Calvin Cordozar Broadus Jr. known professionally as Snoop Dogg, is an American rapper, record producer, television personality and actor. His music career began in 1992 when he was discovered by Dr. Dre and featured on Dre's solo debut, "Deep Cover", on Dre's solo debut album, The Chronic, he has since sold over 35 million albums worldwide. Snoop's debut album, produced by Dr. Dre, was released in 1993 by Death Row Records. Bolstered by excitement driven by Snoop's featuring on The Chronic, the album debuted at number one on both the Billboard 200 and Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums charts. Selling a million copies in the first week of its release, Doggystyle became certified quadruple platinum in 1994 and spawned several hit singles, including "What's My Name?" and "Gin & Juice". In 1994 Snoop released a soundtrack on Death Row Records for the short film Murder Was the Case, starring himself, his second album, Tha Doggfather debuted at number one on both charts, with "Snoop's Upside Ya Head" as the lead single.
The album was certified double platinum in 1997. After leaving Death Row Records, Snoop signed with No Limit Records, where he recorded his next three albums, Da Game Is to Be Sold, Not to Be Told, No Limit Top Dogg, Tha Last Meal. Snoop signed with Priority/Capitol/EMI Records in 2002, where he released Paid tha Cost to Be da Boss, he signed with Geffen Records in 2004 for his next three albums, R&G: The Masterpiece, Tha Blue Carpet Treatment, Ego Trippin'. Malice'n Wonderland, Doggumentary were released on Priority. Snoop Dogg has starred in motion pictures and hosted several television shows, including Doggy Fizzle Televizzle, Snoop Dogg's Father Hood, Dogg After Dark, he coaches a youth football league and high school football team. In September 2009 Snoop was hired by EMI as the chairman of a reactivated Priority Records. In 2012, after a trip to Jamaica, Snoop announced a conversion to Rastafarianism and a new alias, Snoop Lion; as Snoop Lion he released a reggae album, a documentary film of the same name, about his Jamaican experience, in early 2013.
His 13th studio album, was released in May 2015 and marked a return of the Snoop Dogg name. His 14th solo studio album, was released in July 2016. Snoop has 17 Grammy nominations without a win. In March 2016, the night before WrestleMania 32 in Arlington, Texas, he was inducted into the celebrity wing of the WWE Hall of Fame, having made several appearances for the company, including as Master of Ceremonies during a match at WrestleMania XXIV. In 2018, he released Bible of Love. On November 19, 2018, Snoop Dogg was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Calvin Cordozar Broadus Jr. was born in Long Beach, the second of three sons. He was named after Calvin Cordozar Broadus Sr.. His mother is Beverly Broadus, his father, Vernell Varnado, was a Vietnam veteran and mail carrier, absent from his life. As a boy, Broadus's parents nicknamed him "Snoopy" because of his appearance and love of the cartoon character from Peanuts, but addressed him as Calvin at home, his mother and stepfather divorced in 1975.
When he was young, Broadus began singing and playing piano at Golgotha Trinity Baptist Church. In sixth grade, he began rapping. Broadus's father left the family. A DNA test read by George Lopez on Lopez Tonight revealed Broadus to be of 71% African, 23% Native American, 6% European descent; as a teenager, Broadus ran into trouble with the law. He was a member of the Rollin' 20 Crips gang in the Eastside area of Long Beach, although he stated in 1993 that he never joined a gang. Shortly after graduating from high school, he was arrested for possession of cocaine, for the next three years was in and out of jail or prison. With his cousins Nate Dogg and Lil' ½ Dead and friend Warren G, Snoop recorded homemade tapes as a group called 213, named after the Long Beach area code. One of his early solo freestyles over En Vogue's "Hold On" made it to a mixtape, heard by influential producer Dr. Dre, who called to invite him to an audition. Former N. W. A associate The D. O. C. Taught him how to structure his lyrics and separate the thematics into verses and chorus.
