La Acebeda is municipality of the autonomous community of the Community of Madrid in central Spain. It has a population of 62 inhabitants
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, smaller than only London and Berlin, its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris; the municipality covers 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the Community of Madrid; as the capital city of Spain, seat of government, residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from the party Ahora Madrid; the Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influence in politics, entertainment, media, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Madrid is home to Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, market size, Madrid is considered the leading economic hub of the Iberian Peninsula and of Southern Europe.
It hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, IAG or Repsol. Madrid is the 10th most liveable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2017 index. Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization, belonging to the United Nations Organization, the Ibero-American General Secretariat, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Public Interest Oversight Board, it hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy, the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish. Madrid organises fairs such as ARCO, SIMO TCI and the Madrid Fashion Week. While Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets, its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city.
مجريط Majrīṭ is the first documented reference to the city. It is recorded in Andalusi Arabic during the al-Andalus period; the name Magerit was retained in Medieval Spanish. The most ancient recorded name of the city "Magerit" comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, means "Place of abundant water" in Arabic. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins. According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria", because of the many bears that were to be found in the nearby forests, together with the strawberry tree, have been the emblem of the city since the Middle Ages, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river; the name of this first village was "Matrice". Following the invasions carried out by the Germanic Sueves and Vandals, as well as the Sarmatic Alans during the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire no longer had the military presence required to defend its territories on the Iberian Peninsula, as a consequence, these territories were soon occupied by the Vandals, who were in turn dispelled by the Visigoths, who ruled Hispania in the name of the Roman emperor taking control of "Matrice".
In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the name changed to "Mayrit", from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra and the Ibero-Roman suffix it that means'place'. The modern "Madrid" evolved from the Mozarabic "Matrit", still in the Madrilenian gentilic. Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times, there are archaeological remains of Carpetani settlement, Roman villas, a Visigoth basilica near the church of Santa María de la Almudena and three Visigoth necropoleis near Casa de Campo, Tetúan and Vicálvaro, the first historical document about the existence of an established settlement in Madrid dates from the Muslim age. At the second half of the 9th century, Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba built a fortress on a headland near the river Manzanares, as one of the many fortresses he ordered to be built on the border between Al-Andalus and the kingdoms of León and Castile, with the objective of protecting Toledo from the Christian invasions and as a starting point for Muslim offensives.
After the disintegration of t
Community of Madrid
The Community of Madrid is one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain. It is located in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula, of the Castilian Central Plateau, its capital is the city of Madrid, the capital of the country. The Community of Madrid is bounded to the south and east by Castilla–La Mancha and to the north and west by Castile and León, it was formally created in 1983, based on the limits of the province of Madrid, until conventionally included in the historical region of New Castile. The Community of Madrid is the third most populous in Spain with 6,549,979 inhabitants concentrated in the metropolitan area of Madrid, it is the most densely populated autonomous community. In absolute terms, Madrid's economy is equal in size to that of Catalonia, which remains Spain's largest. Madrid thus has the highest GDP per capita in the country. Despite the existence of a large city of 5 million people, the Community of Madrid still retains some remarkably unspoiled and diverse habitats and landscapes.
Madrid is home to mountain peaks rising above holm oak dehesas and low-lying plains. The slopes of the Guadarrama mountain range are cloaked in dense forests of Scots pine and Pyrenean oak; the Lozoya Valley supports a large black vulture colony, one of the last bastions of the Spanish imperial eagle in the world is found in the Park Regional del Suroeste in dehesa hills between the Gredos and Guadarrama ranges. The recent possible detection of the existence of Iberian lynx in the area between the Cofio and Alberche rivers is testament to the biodiversity of the area. Taking advantage of the orography, there are several reservoirs and dams in th region, with the Santillana reservoir being the largest; when looking at a map of the Province of Madrid, it can be seen that it is an equilateral triangle, in whose center would be the city. First, by the western side, the region borders the "Sistema Central", the southern border features a protrusion following the Tagus River in order to include the royal site of Aranjuez in the region.
