Old Pasadena referred to as Old Town Pasadena or just Old Town, is the original commercial center of Pasadena, a city in California, United States that arose from one of the most prosperous areas of the state, had a latter day revitalization after a period of decay. Old Pasadena began as the center of an industrial hub that gave rise to Caltech, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Beckman Instruments and numerous other important companies; the large concentration of such companies in the area gave it the nickname "Athens of the West". The area was an artistic center, the home to Andy Warhol's west coast debut, the Pasadena Museum of Modern Art, before that a center of suffragist and pacifist movements, other liberal causes. By the late 1940s, the downtown area was blighted by dive bars and pawn shops, it became a hippie destination, with head shops, adult bookstores and massage parlors. By the late 1980s, Old Pasadena was undergoing a period of urban regeneration. Old Pasadena's center is the postal zero/zero intersection of all Pasadena of Fair Oaks Avenue and Colorado Boulevard.
The first of the businesses of the original Indiana Colony were established here. J. D. Hollingsworth's general store served as the main supplier for the town as well as the post office when mail arrived from Los Angeles. On the north-west corner was the Grand Hotel, in a building owned by Barney Williams, where the Williams family had run a general store on the ground floor. On the south-west corner stood Williams Hall owned by the Williams family; the first meeting of Masons in Pasadena to become Pasadena Masonic Lodge No. 272, took place on 20 February 1883. A meeting in the library hall followed in October, at which the newly elected officials decided to make Williams Hall their permanent meeting place. An ornate front, similar to the facade of the present lodge, was erected on the upper story of the Colorado Boulevard building by H. Ridgway, an architect, Master of the lodge in 1886; the Lodge continued to grow, by 1917 it encompassed three separate lodges and fourteen affiliated bodies. From the 1940s until the early 1970s, the Dodsworth Building, still displaying the masonic compass symbol on the inscribed stone in front of the building on its lower sides, contained a five-story furniture store belonging to Harry Steinberg and his son Albert Philip Steinberg, a 32nd degree mason and Shriner.
In its infancy, the Indiana Colony was a quiet farming community centered around Orange Grove Boulevard, about a half mile west of Fair Oaks Avenue. Fair Oaks Avenue, just south of Colorado Boulevard, became the site of a new school, the Fair Oaks schoolhouse, a gift from Benjamin "Don Benito" Wilson. Fearing for the safety of children, the council of city fathers sought to move the schoolhouse away from the developing center of the town and its bustling activity, but Benjamin Wilson had died and his estate had passed to family members still living in the area; the council sought permission from the family on the understanding that the school would be moved for the benefit of the children, but an improved school would be established somewhere outside Old Pasadena soon thereafter. The block of Fair Oaks Avenue, Colorado Boulevard, Raymond Avenue, Green Street retained the name "schoolhouse block." No record of the subsequent location of the school was retained in the records, but the location of the new school can be drawn from several historical accounts.
Hiram Reid's History of Pasadena states that the schoolhouse was "moved several feet east to a frontage on Raymond 500 feet north of a line parallel to the north wall of the Post Office building." In 1895 the Post Office was in the Morgan Block just north of Kansas Street. Reid goes on to say that "a beautiful new edifice stands there now," a reference to the Van der Vort building, built in 1894, replacing the schoolhouse; that building was sold to someone who moved it away for a residence, a new Wilson School was built outside of Old Pasadena, 4.2 miles to the east on Del Mar Boulevard and Madre Street. In 1887 Edward C. Webster began construction of a hotel at 1929 Green Street, on the southeast corner of Raymond Avenue and Kansas Street; when he was unable to complete the job, a newcomer to the area, Colonel George Gill Green, took over the construction and finished the Green Hotel, which opened in 1888. Green was a friend of Andrew McNally, a prominent printer from Chicago who had moved West and made his home in Altadena.
