ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. is an American airline based in College Park, Georgia. It was a wholly owned subsidiary of SkyWest, Inc. parent company of the air carrier SkyWest Airlines until December 18, 2018, when it was sold to ManaAir, LLC for $70 million and the assumption of all debts. Before the acquisition by SkyWest it was an independent airline, a subsidiary of Continental Airlines. ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. Continental Express, Inc. was a Delaware corporation. Although an autonomous business entity since its divestiture from Continental Airlines, Inc. in 2002, it continued to operate as Continental Express for Continental Airlines from hubs at George Bush Intercontinental Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, New Jersey, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Ohio. Its training center is on the grounds of George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston. In August 2010, SkyWest Inc. agreed to merge with ExpressJet Holdings, whereby SkyWest Inc.'s wholly owned subsidiary, Atlantic Southeast Airlines, would purchase ExpressJet for $6.75 per share.
Atlantic Southeast Airlines and ExpressJet became the world's largest regional airline on November 12, 2010, once the purchase was final. On November 22, 2011, both ExpressJet and Atlantic Southeast Airlines achieved a single operating certificate that allowed them to operate as one carrier, using Atlantic Southeast's former call sign "Acey". Effective December 31, 2011, all flights began operating under the name ExpressJet. ExpressJet operates as United Express; the airline was established in 1986 and started operations in 1987. Its origins were in a group of small commuter airlines acquired by Texas Air Corporation / Continental Airlines; these included Bar Harbor Airlines in Maine, Provincetown-Boston Airlines in New England, Rocky Mountain Airways in Denver and Britt Airways in Terre Haute, Indiana. ExpressJet operates under the original Federal Aviation Administration Part 121 certificate issued to Britt, which began operations as Continental Express in April 1987 and was acquired by Continental Airlines.
ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. incorporated in 1996. ExpressJet was spun off from Continental in 2002. Afterwards the company began plans to move into a corporate headquarters location. ExpressJet has over 8,000 employees. ExpressJet Holdings owns American Composites LLC, Saltillo Jet Center, InTech Aerospace Services. Together with other facilities throughout the U. S. they make up ExpressJet Services which provides third-party maintenance and overhaul services for a variety of aircraft types. ExpressJet Holdings has non-controlling interests in Wings Holdings LLC 49% and Flight Services and Systems Inc 44%. Before ExpressJet became independent, it was headquartered in Continental Center I in Downtown Houston. Following a December 2005 decision by Continental to reduce ExpressJet's Continental Express flying by 69 aircraft, the airline elected to operate the aircraft independently. On December 31, 2006, the airline began its charter operation, it operates 6 aircraft for charter services under the Corporate Aviation Division.
On February 5, 2007, the airline announced service to 24 cities in the west coast and midwest regions of the United States beginning in April 2007. On April 2, 2007, the airline began point-to-point services under its own name from locations throughout the U. S; the airline had a total of 42 aircraft in their branded operation. According to ExpressJet CEO James Ream, LA/Ontario International Airport in Ontario, California would become the airline's "biggest center of operation". In March 2007, ExpressJet operated four of its Embraer 145 jets on JetBlue routes while JetBlue's Embraer 190 jets were being serviced. In June 2007, the airline began service at Los Angeles International Airport to western ski markets and Mexico on behalf of Delta Air Lines under the Delta Connection banner using 10 EMB 145XR aircraft. In July 2007, the agreement was increased to 18 aircraft. In July 2008, the agreement was terminated and ExpressJet ended all Delta Connection flying by September 1. A few days after announcing the end of its agreement with Delta, ExpressJet announced on July 8, 2008, that it would end its independent ExpressJet-branded flying on September 2 due to the oil price increases since 2003.
This resulted in the furlough of 347 pilots. In September 2007, the airline agreed to provide feeder service for Frontier Airlines from Denver International Airport while federal certification for Frontier's Lynx Aviation turboprop subsidiary was underway. ExpressJet flew to 5 cities from Frontier's Denver hub using 50-seat ERJ 145 regional jets until Frontier's subsidiary, Lynx Aviation, received DOT approval in December 2007; as of December 7, ExpressJet discontinued providing feeder service for Frontier Airlines. On August 21, 2009, an incident occurred where passengers were forced to stay on a parked plane at Rochester, Minnesota for six hours with no food and overflowing toilets; the airline crew tried over thirty times to call the contract carrier, Delta Connection, to let the passengers off. The agents for the regional Mesaba Airlines refused; the Department of Transportation cited the main cause of the incident as the Mesaba Airlines station's refusal to park the aircraft. However, Continental Airlines and ExpressJet were fined for the part they played in the incident.
