Corona is a city in Riverside County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 152,374, up from 124,966 at the 2000 census; the cities of Norco and Riverside lie to the north and northeast Chino Hills and Yorba Linda to the northwest, the Cleveland National Forest and the Santa Ana Mountains to the southwest, unincorporated areas of Riverside County line all of its other borders. Corona lies 48 miles southeast of Los Angeles and 95 miles north-northwest of San Diego. Corona named South Riverside, was founded at the height of the Southern California citrus boom in 1886, is advantageously situated at the upper end of the Santa Ana River Canyon, a significant pass through the Santa Ana Mountains; the town of Corona was once the "Lemon Capital of the World". A museum there presents the lemon's former role in the local economy; the city derived its name from the curious layout of its streets, with a standard grid enclosed by the circular Grand Boulevard, 2.75 miles in circumference.
The street layout was designed by Hiram Clay Kellogg, a civil engineer from Anaheim, an influential figure in the early development of Orange County. Corona was established as a town by the South Riverside Water Company; the company was incorporated in 1886. B. Taylor, George L. Joy, A. S. Garretson, Adolph Rimpau. A citrus growers' organization, it purchased the lands of Rancho La Sierra of Bernardo Yorba, the Rancho Temescal grant and the colony of South Riverside was laid out, they secured the water rights to Temescal Creek, its tributaries and Lee Lake. Dams and pipelines were built to carry the water to the colony. In 1889, the Temescal Water Company was incorporated; this company purchased all the water-bearing lands in the Temescal valley and began drilling artesian wells. Located in San Bernardino County, the city was named "South Riverside" and received its post office in that name on August 11, 1887. In 1893, South Riverside became part of the new Riverside County. In 1896, the city was renamed "Corona" for its circular Grand Boulevard, where three international automobile races were held in 1913, 1914 and 1916.
The city of Corona has been popular among celebrities drawn to its upscale areas and relative privacy compared to Los Angeles. Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz spent time at their ranch, located in north Corona, played golf at Cresta Verde Golf Course in the northeastern section of the city. After their divorce, Mr. Arnaz continued to live in Corona. In recent years Corona has been known as the "Gateway to the Inland Empire". Prior to the 1980s, the city was an agricultural community, dominated by citrus orchards and dairy farms. High real estate prices in Los Angeles and Orange counties made the area's land desirable to developers and industrialists, by the late 1990s Corona was considered a major suburb of Los Angeles. Housing development in the city has been accelerated by access to the area via the SR 91, with many families leaving Orange County to larger, more affordable housing available in the city; the construction of the nearby SR 71 has linked Corona to the San Gabriel valleys. Due to traffic caused by Corona's considerable growth, toll roads have been built along the 91 freeway, with future toll road expansions under construction and in the planning stages along Interstate 15.
While there were talks to construct a proposed 10 mi automobile and fast-speed train tunnel under Santiago Peak to connect Interstate 15 in Corona with Interstate 5 and SR 55 in Orange County to cut down on commuter traffic on the crowded 91 freeway, this concept has been shelved indefinitely. In 2002, the city government considered an initiative to secede from Riverside County and form an autonomous Corona County because the city government and some residents were dissatisfied with how services were handled in nearby areas; the effort was considered by areas in other cities in the western part of the county as far south as Murrieta. Whether nearby cities such as Norco would have been included in the new county are unknown; the proposed county would have been bordered by San Bernardino County to the northwest, by Orange County to the west, but it never came to fruition. Corona is located in Riverside County, east of Orange County. Corona is located at 33°52′N 117°34′W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.9 square miles, of which, 38.8 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water.
