LGBT rights in Vatican City

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Location Vatican City Europe.png
Location of  LGBT rights in Vatican City  (green)

in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

StatusLegal
Gender identityNo
MilitaryNo army
Discrimination protectionsNone
Family rights
Recognition of relationshipsNo
AdoptionNo

The legal code regarding homosexuality in the Vatican City is based on the Italian penal code of 1929, the time of the founding of the sovereign state of the Vatican City. From 1929 to 2008, the Vatican City automatically adopted most Italian laws; however, it was announced in late 2008 that the Vatican would no longer automatically adopt new Italian laws as its own.[1]

Criminal law[edit]

A 2008 protest against the Vatican and the laws against homosexuals that were in force in the Catholic Church

There are no criminal laws against non-commercial, private, adult and consensual same-sex sexual activity. Since 2013, the age of consent is 18 years old, except for sex within marriage, in which case it is 14 years old.[2]

The 1992 Catechism of the Catholic Church which represents the present Catholic Doctrine says that homosexuals may not be unjustly discriminated against.[3] On December 18, 2008, the Holy See endorsed the decriminalization of same-sex sexual activity, despite expressing opposition to the wording of the "Declaration on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity" presented at the UN General Assembly that same day.[4][5]

Foreign diplomats, in order to be accredited, must not be part of a same-sex family,[6] and must not be divorced.[7]. In 2008, Jean-Loup Kuhn-Delforge, who is an openly gay dimplomat, and who is in a civil pact with his partner, was rejected by Roman Catholic officials to be the French envoy to the Holy See.

Civil rights[edit]

Vatican City State does not have any civil rights provisions that include sexual orientation or gender identity. However, the 1992 Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches that while homosexual acts are gravely disordered, there may be no unjust discrimination against homosexuals.[3]

On January 13, 1998, the LGBT activist of Arcigay Alfredo Ormando set himself on fire in St. Peter's Square (which is under the jurisdiction of the Vatican City) in protest against the attitude of deep-rooted refusal that has always been expressed by the Catholic religion towards homosexuality. As a result of the severe burns suffered, he died a few days later in the hospital.

Recognition of same-sex relatioships[edit]

The Vatican City has always expressed its sharpest disagreement against any civil recognition of same-sex unions and same-sex marriage and against the granting of adoption rights to same-sex couples.[8]

Discrimination protections[edit]

The Vatican reserves the inalienable right to remove, suspend and dismiss immediately any official and employee who publicly admits to being gay or who even questions the general policy of the Vatican towards homosexuals.[9][10].

Transgender issues[edit]

According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church:

"Man and woman have been created, which is to say, willed by God: on the one hand, in perfect equality as human persons; on the other, in their respective beings as man and woman. "Being man" or "being woman" is a reality which is good and willed by God: man and woman possess an inalienable dignity which comes to them immediately from God their Creator. Man and woman are both with one and the same dignity "in the image of God". In their "being-man" and "being-woman", they reflect the Creator's wisdom and goodness."[11]

In the 2016 document "Amoris Laetitia", written by Pope Francis after a Synod involving a great part of the Catholic bishops from the whole world, he writes that: "It needs to be emphasized that “biological sex and the socio-cultural role of sex (gender) can be distinguished but not separated”."[12]

HIV/AIDS[edit]

There are no known cases of AIDS or HIV infection in Vatican City. Internationally, the Vatican government has been a leading opponent of the use of condoms as part of any campaign to stop the spread of the HIV/AIDS pandemic.[13]

Summary table[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (Since 1890)
Equal age of consent Yes (Since 1890)
Anti-discrimination laws in employment only No (The Holy See reserves the inalienable right to remove, suspend and dismiss immediately any employee declaring himself homosexual or against the position of the Catholic Church on homosexuality)
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No
Same-sex marriage No
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the Gendarmerie and Pontifical Swiss Guard No
Right to change legal gender No
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
Allowed to donate blood No

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vatican ends automatic adoption of Italian law. Reuters. Retrieved on 26 October 2010.
  2. ^ "Legge N. VIII: Norme complementari in materia penale, 11 July 2013 (see Article 8(4) and Article 4(a) - for sex within marriage see Article 8(5))" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  3. ^ a b "Catechism of the Catholic Church - The sixth commandment - Chastity and homosexuality - 2357 - 2359". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  4. ^ https://www.ncronline.org/news/vatican/vatican-calls-homosexuality-be-decriminalized
  5. ^ "STATEMENT OF THE HOLY SEE DELEGATION AT THE 63rd SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS ON THE DECLARATION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND GENDER IDENTITY (18 DECEMBER 2008)". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  6. ^ pinknews.co.uk: Vatican blocks appointment of gay diplomat, 2. October 2008
  7. ^ Wikinews: Vatican accepts Juan Pablo Cafiero as Argentine Ambassador, 28. September 2008
  8. ^ Texte sur le site du Vatican.
  9. ^ Texte de la lettre sur le site d'Eternal World Television, Global Catholic Network (en anglais).
  10. ^ Golias Magazine, "Stupeur au Vatican, un théologien fait son coming out, il est viré" Archived 2011-09-17 at the Wayback Machine, Têtu, 7/08/2010.
  11. ^ [1], Catechism of the Catholic Church, Part One, Section Two, Chapter One, Article One, Paragraph Six, #369.
  12. ^ [2] Amoris Laetitia, par 56
  13. ^ Condoms and the Vatican | FP Passport. Blog.foreignpolicy.com (21 November 2006). Retrieved on 26 October 2010.