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La Ruffiana

La Ruffiana is an older female character of the Commedia dell'Arte with a shady past or who used to be a prostitute. She is used most in relationship to the vecchi of which group she is a nominal member. Ruffiana is most romantically involved with Pantalone, though his love may be unrequited if it suits the plot, she is described as being talkative/gossipy and mischievous, but deep down is kind. She has been described as an "outsider" that always mixes things up and causes trouble for the rest of the characters. "Her quips reek of garlic" Typically la Ruffiana is a former prostitute. While she is long retired, she still knows everything; because of this sometimes she is a counsel to some of the younger characters when it comes to romance. As a retired older character, she can fill the role of other shady characters in scenarios, such as a peasant or a woman who pursues younger men; when performed in the northern parts of Italy around Venice, she is portrayed as the gossipy townsperson. Whereas when we venture down south around Naples, she makes appearances as a midwife, or the older herb woman.

Another common role for la Ruffiana is gypsy. Most of the other characters in Commedia are not trusting or scared of sorceresses and gypsies because they are mischievous thieves. La Ruffiana is known to have spells, a vast amount of knowledge, she is found to use her powers to see the future and to meddle in the younger characters love lives. While she is good at heart, she should not be messed with. La Ruffiana gets her name from the earlier Italian word "ruffiano", from which, via French, the English word "ruffian" comes. A "ruffian" is "a boisterous, brutal fellow, one ready to commit any crime". In Italian "ruffiano" means "a pander, pimp". La Ruffiana is therefore related to the procurer/old woman/pimp characters of ancient Latin comedy. La Ruffiana has been seen in various clothing options and styles depending on the direction that the character is being taken. Traditionally, she is seen in Neapolitan peasant clothing, she is often seen in a cloak and a mask, which makes her one of the only woman Commedia dell'Arte characters to be played in a mask.

She is occasionally seen with a staff of some variety

Lansdowne Road football riot

The Lansdowne Road football riot occurred during a friendly football match between the Republic of Ireland and England in Lansdowne Road Stadium in Dublin, Ireland on 15 February 1995. The riot was caused by the English neo-Nazi organisation Combat 18, members of Chelsea Headhunters, injuring twenty people. Combat 18's plans to cause trouble during the match were known by the British National Criminal Intelligence Service, this was communicated to the Gardaí. Combat 18 is a neo-Nazi organisation founded by Paul David Sargent; the group was founded in 1992 as a stewarding service for British National Party events. It split from the BNP because Sargent felt that they were "too soft." Combat 18 has used football hooliganism as a recruiting ground, has plotted to send parcel bombs to sports stars in mixed marriages. The last time England had played Ireland at Lansdowne Road was a UEFA Euro 1992 qualifying Group 7 match in Wednesday 14 November 1990. After that match, there were clashes between some Irish and English fans and the Gardaí on O'Connell Street in Dublin.

Before the 1995 friendly match, the Football Association of Ireland held talks with the Football Association to review security arrangements to avoid a similar episode. The FA was offered 4000 out of 40,000 tickets, for English fans; as the national anthems of each side were being played, there was some trouble, with some Irish fans jeering "God Save The Queen", some English fans, including members of Combat 18, chanting "Sieg Heil," "no surrender to the IRA," "Ulster is British," and giving the Nazi salute as "Amhrán na bhFiann" was playing. The match began at 6:15pm, after 22 minutes, David Kelly scored a goal for Ireland; when a goal was disallowed for England, in the 26th minute, some of the English fans began throwing debris down into the lower stands, including parts of benches which they had ripped out earlier in the match. When this happened, the referee stopped the game, brought the players off the pitch; when Jack Charlton, the Irish manager and former England player, walked off the pitch, the mob shouted "Judas, Judas."

The fans in the lower stands spilled out onto the pitch to escape the missiles from the English fans. Some Irish fans had mistakenly been put into the area where the English fans were when the FA returned a number of tickets to the FAI. After the teams left the pitch, the frequency of missiles intensified, after 12 minutes, the game was called off, the fans were evacuated, with the exception of 4,500 English fans, who were kept in the stadium until the Garda Public Order Unit tried to escort them out, at which time more violence broke out; the Gardaí were slow to reach the area where the rioters were, there was some confusion as to the exact location of the English fans between the Gardaí and the stewards. 20 people were injured during the rioting, 40 were arrested. The rioting was condemned on both sides of the Irish Sea. England manager Terry Venables said, "It was terrible. I have no words strong enough to describe. There could be repercussions." Jack Charlton said, "I have seen nothing like this.