ExpressJet began a temporary contract with United Airlines to fly as a United Express carrier beginning in June 2009. The contract was for 10 aircraft that operated out of United's O'Hare and Washington hub; the aircraft were flown in ExpressJet livery. The contract ended on Septembe
CommutAir, operating as United Express, is an American regional airline founded in 1989, is majority-owned by Champlain Enterprises Inc. Today, CommutAir operates more than 800 weekly flights to 30 plus destinations, with Embraer ERJ-145XR aircraft, from its bases at Newark Liberty International, NJ and Washington Dulles International. In 1979, a commuter airline using the name Commutair operated intercity shuttle service in the Houston, Texas area between Hobby Airport and Intercontinental Airport and between Sugarland Airport and Intercontinental Airport with de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter and Beechcraft twin turboprop aircraft; the airline was established in 1989, with headquarters at Clinton County Airport in Plattsburgh, New York. Operations began on August 1989 as a marketing affiliate of US Air; the airline changed affiliations to Continental Airlines in December 2000, when US Airways and CommutAir failed to reach a mutually acceptable extension agreement, thus decided not to renew the codeshare agreement.
In July 2001, the company announced plans to downsize its fleet and workforce by half and change the route structure of the airline. In early 2002, the company began a "micro-hub" operation based in New York. At its high point in 2003 and 2004 the hub served 15 cities within the Northeast and Canada with a fleet of Beechcraft 1900s. Service was provided out of Boston's Logan International Airport to several Northeast cities. In January 2003, CommutAir announced an agreement with Continental to feed the latter's Cleveland, Ohio hub. Service commenced on March 16, 2003 serving Kalamazoo and Elmira, New York. Two cities were added the following month and by August 2003, CommutAir served 12 cities from the Cleveland hub. CommutAir leased sixteen Bombardier Q200 aircraft from Horizon Air in 2006; the following year, the Beech 1900s were phased out. On October 30, 2007, the company moved all remaining operations from Clinton County Airport, due to the closure of the airport. All operations were conducted out of Cleveland Hopkins International Airport.
On October 2, 2008, the company began operations out of Newark Liberty International Airport, following Continental Airlines plan to adjust to the softening industry. Commutair's pilot group voted for union representation by the Air Line Pilots Association in 2008; that same year, Continental Airlines announced that it would cut more than 3,000 jobs. Subsequently, it was announced that some of CommutAir's flights would be eliminated as part of Continental's cutbacks. In 2011, United Airlines asked CommutAir to obtain five Bombardier Q300s. Two of the aircraft were allocated to Cleveland services and three aircraft were allocated to Newark services. In 2012, CommutAir opened a hub at Washington-Dulles International Airport. In July 2014, CommutAir closed its pilot base in Cleveland Hopkins International Airport after United Airlines withdrew its Cleveland hub. CommutAir closed its Cleveland maintenance base, replaced it with a new maintenance base in Albany, New York. On November 9, 2015, CommutAir announced that it has reached an agreement with United Airlines to increase the number of airplanes flown under the United Express brand by adding Embraer E145 jet operations to the company's existing fleet of Bombardier turbo-prop aircraft.
July 2016, CommutAir begins commercial service with its inaugural flight on the ERJ-145XR jet from Washington, DC to Columbia, SC. In September 2017, the Q300 was phased out and in January 2018, the Q200 was phased out, marking the end of turbo-prop operations. Newark, New Jersey - Newark Liberty International Airport Washington, D. C. - Washington Dulles International Airport Albany, New York - Albany International Airport. This is CommutAir's main maintenance base; the airline has had a maintenance base in Albany since 2014 and the base has expanded since then. Newark, New Jersey - Newark Liberty International Airport Washington, D. C. - Washington Dulles International Airport As of October 2018, the CommutAir fleet includes the following aircraft: As of January 2018, CommutAir average fleet age was 13.0 years old. The CommutAir fleet was once composed of Beechcraft 1900D aircraft, operated for US Airways Express and for Continental Connection. CommutAir operated the final turboprop flight for United Express on Sunday, January 7, 2018.
