Lake Tahoe is a large freshwater lake in the Sierra Nevada of the United States. Lying at 6,225 ft, it straddles the state line between Nevada, west of Carson City. Lake Tahoe is the largest alpine lake in North America, at 122,160,280 acre⋅ft trails only the five Great Lakes as the largest by volume in the United States, its depth is 1,645 ft, making it the second deepest in the United States after Crater Lake in Oregon. The lake was formed about two million years ago as part of the Lake Tahoe Basin, with the modern extent being shaped during the ice ages, it is known for the panorama of surrounding mountains on all sides. The area surrounding the lake is referred to as Lake Tahoe, or Tahoe. More than 75% of the lake's watershed is national forest land, comprising the Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit of the United States Forest Service. Lake Tahoe is a major tourist attraction in both California, it is home to winter sports, summer outdoor recreation, scenery enjoyed throughout the year. Snow and ski resorts are a significant part of the area's reputation.
The Nevada side offers large casinos, with highways providing year-round access to the entire area. Lake Tahoe is the second deepest lake in the U. S. with a maximum depth of 1,645 feet, trailing Oregon's Crater Lake at 1,949 ft. Tahoe is the 16th deepest lake in the world, the fifth deepest in average depth, it is about 22 mi long and 12 mi wide and has 72 mi of shoreline and a surface area of 191 square miles. The lake is so large. At lake level the opposing shorelines are below the horizon at its widest parts. Visibility may vary somewhat with atmospheric refraction. Fata Morgana may be responsible for Tahoe Tessie sightings. Two-thirds of the shoreline is in California; the south shore is dominated by the lake's largest city, South Lake Tahoe, which adjoins the town of Stateline, while Tahoe City, California, is located on the lake's northwest shore. Although highways run within sight of the lake shore for much of Tahoe's perimeter, many important parts of the shoreline lie within state parks or are protected by the United States Forest Service.
The Lake Tahoe Watershed of 505 sq mi includes the land area that drains to the lake and the Lake Tahoe drainage divide traverses the same general area as the Tahoe Rim Trail. Lake Tahoe is fed by 63 tributaries; these drain an area about the same size as the lake and produce half its water, with the balance entering as rain or snow falling directly on it. The Truckee River is the lake's only outlet, flowing northeast through Reno, into Pyramid Lake which has no outlet, it accounts for one third of the water that leaves the lake, the rest evaporating from the lake's vast surface. The flow of the Truckee River and the height of the lake are controlled by the Lake Tahoe Dam at the outlet; the natural rim is with a spillway at the dam controlling overflow. The maximum legal limit, to which the lake can be allowed to rise in order to store water, is at 6,229.1 ft. Around New Year 1996/1997 a Pineapple Express atmospheric river melted snow and caused the lake and river to overflow, inundating Reno and surrounding areas.
The Lake Tahoe Basin was formed by vertical motion faulting. Uplifted blocks created the Carson Range on the main Sierra Nevada crest on the west. Down-dropping and block tilting created the Lake Tahoe Basin in between; this kind of faulting is characteristic of the geology of the adjoining Great Basin to the east. Lake Tahoe is the youngest of several extensional basins of the Walker Lane deformation zone that accommodates nearly 0.47 in per year of dextral shear between the Sierra Nevada-Great Valley Block and North America. Three principal faults form the Lake Tahoe basin: the West Tahoe Fault, aligned between Meyers and Tahoe City, and, the local segment of the Sierra Nevada Fault, extending on shore north and south of these localities; the West Tahoe Fault appears to be the most active and hazardous fault in the basin. A study in Fallen Leaf Lake, just south of Lake Tahoe, used seafloor mapping techniques to image evidence for paleoearthquakes on the West Tahoe and revealed the last earthquake occurred between 4,100 and 4,500 years ago.