Corona has mild winters and hot summers. Most of the rainfall occurs during early spring; the winter low temperatures can get cold enough for frost, with rare snowfall seen on the local foothills. Winter days are pleasant, with the mercury staying around 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Summertime is hot, with highs averaging in the low 90s. During the hottest months, daytime temperatures in Corona exceed 100 degrees; some businesses headquartered in Corona: Monster Beverage, a worldwide manufacturer of soft drinks, including Hansen's beverages and the Monster Energy drink line. Saleen, manufacturer of specialty, high-performance sports cars. Lucas Oil Products, manufacturer of automotive additive products and owner of naming rights to Lucas Oil Stadium, home venue of the Indianapolis Colts of the NFL. LuLaRoe, a women's clothing multi-level marketing distributor. Sterno According to the City's 2017 Co
Blythe is a city in Riverside County, United States, in the Palo Verde Valley of the Lower Colorado River Valley region, an agricultural area and part of the Colorado Desert along the Colorado River 224 miles east of Los Angeles and 150 miles west of Phoenix. Blythe was named after Thomas H. Blythe, a San Francisco financier, who established primary water rights to the Colorado River in the region in 1877; the city was incorporated on July 21, 1916. The population was 20,817 at the 2010 census. In the early or mid-1870s, William Calloway, an engineer and a former captain of the 1st California Infantry Regiment, explored an area across the Colorado River from Ehrenberg and found its potential for development. Calloway made preliminary surveys and filed land claims under the Swamp Land Act of 1850, he interested the wealthier Thomas Henry Blythe, born in Mold, Wales, to undertake development and settlement of an "empire" located next to the Colorado. On July 17, 1877, Blythe filed his first claim for Colorado River water on what was to become the "Blythe Intake".
Blythe appointed another man named George Irish as manager to assist Calloway in building an irrigation system. Calloway died in a Chemehuevi attack in March 28, 1880, was replaced by C. C. Miller, the father of Frank Augustus Miller. Thomas Blythe died on April 4, 1883. After his death, the work in the valley halted and Blythe's estate subsequently went into litigation between his illegitimate daughter Florence and other claimants, the trial beginning on 1889. By the 1900s, Florence was awarded the estate, after several years of preceding rulings in favor of her and appeals against her. Frank Murphy and Ed Williams, who were involved on the cattle industry in southeastern Arizona, came to the area in 1904 and were convinced it was well-suited for cattle and farming. With the Hobson brothers from Ventura County, they bought Blythe's estate and formed the Palo Verde Land and Water Company. During 1911–1912, W. F. Holt, who helped develop nearby Imperial Valley, was the company's general manager. On August 8, 1916, the California Southern Railroad reached Blythe from the desert station of Rice known as Blythe Junction.
It was renamed to honor G. W. Rice, an engineer and superintendent of the railroad; the dramatic growth in the valley following this event attracted national attention. Production totals increased annually from nothing to near $8,000,000 in few years from cotton and cotton seed shipped to the ports; the lower cotton prices in 1920 ended this prosperous time. The Atchison and Santa Fe Railway began leasing the line in 1921 and acquired it in the end of 1942. In 1935, the completion of Boulder Dam extinguished the destructive annual floods in the valley; as noted in the city's fiftieth anniversary, some forty crops were grown in the farms, large cattle feeds were another aspect of the agriculture industry. Nearly two decades earlier, the Fisher ranch had the biggest herd of registered Brahman cattle in California, the breeding stock having been sold to western states and other countries. During World War II, Blythe was the site of United States Army Air Forces facilities in the Blythe Airport and the Gary Field.
The first automobile bridge over the Colorado River between Blythe and Ehrenberg was constructed in 1928 to replace a cable ferry service. The bridge's successor was built in the early 1960s and it was expanded to four lanes and a pedestrian walkway in early 1974. In 1972, Interstate 10 was built through the city, replacing US 60 and the decommissioned US 70 in Hobsonway as the main thoroughfare. In 2016, the voter-approved recreational use of cannabis in California has made the cannabis industry drawn to the economically declined city due to lower land prices and lower taxes compared to other parts of the state. One of the proposed cannabis facilities, Palo Verde Center, would be one of the largest in North America. Blythe is located near the California/Arizona border in the Colorado Desert section of the Sonoran Desert, at the junction of Interstate 10 and US 95. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.0 square miles, of which 26.2 square miles is land and 0.8 square miles is water.
