GCR Class 8
The Great Central Railway Class 8 - London North Eastern Railway Class B5 - was a class of 4-6-0 steam locomotives. They were nicknamed "Fish Engines" on delivery, due to their use on the fast fish deliveries from Grimsby to places like London, the duty they were designed for; the last was withdrawn in 1950. A 1/5 scale, 10.25 in gauge model of number 181 has been made by Andrew Simkins. This model is externally faithful to Robinson's design but cleverly uses a footwell to conceal most of the driver in the tender, it was showcased and won an award at the Model engineering exhibition in 2003. It has since been seen on several of the 10.25 in gauge railways around Britain. Boddy, M. G.. A.. V.. N. T.. B.. Locomotives of the L. N. E. R. Part 2B: Tender Engines - Classes B1 to B19. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-73-8. OCLC 655688865. Casserley, H. C.. W. Johnson. Locomotives at the Grouping 2: London and North Eastern Railway. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Limited. Pp. 12, 107, 111. ISBN 0-7110-0553-2. LNER Encyclopedia
GCR Class 2
The GCR Class 2 was derived from a Kitson built/Thomas Parker designed prototype 4-4-0 locomotive No. 561, exhibited in Manchester in 1887. The design lead to the production of a series of express steam locomotives built between 1890 and 1894 for use on the Manchester and Lincolnshire Railway the Great Central Railway; the last batch of six, built 1894, had larger bearings for the coupled wheels, coil springs for the driving axle and was classified 2A. When first built, the Class 2s were used on the MSLR main express trains, they hauled the Manchester to King's Cross expresses to and from Grantham. Early records suggest that they were economical locomotives during this period; these locomotives were superseded by the Pollitt D6 and Robinson D9 locomotives in 1895 and 1901 and were reduced to stopping and secondary services. They passed to the London and North Eastern Railway in 1923 and both classes were re-classified D7. During the early years of the LNER, the D7s qualified for the LNER's green passenger locomotive livery.
This led to the Immingham D7s acquiring the nickname of'Green Bogies' By this time, they were obsolete - withdrawals starting in 1926 and progressed the last D7 was withdrawn in 1939 with no preserved examples. A Project has now been launched to build a new member of this class to modern engineering standards for running on the Great Central Railway, it is be a semi-new build locomotive being erected at Ruddington on the GCR Northern section. The build, with a potential boiler, cylinder block and tender chassis found, the rest costing about £950,000. However, a review of the proposed boiler, needing some work to be usable. Has led the group to consider a new-build boiler at a cost of little more than the repair costs; the Bogie wheels are identical to those on the'Brighton Atlantic Project', however the Bluebell Railway have declined to release the pattern so the group will have to make a new one - other new-build projects based on Kitson design/manufacture may have useful parts. Design work is well advanced with over 300 drawings having been created and reviwed for manufacture.
New methodology is being considered for casting using'Polypatterns' created by 3D printing - a considerable cost saving. Investigations undertaken when creating the design for the new frames showed that these locomotives were structurally weak at the front end - photos show damage caused by'heavy shunts'; the majority of their service life, these engines would have spent coupled to their trains via the tender - for use on preserved lines, the locomotive needs to be able to run Smokebox to train. The GCR567 design team will utilise the Kitson & Co build for the frames - these engines being built with deeper frames but the GCR567 team still needs to address the weakness - by creating a new front Dragbox and Doubler plates - the latter will seen from the outside, however this and other modern updates to improve ease of maintenance, should not detract from the visual re-creation of this Victorian Locomotive. Steam locomotives of the 21st century Baxter, Bertram. Baxter, David, ed. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 5B: Great Northern Railway and Great Central Railway.
Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-903485-86-9
GCR Class 1
The GCR Class 1 was a class of steam locomotives designed by John G. Robinson for the Great Central Railway, introduced to service between December 1912 and 1913. In the 1923 grouping, they all passed to the London and North Eastern Railway who placed them in class B2, their classification was changed to B19 in 1945, all had been retired by the end of 1947. Although believed that they were intended as express passenger locomotives, the Great Central classified and used them as mixed traffic locomotives; the minutes of the Locomotive Committee show that they were ordered as a superheated version of the 8F class mixed traffic locomotives. They were described as mixed traffic locomotives in the contemporary Great Central publication'Per Rail' which promoted the company's goods services; when new, three of the class – 423, 425 and 428 were painted in GCR's standard green passenger livery, while the other three – 424, 426 and 427 were painted in the lined black goods livery. Their initial allocations included the'Pipe trains', the vacuum-brake fitted express goods services between Manchester and London, among the most important services on the Great Central.