McNally had invited Green to join him in this new community. Together Green and McNally invested in the short-lived Altadena Railroad, which provided them private sidings at their residences and which Green rode daily to the construction site of his new hotel. Green and Andrew McNally were next door neighbors on Mariposa Street just west of Lake Avenue; the McNally home still stands and the old Green Carriage house remains in use as a residence, is visible from the rear parking lot of the Altadena Library, which stands on the site of the Green house. The new Green Hotel was a 6-story edifice that faced Central Park on South Raymond, just north of the original Victorian Pasadena Train Station, where trains stopped between Chicago and Los Angeles; that station was replaced in the Southwestern style. In 1898, Green built a grander Mediterranean style hotel on the opposite side of Raymond; the first became referred to a
Rose Bowl (stadium)
The Rose Bowl known as Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl, is an American outdoor athletic stadium, located in Pasadena, California, a northeast suburb of Los Angeles. Opened in October 1922, the stadium is recognized as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historic Civil Engineering landmark. At a modern capacity of an all-seated configuration at 92,542 the Rose Bowl is the 15th-largest stadium in the world, the 11th-largest stadium in the United States, the 10th largest NCAA stadium. One of the most famous venues in sporting history, the Rose Bowl is best known as a college football venue as the host of the annual Rose Bowl Game for which it is named. Since 1982, it has served as the home stadium of the UCLA Bruins football team; the stadium has hosted five Super Bowl games, second most of any venue. The Rose Bowl is a noted soccer venue, having hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, the 1984 Olympic Gold Medal Match, as well as numerous CONCACAF and United States Soccer Federation matches.
The stadium and adjacent Brookside Golf and Country Club are owned by the city of Pasadena and managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the city of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses have one member on the company board; the game now known as the Rose Bowl Game was played at Tournament Park though January 1922, about three miles southeast, adjacent to the campus of the California Institute of Technology. The Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, the game's organizer, realized the temporary stands were inadequate for a crowd of more than 40,000, sought to build a better, permanent stadium; the stadium was designed by architect Myron Hunt in 1921. His design was influenced by the Yale Bowl in New Haven, which opened in 1914; the Arroyo Seco was selected as the location for the stadium. The Rose Bowl was under construction from Feb. 27, 1922 to October 1922. The nearby Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum was under construction during this time and would be completed in May 1923, shortly after the Rose Bowl was completed.
Built as a horseshoe, the stadium was expanded several times. The southern stands were completed in 1928; the field's alignment is nearly north-south, offset northwest, the elevation at street level is 830 feet above sea level. The stadium's name was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl", until being settled as "Rose Bowl" before the 1923 Rose Bowl game, in reference to the unusually named Yale Bowl; the stadium is difficult to access due to the traffic caused by single-lane residential street access. It has no dedicated parking lot for visitors and parking issues have caused visitors to spend two to three hours completing the last mile to the stadium on game days. In 2016, Rose Bowl contracted ParkJockey to streamline parking around the stadium. There are shuttles to help visitors get to the stadium and mobile lights powered by generators to provide visibility for people walking on the golf course at night; the first game was a regular season contest in 1922, when California defeated USC 12–0 on October 28.
This was the only loss for USC and Cal finished the season undefeated. California declined the invitation to the 1923 Rose Bowl game and USC went instead; the stadium was dedicated on January 1, 1923, when USC defeated Penn State 14–3. The stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its construction in 1922; the South end was filled in to complete the bowl and more seats have been added. The original wooden benches were replaced by aluminum benches in 1969. All new grandstand and loge seats had been installed since 1971. New red seat backs had been added on 22,000 seats prior to the 1980 Rose Bowl. A Rose Bowl improvement was conducted because of the 1984 Summer Olympics; this resulted in new seat backs for 50,000 seats. For many years, the Rose Bowl had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States being surpassed by Michigan Stadium; the Rose Bowl's maximum stated seating capacity was 104,091 from 1972 to 1997. Some of the seats closest to the field were never used during this time for UCLA regular season games, were covered by tarps.
Official capacity was lowered following the 1998 Rose Bowl. Different figures are given for the current capacity, for the lower level seats behind the team benches are not used for some events since the spectators can not see through the standing players or others on the field. UCLA reports the capacity at 91,136; the Tournament of Roses reports the capacity at 92,542. The 2006 Rose Bowl game, the BCS championship game, had a crowd of 93,986. In the 2011 contest between TCU and Wisconsin, the listed attendance is 94,118; as of 2008, the Rose Bowl is the 11th largest football stadium, is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl games. For concerts held there, the Rose Bowl holds 60,000 people; the stadium's 2014 remodeling removed the lower "lettered row" seats on each side behind the players' benches and provided access in and out of the stadium for the lower sections of the Rose Bowl, restoring its original design. The press box was updated before the 1962 Rose Bowl with two rows.