Subsequent studies revealed submarine landslides in Fallen Leaf Lake and Lake Tahoe that are thought to have been triggered by earthquakes on the West Tahoe fault and the timing of these events suggests a recurrence interval of 3,000–4,000 years. Some of the highest peaks of the Lake Tahoe Basin that formed during the process of Lake Tahoe creation are Freel Peak at 10,891 feet, Monument Peak at 10,067 feet, Pyramid Peak at 9,984 feet, Mount Tallac at 9,735 feet; the north shore boasts three peaks at 10,000+ feet: Mount Rose at 10,785 feet, Houghton and Relay peaks. Mt. Rose is a popular hiking and backcountry skiing destination. Eruptions from the extinct volcano Mount Pluto formed a volcanic
Bellagio is a resort, luxury hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is owned and operated by MGM Resorts International and was built on the site of the demolished Dunes hotel and casino. Inspired by the Lake Como town of Bellagio in Italy, Bellagio is famed for its elegance. One of its most notable features is an 8-acre lake between the building and the Strip, which houses the Fountains of Bellagio, a large dancing water fountain synchronized to music. Inside Bellagio, Dale Chihuly's Fiori di Como, composed of over 2,000 hand-blown glass flowers, covers 2,000 sq ft of the lobby ceiling. Bellagio is home to Cirque du Soleil's aquatic production "O"; the main tower of Bellagio, with 3,015 rooms, has 36 floors and a height of 508 ft. The Spa Tower, which opened on December 23, 2004, stands to the south of the main tower, has 33 floors, a height of 392 ft and contains 935 rooms. Bellagio was conceived by Steve Wynn, Atlandia Design managed the design and furnishing of the facility, following the purchase and demolition of the legendary Dunes hotel and casino in October 27, 1993 after the grand opening of Luxor Las Vegas.
Bellagio's design architect was DeRuyter Butler, Peter Smith was the project executive. Construction on the Bellagio began in May 1996. Bellagio had an original design and construction cost of US$1.6 billion. The interior design on the Bellagio was designed by Architectural Digest 100 four-time winner Roger Thomas. Roger Thomas is the executive vice president of design for Wynn Design & Development, principal of the Roger Thomas Collection. Bellagio opened on October 15, 1998, just before 11 pm, in a ceremony, reported to cost US$88 million; the VIPs invited to the grand opening were expected to donate to The Foundation Fighting Blindness US$1,000 a person or US$3,500 a couple, which entitled them to an overnight stay at Bellagio's suite rooms. Opening night's entertainment began with Steve Wynn giving a 40-minute welcome speech followed by the opening of the Cirque du Soleil production O. Performing in Bellagio lounges that night were New York cabaret and recording artist Michael Feinstein, George Bugatti, John Pizarrelli.
When it opened, it was the most expensive hotel built. In 2000 it became an MGM Mirage property when Mirage Resorts merged with MGM Grand Inc. to create MGM Mirage. In 2010, the company was renamed MGM Resorts International in a move to go worldwide with its brands. Bellagio employs 8,000 people. In the Autumn of 2006, the casino floor was remodeled and new uniforms were issued, changing the original color scheme to a more subdued beige theme. On December 15, 2010, a helmet-wearing gunman robbed the casino of $1.5 million in chips. In August 2011, he was sentenced to a prison term of 9–27 years. In the early morning hours of March 25, 2017, the Rolex jewelry store was robbed by men in pig masks. On April 13, 2017, part of the roof caught fire. Many professional poker players prefer to play at the Bellagio poker room, calling it their home base due to the high table limits, including the high-stakes Big Game located in "Bobby's Room", named after Bobby Baldwin; the stakes at the Big Game can range up to $4,000/$8,000, are frequented by such poker pros as Doyle Brunson, Daniel Negreanu, Jennifer Harman.
It is reported. Bellagio has partnered with the World Poker Tour to host several of their tournaments. There are 14 restaurants inside Bellagio as well as private dining, in-room dining, poolside dining options: Lago by Julian Serrano Harvest by Roy Ellamar Spago Fix Yellowtail Japanese Restaurant Prime Steakhouse Le Cirque Picasso Michael Mina The Buffet Jasmine Cafe Bellagio Noodles Bellagio Patisserie - home of the world's tallest chocolate fountain Sadelle's The Fountains of Bellagio is a vast, choreographed water feature with performances set to light and music; the performances take place in front of the Bellagio hotel and are visible from numerous vantage points on the Strip, both from the street and neighboring structures. The show takes place every 30 minutes in the afternoons and early evenings, every 15 minutes from 8 pm to midnight. Two minutes before a water show starts, the nozzles begin to break the water surface and the lights illuminating the hotel tower turn to a purple hue, or red-white-and-blue for certain music.
