L.A. Reid

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L.A. Reid
LA Reid Book Signing.png
Background information
Birth name Antonio Marquis Reid
Born (1956-06-07) June 7, 1956 (age 61)
Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
Occupation(s)
Years active 1973–present
Labels
Associated acts

Antonio Marquis "L.A." Reid (born June 7, 1956) is an American music executive, musician, songwriter, record producer, author and former television music competition judge. He has served as the chairman and CEO of Epic Records, a division of Sony Music Entertainment, the president and CEO of Arista Records, and the chairman and CEO of the Island Def Jam Music Group. Reid was the founder and CEO of Hitco Music Publishing and the co-founder of LaFace Records.[1][2] He's also a three-time GRAMMY winner, picking up awards as a songwriter for songs such as Boyz II Men's "End Of The Road."[3]

Over the course of his career he has worked with artists including Fifth Harmony, Kenneth Babyface Edmonds, Bobby Brown, Johnny Gill, Boyz II Men, Outkast, Toni Braxton, TLC, Mariah Carey, Avril Lavigne, Paula Abdul, Pink, Justin Bieber, Meghan Trainor, Rihanna, Kanye West, Usher, Ne-Yo, 21 Savage, Young Jeezy, Ciara, Zara Larsson, Jidenna, Jennifer Lopez, Future, Travis Scott, DJ Khaled and Rick Ross.

He appeared as a judge on the first two seasons of the U.S. version of the television show The X Factor, but in December 2012 announced he would not be back for the show's third season, saying he wanted to focus on his leadership at Epic Records.[4][5][6]

One of the major projects that Reid embarked on following his stint on The X Factor, was the remaking Michael Jackson songs after death and May 13, 2014 release of the album XScape.[7]

In 2016, Reid published the New York Times bestselling memoir Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who's Next.[8] Currently Reid is developing cross-platform, multimedia content.

Career[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

Reid first began his music career as a drummer, with his first appearance on record being with the Cincinnati funk rock outfit Pure Essence. Pure Essence released one solitary 45 in the mid-1970s, they later appeared on local FM rock radio station WEBN's second annual LP compilation, but the group was renamed 'Essence'. Reid would experience more mainstream success when he became a member of the 1980s R&B band The Deele, best known for their 1988 hit "Two Occasions", a song on their third album Eyes of a Stranger. The band had broken up before the success of the single, then reunited to promote "Two Occasions" as it rose up the charts under Dick Griffey's Solar Records, the song peaked at number 10 on the Billboard Hot 100.[9]

1989–2004: LaFace Records and Arista years[edit]

After The Deele disbanded, Reid and bandmate Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds founded LaFace in 1989 through a joint venture with Arista Records, with funding from Arista Records creator Clive Davis.[10] The label soon became one of the premiere destinations for popular African-American entertainers who created Black Pop music that was easily accessible to both Urban and Top 40 radio formats. Reid signed 14-year-old Usher to the label, whose six album releases have sold 65 million units worldwide.[11] Other popular acts on the label during its peak include Toni Braxton, TLC, and Outkast. Both TLC and Toni Braxton went on to sell more than 65 million records each, becoming two of the most successful acts in music history.[12][13] Initially headquartered in Atlanta, the label played a significant role in building the current landscape of the Atlanta music industry.[10]

Hitco Publishing Group

Reid formed the Hitco Publishing Group in 1996, as a joint venture with Windswept Music.[14] While starting up Hitco, Reid, looking to connect to a new market of producers, songwriters and talent, hired Shakir Stewart whom he saw as someone with "a finger on the pulse of the next generation of hot producers in the Atlanta music scene".[15] Shakir's first job in the music industry was as a creative executive at Hitco; he went on to become a senior vice president at Island Def Jam Music Group.[15]

"The most vital lesson [Reid has] learned from 22 years working at record companies? 'That you keep the doors open and the lights on and a star will walk in,' he says. 'I learned to stay in business. People are still buying music, dancing to it and dressing like it. They're using it to sell cars and CoverGirl makeup, so we sell product lines with our artists, the popularity of music is at an all-time high. How we monetize it is sometimes a moving target.'"
L.A. Reid, regarding the challenge in marketing current music artists, as quoted in The Hollywood Reporter, February 9, 2011.[11]

In May 2000, Edmonds and Reid sold their remaining 50% stake in LaFace to parent company BMG, the label became an imprint of Arista Records, with Arista taking on sales, marketing, and promotional duties for its acts. At this time, Reid also succeeded his mentor Clive Davis as president of Arista Records.