When he began recording, Broadus took the stage name Snoop Doggy Dogg. Dr. Dre began working with Snoop Dogg, first on the theme song of the 1992 film Deep Cover, on Dr. Dre's debut solo album The Chronic with the other members of his former starting group, Tha Dogg Pound; the huge success of Snoop Dogg's debut Doggystyle was because of this intense exposure. Fueling the ascendance of West Coast G-funk hip hop, the singles "Who Am I?" and "Gin and Juice" reached the top ten most-played songs in the United States, the album stayed on the Billboard charts for several months. Gangsta rap became the center of arguments about censorship and labeling, with Snoop Dogg used as an example of violent and misogynistic musicians. Unlike much of the harder-edged gangsta rap artists, Snoop Dogg seemed to show his softer side, according to music journalist Chuck Philips. Rolling Stone music critic Touré asserted that Snoop had a soft vocal delivery compared to other rappers: "Snoop's vocal style is part of what distinguishes him: where many rappers scream, figuratively and he speaks softly."
Doggystyle, much like The Chronic, featured a host of rappers signed to or affiliated with the Death Row label including Daz Dillinger, Nate Dogg, others. A short film about Snoop Dogg'
A Brand You Can Trust
A Brand You Can Trust is the debut album from Hip Hop group La Coka Nostra. It was released on July 2009 on Suburban Noize Records and Uncle Howie Records; the major delay of this album was due to solo records released by Ill Bill. The album was for a release of September 11, 2007 alongside Ill Bill's The Hour of Reprisal album before it got pushed back as well; the album took over 3 years to make due to solo projects from Everlast and Ill Bill. In Late 2008 The group with the help of former Non Phixion DJ DJ Eclipse and Cypress Hill Members Sen Dog and DJ Muggs got the group signed with West Coast Punk/Hip Hop Label "Suburban Noize Records"; the album was recorded and mixed at DJ Lethal's studio and at the Soul Assassins Studio in Los Angeles, California with additional mixing done in Brooklyn, New York at Ill Bill's in home studio known as "Cult Leader Media". "Fuck Tony Montana" first Appeared on the Ill Bill Mixtape Ill Bill Is The Future Vol. 2: I'm a Goon! Released on December 5, 2006. "That's Coke" was remixed for the album due to sample clearance issues of the original version which used portions from Bobby Byrd's "I'm Not To Blame".
La Coka NostraEverlast – performer, production Ill Bill – performer, production Slaine – performer, writing Danny Boy – performer, executive production, art direction, photography, writing DJ Lethal – writing, scratching Other personnelSen Dog – performer Big Left – performer, writing Grisha Dimant – guitars Baby Jesus – bass guitar Russel Ali – additional guitars Snoop Dogg – performer B-Real – performer, writing Sicknature – production Sick Jacken – performer, writing Bun B – performer, writing The Alchemist – writing, production Cynic – writing, production Q-Unique – performer, production Immortal Technique – performer, writing Brad X – executive production Kevin Zinger – executive production Dez Einswell – art direction, design Casey Quintal – design, layout Mike D. – photography House of Pain Non Phixion Special Teamz Limp Bizkit
House of Pain
House of Pain was an American hip hop group who released three albums in the 1990s before lead rapper Everlast left to pursue his solo career. The group's name is a reference to the H. G. Wells novel The Island of Dr. Moreau, a reference carried further by the naming of their 2011 tour "He Who Breaks the Law"; the group is best known for its 1992 hit single "Jump Around", which reached No. 3 in their native United States, No. 6 in Ireland and No. 8 in the United Kingdom. The group broke up in 1996 but reformed in 2010, after the trio had been members of supergroup La Coka Nostra for several years. Everlast teamed up with DJ Lethal and high school friend Danny Boy in Los Angeles to form House of Pain, they attended Taft High School. The group was signed to Tommy Boy Records and their 1992 debut album Fine Malt Lyrics went multi-platinum, spawning the successful DJ Muggs-produced single "Jump Around"; this song was remixed twice by Pete Rock, one version featuring a verse from him and one without.
