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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

LGBT community

The LGBT community referred to as the gay community, is a loosely defined grouping of lesbian, bisexual, transgender, LGBT organizations, subcultures, united by a common culture and social movements. These communities celebrate pride, diversity and sexuality. LGBT activists and sociologists see LGBT community-building as a counterbalance to heterosexism, biphobia, transphobia and conformist pressures that exist in the larger society; the term pride or sometimes gay pride is used to express the LGBT community's identity and collective strength. The LGBT community is diverse in political affiliation. Not all people who are lesbian, bisexual, or transgender consider themselves part of the LGBT community. Groups that may be considered part of the LGBT community include gay villages, LGBT rights organizations, LGBT employee groups at companies, LGBT student groups in schools and universities, LGBT-affirming religious groups. LGBT communities may organize themselves into, or support, movements for civil rights promoting LGBT rights in various places around the world.

The gay community is associated with certain symbols the rainbow or rainbow flags. The Greek lambda symbol, triangles and gender symbols are used as "gay acceptance" symbol. There are many types of flags to represent subdivisions in the gay community, but the most recognized one is the rainbow flag. According to Gilbert Baker, creator of the known rainbow flag, each color represents a value in the community: pink = sexuality red = life orange = healing yellow = the sun green = nature blue = art indigo = harmony violet = spirit Later and indigo were removed from the flag, resulting in the present-day flag, first presented at the 1979 Pride Parade. Other flags include the Victory over AIDS flag, the Leather Pride flag, the Bear Pride flag; the lambda symbol was adopted by Gay Activists Alliance of New York in 1970 after they broke away from the larger Gay Liberation Front. Lambda was chosen because people might confuse it for a college symbol and not recognize it as a gay community symbol unless one was involved in the community.

"Back in December of 1974, the lambda was declared the international symbol for gay and lesbian rights by the International Gay Rights Congress in Edinburgh, Scotland."The triangle became a symbol for the gay community after the Holocaust. Not only did it represent Jews, but homosexuals who were killed because of German law. During the Holocaust, homosexuals were labeled with pink triangles to distinguish between them, regular prisoners, political prisoners; the black triangle is a symbol for females only to represent lesbian sisterhood. The pink and yellow triangle was used to label Jewish homosexuals. Gender symbols have a much longer list of variations of homosexual or bisexual relationships which are recognizable but may not be as popularly seen as the other symbols. Other symbols that relate to the gay community or gay pride include the gay-teen suicide awareness ribbon, AIDS awareness ribbon and purple rhinoceros. In the fall of 1995, the Human Rights Campaign adopted a logo that has become one of the most recognizable symbols of the lesbian, gay and transgender community.

The logo can be spotted the world over and has become synonymous with the fight for equal rights for LGBT people. One of the most notable recent changes was made in Philadelphia, PA on June 8, 2017, they added two new stripes to one black and one brown. These were intended to highlight members of color within the LGBTQIA community; the LGBT community represented by a social component of the global community, believed by many, including heterosexual allies, to be underrepresented in the area of civil rights. The current struggle of the gay community has been brought about by globalization. In the United States, World War II brought together many closeted rural men from around the nation and exposed them to more progressive attitudes in parts of Europe. Upon returning home after the war, many of these men decided to band together in cities rather than return to their small towns. Fledgling communities would soon become political in the beginning of the gay rights movement, including monumental incidents at places like Stonewall.

Today, many large cities have lesbian community centers. Many universities and colleges across the world have support centers for LGBT students; the Human Rights Campaign, Lambda Legal, the Empowering Spirits Foundation, GLAAD advocate for LGBT people on a wide range of issues in the United States. There is an International Lesbian and Gay Association. In 1947, when the United Kingdom adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, LGBT activists clung to its concept of equal, inalienable rights for all people, regardless of their race, gender, or sexual orientation; the declaration does not mention gay rights, but discusses equality and freedom from discrimination. In 1962, Clark Polak joined The Janus Society in Philadelphia, PA. Only a year after, he became president. In 1968, he announced that the Society would be changing their name to Homosexual Law Reform Society. In some parts of the world, partnership rights or marriage have been extended to same-sex couples. Advocates of same-sex marriage cite a range of benefits that are denied to people who cannot marry, including immigration, health care and property