This flight, UCA4909/C54909 between Syracuse Airport and Dulles Airport was operated by tail number N363PH. It marked the end of an era for both United Express; the Bombardier Q200 was subsequently ferried to Roswell International Air Center for retirement. Beechcraft 1900C Beechcraft 1900D Bombardier Q200 Bombardier Q300 CommutAir Flight 4821, a Beechcraft 1900 operating for USAir Express was flying from Plattsburgh, New York to Newark, New Jersey, with stops in Saranac Lake and Albany in New York. On January 3, 1992 the aircraft crashed into a wooded mountaintop as it was landing at Adirondack Regional Airport. Of the four people on board, two were killed. Shortly before the crash occurred, the aircraft had contacted Commutair officials on the ground at Lake Clear Airport; the aircraft was new and the crew was experienced. Following the accident, there was no clear cause. Of the deceased, one was 23-year-old copilot Dean Montana, one was an off-duty employee; the aircraft was not required to be equipped with a flight data recorder, therefore a flight data recorder was not present.
The cockpit voice recorder was burned to the point. The National Transportation Safety Board used aircraft position data from air traffic control, the aircraft wreckage, survivor interviews, weather informat
Piedmont Airlines, Inc. is an American regional airline operating for American Eagle US Airways Express. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of the American Airlines Group, headquartered in unincorporated Wicomico County, near the city of Salisbury, it conducts flight operations using Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft. Piedmont Airlines, Inc. provides ground handling and customer service for airports in the Northeastern & Western parts of the United States. Its main base is Philadelphia International Airport with an additional hub at Charlotte Douglas International Airport; the airline was formed in 1961 by Richard A. Henson as Henson Aviation, a fixed-base operator in Hagerstown, Maryland, it began its first scheduled flights to Washington National Airport in 1962 under the Hagerstown Commuter name changed to Henson Airlines. Allegheny Airlines and Henson began one of the world's first code sharing arrangements in 1967. Henson re-branded itself as an Allegheny Commuter carrier using Beechcraft 99 aircraft.
It developed a route structure serving Washington D. C. Philadelphia and Baltimore, while establishing a new headquarters for Allegheny Commuter at Salisbury, Maryland in 1968. In the 1970s, the airline upgraded to Short de Havilland Canada DHC-7 Dash 7 turboprops. In 1983, Piedmont Aviation bought Henson and re-branded the airline as "Henson, The Piedmont Regional Airline." Under Piedmont's control, the airline expanded particularly in Florida. Both were purchased by the USAir Group in 1987 with Piedmont absorbed two years and Henson's aircraft repainted in USAir Express livery; the 1980s saw rapid growth by the company with the upgrade of its fleet to the de Havilland Canada Dash 8 aircraft and fleet expansion. With the growth in capacity, the airline expanded to Florida, including numerous intrastate routes in Florida, it opened a maintenance facility in Jacksonville; the Piedmont name was resurrected in 1993, when USAir renamed Henson to "Piedmont Airlines", to protect the Piedmont brand name, which could be used by others if not exercised in trade use for a period of time.
USAir continued this practice by changing the name of its two other wholly owned regional airline subsidiaries and Suburban Airlines, to PSA Airlines and Allegheny Airlines, respectively. In 1997, USAir was renamed US Airways, Piedmont and Allegheny were re-branded as US Airways Express carriers. US Airways merged Allegheny Airlines into Piedmont in 2004; the airline had more than 7,000 employees, as of December 2017. As of December 2017, the airline operated 400 daily flights to more than 55 destinations; as of August 2018, Piedmont is the exclusive operator at Williamsport Regional Airport, Salisbury Regional Airport. Piedmont Airlines flies under the American Eagle brand, after a merger of American Airlines and US Airways in December 2013. Piedmont has crew bases in two locations: Charlotte Douglas International Airport Philadelphia International Airport As of March 2019 the Piedmont Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft. On September 23, 1985, Henson Airlines Flight 1517, a Beechcraft B99 Airliner 15-passenger turboprop airplane, crashed near Grottoes, Virginia.