Nearby communities include Lost Lake and Vidal to the north, Ripley to the south, Desert Center to the west, Ehrenberg, Arizona, to the east. Major cities in the region include Yuma, Phoenix, San Bernardino and Las Vegas. Blythe is within 4 hours via car of 10% of the United States' population. Blythe has a hot desert climate, featuring hot summers and mild winters. There are an average of 178.4 days with highs of higher. There are an average of 18.9 days with lows of 32 °F or lower. Until 2016, the record high temperature was 122 °F on July 7, 1920, June 24, 1929, but on June 20, 2016, that long-standing record was shattered when Blythe reached 124 °F. The record low temperature was 5 °F on January 6, 1913. There are an average of 16 days with measurable precipitation; the wettest year was 1951 with 8.71 inches and the driest year was 1956 with.18 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 6.00 inches in August 1951, which included the 24-hour record rainfall of 3.06 inches on August 27. At the airport, there are an average of 176.0 days with highs of higher.
There are an average of 5.4 days with lows of lower. The record high temperature was 124 °F on June 20, 2016; the recor
A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city one that contains substantial visible remains. A town becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, prolonged droughts, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, pollution, or nuclear disasters; the term can sometimes refer to cities and neighbourhoods that are still populated, but less so than in past years. Some ghost towns those that preserve period-specific architecture, have become tourist attractions; some examples are Bannack, Centralia and South Pass City in the United States, Barkerville in Canada, Craco in Italy, Elizabeth Bay and Kolmanskop in Namibia, Pripyat in Ukraine, Danushkodi in India. The town of Plymouth on the Caribbean island of Montserrat is a ghost town, the de jure capital of Montserrat, it was rendered uninhabitable by volcanic ash from an eruption. The definition of a ghost town varies between individuals, between cultures.
Some writers discount settlements that were abandoned as a result of a natural or human-made disaster or other causes using the term only to describe settlements that were deserted because they were no longer economically viable. Some believe. Whether or not the settlement must be deserted, or may contain a small population, is a matter for debate. Though, the term is used in a looser sense, encompassing any and all of these definitions; the American author Lambert Florin's preferred definition of a ghost town was "a shadowy semblance of a former self". Factors leading to abandonment of towns include depleted natural resources, economic activity shifting elsewhere and roads bypassing or no longer accessing the town, human intervention, massacres and the shifting of politics or fall of empires. A town can be abandoned when it is part of an exclusion zone due to natural or man-made causes. Ghost towns may result when the single activity or resource that created a boomtown is depleted or the resource economy undergoes a "bust".
Boomtowns can decrease in size as fast as they grew. Sometimes, all or nearly the entire population can desert the town; the dismantling of a boomtown can occur on a planned basis. Mining companies nowadays will create a temporary community to service a mine site, building all the accommodation and services required, remove them once the resource has been extracted. Modular buildings can be used to facilitate the process. A gold rush would bring intensive but short-lived economic activity to a remote village, only to leave a ghost town once the resource was depleted. In some cases, multiple factors may remove the economic basis for a community. S. Route 66 suffered both mine closures when the resources were depleted and loss of highway traffic as US 66 was diverted away from places like Oatman, Arizona onto a more direct path. Mine and pulp mill closures have led to many ghost towns in British Columbia, Canada including several recent ones: Ocean Falls which closed in 1973 after the pulp mill was decommissioned, Kitsault B.
C. whose molybdenum mine shut after only 18 months in 1982 and Cassiar whose asbestos mine operated from 1952 to 1992. In other cases, the reason for abandonment can arise from a town's intended economic function shifting to another, nearby place; this happened to Collingwood, Queensland in Outback Australia when nearby Winton outperformed Collingwood as a regional centre for the livestock-raising industry. The railway reached Winton in 1899, linking it with the rest of Queensland, Collingwood was a ghost town by the following year; the Middle East has many ghost towns that were created when the shifting of politics or the fall of empires caused capital cities to be or economically unviable, such as Ctesiphon. The rise of condominium investment caused for real estate bubbles leads to a ghost town, as real estate prices rise and affordable housing becomes less available; such examples include China and Canada, where housing is used as an investment rather than for habitation. Railroads and roads bypassing or no longer reaching a town can create a ghost town.