Cedar Rapids Public Library

The Cedar Rapids Public Library serves the city of Cedar Rapids, Iowa. It consists of two locations: the Ladd Library, located at 3750 Williams Blvd SW, the Downtown Library, located at 450 5th Avenue SE; the CRPL works in cooperation with the Marion Public Library and Hiawatha Public Library to form the Metro Library Network, which allows them to share a collection of materials, partner on programs, make resources more available to all citizens. The Iowa flood of 2008, considered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to be "one of the worst and most costly floods in Iowa--and U. S. history," destroyed the building at the previous downtown location of the main branch, along with over half of the library's collection. The flooding of the library may have been the worst natural disaster; the new Cedar Rapids Public Library opened to the public on August 24, 2013. More than 8,000 people attended opening day festivities. In the first year of service, the new library saw over 660,000 visits from the community, over 100,000 people used the meeting room spaces, including the new 200-seat Whipple Auditorium.

On March 2, 1896 the city of Cedar Rapids was to make a vote on whether or not they would have a public library. Due to the work of a group of women called the City Federation of Ladies Literary Clubs led by Ada Van Vechten, the vote was favorable. On January 15, 1897, the first public library was to open its doors to the citizens of Cedar Rapids, it was located in a small room of the Granby building. After a few years, the library had outgrown the room, it was moved to the Dows auditorium in May 1900. Andrew Carnegie was contacted in late January 1901 to request money to construct a dedicated library building, he agreed to give $75,000 if the town would pledge $7,500 in taxation annually to support the maintenance. In early 1903, the library chose Ely corner at Third Avenue and Fifth Street as the future site of the Carnegie library. On June 23, 1905, the new library was open; the years to follow were filled with a variety of strategies to expand services within the town and beyond. In 1910, E. Joanna Hagey became the librarian.

She was the driving force behind the extension work for nearly three decades. Books were brought to schools, drug stores, workplaces for extra convenience. Surrounding townships had contracted for library services. By 1928, six library stations were in operation. In 1930 there was the first branch building owned by the library. During the Great Depression, circulation had reached record highs for the library. Beginning in 1933, the circulation began to fall. Everything started to normalize towards the end of the'30s. In 1940 there were 15 people staffing the library; the head librarian, who had replaced Hagey at the end of 1939, was Miss Alice Story. Another librarian that would have a lasting effect on the library and the community, Evelyn Zerzanek, worked under Miss Story as the head librarian of the school and the children's department. Evelyn Zerzanek worked hard to not only get books into children's hands, but to think for themselves and be creative. Under her direction, the summer reading programs and story times had increased in popularity.

Evelyn loved children's book illustrations. She started a collection that would grow to over 850 original drawings. In the early 1950s, two bookmobiles were purchased. Together they would make twelve stops each week at regular locations. Instead of many rented stations, the library now consisted of the two bookmobiles, the Kenwood Park station, the main building. Crowding became a pressing issue for the library throughout the'60s. Much of the material had to be stored in the basement. New materials had to be turned away due to the space restrictions. In 1969, the library proposed to establish a west-side branch, it failed to reach 60% voter approval. In 1971, a branch was established on Edgewood Road NW; the first two of three bookmobiles were retired by 1972. For the next twelve years, the library would be unsuccessful at securing a majority vote; the library had changed its proposal from remodeling the library to constructing a new facility during that time. In 1981, the Hall Foundation offered over 25% of the $7.9 million bond issue if the city would pay the remainder, but again, the 60% voter approval would not be met.

About four months the Hall Foundation of Cedar Rapids offered to pay $6.8 million over the next ten years on the condition that the Library Foundation, established in 1972, could obtain $1 million in private donations. By the end of September, $1.3 million in private contributions had secured the amount necessary to move forward with the plans for a new library. The new library at 500 First Street SE opened on February 17, 1985; the floor space of the new building was 83,000 square feet compared with 29,000 square feet in the Carnegie building. Space issues were not the reason for moving; the flood of 2008 had taken out much of the reference collections. The children's books on the upper level, along with the Zerzanek collection, were all saved; the library would lease space at the Westdale Mall where they had established a library branch in August 1988. The branch material would be consolidated with the library's surviving collection in the former Osco Drug Store space. In February 2013, the Ladd Library was opened, establishing a permanent west-side location/.