The region includes the exclave of Dehesa de la Cepeda, a open-area geographically located between the provinces of Ávila and Segovia in the autonomous community of Castile and León. Province of Madrid occupies a surface area of 8,028 km2. More the exact position of Madrid is 3° 40´ of longitude west of Greenwich, 40° 23´ north of the equator. All of the Province is located between 600 and 1,000 m above sea level, with the highest point being Peñalara at 2,430 m and the lowest the Alberche river in Villa del Prado at 430 m. Other considerable heights, as well as being famous, are the Ball of the World mountain in Navacerrada, at a height of 2,258 m and the seven peaks in Cercedilla, at 2,138 m; the region of Madrid has a hot summer Mediterranean climate with cool winters during which temperatures sometimes drop below 0 °C. There are about two to three light snowfalls each year. Summer tends to be hot with temperatures that surpass 30 °C in July and that can reach 40 °C. Due to Madrid's high altitude and dry climate, nightly temperatures tend to be cooler, leading to a lower average in the summer months.
Average precipitation levels are below 500 mm, evenly distributed throughout the year, with peaks in autumn and spring. The territory of the Community of Madrid has been populated since the Lower Paleolithic in the valleys between the rivers of Manzanares and Henares, where several archaeological findings have been made; some notable discoveries of the region the bell-shaped vase of Ciempozuelos. During the Roman Empire, the region was part of the Citerior Tarraconese province, except for the south-west portion of it, which belonged to Lusitania, it was crossed by two important Roman roads, the via xxiv-xxix (joining Astorga to laminium and via xxv, contained some important conurbations. The city of Complutum became an important metropolis, whereas Titulcia and Miaccum were important crossroad communities. During the period of the Visigothic Kingdom, the region lost its importance; the population was scattered amongst several small towns. Alcalá de Henares was designated the bishopric seat in the 5th century by orders of Asturio, archbishop of Toledo, but this event was not enough to bring back the lost splendor of the city.
The centre of the peninsula became a strategic military post in the 11th century. The Muslim rulers created a defensive system of fortresses and towers all across the region with which they tried to stop the advance of the Christian kingdoms of the north; the fortress of Mayrit was built somewhere between 860 and 880 AD, as a walled precinct where a military and religious community lived, which constituted the foundation of the city. It soon became the most strategic fortress in defense of the city of Toledo above the fortresses of Talamanca and Qal'-at'-Abd-Al-Salam. In 1083 Alfonso VI took the city of Madrid in the context of his wider campaign to conquer Toledo. Alcalá de Henares fell in 1118 in a new period of Castilian annexation; the conquered lands by the Christian kingdoms were desegregated into several constituencies, as a consequence of a long process of repopulati
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Fuenlabrada is a city and municipality in the Madrid Metropolitan Area, Spain. It is to the southwest of the region, 22.5 km from the capital, had a population of 197,836 in 2009. The name has its origin in Fuente Labrada. Fuenlabrada witnessed a dramatic population explosion in the 1980s, due to large scale immigration of young workers coming from the capital city and other agrarian regions seeking affordable prices in housing. By 1975, the municipality had reached a population of 18,442. Foreign workers have settled in the city, most of them coming from Latin America, the Maghreb and Romania. Famous people from Fuenlabrada include Spain and Atletico Madrid striker Fernando Torres, RCD Espanyol goalkeeper Roberto; the first information about Fuenlabrada was recorded 200 years after its founding because of an ambitious project promoted by Philip II of Spain, the Topographic Relations of Philip II. All the cities and villages received a royal order by which they were obliged to answer an extensive questionnaire about everything related to history, economics, customs...
It is all about the historic-geographic relations of all the villages of Spain. With the many pieces of information gathered by that questionnaire an accurate report of Fuenlabrada was created in the 16th century. Roads The city is linked with the A-42, M-506, M-407 and M-409 highways, it is connected as well to the neighbouring towns of Humanes de Madrid and Moraleja de Enmedio through the M-413 and M-405 local roads, respectively. Metro Fuenlabrada has good transport connections with Madrid, Móstoles, Alcorcón and Leganés through the Madrid Metro line 12, including five stations: Loranca. Hospital de Fuenlabrada. Parque Europa. Fuenlabrada Central. Parque de los Estados. Railway Fuenlabrada is connected to Madrid via the Cercanías Madrid line C-5, a commuter train service, having two stations: Fuenlabrada. La Serna. Primary and Secondary education Fuenlabrada has 33 kindergarten and daycare centers, 50 primary schools and 15 secondary schools And a recommended English Language school Called Anglo Language services.