The crash was fatal to all both crewmembers. S. pilot, First Officer Zilda A. Spadaro-Wolan; the National Transportation Safety Board concluded that part of the probable cause of the crash was the airline's failure to standardize the cockpit configurations of its aircraft and on its failure to provide adequate training to its pilots. On November 16, 2008, Flight 4551, a US Airways Express de Havilland Dash-8 turboprop operated by Piedmont Airlines, took off from Lehigh Valley International Airport at 8:20am heading to Philadelphia International Airport, had to make an emergency landing; the flight crew was indicated that the front nose gear hadn't come down and had to make a flyover the runway for confirmation. Of 35 passengers and 3 crew, there were no injuries; the aircraft was returned to service shortly thereafter. On January 1, 2011, US Airways Express Flight 4352, a Piedmont Airlines-operated de Havilland Dash-8 turboprop forced an evacuation of the U. S. Capitol and fighter jets were scrambled from Andrews Air Force Base after Flight 4352 suffered radio problems on approach to Washington, DC's Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and strayed into restricted airspace.
The Capitol was evacuated for 20 minutes until the Dash-8 aircraft landed at Reagan National Airport. On January 7, 2011, a Bombardier Dash 8-100, operating as Piedmont Airlines Flight 4507 under US Airways Express from Philadelphia International Airport to Tweed New Haven Regional Airport in Connecticut was struck by lightning over the Long Island Sound; the captain reported electrical problems and diverted safely to Long Island Macarthur Airport due to more favorable weather conditions. The aircraft had 33 passengers aboard who were bussed to New Haven. On May 18, 2013, US Airways Express Flight 4560 made a belly landing at Newark Liberty International Airport after landing gear would not extend. All passengers and crew members were evacuated safely; the airline began sponsoring NASCAR as the primary sponsor for Ricky Rudd and Richard Childress Racing in 1982. They won a championship as the primary sponsor for Terry Labonte in 1984. Air transportation in the United States List of airlines of the United States List of airports in the United States Transportation in
Horizon Air Industries, Inc. operating as Horizon Air, is a regional airline based in SeaTac, United States. Horizon Air and its sister carrier Alaska Airlines are subsidiaries of Alaska Air Group and all Horizon-operated scheduled flights are marketed and sold by Alaska Airlines. Planes operated by Horizon are co-branded as "Alaska Horizon" in recognition of the Horizon brand and to differentiate aircraft from those operated by Alaska's other regional airline partner, SkyWest Airlines. Horizon Air was once the eighth largest regional airline in the US, serving 42 cities in the United States and Canada, it was purchased by Alaska Air Group in November 1986 and continued to fly as a separately branded airline until 2011, when it shifted to the current capacity purchase agreement business model. Horizon Air was formed in May 1981 by Milt Kuolt, started operations on September 1, 1981, with three Fairchild F-27 aircraft, its headquarters were in an area, now within SeaTac, Washington. Horizon Air's first route was from Yakima to Seattle and one week Pasco to Seattle.
The general offices of Horizon Air were operated out of an old house behind Sea-Tac airport. Horizon acquired Air Oregon on June 17, 1982, after both airlines were losing hundreds of thousands of dollars monthly, in order to consolidate and reduce their operating deficit. Horizon agreed to purchase Transwestern Airlines of Utah in September 1983, once again to try to reduce operating deficit of the airline. A single Fokker F28 Fellowship twin jet, purchased in July 1984 from an African carrier, was the first jet owned by Horizon Air. An initial public offering occurred in 1985 to secure operating capital, which after only one profitable year since founding, was needed to keep the airline afloat. In the summer of 1985, Horizon entered into its first codeshare agreement with United Airlines; that year, on September 8, 1985 Horizon signed an agreement with de Havilland Canada to begin purchasing the airline's first brand new aircraft, the de Havilland Canada Dash 8-100 twin turboprop. Late in 1985 Horizon entered into an agreement to purchase their chief competitor in Washington, Cascade Airways, but by early 1986 were released from the agreement.