In 2000, LaFace was merged into Arista Records with Reid being promoted to president and CEO of Arista Records; in 1997 Reid was accepted to the Harvard Business School[16] Advanced Management Program in preparation to become CEO of Arista Records; in 2000. Reid signed his first unknown artist, pop/rocker Avril Lavigne, to Arista, her debut album Let Go sold 6 million copies in the United States. As president of Arista Records, Reid signed artists such as P!nk (whose November 2001 album Missundaztood sold 5 million copies in the US) and Ciara (whose September 2004 debut album Goodies sold 3 million copies in the US).

Under Reid's tenure at Arista, Usher (whom Reid originally signed at LaFace) completed production on his multi-platinum hit 2004 album Confessions, which went on to spawn 4 #1 hit singles and sell 10 million copies in the United States alone. Outkast's Speakerboxxx/The Love Below also went on to sell 10 million copies and won a Grammy Award for Album of the year.

2004–2012: Island Def Jam Music Group and The X Factor[edit]

Following the merger of Sony and BMG, L.A. Reid was released from his contract at Arista in 2004 and became the chairman and CEO of The Island Def Jam Music Group in February 2004. Reid is noted for bringing Mariah Carey's career back to prominence with her multi-platinum 2005 album The Emancipation of Mimi after her career had stalled from 2001 to 2003 with less than stellar sales and general lack of public interest for her two previous projects Glitter and Charmbracelet.

Reid also played a role in the successes of artists such Kanye West, Rihanna, Bon Jovi, and Justin Bieber and was credited for the musical comeback of Jennifer Lopez with her 2011 album Love?.[citation needed] Reid stepped down as Chairman/CEO of Island Def Jam in March 2011.

In early 2011 Reid became a judge on the U.S. version of the British television singing competition The X Factor, alongside its creator and former American Idol judge Simon Cowell, 80s pop star Paula Abdul and former Pussycat Dolls singer Nicole Scherzinger, who replaced British recording artist Cheryl Cole.[5][6]

Reid pictured with Mariah Carey at The Emancipation of Mimi release party in April 2005.

Reid was assigned the Boys category throughout the competition, aided by friend and singer Rihanna at the Judges' Houses stage of the competition in The Hamptons, his final four acts were Marcus Canty, Chris Rene, Astro and Phillip Lomax. Lomax was eliminated on week one of the Live Shows, with Astro being eliminated on week six. Marcus Canty came fourth in the competition and was eliminated by the public vote in the semi-final (week eight). Chris Rene was Reid's most successful act who came third overall in the competition, bested by Josh Krajcik (who was mentored by Nicole Scherzinger) in second place and Melanie Amaro (mentored by Simon Cowell) who won the show. After the season ended, Reid worked with Astro, Marcus Canty and Chris Rene on their music careers.

In July 2011, Reid became the chairman and CEO of Epic Records, the label's roster included various former Jive Records artists.[1][2][17]

In September 2012, Reid returned for The X Factor's second season along with Simon Cowell, while Nicole Scherzinger and Paula Abdul were axed from the panel, along with Season 1 host Steve Jones. Joining the judging panel were new judges Britney Spears and Demi Lovato, while Khloé Kardashian and Mario Lopez replaced Jones as co-hosts. Reid had his team of finalists in the "over 25's" including Tate Stevens, the winner of the season.

Reid announced in December 2012 that he would not return for the third season in 2013.