The album featured Cypress Hill member B-Real on the song "Put Your Head Out" and Funkdoobiest's Son Doobie on'House and the Rising Son', both members of the musical collective known as Soul Assassins. Fashioning themselves as rowdy Irish-American hooligans, they toured with various rap and alternative-rock bands after their breakthrough, they participated together with Helmet, along with several other rap acts, on the 1993 rap rock collaborative Judgment Night film soundtrack. Their follow-up album, 1994's Same as It Ever Was, went gold despite minimal airplay and no major hits; the first single, "On Point", is noted for taking a swipe at another American rapper who claimed Irish heritage, "Marky Mark". House of Pain abruptly broke up in 1996 after the release of their third album, Truth Crushed to Earth Shall Rise Again, which featured guest appearances by rappers Sadat X of Brand Nubian, Guru of Gang Starr, Divine Styler and Cokni O'Dire of the Scheme Team. On the release date of the album, Everlast announced his departure from the group.
From on, the members continued their separate careers. Danny Boy founded an art company. DJ Lethal became a member of nu metal band Limp Bizkit, who would cover "Jump Around" at live concerts in Limp Bizkit's early years during the Family Values Tour 1998. Everlast achieved multi-platinum solo fame in 1998 with his album Whitey Ford Sings the Blues; the first single from that album was "What It's Like". In 2000, a feud between Everlast and rapper Eminem coincided with the gold-selling Eat at Whitey's, which included minor hits "Black Jesus" and "Black Coffee", featured a collaboration with Carlos Santana. After the sale of the Tommy Boy Records' master tapes to Warner Bros. Records, Everlast signed with Island/Def Jam, released his White Trash Beautiful LP in 2004; the same year Rhino Records, a subdivision of Warner Music, released a hit collection, Shamrocks & Shenanigans, with singles from Everlast's early solo days, the House of Pain and his post-group solo efforts. Before the release, Everlast announced on his official message board that he was not endorsing the compilation album.
Founded by Danny Boy in early 2006, La Coka Nostra reunited him, Everlast and DJ Lethal for the first time since House of Pain's split. Other group members include Ill Bill of Non Phixion, newcomer Slaine. House of Pain reunited at a private event held by UFC president Dana White in Boston on St. Patrick's Day 2009, it was announced on August 10, 2010, that House of Pain had reunited and performed their first "official" show in a decade at the second annual Epicenter music festival in Fontana, California, on September 25, 2010. Though Lethal is still a member of the group, he did not join them on their 2011 reunion tour due to prior obligations with Limp Bizkit. In April–May 2011 House of Pain attended the Groovin' the Moo touring festival in Australia, performed at Scotland's T in the Park festival on July 9, 2011, as well as Sonisphere UK Festival on July 12 of the same year. House of Pain reunited in 2017 for a 25th Anniversary Tour; the tour included shows in DC, Pennsylvania, New York and California.