This was the case in many of the ghost towns along Ontario's historic Opeongo Line, along U. S. Route 66 after motorists bypassed the latter on the faster moving highways I-44 and I-40; some ghost towns were founded along railways where steam trains would stop at periodic intervals to take on water. Amboy, California was part of one such series of villages along the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad across the Mojave Desert. River re-routing is one example being the towns along the Aral Sea. Ghost towns may be created when land is expropriated by a government, residents are required to relocate. One example is the village of Tyneham in Dorset, acquired during World War II to build an artillery range. A similar situation occurred in the U. S. when NASA acquired land to construct the John C. Stennis Space Center, a rocket testing facility in Hancock County, Mississippi; this required NASA to acquire a large (approximately 34-square-mile (88
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
San Bernardino Valley
The San Bernardino Valley is a valley in Southern California. It lies at the south base of the Transverse Ranges, it is bordered on the north by the San Bernardino Mountains. Elevation varies from 180 metres on valley floors near Chino, where it increases to about 420 metres near San Bernardino and Redlands; the valley floor houses over 80% of the over 4 million total human population in the Inland Empire region. The San Bernardino Valley was inhabited by Californian Native Americans, including people of the Serrano and Tongva tribes; the Mohave Trail, a trade route from the Mohave villages on the Colorado River that crossed the Mojave Desert from spring to spring and followed the Mojave River upstream, entered the valley from the slopes of Monument Peak in the San Bernardino Mountains. The Spanish missionaries established the Politana rancheria in the valley in 1810, an estancia, or ranch outpost, of Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, it was built to graze cattle, for Indian Reductions of the Serrano people and Cahuilla people into Mission Indians.
After being destroyed in a revolt, the estancia was reestablished as San Bernardino de Sena Estancia in 1830, is now is a California Historical Landmark and museum in Redlands. From 1829, the Old Spanish Trail from New Mexico to Alta California was established and entered the valley from through Crowder Canyon and the lower canyon of Cajon Pass. In 1841 Governor Juan B. Alvarado of Alta California issued a Mexican land grant for Rancho San Bernardino, which included most of the San Bernardino Valley, to José del Carmen Lugo, José Maria Lugo, Vincente Lugo, their cousin Jose Diego Sepulveda. Included were all of the original estencia buildings: the chapel, a tile kiln, a lime kiln, a grist mill. By offering land, José Maria Lugo convinced a group of settlers from Abiquiu, New Mexico to settle on his rancho at Politania and defend against Indian raiders and outlaws preying on the herds of the Ranchos in Southern California; these emigrants first colonized Politana on the Rancho San Bernardino in 1842.
Don Lorenzo Trujillo brought the first colony of settlers from New Mexico to settle on land provided by the Lugos about one half mile south of the Indian village of La Politana. They moved to found a new village known as "La Placita de los Trujillos" called La Placita on the south side of the Santa Ana River. American settlers in the region included soldiers from the Mormon Battalion in 1847, after the California Campaign of the Mexican–American War was won by the U. S. In 1851, the Lugo family sold Rancho San Bernardino to a group of 500 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints led by Captain David Seely, Captain Jefferson Hunt, Captain Andrew Lytle, included Apostles Amasa M. Lyman and Charles C. Rich; the San Bernardino Valley was cut from fast moving water flows from mountain ranges in the north and south that collectively drain into the Santa Ana River basin that goes to the Pacific Ocean through Riverside and Orange County. The valley connects several open space beautiful mountain and valley vistas.
The San Bernardino Valley is surrounded by nature preserves, national forests, recreational areas. Many people travel through the valley for a variety of outdoor mountain sports, including skiing, hiking and ballooning—in the mountain resorts of Crestline, Lake Arrowhead and Big Bear City. Once part of famed U. S. Route 66, the San Bernardino Valley is now crossed by two Interstate routes. Interstate 15 enters the valley from the south, exits on the north over Cajon Pass to the Mojave Desert. Interstate 10 enters the valley from Pomona on the west, exits on the east over San Gorgonio Pass to the Colorado Desert and Coachella Valley. Joan Didion, in her essay "Some Dreamers of the Golden Dream," describes the San Bernardino Valley as "...in certain ways an alien place: not the coastal California of the subtropical twilights and the soft westerlies of the Pacific but a harsher California, haunted by the Mojave just beyond the mountains, devastated by the hot dry Santa Ana wind that comes down through the passes at 100 miles an hour and works on the nerves."