In January 1986, the airline became an international carrier when it began service to Calgary, Alberta, in association with Cascade Airways. Alaska Airlines struck a deal to acquire Horizon Air in November 1986; the year before, Alaska had underwent a major corporate restructuring with the airline now being owned by the Alaska Air Group, an airline holding company. Under the agreement, the Alaska Air Group became the owner of Horizon Air after approval by the Transportation Department in late December; the Alaska Air Group continued to operate Horizon as a separately branded airline, with a codesharing agreement with its new sister airline, Alaska. In 1988, Horizon signed a code share agreement with Northwest Airlines. International service was expanded in May 1989 with flights to Vancouver and Victoria in British Columbia, using both Dash 8-100s and Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner turboprop aircraft. Horizon was the launch customer for the Dornier 328 turboprop, intending to replace the Metroliners with this new aircraft which promised speed and comfort on par with jetliners.
In recognition of the order, Dornier painted its second prototype of the 328 in Horizon colors. Twelve aircraft were delivered between November 1993 and November 1995, but they were phased out in 1997 in favor of fleet standardization to the Dash 8 series of turboprops. Throughout its history, Horizon has either operated as a standalone carrier or as a regional affiliate of Alaska Airlines for most of its history, except between 2004 and 2007 when it operated Bombardier CRJ-700 aircraft on the behalf of Frontier Airlines. In late 2010, Horizon's parent company, the Alaska Air Group, made the decision to no longer operate Horizon as a separate regional airline. Starting on January 1，2011, Horizon shifted to a capacity purchase agreement business model, which had by that time become the regional airline industry standard. Under the CPA, Horizon operates and maintains its aircraft, while Alaska Airlines is responsible for scheduling and pricing all flights; as part of the change to the new business model, the Horizon Air brand was retired and all Horizon planes were repainted with a co-branded "Alaska Horizon" livery.
Alaska Airlines entered into a similar capacity purchase agreement with SkyWest Airlines in May 2011. As part of the agreement, Alaska Air Group managers agreed to sell Horizon's fleet of five Bombardier CRJ-700 regional jet aircraft to SkyWest, which used the aircraft to operate six West Coast routes as "Alaska SkyWest"; the move left Horizon with a fleet consisting of a single type of aircraft. Horizon announced in April 2016 that it would expand its fleet and once again operate regional jets, placing an order for 30 Embraer 175 airplanes; the order is the largest in the airline's history and was expanded to 33 jets. The airline experienced a period of turmoil in 2017. Amid unprecedented growth, Horizon experienced a severe pilot shortage, forcing the airline to cancel hundreds of flights and delay delivery of new aircraft; the pilot shortage was part of a broader problem affecting all regional airlines, but hit Horizon hard. After the airline industry started to rebound in 2013 after a decade long downturn, mainline air carriers started to hire pilots from regional carriers which offer low wages and limited opportunities for advancement.
Horizon responded by drastically increased pay for flight crews and worked with Alaska, its sister airline, to create more o
Peninsula Airways, operating as PenAir, is a U. S.-based regional airline headquartered in Alaska. It is Alaska's second largest commuter airline operating scheduled passenger service, as well as charter and medevac services throughout the state, its main base is Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport. PenAir has a code sharing agreement in place with Alaska Airlines with its flights operated in the state of Alaska. Peninsula Airways was founded by Orin Seybert in 1955. Seybert was 19 years old, living in Pilot Point and owned a 1946 two-seat Taylorcraft. In 1956, a four-seat Piper Tri-Pacer was added. On March 1, 1965 Peninsula Airways became incorporated and purchased the fixed base operation in King Salmon. In 1967, Peninsula Airways became a full-time subcontractor to Reeve Aleutian Airways, meeting Reeve's certificate obligations to Chignik and Ivanoff Bay. In 1969, Peninsula Airways acquired all assets of Tibbetts-Herre Airmotive, which had operated from Naknek since 1950. By 1973, regular service was provided between King Salmon and the Pribilof Island communities, St. Paul and St. George.