"Jump Around" is used in many television and cinema productions, played at many sporting events. "Top o' The Morning to Ya" is used in Michael Mann's 1995 film Heat, the 2003 film Daredevil. The song "Shamrocks and Shenanigans" is used in the film Airheads. In the 1994 film Clerks, the protagonist, Dante Hicks, can be seen wearing a House of Pain shirt. VH1 ranked "Jump Around" 66 on their list of 100 Greatest Hip Hop songs in 2002; the video for "Shamrocks and Shenanigans" was shown in Beavis & Butt-head episode 219 - At the Movies. In the 2001 video game, Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 3, the song "I'm a Swing It" was used. In the 2001 film The 51st State, the song "Shamrocks and Shenanigans" is used. In the 2016 film Bridget Jones's Baby, the song "Jump Around" was used in the opening. "Jump Around" is the walk-on song for 2 time darts world champion Gary Anderson. ”Jump Around” has been played before the 4th quarter as a University of Wisconsin tradition at football games since 1998. Fine Malt Lyrics Same as It Ever Was Truth Crushed to Earth Shall Rise Again House of Pain discography at MusicBrainz House of Pain biography by Allmusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine House Of Pain/La Coka Nostra discography
Hip hop music
Hip hop music called hip-hop or rap music, is a music genre developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans in the late 1970s which consists of a stylized rhythmic music that accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech, chanted. It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching with turntables, break dancing, graffiti writing. Other elements include sampling beats or bass lines from records, rhythmic beatboxing. While used to refer to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture; the term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music. Hip hop as both a musical genre and a culture was formed during the 1970s when block parties became popular in New York City among African-American youth residing in the Bronx; however hip-hop music did not get recorded for the radio or television to play until 1979 due to poverty during hip-hop's birth and lack of acceptance outside ghetto neighborhoods.
At block parties DJs played percussive breaks of popular songs using two turntables and a DJ mixer to be able to play breaks from two copies of the same record, alternating from one to the other and extending the "break". Hip hop's early evolution occurred as sampling technology and drum machines became available and affordable. Turntablist techniques such as scratching and beatmatching developed along with the breaks and Jamaican toasting, a chanting vocal style, was used over the beats. Rapping developed as a vocal style in which the artist speaks or chants along rhythmically with an instrumental or synthesized beat. Notable artists at this time include DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five, Fab Five Freddy, Marley Marl, Afrika Bambaataa, Kool Moe Dee, Kurtis Blow, Doug E. Fresh, Warp 9, The Fat Boys, Spoonie Gee; the Sugarhill Gang's 1979 song "Rapper's Delight" is regarded to be the first hip hop record to gain widespread popularity in the mainstream. The 1980s marked the diversification of hip hop.
Prior to the 1980s, hip hop music was confined within the United States. However, during the 1980s, it began to spread to music scenes in dozens of countries, many of which mixed hip hop with local styles to create new subgenres. New school hip hop was the second wave of hip hop music, originating in 1983–84 with the early records of Run-D. M. C. and LL Cool J. The Golden age hip hop period was an innovative period between the early 1990s. Notable artists from this era include the Juice Crew, Public Enemy, Eric B. & Rakim, Boogie Down Productions and KRS-One, EPMD, Slick Rick, Beastie Boys, Kool G Rap, Big Daddy Kane, Ultramagnetic MCs, De La Soul, A Tribe Called Quest. Gangsta rap is a subgenre of hip hop that focuses on the violent lifestyles and impoverished conditions of inner-city African-American youth. Schoolly D, N. W. A, Ice-T, Ice Cube, the Geto Boys are key founding artists, known for mixing the political and social commentary of political rap with the criminal elements and crime stories found in gangsta rap.
In the West Coast hip hop style, G-funk dominated mainstream hip hop for several years during the 1990s with artists such as Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg. East Coast hip hop in the early to mid 1990s was dominated by the Afrocentric jazz rap and alternative hip hop of the Native Tongues posse as well as the hardcore rap of artists such as Mobb Deep, Wu-Tang Clan, Onyx. East Coast hip hop had gangsta rap musicians such as Kool G Rap and the Notorious B. I. G.. In the 1990s, hip hop began to diversify with other regional styles emerging, such as Southern rap and Atlanta hip hop. At the same time, hip hop continued to be assimilated into other genres of popular music, examples being neo soul and nu metal. Hip hop became a best-selling genre in the mid-1990s and the top selling music genre by 1999; the popularity of hip hop music continued through the 2000s, with hip hop influences increasingly finding their way into mainstream pop. The United States saw the success of regional styles such as crunk, a Southern genre that emphasized the beats and music more than the lyrics.