Shows may be cancelled without warning because of high wind, although shows run with less power in face of wind. A single show may be skipped to avoid interference with a planned event. Additional shows can occur for special occasions including weddings; the fountain display is choreographed to various pieces of music, including “The Star Spangled Banner” by Witney Houston as the first show of the day, "Time To Say Goodbye" by Andrea Bocelli, "God Bless the USA" by Lee Greenwood, "Your Song" by Elton John, "Viva Las Vegas" by Elvis Presley, "Luck Be a Lady" by Frank Sinatra, "My Heart Will Go On" by Céline Dion, A 3 song medley by Tiesto and "The Sound of Silence" by Disturbed. The fountains are set in a 8-acre manmade lake. Contrary to urban myth, the lake is not filled with treated greywater from the hotel; the lake is serviced by a freshwater well, drilled decades prior to irrigate a golf course that existed on the site. The fountains use less water than irrigating the golf course did, they incorporate a network of pipes with more than 1,200 nozzles that make it possible to stage fountain displays coordinated with more than 4,500 lights.
It is estimated. The fountains were created by WET, a design firm specializing
The Cromwell Las Vegas
The Cromwell Las Vegas is a luxury boutique hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation; the property was the site of Empey's Desert Villa from 1952. In 1979, it became Barbary Coast; the casino was opened on March 2, 1979 at a cost of $11.5 million. Over time, this property, along with others owned by Gaughan would become Coast Casinos Inc. Gaughan shared partnership in the Barbary Coast with Kenny Epstein, Tito Tiberti, Frank Toti and Jerry Herbst. In July 2005, Boyd Gaming purchased the Barbary Coast Hotel. In September 2005, Boyd purchased the 4.3 acres of land. The hotel had been leasing the land. In 2007, Boyd gave the Barbary Coast to Harrah's Entertainment in exchange for the 11-acre site of the demolished Westward Ho, to be used for the Echelon Place project; the Barbary Coast closed at 2:00 a.m. on February 27 and reopened on March 1 as the newly rebranded Bill's Gamblin' Hall and Saloon, in honor of company founder Bill Harrah.
After nearly six years of continuous operations, Bill's closed on February 4, 2013, for complete renovation into a luxury boutique hotel. Plans called for complete renovation of the entire property, the guest rooms and casino floor, a new restaurant, construction of a 65,000 square foot rooftop pool and dayclub/nightclub. Caesars announced in March 2013 that the hotel would be renovated at a cost of $185 million and converted to an outpost of the New York-based Gansevoort Hotels chain of boutique luxury hotels, with 188 rooms, a 40,000 square foot casino, a 65,000 square foot indoor/outdoor beach club/nightclub overseen by Victor Drai. In October 2013, Caesars terminated its agreement with Gansevoort and said that it would continue the redevelopment of Bill's without the Gansevoort name; the move came after Massachusetts gambling regulators recommended denying Caesars a license for a proposed casino at the Suffolk Downs racetrack, due to alleged connections between one of the Gansevoort's investors and the Russian mafia.
Plans announced in late 2013 indicated that Giada De Laurentiis would open her first restaurant in the new hotel and that Caesars would run the hotel. Caesars confirmed on January 2014, that the hotel would be named The Cromwell, it marked its soft opening to guests on April 21, 2014. The hotel rooms were available starting May 21, 2014. In July 2014, Giada De Laurentiis opened her first restaurant, called GIADA, inside the resort; the restaurant offers seating in the dining room, lounge, or outdoor patio with views of the Bellagio fountains and Caesars Palace. The GIADA menu includes Italian cuisine with Californian influences, including "lemon spaghetti, chicken cacciatore, marsala herb chicken meatballs, rosemary focaccia and lemon flatbread and vegetable Bolognese rigatoni". Family-style and gluten-free options are available, as well as an antipasto station. Restaurant guests can watch chefs prepare food from the open kitchen. In 1997, Victor Drai opened Drai’s restaurant on the Las Vegas Strip.
Two years Drai added a nightclub to the restaurant, re-branding it Drai’s After Hours. In Vegas Seven's 2012 Nightclub Awards, Drai's After Hours won "Best Place to Disappear". Drai opened his latest Las Vegas club project, Drai’s Beach Club & Nightclub, on Memorial Day Weekend 2014, at the resort; this 65,000-square-foot venue has a party pool and an indoor/outdoor club spread out over two levels on top of the new Cromwell Hotel. List of Caesars Entertainment properties List of casinos in Nevada Official website Media related to The Cromwell Las Vegas at Wikimedia Commons
New York-New York Hotel and Casino
New York-New York Hotel & Casino is a hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada, USA, designed to evoke New York City in its architecture and other aspects. It is operated by MGM Resorts International. New York-New York Hotel & Casino is located in Paradise, Nevada, it uses the New York City influence of its name in several ways. Its architecture is meant to evoke the New York City skyline of the 1940s era. In front of the property is a replica of the Statue of Liberty, replicas of the Soldiers and Sailors Monument, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Main Immigration Building on Ellis Island, Grand Central Terminal. Within the resort, particular gambling areas, lounges and meeting rooms are named after New York City neighborhoods or landmarks; the main casino area, for example, is named after Times Square, while the eateries are modeled after Greenwich Village. At the casino, special decks of playing cards are used; the resort is located on the northwest corner of the Tropicana – Las Vegas Boulevard intersection.
