Anguilcourt-le-Sart is a commune in the department of Aisne in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Anguilcourtois or Anguilcourtoises On 19 May 1983, 41 barrels of toxic chemical waste, originating from the Seveso disaster, were found in an unused abattoir in Anguilcourt-le-Sart; the barrels, illegally abandoned here by a transport contractor, were transferred the same evening to a military base near Sissonne. They were destroyed in a high-temperature incinerator in Switzerald. Anguilcourt-le-Sart is located 25 km north-west of Laon; the A26 autoroute from Saint-Quentin to Rheims passes through the north-eastern part of the commune but has no exit in the commune. Access to the commune is by the D69 road from Renansart in the north-east passing through the heart of the commune and village and continuing south to Les Larris; the D643 road enters the commune from Achery in the west through the village and continuing east to Nouvion-le-Comte.
The commune is entirely farmland except for some forest in the south-west. The Serre river flows through the commune from east to west just south of the village forming a part of the western boundary of the commune before joining the Oise at Le Travers. Anguilcourt and Le Sart merged between 1790 and 1800. List of Successive Mayors of Anguilcourt-le-Sart The Garden at Fort Mayot is registered as an historical monument. Communes of the Aisne department Seveso disaster Anguilcourt-le-Sart on the old IGN website Anguilcourt-le-Sart on Lion1906 Anguilcourt-le-Sart on Google Maps Anguilcourt-le-Sart on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Anguilcourt and le Sart on the 1750 Cassini Map Anguilcourt-le-Sart on the INSEE website INSEE
Ambrief is a French commune in the department of Aisne in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambriérois or Ambriéroises Ambrief is located some 10 km south-east of Soissons and 30 km north-east of Villers-Cotterêts, it can be accessed on the D951 road from the north which passes through the village and continues south to Chacrise. The D6 road forms the north-eastern border of the commune. There are several country roads linking the village to the west and a country road going to the east. There is an area of forest on the eastern side of the village however the rest of the commune is farmland. There are no identifiable waterways in the commune. Ambrief was a centre for the Knights Templar. List of successive mayors of Ambrief Percentage distribution of age groups in Ambrief and Aisne department in 2007 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE. Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
Remains of the "Temple Farm", related to the commandery of Mount Soissons. Many remains of cave dwellings Nicolas Bertin, General of the French Revolution, born in Ambrief and died at La Ferté-Milon. Communes of the Aisne department Ambrief official website Ambrief on the old IGN website 40000 bell towers website Ambrief on Lion1906 Ambrief on Google Maps Ambrief on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Ambrief on the 1750 Cassini Map Ambrief on the INSEE website INSEE
Departments of France
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, five are overseas departments, which are classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council. From 1800 to April 2015, these were called general councils; each council has a president. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school buildings and technical staff, local roads and school and rural buses, a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; the departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity.
All of them were named after physical geographical features, rather than after historical or cultural territories which could have their own loyalties. The division of France into departments was a project identified with the French revolutionary leader the Abbé Sieyès, although it had been discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers; the earliest known suggestion of it is from 1764 in the writings of d'Argenson. They have inspired similar divisions in some of them former French colonies. Most French departments are assigned a two-digit number, the "Official Geographical Code", allocated by the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Overseas departments have a three-digit number; the number is used, for example, in the postal code, was until used for all vehicle registration plates. While residents use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, more distant departments are referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments.
For example, inhabitants of Loiret might refer to their department as "the 45". In 2014, President François Hollande proposed to abolish departmental councils by 2020, which would have maintained the departments as administrative divisions, to transfer their powers to other levels of governance; this reform project has since been abandoned. The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-René d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et Chaussées infrastructure administration. Before the French Revolution, France gained territory through the annexation of a mosaic of independent entities. By the close of the Ancien Régime, it was organised into provinces. During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved in order to weaken old loyalties; the modern departments, as all-purpose units of the government, were created on 4 March 1790 by the National Constituent Assembly to replace the provinces with what the Assembly deemed a more rational structure.
Their boundaries served two purposes: Boundaries were chosen to break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department; this was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. This measure was directly inspired by the Great Terror, during which the government had lost control of many rural areas far from any centre of government; the old nomenclature was avoided in naming the new departments. Most were named after other physical features. Paris was in the department of Seine. Savoy became the department of Mont-Blanc; the number of departments 83, had been increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the First French Empire. Following Napoleon's defeats in 1814–1815, the Congress of Vienna returned France to its pre-war size and the number of departments was reduced to 86.