It is a disaster for Irish football but I didn't want the game abandoned because what do you do with 2,000 English fans running around the town? The English fans were being bombarded by some of their own, and they brought out the worst in some of ours." The rioting brought into question England's hosting of Euro 1996, with Ireland's Minister of State for Youth and Sport, Bernard Allen saying "How can people from Ireland and from other countries go to England and expect to be safe watching matches in the presence of people like those who were here tonight?" The Garda handling of the match was criticised in the press when it was revealed that the Gardaí had been informed of the plans of some of the English fans to cause trouble by the British National Criminal Intelligence Service. The decision to seat the English fans in an upper tier was questioned in the press; the photographs of English fans giving the Nazi salute became internationally known as a hallmark for English football fans. After questions were raised about the conduct of the Gardaí, former Chief Justice of Ireland, Thomas Finlay was appointed to investigate the events.

He found that the rioting was caused by the English fans without any provocation. Finlay reported that the Gardaí had received intelligence that members of Combat 18 were intending to cause trouble, that the rioting could have been avoided if the Gardaí had acted on the intelligence; the investigation found that the head of the NCIS had offered help to the Gardaí in dealing with the hooligans, an offer which the Gardaí refused. The segregation of the fans was found to be insufficient, this was found to be a contributory factor to the incident; the next meeting between the two sides would not take place until Wednesday 29 May 2013, a friendly at Wembley Stadium, the next meeting in the Republic of Ireland was on Sunday 7 June 2015 at Dublin's Aviva Stadium. Both games passed without major disturbances

1999 Trinidadian local elections


Sea Control Squadron 31 Topcats was a United States Navy anti-submarine warfare squadron. During WWII there was a scouting squadron which carried the designation VS-31, it was established as Scouting Squadron 31 in 1942, based at Naval Air Station Squantum, Massachusetts. It flew the dive bombers Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless the Curtiss SB2C-4E Helldiver in the North Atlantic until disestablished at the end of the war in 1945; the squadron, the subject of this article was established as Composite Squadron VC-31 on 28 September 1948 at NAS Atlantic City, New Jersey, was re-designated Air Anti-Submarine Squadron 31 on 20 April 1950 and moved to NAS Quonset Point, Rhode Island. Flying the Grumman TBF Avenger, these were replaced by the Grumman AF Guardian and the Grumman S-2 Tracker in 1954, by the Lockheed S-3 Viking. In 1973, VS-31 was relocated to NAS Cecil Field, to NAS Jacksonville. On 1 October 1993 the VS designation was changed from "Air Anti-Submarine Squadron" to "Sea Control Squadron and VS-31 was renamed Sea Control Squadron VS-31.

It was deactivated at NAS Jacksonville effective 31 March 2008, with a deactivation ceremony which took place on 27 March. The squadron performed carrier operations aboard various aircraft carriers. In 1956 it provided ASW support during the Suez Crisis from Antietam. In 1958, from Wasp, it served during the Lebanon Crisis, during the 1961 Berlin Crisis and the 1962 Cuban Missile crisis. In May 1963 it was stationed for the recovery of Mercury 9, for the recovery of Gemini 4 in June 1965. In 1990 the squadron participated in "Operation Desert Shield", arriving in the Red Sea within a few days of the invasion of Kuwait. In August 1992, the Topcats and the rest of CVW-7 switched aircraft carriers to the USS George Washington, the Navy’s newest aircraft carrier. VS-31 deployed for Washington’s maiden cruise and again for the carrier’s first Mediterranean Sea deployment in May 1994 where she took part in the 50th anniversary commemoration of the D-Day invasion and Operation Deny Flight. In 1998, the squadron was deployed aboard the John C. Stennis on its maiden voyage, during which it spent 131 days in the Persian Gulf supporting "Operation Southern Watch".

The squadron returned from its final deployment aboard the John C. Stennis in August 2007, after supporting Operations "Iraqi Freedom" and "Enduring Freedom". VS-31 VS-31 history

Narrabundah Ballpark

Narrabundah Ballpark is a 2,250 capacity baseball complex in the south-central Canberra suburb of Narrabundah, ACT, Australia. It was redeveloped in 2010 for use by the Canberra Cavalry of the Australian Baseball League; the Australian Capital Territory Government funded the $1,400,000 upgrade. In 2010, The ACT Government invested $1.4 million into the complex to bring it up to ABL standards in order for the Canberra Cavalry to be established and compete in the league. Guideline ACT was appointed the construction company that oversaw the redevelopment, the company won an award for their work on the ballpark in 2011. Narrabundah Ballpark complex consists of three fields; the primary field at The Fort is used by the Canberra Cavalry in the ABL and its dimensions are L:101m x C:120m x R:101m. The field has full-size dugouts, broadcast standard lighting, a roofed grandstand with additional bleacher seating, drought-tolerant turf, state of the art irrigation system, electronic scoreboard and player safety padding.

