Humboldt–Hospital is a Buffalo Metro Rail station located at the western terminus of Kensington Avenue and Main Street and is the only station with entrances on both sides of the Main Street for passengers to enter and exit from. To not confuse, Kensington Avenue rejoins Main Street in New York at its eastern terminus. Since Humboldt–Hospital station served as a terminal due to Amherst Street station serving as the northern terminus from May 20, 1985 to November 10, 1986, about 580 feet north is a double crossover; the area near the station is a mix of housing and medical offices, anchored by the Sisters of Charity Hospital. The Parkside residential community is directly to the east of the station and is a short distance from Delaware Park. Humboldt-Hospital station is one of four stations that does not offer an off-road bus loop, requiring passengers to board/debark using curbside stops and one of only two that has one route serving the station: 8 Main In 1979, an art selection committee was created, composed of NFTA commissioners and Buffalo area art experts, that would judge the artwork that would be displayed in and on the properties of eight stations on the Metro Rail line.
Out of the 70 proposals submitted, 22 were chosen and are positioned inside and outside of the eight underground stations. Humboldt-Hospital station is home of two pieces of work in the upper level, from Sharon Gold and Joyce Kozloff; the artwork in the form of photography on the platform level is by Milton Rogovin. Humboldt-Hospital station is near: Canisius College Darwin Martin House Delaware Park Medaille College Sisters of Charity Hospital St. Mary's School for the Deaf
University Heights, Buffalo
The University Heights District is a neighborhood in Buffalo, New York. The University Heights neighborhood is in the northern corner of Buffalo. Main Street bisects University Heights. Main Street in University Heights has an assortment of restaurants, retail stores, places of worship, many catering to the students of the University at Buffalo; the University Heights neighborhood is bounded on the west and south by the former Erie-Lackawanna Railroad right-of-way, across, the North Buffalo, New York neighborhood. Kenmore Avenue, which forms the boundary between the City of Buffalo and the towns of Amherst and Tonawanda, forms the northern edge of the neighborhood; the Kenilworth neighborhood in Tonawanda and the Eggertsville neighborhood in Amherst lie across Kenmore Avenue. The Eastern Boundary is the University at Buffalo. Neighborhoods of Buffalo, New York University Heights is covered in the North Buffalo travel guide from Wikivoyage
Buffalo Niagara International Airport
Buffalo Niagara International Airport is in Cheektowaga, New York, United States, named after the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area. The airport serves New York and the southern Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario, Canada, it is the third-busiest airport in the state of New York and the busiest outside of the New York City metropolitan area. It is about 11 mi east of 60 mi southeast of Toronto; the airport covers 1,000 acres of land. The Buffalo Municipal Airport opened in 1926 on former farmland, making it one of the country's oldest public airports; the original airport included a small terminal building, one hangar, four cinder runways. Each of the cinder runways measured 3,000 feet long by 100 feet wide. Passenger and airmail service began with service to Cleveland. A WPA-built Art Deco terminal building featuring a v-shaped terminal with a large cylindrical tower began construction in 1938, was completed in 1939. In 1940–1941 Curtiss Aeroplane Co. built a manufacturing hangar on the southeast side of the airport.
With the onset of World War II, a major airfield expansion effort took place. This was done to facilitate aircraft manufacturing and acceptance flight activity; this effort provided the airport with the following four paved runways: A new apron was added a few months later. Roadway and parkway improvements were made in the 50s. At this time Runways 1–19 and 8–26 were closed, Runway 13–31 was renamed Runway 14–32; the terminal's first expansion, to 11 gates, which tripled the terminal's square footage and added a restaurant, was constructed in 1955 to keep up with increasing traffic and larger planes. In 1959, after being acquired by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, the name was changed to the Greater Buffalo International Airport. A 1961 renovation/expansion remodeled the main terminal building and built a new control tower and another concourse for American Airlines. To accommodate commercial jet service, Runway 5–23 was extended to 8,100 feet in length in 1965. A second terminal was built in 1971 while it was hoped that an all-new airport would be built in the near future.