The cost was $356,000. The Press Box was refurbished for UCLA's move in the 1984 Summer Olympics. In 2011 and 2012, the press box was undergoing renovation as part of the larger renovation bu
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority is an agency that operates public transportation in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. It was formed in 1993 out of a merger of the Southern California Rapid Transit District and the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission, it is chartered under state law as a regional transportation planning agency. Metro directly operates light rail, heavy rail and bus rapid transit services, it directs planning for rail and freeway projects within Los Angeles County. It funds 27 local transit agencies as well as access paratransit services; the agency develops and oversees transportation plans, funding programs, both short-term and long-range solutions to mobility and environmental needs in the county. The agency is the primary transit provider for the City of Los Angeles, providing the bulk of such services, while the City of Los Angeles Department of Transportation operates a much smaller system of its own: Commuter Express bus service to outlying suburbs in the city of Los Angeles and the popular DASH mini-bus service in downtown and other neighborhoods.
Metro's headquarters are in a high-rise building adjacent to Union Station in downtown Los Angeles. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority operates the third-largest public transportation system in the United States by ridership with a 1,433 mi² operating area and 2,000 peak hour buses on the street any given business day. Metro operates 105 miles of urban rail service; the authority has 9,892 employees, making it one of the region's largest employers. The authority partially funds sixteen municipal bus operators and an array of transportation projects including bikeways and pedestrian facilities, local roads and highway improvements, goods movement, Metrolink regional commuter rail, Freeway Service Patrol and freeway call boxes within the greater metropolitan Los Angeles region. Security and law enforcement services on Metro property are provided by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Transit Services Bureau via contract, in conjunction with Metro Transit Enforcement Department, Los Angeles Police Department and Long Beach Police Department.
In 2006, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority was named Outstanding Transportation System for 2006 by the American Public Transportation Association. Most buses and trains have "America's Best" decals affixed. Metro Rail is a rail mass transit system with four light rail lines; as of November 2016, the system runs a total of 105 miles, with 93 stations and over 316,000 daily weekday boardings. Starting in 2019, lines will be renamed with lettered designations, citing a lack of distinct colors available for future services; the Blue Line is a light rail line running between Downtown Long Beach. The Red Line is a subway line running between Downtown Los North Hollywood; the Green Line is a light rail line running between Redondo Beach and Norwalk in the median of the 105 Freeway. It provides indirect access to Los Angeles International Airport via a shuttle bus; the Purple Line is a subway line running between Downtown Los Angeles and the Mid-Wilshire district of Los Angeles.
Most of its route is shared with the Red Line. The Gold Line is a light rail line running between East Los Angeles and Azusa via Downtown Los Angeles; the Expo Line is a light rail line running between Downtown Los Santa Monica. Metro Busway is an express bus system with characteristics of bus rapid transit with two lines operating on dedicated or shared-use busways; the system runs a total of 60 miles, with 28 stations and over 42,000 daily weekday boardings as of May 2016. The Metro Busway system is meant to mimic the Metro Rail system, both in the vehicle's design and in the operation of the line. Vehicles stop at dedicated stations, vehicles receive priority at intersections and are painted in a silver livery similar to Metro Rail vehicles; the Metro Orange Line is a bus rapid transit line running between North Chatsworth. The Metro Silver Line is a limited-stop bus line running between El Monte, Downtown Los Angeles, Harbor Gateway, with some buses serving San Pedro. Metro is the primary bus operator in the Los Angeles Basin, the San Fernando Valley, the western San Gabriel Valley.
Other transit providers operate more frequent service in the rest of the county. Regions in Los Angeles County that Metro Bus does not serve at all include rural regions, the Pomona Valley, the Santa Clarita Valley, the Antelope Valley. Metro operates two types of bus services. However, when mechanical problems or availability equipment occurs, a bus of any color may be substituted to continue service on the route. Metro Local buses are painted in an off-orange color which the agency has dubbed “California Poppy”; this type of service makes frequent stops along major thoroughfares. There are 18,500 stops on 189 bus lines; some Metro Local routes make limited stops along part of their trip but do not participate in the Rapid program. Some Metro Local bus lines are operated by contractors MV Transportation, Southland Transit, Transdev. Metro Rapid buses are distinguished by their bright red color which the agency has dubbed “Rapid Red”; this bus rapid transit service offers limited stops on many of the county's more heavi
Pasadena Museum of History
Pasadena Museum of History is a private, nonprofit museum and research library located in Pasadena, California. It is the only institution dedicated to the history and culture of historic Pasadena and the west San Gabriel Valley. Headquartered on the grounds of a century-old Pasadena estate, facilities include the Pasadena Museum History Center, the Fenyes Estate and gardens, a research library and archives, the Curtin House, the Finnish Folk Art Museum. With public exhibits, lectures and workshops, the Pasadena Museum of History promotes an appreciation of history, culture and sciences relevant to Pasadena and adjoining communities; the City of Pasadena was founded in 1874, when members of the Indiana Colony settled along the banks of the Arroyo Seco. In 1924, the Pasadena Historical Society began to collect information about the area’s history, with one filing cabinet of material collected by volunteers. In 1932, the historical society was given a room at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium. In 1958, the collection moved to the Pasadena Public Library.