2013–present: Best selling Author and Xscape Album[edit]

One of the projects that Reid embarked on following his stint on The X Factor, was remaking Michael Jackson songs after his death with the album Xscape, released May 2014. [7] Reid went through 40 years of tracks catalogued by the Jackson estate, and eight tracks of Jackson vocals set to new music from Timbaland and J-Roc, Rodney Jerkins, Stargate and John McClain, the former A&M Records executive who is co-executor of the Jackson estate with John Branca. The originals they worked with were recorded by Michael Jackson from 1983 to 1999, the period just after Thriller to just before Invincible[7] Xscape earned Gold certification.[18]

In 2016, Reid published the New York Times bestselling memoir Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who's Next.[8] The book was favorably reviewed by many in the industry, including Soul Train, which stated:

“In “Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who’s Next, his memoir written with Joel Selvin, Reid vividly takes readers on a musical journey via fascinating stories and rare photos that chronicle his modest beginnings as a young musician in Cincinnati, to his storied and adventurous path to becoming one of the most successful music executives in history."[19]

In Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who’s Next, his memoir written with Joel Selvin, Reid vividly takes readers on a musical journey via fascinating stories and rare photos that chronicle his modest beginnings as a young musician in Cincinnati, to his storied and adventurous path to becoming one of the most successful music executives in history.[20]

Additionally, under Reid, Epic Records began dominating the streaming business in 2016 and the company had four albums debut at #1 - FutureDJ KhaledTravis Scott, and the final album from A Tribe Called Quest[21][22][23][24] On March 3, 2017 Future made Billboard chart history by becoming the only artist in Billboard's history to release back-to-back / just one week apart, #1 album.[25] Currently Reid is developing cross-platform, multimedia content.

In May 2017, it was announced that Reid would exit his post at Epic Records following alleged misconduct. [26][27] While at Epic Records, Reid relaunched the label as a hub for hip-hop acts such as Future, Travis Scott, DJ Khaled, with a proven track record in pop (Meghan Trainor, Fifth Harmony). Under his direction, Epic had steadily grown its market share to 3.63 percent, up from 2.56 percent when he took over in 2011.[28] His winning streak culminated in a No. 1 Billboard Hot 100 hit for Khaled. Reid turned around a label that, seven years ago, was essentially left for dead, ushering in a robust period during his tenure at Epic.[29]

Awards and honors[edit]

On August 30, 2006, L.A. Reid, along with Babyface, was honored as a BMI Icon at the 6th annual BMI Urban Awards, as of 2006, he has won 18 BMI awards.[30] Together with Babyface, Reid has produced and/or co-written penning numerous R&B hits, racking up over 40 No. 1 singles.[31]

Reid was honored with the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences' President's Merit Award at the Grammy salute to Industry Icons celebration on February 9, 2013, the day prior to the 55th Grammy Awards.[32] Reid is also a 3 time Grammy Award winner; in 2014, Reid received the Harvard University Alumni Award of Excellence in Media.

Reid recently received an award from BET Honors for The Business of Entertainment Award.

Reid is the co-author (with Joel Selvin) of the New York Times bestseller[33] Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who's Next.[34]

Philanthropy[edit]

In 2006 LA Reid was noted for his philanthropic efforts to bring arts programs to urban youth at the Art for Life Palm Beach fundraiser hosted by Russel Simmons,[35] that year he also received the UJA-Federation of New York’s Music Visionary Award.[36] He has also been involved with the Taste of Hope event for the City of Hope organization[37] and the Robin Hood Foundation;[38] in 2008 Reid wrote and co-produced the song “Just Stand Up” for the television special Stand Up To Cancer, which was performed by artists including Mariah Carey, Beyonce, Mary J. Blige, Rihanna, Fergie, Sheryl Crow, Miley Cyrus, Melissa Etheridge, Ashanti, Natasha Bedingfield, Keyshia Cole, Ciara, Leona Lewis, LeAnn Rimes, and Carrie Underwood. The record sales for the single were donated to the show’s eponymous organization;[39] in 2009, Reid received the Spirit of Compassion Award from UNICEF.[40]