There is no evidence that they were intended to challenge the contemporary 11E class 4-4-0s for the light express passenger services of the pre-1914 years on the London Extension. There is no evidence to support the claims that they had problems in service which led to their alleged demotion from express passenger use; the design of the fire grate and ash pan was similar to, for example, the Gresley K3 2-6-0s, their fireboxes were deep and large for their 26.5 square feet grate area. Overheating troubles with axleboxes have been alleged, related to the large force from the inside cylinders. Robinson in fact took care to make the coupled boxes as large as possible, 9 by 9 inches on the two leading axles and 8 by 12 inches on the trailing set. In fact a more source of initial trouble was the marine-type big ends fitted to the first five, since the sixth reverted to strap and cotter type. Per Rail. Kingston-on-Thames: Knapp, Drewett & Sons. 1913. Boddy, M. G.. Fry, E. V. ed. Locomotives of the L. N.
E. R. Part 2B: Tender Engines—Classes B1 to B19. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-73-8. Casserley, H. C.. Locomotives at the Grouping 2: London and North Eastern Railway. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Limited. ISBN 0-7110-0553-2. LNER Encyclopedia
GCR Class 8F
The GCR Class 8F was a class of ten 4-6-0 locomotives built for the Great Central Railway in 1906 by Beyer and Company to the design of John G. Robinson for working fast goods and fish trains, they passed to the London and North Eastern Railway at the 1923 grouping and received the classification'B4'. The new design was similar to 4-6-0 the two locomotives of the except that they had smaller driving wheels, they were built with a saturated boiler, inside slide valves and Stephenson valve gear, two outside cylinders connected to 6-foot-7-inch diameter driving wheels. The ten locomotives were renumbered by the LNER by adding 5000 to their GCR numbers. Between 1925 and 1928 the whole class received superheated boilers, but six received 10-inch piston valves and 21-inch cylinders giving rise to two LNER sub-classes B4/1 and B4/2; the LNER had designed a new type of superheated boiler based on the old design. These were used on the B4 class locomotives; the class were used on fish trains between the port of Grimsby and London and Manchester although they were found to be successful passenger locomotives.
The first locomotive No. 1095 was chosen to haul the special train at the inauguration ceremony for the new port of Immingham in 1906, was named ‘Immingham’ thereafter. After grouping the class was transferred to Ardsley, South Yorkshire and did much useful work in the West Riding of Yorkshire Boddy, M. G.. Fry, E. V. ed. Locomotives of the L. N. E. R. Part 2B: Tender Engines—Classes B1 to B19. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-73-8
GCR Class 9Q
The GCR Class 9Q, classified B7 by the LNER, was a class of 4-6-0 mixed traffic locomotives designed by John G. Robinson for fast goods, relief passenger and excursion services on the Great Central Railway, they were a smaller wheeled version of Robinson’s earlier Class 9P "Lord Faringdon" express passenger class. The GCR built two batches at Gorton locomotive works, during 1921 and 1922, they ordered batches from Vulcan Foundry and the Beyer and Company. Twenty eight locomotives had been delivered by Grouping in 1923; the GCR found that they were rather heavy on coal - this led to their nickname of "Black Pigs" - although not much worse than other 4 cylinder designs of the time. They were remarkably quick to say that they had only 5ft 8in wheels and pulled heavy expresses in the early period of their career; the London and North Eastern Railway ordered a fifth batch of ten locomotives from Gorton works and these were delivered between August 1923 and March 1924. The last batch had reduced boiler mountings and detail differences to the cab to conform to the new LNER loading gauge.