In 1970, thanks to a gift from the Paloheimo family, the museum moved to its present location on the grounds on the historic two-acre Fenyes Estate. In 1993, the History Center was completed to house the research library and archival storage areas for the museum’s growing collections. In 2000, the museum added galleries, conference rooms, a museum store, administrative offices; the museum is open to the public and offers special exhibits, lectures and workshops on aspects of local architecture, fine art, science, social issues, personal histories, exceptional historic achievements. Tours are offered to students in area schools. Pasadena Museum of History is supported by admission fees, donations from corporations, businesses and members of the Museum. Pasadena Museum of History’s Research Library and Archives maintains the area’s largest and most comprehensive collection of documents and artifacts related to the history of the city; the Research Library contains well over 1,000,000 historic photos, rare books and maps, architectural records, more.
The museum collection includes an extensive art collection, including paintings from local plein air painters, as well as textiles, ceramics and other three-dimensional materials of historic importance to the area. The museum’s costume and textile collection includes more than 3,000 artifacts dating from 1880 to 1970. One million photographic images, some in negative format only, are contained in the museum’s extensive photo archives which feature work by important early Pasadena photographers from the late 19th century as well as photo albums and postcards; the museum houses photo collections from the Pasadena Star-News and local photographers J. Allen Hawkins and Flag Studios; the museum’s newspaper archive includes 15 linear feet of local newspapers, including bound copies of the Pasadena Star from 1886–1924. The research library houses a thousand books and more than 300 manuscripts dating from the 1830s to the present; the archives contain Design and Historic Preservation Reports of the Pasadena Planning Department, Pasadena city directories, historic maps of Pasadena and the West San Gabriel Valley, including a set of Sanborn Fire Insurance maps for Pasadena.
The archives house more than 150 special collections donated by individuals and individuals active in Pasadena. These include the Sylvanus Marston Collection of architectural drawings. Special collections are listed on the museum’s website, some are available through the Online Archives of California website; the Research Library and Archives are located on the lower level of the History Center and open Thursday through Sunday from 1-4 p.m. Free parking is available at the museum lot. An extensive collection of decorative arts, costumes/ textiles, family papers from the Fenyes family is housed at Pasadena Museum of History, in the Fenyes Mansion itself. Built in 1906, the Fenyes Mansion is a historic property that housed four generations of the Fenyes-Curtin-Paloheimo family and a Pasadena Cultural Landmark; the museum maintains the Fenyes Mansion in traditional Edwardian fashion, the interior includes handsome furniture and period furnishings. The museum offers docent-led tours of surrounding gardens on a regular basis.
The Fenyes Family collection includes more than 3,800 watercolors and sketches painted by Eva Scott Fenyes, an artist and traveler who lived from 1866–1929, as well as fine and decorative art donated by the family to the museum. Pasadena Museum of History Archives of California website
Armory Center for the Arts
The Armory Center for the Arts is a non-profit community arts organization that offers arts education programs and contemporary art exhibitions in Pasadena, United States. It originated as the education department of the Pasadena Art Museum in 1947. After the museum closed in 1974, the education program became known as the Pasadena Art Workshops; the workshops in collaboration with the Baxter Art Gallery became the Armory Center for the Arts in 1989. Official website
Eaton Canyon is a major canyon beginning at the Eaton Saddle near Mount Markham and San Gabriel Peak in the San Gabriel Mountains in the Angeles National Forest, United States. Its drainage flows into the Rio Hondo river and into the Los Angeles River, it is named after Judge Benjamin S. Eaton, who lived in the Fair Oaks Ranch House in 1865 not far from Eaton Creek; the most well-known portion of the canyon is the Eaton Canyon Nature Center in California. The trailhead of the Mount Wilson Toll Road is in the canyon. Eaton Canyon is in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains. Called "El Precipicio" by the Spanish settlers because of its steep gorges, the canyon falls under several governmental jurisdictions. Benjamin Eaton was hired by Don Benito Wilson to bring water to the Fair Oaks Ranch. In August 1877, naturalist John Muir set out from Pasadena for an expedition into the San Gabriels, he writes: "On the first day of my excursion I went only as far as the mouth of Eaton Canyon, because the heat was oppressive, a pair of new shoes were chafing my feet to such an extent that walking began to be painful."On October 27, 1993, the floor of Eaton Canyon, along with 118 surrounding homes, was devastated by a wildfire.