The West Terminal had nine gates. Despite the addition of the West Terminal, the original terminal, the "East Terminal", received one more expansion in 1977. New ticket lobbies were built for American Airlines and United Airlines, the original 1938 building was turned into a baggage claim area and jetways were added to the building for the first time. In 1982 two gates were added to the north/east end of the West Terminal, used by Eastern Air Lines; the landside of the West Terminal was enlarged and the blue building was around that time repainted gray. A large Curtiss-Wright plant once existed at the Airport. Built in 1942, the building was sold to Westinghouse in 1946 following the end of World War II. Westinghouse sold the facility to Buffalo developer Paul Snyder in 1985, who turned the building into the Buffalo Airport Center industrial park; the building was abandoned in 1991 and demolished in 1999 to make way for the expansion of the airport's second runway. In 2008, some local residents made a short-lived attempt to rename the airport to "Buffalo Tim Russert International Airport" after popular news commentator and a Buffalo native Tim Russert who had died that year.
In 1991, it was decided it was no longer economically viable to keep renovating and expanding the dated terminals, an all-new terminal was needed. Construction of the new building designed by the Greater Buffalo International Airport Design Group, a joint venture composed of Kohn Pederson Fox Associates, CannonDesign, William Nicholas Bodouva began in 1995 in between the two existing buildings; the new $56 million terminal opened on November 1997 with 15 gates. The old terminals were demolished to allow expansion; the new building was expanded in 2001, increasing gates to 25. In 2006 the main runway was repaved and extended 750 feet, its first major upgrade since 1980 and the secondary runway was extended 1,000 feet. In late 2017 the terminal commenced an $80 million renovation and expansion as part of the airport's 2013 sustainable master plan; the expansion will create secure walkways on the east and west side of the terminal for arriving passengers, relocating the current central exit walkway.
This will create expanded curbside space for arriving and departing passengers. The current baggage claim area's three flat plate baggage carousels will be replaced with four sloped plate carousels, doubling the current capacity. Preparations began December 2018, with groundbreaking and major construction which began in February 2019; the renovations are scheduled to be completed in 2021. As part of the master plan, this expansion allows for the future creation of a new pier south of the current east concourse. Buffalo Niagara International Airport sits at an elevation of 727 feet. There are two runways at the airport. Buffalo Airport Fire Department is a career fire department for the airport; the BNIA CFR respond to all alarms of fire and EMS calls within the terminal complex and throughout the adjacent property. The BNIA CFR respond off grounds for mutual aid requests, it was Buffalo Fire Department Engine 7 until 1981 and was transferred over to the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority.
A new $
University station (Buffalo Metro Rail)
University is a Buffalo Metro Rail station located near the intersection of Main Street and Niagara Falls Boulevard on the University at Buffalo South Campus. It is a major transfer point between Metro Rail and many city and suburban bus routes and offers a unique "Kiss and Ride" facility on the top level, above the mezzazine; this allows drivers of automobiles a separate area to drop off passengers, so they do not add to the traffic congestion from buses at the station during rush-hour periods and a large park-and-ride facility directly to the east of the station. Since University station serves as a terminal south is a double crossover. From May 20, 1985 to November 10, 1986, due to construction issues at LaSalle station, Amherst Street station served as the northern terminus. Since November 10, 1986, University station serves as the northern terminus. University serves UB South and is a transfer point for buses to the north and northeast suburbs of the city and is one of four stations that offers an off-road bus loop, requiring passengers to board/debark using curbside stops and is served by 11 bus routes: NFTA 5 Niagara-Kenmore 8 Main 12 Utica 13 Kensington 19 Bailey 34 Niagara Falls Boulevard 44 Lockport 47 Youngs Road 48 Williamsville 49 Millard Fillmore Suburban 81 Eastside University at Buffalo shuttles Blue Line - serves as a shuttle van to University at Buffalo-affiliated locations of the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus from the University at Buffalo-South Campus.
UB Stampede - connects the two campuses of the University at Buffalo. This service closed to the general public. In 1979, an art selection committee was created, composed of NFTA commissioners and Buffalo area art experts, that would judge the artwork that would be displayed in and on the properties of eight stations on the Metro Rail line. Out of the 70 proposals submitted, 22 were chosen and are positioned inside and outside of the eight underground stations. University station is home of three pieces of work, from Stephen Antonakos, Harvey Breverman, Beverly Pepper; the work from Stephen Antonakos is called "Neon for South Campus Station" and is an "abstract form of neon tubing, creating large, incomplete circles and incomplete squares, mounted on the interior ceiling of the mezzanine level of the station." The 550 feet of tubing is red and blue. Harvey Breverman's work is "a large triptych on a semi-circular wall at the foot of the escalators at the trainroom level." The work is entitled Synoptic Triptych.