The San Bernardino Valley encompasses one of two drainage basins of the Santa Ana River, the Inland Santa Ana Basin. Underneath the surface area of this drainage basin, which takes excess rain water out of the valley, are several large ground water sub-basins, under lain by the impermeable granitic rock of the Perris Block, which capture water in aquifers underground. Designated ground water sub-basins include: Chino, Rialto-Colton, Riverside-Arlington, San Bernardino and San Timoteo; the San Bernardino or Bunker Hill basin is bounded on the northeast by the San Bernardino Mountains, northwest by the San Gabriel Mountains, southwest by the San Timoteo badlands, southeast by the Crafton Hills. The San Andreas Fault and San Jacinto Fault zones enter the valley along the San Bernardino Mountains and San Jacinto Mountains, respectively; the two fault lines converge to less than 10 km apart in the city of San Bernardino, less than 3 km in the northwestern part of the basin near the Cajon Pass. The climate is Mediterranean with cool to cold, wet, in some cases snowy winters and dry, hot summers.
The areas north of interstate 210 and east of interstate 215 see colder weather in the winter with occasional snowfall. Sage scrub and the Yucca plant are the predominant natural vegetation along
Quicksand is a colloid hydrogel consisting of fine granular material, water. Quicksand forms in saturated loose sand when the sand is agitated; when water in the sand cannot escape, it creates a liquefied soil that loses strength and cannot support weight. Quicksand can form in upwards flowing water. In the case of upwards flowing water, forces oppose the force of gravity and suspend the soil particles; the saturated sediment may appear quite solid until a sudden change in pressure or shock initiates liquefaction. This causes the sand to lose strength; the cushioning of water gives quicksand, other liquefied sediments, a spongy, fluid-like texture. Objects in liquefied sand sink to the level at which the weight of the object is equal to the weight of the displaced soil/water mix and the submerged object floats due to its buoyancy. Liquefaction is a special case of quicksand. In this case, sudden earthquake forces increase the pore pressure of shallow groundwater; the saturated liquefied soil loses strength, causing buildings or other objects on that surface to sink.
Quicksand may be found on riverbanks, near lakes, near coastal areas. Quicksand is a shear thinning non-Newtonian fluid: when undisturbed, it appears to be solid, but a less than 1% change in the stress on the quicksand will cause a sudden decrease in its viscosity. After an initial disturbance—such as a person attempting to walk on it—the water and sand in the quicksand separate and dense regions of sand sediment form. Someone stepping on it will start to sink. To move within the quicksand, a person or object must apply sufficient pressure on the compacted sand to re-introduce enough water to liquefy it; the forces required to do this are quite large: to remove a foot from quicksand at a speed of 0.01 m/s would require the same amount of force as needed to lift a car. A human is unlikely to sink into quicksand due to the higher density of the fluid. Quicksand has a density of about 2 grams per milliliter, whereas the density of the human body is only about 1 gram per milliliter. At that level of density, sinking beyond about waist height in quicksand is impossible.
Objects with a higher density than quicksand will float on it if stationary. Aluminum, for example, has a density of about 2.7 grams per milliliter, but a piece of aluminum will float on top of quicksand until motion causes the sand to liquefy. Continued or panicked movement, may cause a person to sink further in the quicksand. Since this impairs movement, it can lead to a situation where other factors such as weather exposure, hypothermia, tides or carnivores may harm a trapped person. Quicksand may be escaped by slow movement of the legs in order to increase viscosity of the fluid, rotation of the body so as to float in the supine position. People falling into quicksand or a similar substance is a trope of adventure fiction, notably movies. According to Slate, this gimmick had its heyday in the 1960s, when 3% of all films showed someone sinking in clay, mud, or sand. American television programs of the 1950s–1960s portrayed the perils of quicksand in exaggerated, dramatic fashion. In a 1963 episode of the Western television program The Rifleman, for example, two teens are portrayed venturing into a swamp and sinking in quicksand up to their necks, frantically yelling for help until rescued.
The lead character in the 1964 Alfred Hitchcock Hour episode "The Jar" finds himself in a similar, quicksand-induced bind. Pete Seeger's 1967 song "Waist Deep in the Big Muddy" mentions someone drowning after getting stuck in quicksand. David Bowie's 1971 album Hunky Dory contains a song called "Quicksand". Dry quicksand Quick condition Sapric Grain entrapment Howstuffworks.com - How quicksand works "What is quicksand?". Scientific American. Video showing quicksand in a sandpit YouTube
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c