These were classified B7/2. The earlier batches were classified B7/1. Thirty-eight locomotives passed to British Railways in 1948; some locomotives surviving in 1949 were renumbered between 61702 and 61713 to make more room for Thompson Class B1 locomotives under construction. None have been preserved. Boddy, M. G.. Fry, E. V. ed. Locomotives of the L. N. E. R. Part 2B: Tender Engines—Classes B1 to B19. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-73-8
GCR Class 9K
The Great Central Railway 9K and 9L classes were two related classes of 4-4-2T Atlantic steam locomotives. They were both intended for suburban passenger services. After the 1923 Grouping, they served the LNER as classes C13 and C14, their designer was John G. Robinson; the design was based on the earlier Pollitt Class 9G 2-4-2T locomotives, but with a lengthened boiler and a leading bogie to carry it. This extension of running gear resembled an early Robinson design for the Irish Waterford and Western Railway. All passed into British Railways service and the first was not withdrawn until 1952. Most were withdrawn between 1955 and 1959; the last examples of each class, 9K 67417 and 9L 67450, were scrapped in 1960. None were preserved. Forty locomotives were built to the 9K class, in four batches between 1903 and 1905; the GCR installed water troughs around the same time. They were fitted with water scoops. In 1933, six locomotives were fitted according to the GCR mechanical system; these were converted to the LNER vacuum system and in 1941, two others were converted.
One example, No. 18 was experimentally superheated in 1915. From 1926 to 1935 the entire class was superheated. During this time, the original saturated locomotives were classified as C13/1 and the superheated rebuilds as C13/2; some locomotives were rebuilt further as C13/3, with shortened chimneys and domes to fit within the LNER loading gauge. By 1938, all locomotives had been rebuilt to the C13/3 standard and so the distinguishing sub-classes were abandoned; the 9K class was built for the London suburban services. Within a few years, the timing of these suburban trains was facing competition from electric services. Competing with these required faster acceleration and the more powerful 4-6-2T Class 9N was introduced. From 1922 they were dispersed away from London through the GCR network, to South Yorkshire between Manchester and Mexborough. Most notably, many of them went to Wrexham where they were based until the 1950s; the South Yorkshire engines moved to Gorton locomotive shed, from where they were used on Manchester suburban services, destinations as far as Hayfield and Macclesfield joined by the 9Ls, until they were both replaced by DMUs after post-1955 dieselisation.
All passed into British Railways service and survived until at least 1952. But were withdrawn between 1955 and 1959; the last No 67417 was scrapped in 1960. None were preserved; the class was successful throughout its working life and is considered to be one of Robinson's best designs. A further twelve locomotives were built by Beyer, Peacock & Co. in 1907. These were of the same design, but had enlarged water and coal capacity, they were designated 9L by the GCR and C14 by the LNER. The side tanks were enlarged by widening their side plates. Overall width across the tanks increased from 8' 6" to 8' 9"; this gives rise to a visible recognition feature in photographs: the 9K have tank and cab sides in a flat plane, the 9L tank sides project slightly. Coal capacity was increased by raising the rear wall of the bunker with a semicircular extension; the boilers were the same as for the 9K. All were built with saturated boilers and, as for the 9Ks, were rebuilt with superheating as their boilers were replaced.
The first to be superheated was Nº 1122 in 1914, although this was not a new boiler and only lasted until 1923 when it was replaced by a saturated boiler. All were converted under LNER ownership, from 1926 to 1935. Water pick-up gear and shortened chimneys to fit the LNER loading gauge were removed and changed as for the 9K class; the 9L class was built for the London suburban services from Marylebone and they were based at Neasden shed. With the introduction of the Class 9Ns, the 9Ls were moved to stopping services on the Great Central Main Line and by 1922 they were based around Nottingham, with one of the twelve stabled at Woodford and some occasional allocations to Hitchin and Hatfield. From 1934, they were some to East Anglia and others to the West Riding and Manchester. After Nationalisation, they were once again working suburban passenger services with the 9Ks, out of Manchester. Nearly all were scrapped following the introduction of DMUs for the suburban services; the last Nº 67450 survived until 1960.
None were preserved. On 8 June 1939, locomotive No. 5020 was hauling a passenger train which departed from Manchester Central station, Lancashire against a danger signal. It was derailed. Several people were injured. "GCR/LNER Robinson "C13" Class 4-4-2T". BRDatabase. Archived from the original on 21 June 2016. "GCR/LNER Robinson "C14" Class 4-4-2T". BRDatabase. Archived from the original on 21 June 2016