It focuses on the composite nature of a diverse, evolving University community and it's attending resources. Beverly Pepper's work is a sculpture of steel and grass located in the bus loop entitled Vertical Presence-Grass Dunes; the work changes in appearance. An illusion of movement is created through the passing sun patterns. University station is near: Grover Cleveland Golf Course Community of Eggertsville, town of Amherst Kenilworth neighborhood of Tonawanda University Plaza University Heights Neighborhood University at Buffalo South Campus University Presbyterian Church VA Western New York Healthcare System at Buffalo Media related to University station at Wikimedia Commons Metro Rail Success Hayes Road entrance from Google Maps Street View "Kiss and Ride" entrance from Google Maps Street View
A railroad switch, turnout, or points is a mechanical installation enabling railway trains to be guided from one track to another, such as at a railway junction or where a spur or siding branches off. The switch consists of the pair of linked tapering rails, known as points, lying between the diverging outer rails; these points can be moved laterally into one of two positions to direct a train coming from the point blades toward the straight path or the diverging path. A train moving from the narrow end toward the point blades is said to be executing a facing-point movement. Unless the switch is locked, a train coming from either of the converging directs will pass through the points onto the narrow end, regardless of the position of the points, as the vehicle's wheels will force the points to move. Passage through a switch in this direction is known as a trailing-point movement. A switch has a straight "through" track and a diverging route; the handedness of the installation is described by the side.
Right-hand switches have a diverging path to the right of the straight track, when coming from the point blades, a left-handed switch has the diverging track leaving to the opposite side. In many cases, such as rail yards, many switches can be found in a short section of track, sometimes with switches going both to the right and left. Sometimes a switch divides one track into two. In many cases, where a switch is supplied to leave a track, a second is supplied to allow the train to reenter the track some distance down the line. A straight track is not always present. A railroad car's wheels are guided along the tracks by coning of the wheels. Only in extreme cases does it rely on the flanges located on the insides of the wheels; when the wheels reach the switch, the wheels are guided along the route determined by which of the two points is connected to the track facing the switch. In the illustration, if the left point is connected, the left wheel will be guided along the rail of that point, the train will diverge to the right.
If the right point is connected, the right wheel's flange will be guided along the rail of that point, the train will continue along the straight track. Only one of the points may be connected to the facing track at any time. A mechanism is provided to move the points from one position to the other; this would require a lever to be moved by a human operator, some switches are still controlled this way. However, most are now operated by a remotely controlled electric motor or by pneumatic or hydraulic actuation, called a point machine; this both allows for remote control and for stiffer, strong switches that would be too difficult to move by hand, yet allow for higher speeds. In a trailing-point movement, the flanges on the wheels will force the points to the proper position; this is sometimes known as running through the switch. Some switches are designed to be forced to the proper position without damage. Examples include variable switches, spring switches, weighted switches. If a switch becomes worn or the operating rods become damaged, it is possible for the flange to split the switch, go through the switch in the direction other than what was expected.
This happens when the flange strikes a small gap between the set switch point. This can either happen to the locomotive, in which case the whole train can be directed onto the wrong track, with dangerous results, or it can occur at any point through the train, when a random truck is directed down a different track from the rest of the train. If it happens to the trailing truck of a car, the front truck will follow one track, while the trailing truck follows a parallel line; this can have disastrous results if there is any obstacle between the lines, as the car will be propelled into it sideways, such as happened in the 1928 Times Square derailment. In some cases, the whole train behind the car will follow the errant car onto the other track.