At street level, pedestrians are blocked from crossing by concrete barriers. Instead, it is linked by overhead pedestrian bridges to its neighboring casinos to the south and to the east; the 18-acre site at the northwest corner of the Tropicana – Las Vegas Boulevard intersection had been considered a prime spot for development due to its proximity to the MGM Grand and Tropicana. Japanese firm Universal Distributing owned the property, had discussed a joint venture with the Promus Companies to build a hotel-casino, but could not reach an agreement. In 1992, Kirk Kerkorian's Tracinda Corporation bought the site for $31.5 million and offered MGM Grand Inc. of which Kerkorian owned 76%, a free two-year option to buy it. The idea of a casino modeled after the New York skyline was conceived by Mark Advent. Rogich brought the idea to Gary Primm, head of Primadonna Resorts. Primm approached MGM president Bob Maxey in 1994 with the idea for MGM's prime Strip location, a joint venture was formed between the two companies.
Construction began in March 1995. Completed at a cost of $460 million, New York-New York opened on January 3, 1997. Since the initiation of New York-New York, analysts had speculated that MGM Grand or Primadonna would buy out the other's interest in the project. Instead of making such a cash-intensive purchase, however, MGM agreed to buy Primadonna outright for $276 million in stock plus $336 million in assumed debt; the merger closed in March 1999. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, people spontaneously sent various tributes to New York-New York T-shirts from police and rescue departments around the country; these were displayed along the fence in front of the "Lady Liberty" replica. They added a memorial from 2003 to 2013; the twin towers of the World Trade Center have never been included in the skyscrapers depicted in the resort's facade. The 9/11 Memorial was removed in 2013 for a casino expansion; the US Post Office Statue of Liberty Forever stamp, intended to show the actual Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor shows the replica at New York-New York.
This is due to an error by the stamp designers, who incorrectly chose a stock photo of the replica instead of the original and did not recognize the difference. After the error was recognized the Postal Service continued producing the stamp. A Postal Service spokesman said the Service “would have selected this photograph anyway", citing its popularity and the Postal Service's desire to produce a stamp that appeared different from previous stamps depicting the Statue of Liberty. In 2013 the sculptor of the statue in Las Vegas sued the Postal Service for copyright infringement, his lawyers pointed out that the replica is a distinct piece of art, with intentional variations from the original Statue of Liberty. In July 2018, a judge ordered the U. S. Postal Service to pay Davidson $3.5 million. The Roller Coaster "Manhattan Express", travels through the property's interior and exterior; the coaster is 203 ft high, has a maximum drop of 144 ft, reaches speeds up to 67 mph. The ride has undergone a variety of enhancements including the introduction of a magnetic braking system and new trains.
The roller coaster has trains. New York-New York is home to Zumanity, the third show from Cirque du Soleil to take up permanent residence in the Las Vegas area and the first to be directed toward adult audiences, it is the only permanent Cirque show to allow admission only to those over 18 years of age. The theatre is arranged as a cabaret, with sofas and bar stools complementing the standard theatre seats; until June 2010, an ESPN Zone was located in the hotel, accessible from street level and from within the casino. It was a sports-themed restaurant with an upstairs arcade room full of sports-themed interactive games such as bowling, football, golf, horse racing, auto racing. On October 10, 2010, the hotel re-opened the facility after an extensive remodeling and dubbed it "Sporting House", catering to the same sporting crowd; the new facility was staffed and maintained by ARK, the food-and-beverage firm which runs other in-house facilities, including the employee dining room. The Sporting House
Reno is a city in the U. S. state of Nevada, located in the northwestern part of the state 22 miles from Lake Tahoe. Known as "The Biggest Little City in the World", Reno is known for its casino industry, it is the county seat of Washoe County. The city sits in a high desert at the foot of the Sierra Nevada and its downtown area occupies a valley informally known as the Truckee Meadows; the city is named after Union Major General Jesse L. Reno, killed in action at the Battle of South Mountain on Fox's Gap. Reno, with an estimated population of 248,853 as of 2017, is the fourth-most populous city in Nevada after Las Vegas and North Las Vegas, all three of those cities being part of the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Reno is the most populous city in the state outside of the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Reno is part of the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area which consists of all of Washoe and Storey counties. Archaeological finds place the eastern border for the prehistoric Martis people in the Reno area.