On May 5, 2012, construction began on the new downtown location, which opened to the public in August 2013. The CRPL offers an abundance of regular services, including free computer classes, public computer and wifi access, meeting rooms for

Patacón (bond)

The Patacón was a bond issued by the government of the province of Buenos Aires, during 2001. The patacones were used to pay government bills, including state employees' salaries during a period when the economic crisis caused regular currency to be scarce. Patacones circulated in the economy in much the same way as pesos. First issued during the peso/U. S. dollar convertibility regime, just like other complementary currency Patacones could be attractive due to a revenue scheduled for payment in 2003 in pesos. When the convertibility was abandoned amid fears of hyperinflation, the attractiveness of this revenue disappeared; the basis for the acceptability of complementary currency shifted to their use to pay taxes. However, the value of Patacones became eroded as the series "B" was issued because as a way to put pressure on the Government to cancel a large debt, the company that printed them eliminated many safety features deemed too expensive, thus making them easier to counterfeit; the revenue of series "B" was scheduled for payment just in 2006.

The economic importance of Buenos Aires province ensured the acceptability of Patacones because there were plenty of large companies that found use for them as payment of provincial charges. Patacones were accepted outside the Buenos Aires province and circulated in border areas of neighboring countries; the name patacón is derived from a former Argentine national currency, had been used in various places as a variant name for the Peso. It was colloquially or jokingly used as a synonym of "money"; the popular comic hero Patoruzú had revived the use of this word -a wealthy, generous Indian ready to hand large heaps of bank notes to anyone in need, urging them to accept "these Patacones". Other complementary currencies in Argentina at that time were the Crédito, the LECOP and the Argentino; the patacone plan - back to the future? Patacon, baker's van

Kouachra

Kouachra is a village in Akkar Governorate, Lebanon. It is located 131 kilometres north of Beirut and 38 kilometres north of Tripoli. Kouachra is located in Akkar District, near Al Qoubaiyat about an hour's drive from Tripoli; the village is situated on flat terrain at an altitude of 700–800 meters above sea level. The village has a small artificial lake. Kouachra has a population of about 2,800 people of Sunni Turkish origin, and most of its residents are farmers. The villagers support the Future Movement political party. Owing to its Turkish ethnic identity, the village was visited by the Prime Minister of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, in 2010 and has received Turkish developmental assistance and funding, including university scholarships in Turkey. According to one local resident: "After Ottoman rule ended in Lebanon, we decided to stay on our land. We still maintain our Turkish language and traditions."The village houses several hundred Syrian Turkmen who have fled the Syrian Civil War. Turks in Lebanon

Ben Harris (cricketer)

Ben Zinzan Harris is a retired New Zealand cricketer from Christchurch, Canterbury who played first class cricket for Canterbury and Otago cricket teams between 1988 and 1995. A right-hand batsman, right-arm medium bowler, Harris played 35 first-class matches and 15 List-A games, scoring over 1,500 runs at 26.72, with three centuries, taking six occasional wickets at 48.83. He took two more wickets in one day cricket, however only managed one half-century in his 163 runs at 20.37. His father, Zin Harris, played Test cricket for New Zealand, as did his more successful brother, Chris Harris, who played 23 Tests and 250 One Day Internationals for his country. Ben Harris at ESPNcricinfo

Progress D-18T

The Progress D-18T is a triple-drive shaft, 51,500 lbf high-bypass turbofan, powering the Antonov An-124 Ruslan and An-225 large freighters. The engine was developed in the second half of the 1970s by the Soviet Ivchenko-Progress design bureau, it is manufactured by the Motor Sich factory in Ukraine. It was the first engine in the USSR; the first start of a full-scale engine occurred on September 19, 1980, the An-124 maiden flight on December 24, 1982 and the engine passed official bench tests on December 19, 1985. An upgraded 3M version was developed to reduce emissions and increase the life of the hot section to 14,000 h, is introduced on An-124s of Antonov Airlines. 188 D-18T engines are in operation with a total flight time of over 1 million hours. Antonov An-124 Antonov An-225 Data from forecastinternational.com Type: Three-spool high bypass turbofan engine with a single-stage fan Length: 5.4 m Width: 2.93 m Height: 2.79 m Fan diameter: 2.33 m Diameter: Dry weight: 4,100 kg Compressor: Seven-stage IP compressor, seven-stage HP axial compressor Combustors: Annular combustion system Turbine: Single-stage HP turbine, single-stage IP turbine, four‑stage LP turbine Maximum thrust: Takeoff: 23,430 kgf.