Higher education The Universidad Rey Juan Carlos has a campus in the city, housing the faculties of communication sciences, telecommunications engineering, business administration, among other courses. The UNED has a branch here; the city is home to ACB basketball team Baloncesto Fuenlabrada playing in the first tier division. It is one of the foremost teams, having competed in the top flight division of Spanish basketball for several years, their home games are played at Fernando Martín sports centre, which has a capacity of 5,700. CF Fuenlabrada is the local football team, playing in 2ª División B, their current coach is famous former striker Fernando Morientes. They play as home team at the Fernando Torres stadium, inaugurated by the footballer himself on September 1, 2011; the stadium has a capacity of 2,500. Fernando Torres, born in Fuenlabrada on March 20, 1984 Roberto, born in Fuenlabrada on February 10, 1986 Official website of Fuenlabrada
Pozuelo de Alarcón
Pozuelo de Alarcón is a municipality in the Community of Madrid. It is a Madrid suburb of over 85,000 inhabitants situated ten kilometers west of the Moncloa District of Madrid, it is surrounded by large Mediterranean pine-tree forests: la Casa de Campo, el Monte del Pardo, el Monte del Pilar. Pozuelo has become a low-density residential area during recent decades, as new residential developments have spread over agricultural lands. New transportation infrastructure is approved by the local government. Notable infrastructure developments include the M-40 and the new'Metro Ligero' line ML2 of the Madrid metro system, built in summer 2007 to connect Pozuelo with the Aluche district in the city of Madrid. Two stations serve Pozuelo:'Pozuelo' and'El Barrial-Centro Commercial Pozuelo' of the Madrid area local train system, the'Cercanias'. Road access is provided by the A6 and the M503, with the Madrid orbital M40 running to the west. Pozuelo has one of the highest average per capita incomes in Madrid.
According to a report by the Institute of Statistics of the Comunidad de Madrid, Pozuelo's average income level ranks highest, by a notable margin, amongst the municipalities of the Region of Madrid. The standard of living in most of its neighborhoods is high, although some old town-center areas, where a growing economic immigrant population has moved in, are excluded from such wealth. Pozuelo has a number of urban parks, some of them elongated and serving to separate different areas of the town; the Avenida de Europa is an urban development designed around a wide boulevard. The Catholic Church in Pozuelo is Santa Maria de Caná, it is a modern structure made of bricks. The Municipal Council has been ruled by political conservatives since the first democratic elections of the modern Spanish democracy took place; the current mayoress, Susana Pérez, was elected in 2016. Among notable people that live there are Real Madrid player Cristiano Ronaldo and Carlos Sainz, a Spanish World Rally Champion. Sainz was the first person to be made an honorary citizen of the town in 2010.
The local festivities, the "Fiestas Patronales", take place in July and in the beginning of September. Temperatures in Pozuelo de Alarcón are cooler than Madrid's all year round due to its proximity to Madrid's Sierra de Guadarrama Mountains, about 30 kilometers northwest of Pozuelo. Amazon.com has its Madrid offices in Pozuelo de Alarcón, but will relocate to central Madrid in 2017. Pozuelo de Alarcón is twinned with: Poznań, Poland Issy-les-Moulineaux, France Recanati, Italy Naucalpan, Mexico Bir Lehlou, Western Sahara The American School of Madrid is located in this municipality. Ficha municipal = Municipality Summary Sheet from the Institute of Statistics of the Comunidad de Madrid Pozuelo website: news, culture and companies... Google Map Mirador de Pozuelo - Pozuelo's Independent Newspaper
Collado Villalba is a municipality of the Community of Madrid, in central Spain. It is located 40.3 kilometres north-west of the city of Madrid, at an altitude of 917 meters above sea level. It has a population of 62,152, with a population density of 2,345.36 per km². Collado Villalba has a hot summer Mediterranean climate. I. E. S Lázaro Cárdenas of Collado Villalba conducts an annual school to school exchange with Burlington High School in Burlington, Massachusetts, it has been managed by Professor Ramón José García Rubio for over 20 years. In addition to this school to school exchange, the municipality has been twinned since 1991 with the French city of Bègles, located in the Bordeaux metropolitan area in Southwestern France. I. E. S María Guerrero of the same town have started to make an exchange with the high school Minervaskolan of Umeå, located 600 kilometres north of Stockholm, in Sweden. Los Negrales Collado Villalba City Council