The Eaton Canyon Natural Area Park is located where the mountain stream debouches into the foothill wash at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains. The park is administered by the Los Angeles County Department of Recreation; the county administers the lower two-thirds of the area below the toll road bridge. Most of the 190 acres that comprises the natural area lie on the northern boundaries of the old Rancho San Pascual and Rancho Santa Anita on land designated for the Southern Pacific Railroad. Once the railroad gave up the land, it was opened for homesteading; the nature center is unique in the area because it houses exhibits that educate on the flora and fauna local to the San Gabriel Valley Southern California. The center was rebuilt in 1998. Pasadena and parts of Altadena receive about 40% of their water from local sources; the upper third is controlled by the Water Department of the City of Pasadena. 34.177233°N 118.097°W / 34.177233. John Muir once described the waterfall as "a charming little thing, with a low, sweet voice, singing like a bird, as it pours from a notch in a short ledge, some thirty or forty feet into a round mirror-pool."Several waterfalls exist above Eaton Fall, which are more secluded.
Until 1979, there was a tunnel which allowed access. While the upper falls were accessible decades ago, there are no longer any maintained trails. People have been killed trying to make these climbs. On July 31, 2011, a man fell to his death on the hike to the falls. Another man fell to his death one week on August 6, 2011. On March 22, 2013, two hikers tried to climb to the second waterfall, but decided against it mid-climb; as they made their way down, they both fell. One hiker, a high school senior, fell to her death, the other was airlifted for treatment. On June 27, 2014, the US Forest Service announced plans to close the trail to the upper falls; the trail to the upper falls was closed off on August 1, 2014. Violators caught trespassing the off-limits area will face a fine of up to $5,000 or six months in jail. 34.1966°N 118.1028°W / 34.1966. It is administered by the Los Angeles County Department of Parks and Recreation and has been open since 1962, it was planned as an eighteen-hole facility and was designed by famed golf course architect, William Francis Bell.
Opening day ceremonies included a golf outing with dignitaries and local golf professionals, including 1961 PGA Champion, Jerry Barber. 34.1658°N 118.1044°W / 34.1658. It was accessible from Pasadena via Santa Anita Avenue which drove right to the front porch of the toll house; the road is still accessible from Pinecrest Drive, just off Altadena Drive in Altadena. Access was blocked after a 2005 landslide destroyed 50 yards of the road, but the road has since been rebuilt and reopened. Mount Wilson had always been active with human passage starting from the days of the local Indians, it was Benjamin Davis Wilson who established a proper trail to the summit of Mt. Wilson from Sierra Madre through the Santa Anita Canyon; the Mt. Wilson Toll Road to Henninger Flats is controlled by the Forester and Fire Warden of the Los Angeles County Fire Department. 34.19189°N 118.1044°W / 34.19189. The wash is one of the Altadena streams. Rubio, Las Flores and others all flow to the east to join the Rio Hondo.
Millard Canyon on the west flows to the Arroyo Seco. Eaton Wash is one of the two major streams. On its way to the Rio Hondo, the Eaton Wash is joined by the combined drainages from Pasa
Pasadena Transit known as Pasadena Area Rapid Transit System, is a city-operated local bus service in Pasadena, United States. It was formed in 1994 coinciding with the kickoff of the World Cup at the Rose Bowl as a free service of the City of Pasadena. In 2003, fares were introduced. In December 2015, the agency changed its name to Pasadena Transit. Pasadena Transit consists of 8 routes in the City of Pasadena. All routes connect with the Metro Gold Line. Effective July 1, 2018, service is operated seven days a week, with the exception of six major holidays; the Pasadena-Altadena Regional Trolley System is a proposed heritage streetcar system that would connect Altadena and Pasadena City College. No dates for this proposal have been set. Gold Line