Discography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "L.A. Reid's First Week at Epic Has Some Staffers Feeling 'Energized'". Billboard.biz. July 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  2. ^ a b "L.A. Reid Officially Named Chairman & CEO of Epic Records". Billboard.biz. July 18, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  3. ^ ""Antonio "L.A." Reid Is Writing His Next Chapter"". The Recording Academy. 2017-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Judge and mentor L.A. Reid is leaving 'The X Factor'". CNN.com. CNN. December 14, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Official: L.A. Reid signed as 'X Factor' judge". Entertainment Weekly. March 18, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-18. 
  6. ^ a b "Breaking News: Grammy-winning music mogul Antonio "L.A" Reid to join Simon Cowell and Cheryl Cole as a judge on The X Factor!". The X Factor. Facebook. March 18, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-18. 
  7. ^ a b c "Michael Jackson's Back: How L.A. Reid Planned His 'Xscape' (Cover Story)". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  8. ^ a b "Best Sellers - The New York Times". 2016-03-13. 
  9. ^ http://www.billboard.com/artist/399375/deele/chart
  10. ^ a b Rule, Sheila (December 2, 1992). "The Pop Life; Arista's Formula: Country and Film Music.". NYTimes. Retrieved 2010-11-07. 
  11. ^ a b Halperin, Shirley (February 9, 2011). "Justin Bieber Cover: The Team and Strategy Behind Making Him a Star". Hollywood Reporter/Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  12. ^ http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/tlc-reveal-title-and-track-listing-for-new-collection-inspired-by-upcoming-vh1-biopic-crazysexycool-the-tlc-story-224853652.html
  13. ^ http://www.boomsbeat.com/articles/18787/20150402/45-interesting-facts-about-toni-braxton-how-she-went-from-a-conservative-home-to-a-grammy-award-winning-singer.htm
  14. ^ "EMI Music Publishing forms strategic partnership with Antonio "L.A." Reid.". EMI Music Publishing. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  15. ^ a b "Interview With Shakir Stewart". HitQuarters. November 14, 2005. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  16. ^ Philips, Chuck (May 3, 2000). "BMG Chief Strauss Zelnick Sens Reid back to school". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  17. ^ "L.A. Reid to Run Restructured Epic Records". Billboard.biz. June 15, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  18. ^ "Michael Jackson - Biography | Billboard". www.billboard.com. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  19. ^ "Book Review: L.A. Reid’s ‘Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who's Next’ - Soul Train". Soul Train. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  20. ^ "Book Review: L.A. Reid’s ‘Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who's Next’ - Soul Train". Soul Train. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  21. ^ "Future Makes History With Back-to-Back No. 1 Debuts on Billboard 200 Albums Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-09-14. 
  22. ^ "DJ Khaled Earns His First No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart With 'Major Key'". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-09-14. 
  23. ^ Lang, Cady. "A Tribe Called Quest Has the No. 1 Album in America". Time. Retrieved 2017-09-14. 
  24. ^ "Travis Scott Scores First No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart With 'Birds in the Trap Sing McKnight'". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-09-14. 
  25. ^ McIntyre, Hugh. "Future Makes History By Debuting Back-To-Back No. 1 Albums". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  26. ^ "Los Angeles Times". 
  27. ^ Karp, Hannah (May 15, 2017). "Epic Executives Knew of L.A. Reid's Alleged Misconduct, Letter Claims". Billboard. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  28. ^ "Epic Holds Breath as L.A. Reid Era Comes to Ugly Close". Billboard. May 17, 2017. 
  29. ^ "What L.A. Reid's Sudden Sony Music Exit Means for Epic Records, Variety". 2017-05-12. 
  30. ^ "BMI Salutes Top Urban Music Makers at Star-Studded Gala in NYC". bmi.com. Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
  31. ^ "DEF JAM'S NEW TUNE". NewsWeek. Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
  32. ^ The Recording Academy, Clive Davis Partner For Pre-GRAMMY Gala
  33. ^ "Best Sellers - The New York Times". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2016-04-12. 
  34. ^ Reid, L. A. (2016-02-02). Sing to Me: My Story of Making Music, Finding Magic, and Searching for Who's Next. Harper. ISBN 9780062274755. 
  35. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=GBYEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA90
  36. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=JhYEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA78
  37. ^ http://www.billboard.com/biz/articles/news/legal-and-management/1554497/backbeat-steve-bartels-la-reid-tom-poleman-alissa
  38. ^ https://www.robinhood.org/robin-hood-raises-56-5-million-to-fight-poverty-in-new-york-city/
  39. ^ http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/1044410/female-stars-team-for-cancer-charity-tune
  40. ^ https://www.mcarchives.com/index.asp?id=9025

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Amanda Ghost
Chairman & Chief Executive Officer of Epic Records
July 2011–May 2017
Succeeded by
incumbent
Preceded by
Chief Executive Officer of Island Def Jam
February 2004 – March 2011
Succeeded by
Barry Weiss