In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Two were added from the new Savoyard territory, while the department of Alpes-Maritimes was created from Nice and a portion of the Var department; the 89 departments were given numbers based on the alphabetical order of their names. The department of Bas-Rhin and parts of Meurthe, Moselle and Haut-Rhin were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. A small part of Haut-Rhin became known as the Territoire de Belfort; when France regained the ceded departments after World War I, the Territoire de Belfort was not re-integrated into Haut-Rhin. In 1922, it became France's 90th department; the Lorraine departments were not changed back to their original boundaries, a new Moselle department was created in the regaine
Ancienville is a French commune in the department of Aisne in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France. Ancienville is located some 10 km east by south east of Villers-Cotterets and 25 km south-west of Soissons; the commune can be accessed by the D973 road from Villers-Cotterets in the north-west continuing west through the heart of the commune north of the village to Chouy. The D1370 runs south from the D973 and passes through the village continuing south to Noroy-sur-Ourcq; the commune is farmland with forests in an arc from the south-west to the north-east. La Savieres river flows south forming the western border of the commune and continues to join the Ourcq river near Silly-la-Poterie. List of Successive Mayors of Ancienville The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The Town Hall/School The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: A Fountain of devotion to the Virgin A Wayside Cross The Cross of the Federation Wayside Cross A Stone Cross The Parish Church of Saint-Médard The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects: A Funeral plaque for Jean Charpentier, Priest for Ancienville A Tombstone for Jean Charpentier, Priest for Ancienville A Stained Glass window: Nativity, Saint Médard, the adoration of the Magi A Bust: Christ A Chasuble, Chalice cover A Chasuble and Maniple A Statuette from a Processional Staff A Parish Processional Staff of Saint Médard A Baptismal font A set of 2 Stained glass windows: Saint Médard, donor and the adoration of the Magi A Tombstone A Tombstone The Furniture in the ChurchGallery of Historical Monuments Charles Joseph Patissier de Bussy-Castelnau, Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau, Governor-General of Pondicherry.
Communes of the Aisne department Ancienville on the old IGN website Ancienville on Lion1906 Ancienville on Google Maps Ancienville on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Ancienville on the 1750 Cassini Map Ancienville on the INSEE website INSEE
Aguilcourt is a commune in the department of Aisne in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France. The inhabitants of Aguilcourt are known as Aguilcourtois or Aguilcourtoises Aguilcourt is 2 km south of the town of Guignicourt. From Guignicourt the commune can be reached by road D62 which runs from the north-west border of the commune through the village and continues to Orainville in the south-east. Highway D622 runs south-west from the village to Cormicy; the western edge of the commune is traversed by the A26 autoroute but the nearest exit is Exit 14 north of the commune and west of Guignicourt. Some 200m north-east of the town is the Grand Marais railway station just outside the border of the commune. From here trains run south to Loivre; the Suippe river forms most of the commune's northeastern border. List of Mayors of Aguilcourt Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Communes of the Aisne department Aguilcourt on Lion1906 Aguilcourt on Google Maps Aguilcourt on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aguilcourt on the 1750 Cassini Map Aguilcourt on the INSEE website INSEE
Arrancy is a commune in the department of Aisne in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France. Arrancy is located 40 km north-west of Reims, it can be accessed by the D1044 road from Festieux in the north which passes down the eastern edge of the commune and continues south to Corbeny. The village is accessed by the D88 which runs west from the D1044 to the village continues west to Ployart-et-Vaurseine. There are some country roads which access the commune; the commune is mixed forest with no other hamlets or villages other than Arrancy. La Bièvre stream rises north-east of the village and flows south-west to the south of the village west into the Ailette Lake. List of Successive Mayors of Arrancy The commune has two buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The Chateau of Arrancy is registered as an historical monument; the old Chateau of Arranceau is registered as an historical monument. The Church of Saint-Rémi contains many items that are registered as historical objects: A Statue A Statue: Saint Barbe A Tombstone of Charles Duglas, his wife, their children A Tombstone of Louis de Proisy and Louise de Gris, his wife A Tombstone of Philippe Duglas A Tombstone of Jacques de Proisy, Baron of La Bove, Claudine d'Espena, his wife Thomas-Antoine-Jean Maussion, French politician, Mayor of Arrancy, died there in 1839 Lieutenant-Colonel René de La Tour du Pin, Marquis of La Charce, was born on 1 April 1834 in Arrancy.
Communes of the Aisne department Arrancy on the old IGN website Bell Towers website 40000 bell towers website Arrancy on Lion1906 Arrancy on Google Maps Arrancy on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Arancy on the 1750 Cassini Map Arrancy on the INSEE website INSEE
Andelain is a commune in the Aisne department and Hauts-de-France region of northern France. Andelain is located 4 km east of Tergnier, it can be accessed by the D13 road from Charmes in the north-east passing through the village and continuing to Deuillet in the south-west. The D1032 road runs through the north of the commune from west to east and the D553 road cuts through the south-western corner of the commune. Apart from the village the commune consists of farmland with no other villages or hamlets; the Oise river forms a small part of the north-western border of the commune and a stream flows through the north-western part of the commune into the Oise river. List of Successive Mayors of Andelain The Park of the Maguin Chateau is registered as an historical monument; the Church of Saint-Denis. is registered as an historical monument. The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects: A Fragment of a Retable A Statue: Saint Eveque seated A Statue: Saint Sebastian A Baptismal pool A Baptismal pool A Statue: Saint Barbe A Statue: Saint Antoine A Group Sculpture: Christ on the Cross with the Virgin and Saint John Stained glass windows Communes of the Aisne department Andelain official website Andelain on the old National Geographic Institute website Bell Towers website 40000 Bell Towers website Andelain on Lion1906 Andelain on Google Maps Andelain on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Andelain on the 1750 Cassini Map Andelain on the INSEE website INSEE