Field two has a full field lighting sufficient for domestic use. Field three has a full diamond but does not have lights. In 2012, ACT Labor made an election primise to spend an additional $5 million on further upgrades to the ballpark if re-elected. Under the proposal the money would be spent over three years between 2014-17; the upgrade would include a new grandstand, improved player and public amenities, improved concession and retail outlet, realignment of the field along the first and third base lines and improvements to public access and car parking. ACT Labor MLA Andrew Barr travelled to Dell Diamond baseball stadium in Austin, Texas on a fact finding mission in his role as Sports Minister as the ACT Government sought to build knowledge and understanding on building and running a world-class baseball venue while the government considered options for further redevelopment of The Fort.28 May 2016, funding for stage two of the redevelopment of Narrabundah Ballpark was announced by ACT Labor.

$4.5 million would be spent from the 2016-17 budget on the upgrade. Upgrades will include improvements to amenities such as change rooms and food outlets, extension to the grand stand that will replace the bleacher seating, additional seating at the front of the grandstand at below ground level to provide a unique viewing experience, similar to some MLB venues in the US and enhancements to address parking and traffic at the facility. Narrabundah Ballpark is used as the home venue for the Canberra Cavalry in the Australian Baseball League as well as Baseball ACT for junior and senior competitions. All of Canberra Baseball's under 8s, 10s and social league matches are played around the complex, while A-Grade utilise the field two on weeknights; the Fort hosted the best of three game championship series in the ABL in 2012-13. Canberra Cavalry played Perth Heat for the right to be crowned ABL Champions; the series and thus the Fort was broadcast live on Fox Sports in Australia and live to over 40 countries worldwide with a potential reach of 40 million homes.8 February 2013, a crowd of 2,013 turned out for game one and witnessed a close intense match which resulted in the Canberra Cavalry claiming a 6-4 victory to take a 1-0 series lead.9 February 2013, Canberra won the 2012-13 series by defeating Perth 7-6 in game two of the series at Narrabundah.

A venue record crowd of 2,043 turned out for the match as the Cavs won their first Championship in the franchise’s history. The series victory meant the ACT held the Claxton Shield for the first time in its 78-year history. Record attendance: 2,043 Narrabundah Ballpark at Austadiums ACT Baseball home Canberra Cavelry home ABL home

Nikaah (film)

Nikaah is a 1982 Indian Hindi-language film produced and directed by B. R. Chopra; the film stars Deepak Parashar and Salma Agha in her Bollywood movie debut role. The film had Asrani and Iftekhar in supporting roles; the film's music was a huge hit. The original name of the movie was Talaq Talaq Talaq, but was renamed Nikaah on the insistence of Islamic clerics; the film won Filmfare Award for Best Dialogue and Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer in 1983. It was the sixth highest grossing Bollywood film of 1982. In Nikaah, B. R Chopra makes a social comment on the sharia laws of divorce and its misuse in Indian Muslim society. Haider and Nilofar are students in the Osmania University. Haider, an aspiring poet, falls in love with Nilofar without knowing she is engaged to Wasim, a Nawab. Nilofar and Wasim are engaged and they marry. Meanwhile, Haider becomes a successful editor of a magazine. After marriage it turns out that Wasim is a workaholic and has the tendency of picking up fights on petty issues.

During their honeymoon, Wasim spends most of his time at work. Nilofar, expecting a happy married life is disappointed and feels neglected and lonely. Wasim fails to keep her promises to Nilofar and keeps her in waiting on numerous occasions leaving her in tears. On the occasion of their first wedding anniversary and Nilofar arrange a party for which Wasim fails to turn up. Nilofar retires to her bedroom; the guests leave the party. This leads to a heated argument between the couple and in a moment of rage Wasim divorces Nilofar by saying Talaq three times, without fulfilling other conditions required by sharia laws to perform this. Nilofar, now a divorcee is offered a job by Haider in his magazine. During this period she realizes. Wasim who has divorced her in a moment of anger, wants to marry her again, he asks his advice on the matter. The Imam tells him the complexity of the Sharia law for remarrying a wife after divorcing her; this requires her to sleep with him and get a divorce later. Only will Wasim be able to remarry Nilofar.

During this time Haider expresses his desire to marry her. They marry with the consent of their parents. Wasim sends a letter to marry him. Haider thinks that Nilofar and Wasim are still in love, he decides to offer her a divorce. He offers his consent to divorce her through Talaq, but Nilofar turns it down and questions both of them on their treating of her like a property rather than as a woman. She says. Wasim leaves. Raj Babbar as Haider Salma Agha as Nilofar Deepak Parashar as Wasim Asrani as Saif Iftekhar as Jumman chacha Ghulam Ali as Singer. All lyrics are written by Hasan Kamal except'Chupke Chupke Raat Din..' Written by Hasrat Mohani. Nikaah on IMDb