As early as the mid 1850s a few pioneers settled in the Truckee Meadows, a fertile valley through which the Truckee River made its way from Lake Tahoe to Pyramid Lake. In addition to subsistence farming, these early residents could pick up business from travelers along the California Trail, which followed the Truckee westward, before branching off towards Donner Lake, where the formidable obstacle of the Sierra Nevada began. Gold was discovered in the vicinity of Virginia City in 1850, a modest mining community developed, but the discovery of silver in 1859 at the Comstock Lode led to a mining rush, thousands of emigrants left their homes, bound for the West, hoping to find a fortune. To provide the necessary connection between Virginia City and the California Trail, Charles W. Fuller built a log toll bridge across the Truckee River in 1859. A small community that would service travelers soon grew up near the bridge. After two years, Fuller sold the bridge to Myron C. Lake, who continued to develop the community with the addition of a grist mill and livery stable to the hotel and eating house.
He renamed it "Lake's Crossing". In 1864, Washoe County was consolidated with Roop County, Lake's Crossing became the largest town in the county. Lake had earned himself the title "founder of Reno". By January 1863, the Central Pacific Railroad had begun laying tracks east from Sacramento, California connecting with the Union Pacific Railroad at Promontory, Utah, to form the First Transcontinental Railroad. Lake deeded land to the CPRR in exchange for its promise to build a depot at Lake's Crossing. Once the railroad station was established, the town of Reno came into being on May 9, 1868. CPRR construction superintendent Charles Crocker named the community after Major General Jesse Lee Reno, a Union officer killed in the American Civil War at the Battle of South Mountain. In 1871, Reno became the county seat of the newly expanded Washoe County, replacing the previous county seat, located in Washoe City. However, political power in Nevada remained with the mining communities, first Virginia City and Tonopah and Goldfield.
The extension of the Virginia and Truckee Railroad to Reno in 1872 provided a boost to the new city's economy. In the following decades, Reno continued to grow and prosper as a business and agricultural center and became the principal settlement on the transcontinental railroad between Sacramento and Salt Lake City; as the mining boom waned early in the 20th century, Nevada's centers of political and business activity shifted to the non-mining communities Reno and Las Vegas, today the former mining metropolises stand as little more than ghost towns. Despite this, Nevada is still the third-largest gold producer in the world, after South Africa and Australia; the "Reno Arch" was erected on Virginia Street in 1926 to promote the upcoming Transcontinental Highways Exposition of 1927. The arch included the words "Nevada's Transcontinental Highways Exposition" and the dates of the exposition. After the exposition, the Reno City Council decided to keep the arch as a permanent downtown gateway, Mayor E.
E. Roberts asked the citizens of Reno to suggest a slogan for the arch. No acceptable slogan was received until a $100 prize was offered, G. A. Burns of Sacramento was declared the winner on March 14, 1929, with "Reno, The Biggest Little City in the World". Reno took a leap when the state of Nevada legalized open-gambling on March 19, 1931, along with the passage of more liberal divorce laws than places like Hot Springs, offered. No other state offered what Nevada had in the 1930s, casinos like the Bank Club and Palace were popular. Within a few years, the Bank Club, owned by George Wingfield, Bill Graham, Jim McKay, was the state's largest employer and the largest casino in the world. Wingfield owned most of the buildings in town that housed gaming and took a percentage of the profits, along with his rent. Ernie Pyle once wrote in one of his columns, "All the people you saw on the streets in Reno were there to get divorces." In Ayn Rand's novel The Fountainhead, published in 1943, the New York-based female protagonist tells a friend, "I am going to Reno,", taken as a different way of saying "I am going to divorce my husband."