Charter service was extended into the Aleutian Islands, Dutch Harbor and Adak with Grumman G-44 Widgeon amphibious aircraft. In 1977, two Grumman Goose amphibious aircraft were purchased from Reeve Aleutian Airways, the sub-contract was expanded to cover all locations certificated to Reeve throughout the Alaskan Peninsula and Aleutian Islands; this required setting up an operating base at Cold Bay, with hangars and employee housing. In 1980, the Civil Aeronautics Board awarded a Part 401 Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity to Peninsula Airways, all aircraft operations were conducted under Part 135 of the Federal Air Regulations. In 1983, Peninsula Airways acquired its first turboprop: a Cessna Conquest operated out of Cold Bay. Peninsula Airways was the first Alaskan air carrier to qualify for CAB Part 419 subsidy, allowing the airline to operate Essential Air Service routes to Atka, St. George and Kodiak Island. In 1985, Peninsula Airways acquired all assets of Inc. based in Kodiak.
Included in the deal was a hangar and office facility with six aircraft and scheduled year-round service to all points on the Island. A base was established in Anchorage with two Cessna Conquest turboprops offering charter service from Anchorage to the Pribilof Islands. Scheduled service from Anchorage to King Salmon and Dillingham was added a year later; the first Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner propjet was placed into service in 1987 and Metro aircraft remained in the fleet until 2011. In 1988, several bush operators in Dillingham had their certificates revoked by the Federal Aviation Administration, prompting Peninsula Airways to set up an operation there. A hangar and aircraft were purchased and service to the surrounding communities began. In 1989, Peninsula Airways was contracted by Exxon to support the Exxon Valdez oil spill cleanup. At the same time, a contract was awarded to Peninsula Airways by Alaska Regional Hospital to provide 24-hour medevac service. Peninsula Airways' operations were inspected and approved by Exxon Corporation, U.
S. Department of the Interior Office of Aviation Services, U. S. Department of Defense, two NASIP "white glove" inspections. In 1991, Peninsula Airways began doing business as PenAir and became a code sharing and Mileage Plan partner with Alaska Airlines. PenAir transitioned to FAA Part 121 regulations in 1996, operating under both Part 135 and 121. PenAir was the first regional airline in the United States to make the 10-19 seat required conversion, including a dispatch department. In 1997, PenAir acquired two Saab 340B aircraft and, in 1998, moved its headquarters into a new hangar/office complex in Anchorage, Alaska; the airline expanded its operations outside of Alaska in 2012 after bidding on and being awarded Essential Air Service routes in the Northeastern United States. It established a hub at Boston's Logan International Airport and started operating service to Presque Isle and Plattsburgh, New York, with additional seasonal service to Bar Harbor, Maine. PenAir's presence in the continental United States expanded in 2016 when the airline was awarded multiple Essential Air Service routes in the Midwestern and Western United States.
The airline established its third and fourth hubs at Denver International Airport and Portland International Airport. From Denver, PenAir operated service to Dodge City and Liberal and Kearney, North Platte, Scottsbluff, Nebraska. From Portland, PenAir operated Essential Air Service to Crescent City and began service to Arcata/Eureka and Redding and Klamath Falls and North Bend/Coos Bay, Oregon. On August 7, 2017, PenAir filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. PenAir made the decision to end all flights out of its Portland hubs. Routes in California and Oregon that weren't funded by Essential Air Service subsidies were terminated within days; the terms of the Essential Air Service contract required that PenAir continue to operate those routes until a new airline could be awarded the contract, a process expected to be completed within 90 days. On August 30, 2017, PenAir announced it would cease all Denver operations effective after September 10, 2017 due to a mass resignation involving 17 crew members.
On November 30, 2017, PenAir announced it would end its service to Crescent City, California as of December 15. The city has chosen Contour Airlines to operate the Essential Air Service route, but PenAir stated it would be unable to continue the service until Contour begins operating. On May 30, 2018, PenAir cancelled service via Boston to and from Plattsburgh, Bar Harbor and Presque Isle a month early, citing staffing issues, breakin
JetBlue Airways Corporation, stylized as jetBlue, is an American low-cost airline headquartered in New York City. A major air carrier and the sixth-largest airline in the United States. JetBlue is headquartered in the Long Island City neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens, with its main base at John F. Kennedy International Airport, it maintains corporate offices in Cottonwood Heights and Orlando, Florida. As of 2018 it ranked No. 402 financially on the Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. JetBlue Airways operates over 1,000 flights daily and serves 102 domestic and international network destinations in the U. S. Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and South America. JetBlue is not a member of any of the three major airline alliances, but it has codeshare agreements with 21 airlines, including member airlines of oneworld, SkyTeam, Star Alliance, unaffiliated airlines. JetBlue was incorporated in Delaware in August 1998. David Neeleman founded the company in February 1999, under the name "NewAir".
