LGBT culture

LGBT culture is a culture shared by lesbian, bisexual, transgender and queer individuals. It is sometimes referred to as queer culture, while the term gay culture may be used to mean "LGBT culture" or to refer to homosexual culture. LGBT culture varies by geography and the identity of the participants. Elements common to cultures of gay, bisexual and intersex people include: Works by famous gay, lesbian and transgender people, including: Contemporary LGBT artists and political figures Historical figures identified as LGBT, although identifying historical figures with modern terms for sexual identity is controversial. However, many LGBT people feel a kinship with their work. An understanding of LGBT social movements Figures and identities present in the LGBT community. Not all LGBT people identify with LGBT culture; the Queercore and Gay Shame movements critique what they see as the commercialization and self-imposed "ghettoization" of LGBT culture. In some cities in North America, some LGBT people live in neighborhoods with a high proportion of gay residents, otherwise known as gay villages or gayborhoods, examples of this neighborhoods are Castro and West Hollywood in California, United States or Gay Village in Montreal, Canada.

Such LGBT communities organize special events in addition to pride parades celebrating their culture such as the Gay Games and Southern Decadence. According to Herdt, "homosexuality" was the main term used until early 1960s. "This new gay culture marks a full spectrum of social life: not only same-sex desires but gay selves, gay neighbors, gay social practices that are distinctive of our affluent, postindustrial society". During the 19th and early 20th centuries, gay culture was underground or coded, relying on in-group symbols and codes woven into ostensibly straight appearances. Gay influence in early America was more visible in high culture, where it was nominally safer to be out; the association of gay men with opera, couture, fine cuisine, musical theater, the Golden Age of Hollywood and interior design began with wealthy homosexual men using the straight themes of these media to send their own signals. In the heterocentric Marilyn Monroe film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, a musical number features Jane Russell singing "Anyone Here for Love" in a gym while muscled men dance around her.

The men's costumes were designed by a man, the dance was choreographed by a man and the dancers "seem more interested in each other than in Russell". After the 1969 Stonewall uprising in New York City was covered on the mainstream news channels, showing images of gay men rioting in the streets, gay male culture among the working classes, people of color, street people, radical political activists and hippies became more visible to mainstream America. Groups such as the Gay Liberation Front formed in New York City, the Mattachine Society, in existence and doing media since 1950, gained more visibility as they addressed the crowds and media in the wake of the uprisings in Greenwich Village. On June 28, 1970 the first Christopher Street Liberation Day was held, marking the beginning of annual Gay Pride marches. In 1980 a group of seven gay men formed The Violet Quill in New York City, a literary club focused on writing about the gay experience as a normal plotline instead of a "naughty" sideline in a straight story.

An example is the novel. In this first volume of a trilogy, White writes as a young homophilic narrator growing up with a corrupt and remote father; the young man learns bad habits from his straight father. Female celebrities such as Liza Minnelli, Jane Fonda, Bette Midler spent a significant amount of their social time with urban gay men, more male celebrities were open about their relationships; such openness was still limited to the largest and most progressive urban areas, until AIDS forced several popular celebrities out of the closet due to their illness with what was known at first as the "gay cancer". Elements identified more with gay men than with other groups include: Pop-culture gay icons who have had a traditionally gay-male following Familiarity with aspects of romantic and social life common among gay men There are a number of subcultures within gay male culture, such as bears and chubbies. There are subcultures with an large gay-male population, such as leather and SM. Gay critic Michael Musto opined, "I am a harsh critic of the gay community because I fee


Kandipedu is a village in Katpadi, at the northern part of Vellore city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It sits on the Katpadi-Vallimalai railway line, near Thiruvalluvar University, one of India's premier educational institutions. Kandipedu is a village with its own Panchayat office, it has a major assembly constituency, part of Arakkonam. The village of Kandipedu lies on the northern side of the Katpadi with the Andhra Pradesh state border nearby. Kandipedu Panchayat School serves hundreds of students in the region. In the area is Thiruvalluvar University. Thituvalluvar University is composed of seven departments. At the university, students can major in things such as Economics, English and many more; this provides people. According to Census of 2011, Kandipedu's population was 2,794. Of those, 1359 are males; the village contains 239 children in the age range 0-6 years old. Out of the 239 children, 125 of them are boys and 114 of them are girls; the literacy rate of the village is 77%. The male literacy rate is at 82% and the female literacy rate is 73%.

This represents a common trend in India of the male literacy rate being higher than the female literacy rate. The village is in the middle of some economic problems. There are more people living in the village. 1202 villagers report being employed compared to 1592. Of the 1202 who are employed, 146 of them are engaged in subsistence farming. There are a variety of methods of transport that the villagers can use to move around the surrounding area. For short distance journeys there are bus routes; the bus route for Kandipedu from vellore is via katpadi - Pallikuppam - Kasam. The government bus names are 14Serkadu, 20BPeriya Bodinatham, 20MPonnai, 20AVallimalai, 20Ammorpalli; the Private bus names are Raja, Malliga, AKB, MVM. The village is located 10Km away from a railway station; this allows for residents of the village to move more around India

Autonomist Federation

The Autonomist Federation was a regionalist, Italian political party active in Aosta Valley. Social-liberal and social-democratic, the party's ideology tilted toward Christian democracy; the party's last leader was Claudio Lavoyer, a long-time regional councillor and former regional minister. The party was founded in 1998 by the merger of the Progressive Democratic Autonomists, which included several splinters of the Italian Republican Party, the Autonomist People's Alliance formed by former members of the Italian Socialist Party. In the 1998 regional election the party list, which included some members of the Christian Democratic Centre and some of the United Christian Democrats, obtained 9.7% of the vote and four regional councillors. In the 2001 the FA was merged with the Autonomists into Edelweiss. In the 2003 regional election SA was the second-largest party with 19.8% of the vote, but the party soon split and the FA re-gained its autonomy in 2004. In the 2008 regional election the party, part of the winning regionalist coalition, obtained 6.2% of the vote and two regional councillors.

Claudio Lavoyer was appointed to the regional government. In 2009 a group of Socialists, members of the Socialist Party at the national level, were expelled from the FA. In 2013 a larger group of Socialists, led by Leonardo La Torre, a former leader of the party and joined the Valdostan Union. In the 2013 regional election the FA, which included the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, obtained a mere 2.2% of the vote and was excluded from the Regional Council, after 15 years of continuous presence. As a result, Lavoyer resigned from party leader. In 2014 the party was merged into a short-lived outfit named "Create VdA", merged into the UV, of which La Torre was still a regional councillor. Secretary: unknown, Cristina Vasini, Leonardo La Torre, Claudio Lavoyer President: unknown, Guglielmo Piccolo, Cristina Vasini Official website