Starting in 2005, sales of hip hop music in the United States began to wane. During the mid-2000s, alternative hip hop secured a place in the mainstream, due in part to the crossover success of artists such as OutKast and Kanye West. During the late 2000s and early 2010s, rappers such as Lil Wayne, Soulja Boy, B.o. B were the most popular rappers. During the 2010s, rappers such as Drake, Nicki Minaj, J. Cole, Kendrick Lamar all have been popular. Trap, a subgenre of hip hop has been popular during the 2010s with hip hop artists and hip hop music groups such as Migos, Travis Scott, Kodak Black; the creation of the term hip hop is credited to Keith Cowboy, rapper with Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. However, Lovebug Starski, Keith Cowboy, DJ Hollywood used the term when the music was still known as disco rap, it is believed that Cowboy created the term while teasing a friend who had just joined the U. S. Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching.
Cowboy worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his stage performance, used by other artists such as The Sugarhi
Limp Bizkit is an American rap rock band from Jacksonville, Florida. Their lineup consists of Fred Durst, Sam Rivers, John Otto, DJ Lethal, Wes Borland, their music is marked by Borland's sonic experimentation. Borland's elaborate visual appearance, which includes face and body paint and uniforms plays a large role in the band's live shows; the band has been nominated for three Grammy Awards, have sold 40 million records worldwide and won several other awards. Formed in 1994, Limp Bizkit became popular playing in the Jacksonville underground music scene in the late 1990s, signed with Flip Records, a subsidiary of Interscope, which released their debut album, Three Dollar Bill, Y'all$; the band achieved mainstream success with their second and third studio albums, Significant Other and Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water, although this success was marred by a series of controversies surrounding their performances at Woodstock'99 and the 2001 Big Day Out festival. Borland left the group in 2001, but Durst, Rivers and Lethal continued to record and tour with guitarist Mike Smith.
Following the release of their album, Results May Vary, Borland rejoined the band and recorded The Unquestionable Truth with Durst, Rivers and drummer Sammy Siegler before entering a hiatus. In 2009, the band reunited with Borland playing guitar and began touring, culminating with the recording of the album Gold Cobra, after which they left Interscope and signed with Cash Money Records, but DJ Lethal was asked to leave the band soon after; as of 2018, the band is recording their sixth studio album, Stampede of the Disco Elephants. Fred Durst grew up in Jacksonville, where he took an interest in breakdancing, hip hop, punk rock and heavy metal, he began to rap, skate and deejay. While mowing lawns and working as a tattoo artist, he developed an idea for a band that combined elements of rock and hip hop. Durst played with three other bands, Split 26, Malachi Sage, which were unsuccessful, 10 Foot Shindig, which Durst left to form a new band. Durst told Sam Rivers, the bassist for Malachi Sage, "You need to quit this band and start a band with me that's like this: rappin' and rockin'."
Rivers suggested that his cousin, John Otto, studying jazz drumming at the Douglas Anderson School of the Arts and playing in local avant garde bands, become their drummer. Durst and Otto jammed and wrote three songs together, Wes Borland joined as a guitarist. Durst named the band Limp Bizkit. According to Durst, "The name is there to turn people's heads away. A lot of people go, ` Limp Bizkit. Oh, they must suck.' Those are the people that we don't want listening to our music." Other names that were considered by Durst included Gimp Disco, Split Dickslit, Bitch Piglet, Blood Fart. Every record label that showed an interest in the band pressured its members to change its name. Limp Bizkit developed a cult following in the underground music scene at the Milk Bar, an underground punk club in Jacksonville; the band's local popularity was such that Sugar Ray, who had a major label contract, opened for a then-unsigned Limp Bizkit at Velocity with hip hop group Funkdoobiest. Milkbar owner, Danny Wimmer, stated.