Among others, the Belgian-French writer Georges Simenon, at the time living in the U. S. came to Reno in 1950. The divorce business died as the other states fell in line by passing their own laws easing the requirements for divorce, but gambling continued as a major Reno industry. While gaming pioneers like "Pappy" and Harold Smith of Harold's Club and
Riviera (hotel and casino)
Riviera was a hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Winchester, which operated from April 1955 to May 2015. It was last owned by the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority, which decided to demolish it to make way for the Las Vegas Global Business District; the hotel had more than 2,100 rooms. The casino had 110,000 sq ft of gaming space; the casino was first proposed by Detroit mobster William Bischoff as the Casa Blanca, received a gaming license in 1952. Bischoff withdrew from the project, taken over by Miami businessman Samuel Cohen. By March 1955, identified as a member of Miami's S & G gambling syndicate, was no longer part of the investment group, though rumors persisted that he secretly maintained an involvement. Marx Brothers Harpo and Gummo held minority interests at the opening; the Riviera opened on April 20, 1955 as the first high-rise at 9 stories, the ninth resort on the Las Vegas Strip. Liberace cut the opening ribbon, became the first resident performer; the Riviera became one of the most famous casino resorts in Las Vegas Valley.
The Riviera broke new ground in its design: Strip resorts resembled roadside motor courts. The opening of the Riviera, along with The Dunes and the Royal Nevada casino resorts within a month were the subject of a famous issue of Life magazine, on June 20, 1955 with a Moulin Rouge showgirl on its cover; the headline was "Las Vegas—Is Boom Overextended?" and a story about how Las Vegas had built too many hotel rooms to be profitable. The Riviera casino went bankrupt just three months after opening. A group of former Flamingo Hotel managers led by Gus Greenbaum took over operation of the property, leasing it from the ownership group. Greenbaum had retired, it was suspected that he was coerced to return to work by threats from Chicago mob boss Tony Accardo. Among Greenbaum's staff was entertainment director William Nelson, soon discovered to be mob informer Willie Bioff, leading to his murder in November 1955. Greenbaum's drug and gambling addictions led to his embezzling from the casino. In December 1958, Greenbaum and his wife were murdered in their Phoenix, Arizona home on the orders of either Meyer Lansky or Tony Accardo.
An 8 story expansion was made off the south side of the original 9 story tower in the early 1960s. A 12 story tower was added off the south west side of the 8 story tower in 1966. Mob fixer Sidney Korshak played a major role in the property's management. Law enforcement agencies suspected that he represented the Chicago Outfit's interest in the Riviera, was responsible for skimming the casino's revenue and delivering the proceeds to Chicago; the Riviera was purchased in June 1968 by a group including bankers E. Parry Thomas and Jerome Mack, investors tied to the Parvin-Dohrmann Corp. owner of the Aladdin and Fremont casinos. In 1969, a deal was made to sell the Riviera to the Parvin-Dohrmann Corp. but the sale was blocked by the Nevada Gaming Control Board due to the company's previous failure to report a change of ownership. Dean Martin was hired in 1969 to perform in the casino's showroom, was given a 10% interest in the Riviera. Martin left in 1972, after management refused his request to cut his performance schedule from two nightly shows to one.
In 1973, the Riviera was purchased for $60 million by AITS Inc. a Boston-based travel company controlled by Meshulam Riklis and Isidore Becker. The Riviera is the setting for the movie Fake-Out, financed by Riklis and starring his wife, Pia Zadora; the 17 story Monte Carlo Tower was constructed circa 1974. The tower was designed by Martin Stern Jr. & Associates. The 6 story San Remo Tower was constructed in 1977 by the Del E. Webb Corporation; the Riviera filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1983. Riklis pledged money to keep the business in operation, appointed Jeffrey Silver as CEO to turn the Riviera around. Silver began shifting the Riviera's marketing focus away from high rollers, towards middle- and working-class gamblers, he opened a Burger King franchise in the first fast food chain outlet in a casino. The Riviera underwent an expansion from 1988 to 1990 this included the 24 story Monaco Tower designed by Martin Stern Jr. and two parking garages. The project went over budget, leading the parent company to file again for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1991.
