale Das Stuttgarter Hutzelmännlein, published a collection of hymns, odes and idylls of the Greeks and Romans, entitled Klassische Blumenlese. He translated Anacreon and Theocritus into German. Mörike's Gesammelte Schriften were first published posthumously in 1878. Editions are those edited by R. Krauss, the Volksausgabe, published by Göschen. Selections from his literary estate were published by R. Krauss in Eduard Mörike als Gelegenheitsdichter, his correspondence with Hermann Kurz, Moritz von Schwind, Theodor Storm, by J. Bachtold.
His work was praised by the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein who recommended him to Bertrand Russell as a great poet and his poems are among the best things we have...the beauty of Mörike's work is closely related to Goethe's. Many of his lyrics were set to music by Ludwig Hetsch and Fritz Kauffmann. Ignaz Lachner set to music his opera Die Regenbrüder. Many of his poems became established folksongs. Wilhelm Killmayer set several of his poems in his song cycle Mörike-Lieder in 2003; as an artist Mörike was known to produce drawings in his time, though it is not the subject of much discussion. While staying in the town of Wermutshausen in the Autumn of 1843, Mörike produced a drawing of the Persuskirche, a small church built in the early 1800s. Works by Eduard Mörike at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Eduard Mörike at Internet Archive Works by Eduard Mörike at LibriVox Poetry of Eduard Mörike in English Translation - Charles L. Cingolani Eduard Mörike at Find a Grave Eduard Mörike at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Free scores by Eduard Mörike in the Choral Public Domain Library
Eötvös Loránd University
Eötvös Loránd University is a Hungarian public research university based in Budapest. Founded in 1635, ELTE is one of the largest and most prestigious public higher education institutions in Hungary; the 28,000 students at ELTE are organized into eight faculties, into research institutes located throughout Budapest and on the scenic banks of the Danube. ELTE is affiliated with 5 Nobel laureates, as well as winners of the Wolf Prize, Fulkerson Prize and Abel Prize, the latest of, Abel Prize winner Endre Szemerédi in 2012; the predecessor of Eötvös Loránd University was founded in 1635 by Cardinal Péter Pázmány in Nagyszombat, Kingdom of Hungary, as a Catholic university for teaching theology and philosophy. In 1770, the University was transferred to Buda, it was named Royal University of Pest until 1873 University of Budapest until 1921, when it was renamed Pázmány Péter University after its founder Péter Pázmány. The Faculty of Science started its autonomous life in 1949 when The Faculty of Theology was separated from the university.
The university received its current name in 1950, after one of its most well-known physicists, Baron Loránd Eötvös. The university was founded in 1635 in Nagyszombat, Kingdom of Hungary, by the archbishop and theologian Péter Pázmány. Leadership was given over to the Jesuits; the university only had two colleges. The College of Law was added in 1667 and the College of Medicine was started in 1769. After the dissolution of the Jesuit order, the university was moved to Buda in 1777 in accordance with the intention of the founder; the university moved to its final location in Pest in 1784. The language of education was Latin until 1844, when Hungarian was introduced as an official language. Women have been allowed to enroll since 1895; the Lágymányosi campus is home to the Faculty of Science, the Faculty of Informatics and the Faculty of Social Sciences. The campus is located in the 11th district of Budapest; the Savaria Campus is created for producing best Mechanical Engineers. Only Mechanical Engineering courses are conducted here with modern facilities of labs and work shops.
Furthermore, It has great industry collaboration with industry to make sure advanced Mechanical Engineering studies. Dual education system of mechanical engineering are available here; the principal goal of the dual education system is to synchronize the requirements of higher education and the job market. This education system is implemented by reforming a traditional Mechanical Engineering BSc program based on its professional practical background. ELTE is Hungary's largest scientific establishment with 118 PhD programs at 17 doctoral schools, offers 38 bachelor's programs, 96 master's programs, over 50 degree programs in foreign languages; the course credits awarded. The eight faculties are: Faculty of Law and Political Sciences Bárczi Gusztáv Faculty of Special Education Faculty of Humanities Faculty of Informatics Faculty of Education and Psychology Faculty of Social Sciences Faculty of Elementary and Nursery School Teachers' Training Faculty of Science In the 2013-14 QS World University Rankings, Eötvös Loránd University was ranked 551-600th.
In the 2018, according to the Times Higher Education World University Ranking, ELTE ranked between 601-800. Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked the university among the best 301-400. International Colleges and Universities ranked the university as the 158th globally. Nobel prize winners: Lénárd Fülöp, Nobel Prize for Physics Albert Szent-Györgyi, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of Vitamin C Hevesy György, Nobel Prize for Chemistry Békésy György, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Harsányi János, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences Other notable alumni: Miklós Ajtai, computer scientist.