They went from playing ten people to eight hundred within months. Fred... was always marketing the band. He would go to record stores and get people involved, he was in touch with high schools." However, the band knew that to achieve national success, they would have to distinguish themselves in their live performances. Attracting crowds by word of mouth, the band gave energetic live performances, covering George Michael's "Faith" and Paula Abdul's "Straight Up", featuring Borland in bizarre costumes. Borland's theatrical rock style was the primary attraction for many concert attendees. Durst unsuccessfully tried to attract attention from A&R representatives at various labels by pretending to be the band's manager; when Korn performed in town as the opening act for Sick of It All, Durst invited Korn to drink beer and tattoo them. Although Durst's tattoos were unimpressive, he was able to persuade Reginald "Fieldy" Arvizu to listen to a demo, consisting of the songs "Pollution", "Counterfeit" and "Stuck".
Korn added a then-unsigned Limp Bizkit to two tours. The band attempted to expand their sound by auditioning an additional guitarist, but Borland soon determined that another guitarist was not the answer, DJ Lethal of the hip hop group House of Pain, joined the band as a turntablist after a successful practice performance. Joining the band gave Lethal an opportunity to experiment with his turntable technique in ways that hip hop had not allowed him to do, helping shape the band's style. Due to creative differences, Borland left the band at this point. After their performance opening for Korn at the Dragonfly in Hollywood was well received, Limp Bizkit signed with Mojo, a subsidiary of MCA Records. While heading to California to record their first album, the band wrecked their van; as a result of the near death experience, Durst made amends with Borland. After a dispute with Mojo, Limp Bizkit signed with a subsidiary of Interscope Records. Arvizu persuaded Ross Robinson to listen to the demo. Robinson neglected to listen to it.
Impressed by the band's motivation and sound, Robinson produced Limp Bizkit's debut, recorded at Indigo Ranch. Durst's problems with
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
To Thine Own Self Be True
To Thine Own Self Be True is the third studio album by La Coka Nostra released on November 4, 2016, via Fat Beats Records. In 2012, La Coka Nostra released Masters of the Dark Arts, it was the group's first project without Everlast and their most critically acclaimed project, featuring collaborations with Vinnie Paz, Sean Price and production from DJ Premier and Statik Selektah. Since their debut, the group has become known for their energetic live performances and controversial subject matter, including on To Thine Own Self Be True. "This album was created during a time of unique and individual transformation for each member of the group," Ill Bill stated. "Speaking for myself, it's been a heavy last couple of years. It's the most personal record we've made under the La Coka banner and while we're still making music that's hard as fuck, there's a maturity to this latest batch of songs that makes it different from a lot of the older stuff. I notice the biggest reactions come from the songs our listeners can relate to and we needed to make a record like this right now, not only for the fans, but for ourselves.
I got a lot off my chest on this one. Making music can be therapeutic and making To Thine Own Self Be True was a rebirth and a re-ignition for me." Slaine had a similar take on the project's therapeutic value: "You don't put as many years in the game as we have without having ups and downs. We all have gone through adversity-personally and professionally; this album was recorded as I walked out of a dark time toward a place of truth and understanding. Music has been how I feed my family, my plane ticket around the world and a place I've built real friendships; this album is a moment in time. It is visceral and real." While DJ Lethal continues to oversee the production of To Thine Own Self Be True, the group enlisted Statik Selektah, Marco Polo, Salam Wreck and ChumZilla and vocal contributions from extended family members such as Vinnie Paz, Apathy, Q-Unique, Sick Jacken, SKAM2? & Rite Hook. The following lists the personnel on the track: Danny Boy O'Connor – art direction Treasure Little – art direction Randy Riggs – layout Peter Humphreys – mastering Statik Selektah – mixing Scott Stallone – Hohner melodica, mixing Eric Bobo – live percussion Hamlet, Shakespeare's play in which the phrase "to thine own self be true" is famously spoken by Polonius "To Thine Own Elf, Be True", a 1990 episode of My Two Dads