The business emerged from bankruptcy in 1993 as Riviera Holdings Corp. owned by the previous secured creditors. On July 12, 2010, Riviera Holdings filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, its bankruptcy included a reorganization plan under which secured lenders, led by Starwood Capital Group, would receive new debt and stock. The plan was negotiated with holders of 2/3 of the secured debt worth over $275 million, which included a $225 million term loan, unpaid interest and amounts owing on a swap agreement. Riviera Holdings listed liabilities of $100 to $500 million each. Under the terms of the agreement negotiated by Starwood, secured lenders would receive a new $50 million loan plus 80% of the new stock. Lenders who provide $20 million in a so-called new money loan would receive 8% of the new stock plus warrants for another 10%. Creditors who provide a $10 million working capital loan would receive 7% of the new stock; the last 5% of the new stock goes to the lenders in return for providing a backstop insuring availability for the $30 million in loans.
Existing Riviera shareholders received nothing. The Riviera lost $4.5
Rio All-Suite Hotel and Casino
Rio Las Vegas is a hotel and casino near the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, United States. It is operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation; the Rio was the first all suite resort in the Las Vegas area. It is influenced by Brazilian culture, it is the host casino for the World Series of Poker. The hotel towers are covered in red glass; the Rio hotel's 2,522 suites range in size from 600 to 13,000 sq ft and have floor to ceiling windows. There are several private villas on the property for high-rollers; the complex includes a wine cellar. The Rio Pavilion convention center has a total of 160,000 sq ft of space. A Race and Sports Book is available; the Rio opened on January 1990, as a locals casino. The opening acts were the Brazilian Group Sérgio Mendes'99 and Henrietta Alves of New Orleans, bringing the first two-piano act to Las Vegas, with various co-performers. A 20-story expansion tower was added to the current Ipanema Tower in 1993. Masquerade Village, a hotel tower and casino expansion including the Masquerade Show in the Sky, opened in 1997, at a cost of over $200 million.
The Rio was purchased by Harrah's Entertainment in 1999 for $888 million. After the purchase, the Culinary Workers Union organized the Rio employees through card check recognition by enforcing the neutrality clause of the existing Harrah's contract on the new acquisition. Danny Gans, after moving from the Stratosphere Las Vegas, opened as the headliner in 1998, he moved to The Mirage in 2000. Penn & Teller have been the resident headline entertainers since 2001; the Rio's Penn & Teller Theater was the host venue of the 30th Anniversary Special for the hit CBS game show The Price Is Right and has been used for Live! with Regis and Kelly, Hell's Kitchen and numerous Penn & Teller television projects. The hotel hosted the World Series of Poker in 2005, the first time this event was not held at Binion's. Binion's was used for the final three tables and the last two days of the competition as part of the celebration of Las Vegas' centennial. Since 2005, the Rio has been the home for the tournament.
KISS by Monster Mini Golf is a franchise of the popular Monster Mini Golf chain. In addition to the 18-hole miniature golf course, the venue boasts a Rock and Roll Themed wedding chapel called the "I Love It Loud Wedding Chapel", the world's largest KISS gift shop, a KISS Museum featuring memorabilia from the band's storied career on display, it hosts regular appearances by KISS band members, both past and present. On May 30, 2008, the Rio opened the Sapphire Pool in conjunction with a local club; the daylight-hour, adults-only club surrounded one of the property's outdoor pools and featured dancers. It opened with a $30-per-male-customer admission price; the venture was a high-profile joint venture between a casino company and a topless business, was notable because the possibility of bringing in criminal activity at the club had caused the Nevada Gaming Control Board to balk at previous collaborations. In late July 2009, the Rio hotel asked the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department to do a routine undercover investigation of the Sapphire Pool, as casino-resorts in Nevada are held responsible for the activities held on their premises.
The request was a part of the resort's effort to show good faith to the Gaming Control Board. The July 25 visit resulted in 11 arrests. Upon finding out the results of the investigation, the Rio shut down the pool; when Creation Entertainment lost the "Star Trek mecca" for its annual Official Convention after the closing of Star Trek: The Experience at the adjoining former Las Vegas Hilton, the convention moved to the Rio in 2011 and has grown since. For 2016, the 50th anniversary of Star Trek, the event expands to a fifth day and by Dec. 31, 2015, had broken a room-reservation record with 12,000+ rooms reserved by attendees and vendors. The SKUSA SuperNationals, a kart racing event to which international kart and car drivers are invited, takes place each year at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino, a circuit is set on the hotel parking lot; the DEF CON hacker convention took place at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino from 2011 to 2014. The Computer Measurement Group annual conference took place at the Rio in December 2012.
List of Caesars Entertainment properties List of casinos in Nevada Official website Media related to Rio All-Suite Hotel and Casino at Wikimedia Commons