Special Events station
Special Events is the southernmost station in the Buffalo Metro Rail system located at the corner of Main and Perry Streets in the Free Fare Zone, which allows passengers free travel between Erie Canal Harbor station and Fountain Plaza station. Passengers continuing northbound past Fountain Plaza are required to have proof-of-payment. Special Events station is located next to the KeyBank Center, which it serves before and after an event. If there is no event at KeyBank Center, Erie Canal Harbor station serves as the southern terminus; the tracks continue to the NFTA Rail Maintenance Yard. KeyBank Center Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park HarborCenter NFTA Rail Maintenance Yard List of Buffalo Metro Rail stations Station form Google Maps Street View
Buffalo Metro Rail
The Buffalo Metro Rail is the public transit rail system in Buffalo, New York, United States. The system consists of a single, 6.4-mile long light rail line that runs for most of the length of Main Street in the City of Buffalo, from KeyBank Center in Downtown Buffalo to the south campus of the University at Buffalo in the northeast corner of the city. The first section of the line opened in October 1984. Construction on the initial Metro Rail line began in 1979 and opened in stages: the surface portion opened on October 9, 1984 while the subway opened as far as Amherst Street Station on May 20, 1985, following an opening ceremony on May 18; the line was further extended to University Station, serving the University at Buffalo, on November 10, 1986 due to construction issues at LaSalle Station. At the time of the start of construction, the line was intended to be the first line for an extensive heavy rail system that would spread throughout the city and suburbs. However, during the construction of the line and afterward, Buffalo's population declined by 55% from around 580,000 in 1950 to about 261,000 in 2010 and the new line's ridership was much lower than anticipated.
The cost of the urban section was so high that no funding was available to extend the lines into the suburbs, including the Amherst campus of the University at Buffalo. Efforts to obtain funding for feeder lines have been met with little to no success. Although a centerpiece of the original line, the downtown transit mall did not live up to expectations; because of poor traffic patterns on Downtown Buffalo's Main Street, some business groups called for the removal of the transit system so that they can return to normal vehicle traffic and curbside parking on Main Street, hoping that this measure would recreate the prosperous days of the past. In 2008, Buffalo began a project to reintroduce cars to Main Street; the project in question involved creating a shared trackbed/roadway with curbside parking, as well as the permanent closure of the Theater Station, which occurred on February 18, 2013. The closure of Theater Station meant that Fountain Plaza Station, located 546 feet south in the 500 block of Main Street, now serves as the beginning and ending of the Free Fare Zone.
On January 23, 2015, after less than two years of construction, traffic was reintroduced to the 600 block of Main Street, between Tupper and Chippewa Streets, in the Theater District. On December 15, 2015, traffic was reintroduced to the 500 block of Main Street, between Chippewa and Mohawk Streets, in the Central Business District. On January 9, 2017, Governor Andrew Cuomo announced in his State of the State address that funding would be secured for the Amherst and Cobblestone line extensions. If successful, this would be the first extension in the service's history. Funding for an environmental review into the Amherst extension was approved in 2018; the study is expected to take between 30 months. Metro Rail is a light rail transit system as characterized by the American Public Transportation Association although it shares many characteristics with "heavy rail" metro systems and could be considered a "light metro." 80% of its track is an underground subway with high-level platforms. This section has eight stations that are spaced widely apart, comparable to subway systems elsewhere.
This section is cut-and-cover from Allen/Medical Campus to Utica deep-bored from Delavan/Canisius College to University. The remaining 20% of its track are on the surface on Main Street in downtown Buffalo. On the surface section, trains interact with automobile traffic from the theater district where it emerges from the tunnel until Mohawk Street where it reverts to a transit mall and at cross streets, where movements are governed by traffic signals. Catenary poles are spaced every 130 feet to support the overhead electrical lines. Metro Rail operates electric multiple-unit light rail vehicles in two-to-four car trains with power drawn from an overhead catenary system. Three-car trains are limited to rush hour and special events and four-car trains to special events; the Buffalo trains and SEPTA's light rail cars in Philadelphia are the only modern non-articulated LRVs operating in the United States. Fares are collected through a proof-of-payment system enforced by ticket inspectors. Travel is free on the above ground portion of the system.
Regular fare is $2. All stations have ticket machines. Metro Rail runs as follows: Monday-Friday from 5:10am–12:50am, Saturdays from 7:05am–12:50am, Sundays and holidays from 8:00am–11:50pm. Trains run as as once every ten minutes at rush hour and no less than once every twenty minutes. In July 2008, the NFTA reported that the passenger count "eclipsed the previous year's tally by 23%." As a result of this, in September 2008, the NFTA began an earlier starting time to the weekday schedule in response to an 11% increase in ridership over eight months of growth. Numbers are from the Federal Transit Administration's National Transit Database, which contains statistics from 1996–2011: Buffalo Metro Rail is ranked 25th in the nation in light rail daily ridership service as of 2013, with 5,058,300 passengers. However, it is noted that the line lacks extended branches to the suburbs, being confined to the city limits of Buffalo. One group, the Citizens Regional Transit Corporation, advocates for expansion.
As indicated in its statement, the CRTC seeks to educate the public, public off