JetBlue started by following Southwest's approach of offering low-cost travel, but sought to distinguish itself by its amenities, such as in-flight entertainment, TV at every seat, Sirius XM satellite radio. In September 1999, the airline was awarded 75 initial take off/landing slots at John F. Kennedy International Airport and received it's USDOT CPCN authorization in February 2000, it commenced operations on February 2000, with services to Buffalo and Fort Lauderdale. JetBlue's founders had set out to call the airline "Taxi" and therefore have a yellow livery to associate the airline with New York; the idea was dropped, for several reasons: the negative connotation behind New York City taxis. JetBlue was one of only a few U. S. airlines that made a profit during the sharp downturn in airline travel following the September 11, 2001 attacks. The airline sector responded to JetBlue's market presence by starting mini-rival carriers: Delta Air Lines started Song and United Airlines launched another rival called Ted.
Song was reabsorbed by Delta Air Lines and Ted reabsorbed by United. In October 2005, JetBlue's quarterly profit had plunged from US$8.1 million to $2.7 million due to rising fuel costs. Operational issues, fuel prices, low fares, JetBlue's hallmark, were bringing its financial performance down. In addition, with higher costs related to the airline's numerous amenities, JetBlue was becoming less competitive. For many years, analysts had predicted. Despite this, the airline continued to add routes to the fleet at a brisk pace. In addition in 2006, the IAM attempted to unionize JetBlue's "ramp service workers", in a move, described by JetBlue's COO Dave Barger as "pretty hypocritical", as the IAM opposed JetBlue's creation when it was founded as New Air in 1998; the union organizing petition was dismissed by the National Mediation Board because fewer than 35 percent of eligible employees supported an election. JetBlue experienced its first quarterly loss during the fourth quarter of 2005, when the airline lost $42.4 million, enough to make them unprofitable for the entire year of 2005.
The loss was the airline's first since going public in 2002. JetBlue reported a loss in the first quarter of 2006. In addition to that, JetBlue forecasted a loss for 2006, citing high fuel prices, operating inefficiency, fleet costs. During the first quarter report, CEO David Neeleman, President Dave Barger, then-CFO John Owen released JetBlue's "Return to Profitability" plan, stating in detail how they would curtail costs and improve revenue to regain profitability; the plan called for $50 million in a push to boost revenue by $30 million. JetBlue Airways moved out of the red during the second quarter of 2006, beating Wall Street expectations by announcing a net profit of $14 million; that result was flat when compared to JetBlue's results from the same quarter a year before, but it was double Wall Street forecasts of a $7 million profit, Reuters reports. The carrier said stronger revenue helped it offset higher jet fuel costs. In October 2006, JetBlue announced a net loss of $500,000 for Quarter 3, a plan to regain that loss by deferring some of their E190 deliveries and by selling 5 of their A320s.
In December 2006, JetBlue, as part of their RTP plan, removed a row of seats from their A320s to lighten the aircraft by 904 lb and reduce the cabin crew size from four to three, thus offsetting the lost revenue from the removal of seats, further lightening the aircraft, resulting in less fuel burned. In January 2007, JetBlue returned to profitability with a fourth quarter profit in 2006, reversing a quarterly loss in the year-earlier period; as part of the RTP plan, 2006's full year loss was $1 million compared to 2005's full year loss of $20 million. JetBlue was one of the few major airlines to post a profit in that quarter. While its financial performance started showing signs of improvement, in February 2007, JetBlue faced a crisis, when a snowstorm hit the Northeast and Midwest, throwing the airline's operations into chaos; because JetBlue followed the practice of never canceling flights, it desisted from calling flights off when the ice storm hit and the airline was forced to keep several planes on the ground.
Because of this, passengers were kept waiting at the airports f
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti