This is a list of countries by date of their last transition from a monarchy to a republican form of government. There were two periods in recent history when many such transitions took place: during or within five years after World War I – marked in green; some of the countries on this list were part of larger, now extinct, states when the transition to a republic took place. Countries that have always had non-republican forms of government are not included in this list; some were independent states that shared their head of state with other countries before abolishing the link with the shared monarchy. Countries marked in yellow have since ceased to be republics in favour of another form of government. Legend Abolished monarchy List of countries by system of government Agoncillo, History of the Filipino People, R. P. Garcia Publishing Company, ISBN 971-10-2415-2 Zaide, Sonia M. "Chapter 20. First Republic in Asia", The Philippines: A Unique Nation, All-Nations Publishing Co. pp. 263–277, ISBN 971-642-071-4
Alberto Diamante is an Italian-Canadian screenwriter, film director, actor, certified Italian interpreter and film editor. He has written and directed three feature films, "Ulysses," "Love… and Other Reasons to Panic" and "The Bookstore." The latter was presented at the 2016 Italian Contemporary Film Festival. He has starred in "Ulysses" and "The Bookstore." He edited "Love…and other reasons to panic." Diamante graduated from York University with a degree in Film. He went on to direct a few short films before venturing into features, his screenplay, was a finalist at several international screenwriting competitions, including in London and New York City. He is a accredited Italian court interpreter and has interpreted for many Italian filmmakers at the Toronto International Film Festival, including Nanni Moretti, Gabriele Salvatores, Roberto Benigni, Carlo Verdone, Paolo Sorrentino and many others, he speaks Italian and French
Eugene Walter Baker was an American Major League Baseball infielder who played for the Chicago Cubs and Pittsburgh Pirates during eight seasons between 1953 and 1961, was selected for the National League team in the 1955 All-Star Game. He threw and batted right-handed, was listed at 6 feet 1 inch, 170 pounds. A native of Davenport, Baker starred on the basketball and track teams at Davenport High School, played sandlot baseball went into the United States Navy, being stationed at Ottumwa Naval Air Station and Iowa Pre-Flight School. After his release from the Navy, he played for the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League as their regular shortstop during 1948 and 1949. In 1950, Baker joined the Cubs' organization, playing at Springfield and Des Moines before joining the Los Angeles Angels, of the Triple-A and Open Classification Pacific Coast League, where he impressed all with his fielding and baserunning. Bobby Bragan, manager of the Angels’ chief rivals, the Hollywood Stars, said Baker was "as good a shortstop as I’ve seen – and that includes Pee Wee Reese."The Cubs purchased Gene Baker's contract and he made his major league debut September 20, 1953.
A few days after acquiring Baker, the Cubs acquired another shortstop, future Hall of Famer Ernie Banks, moved Baker to second base believing he would be able to adapt to a different position more than the younger Banks. He played second base for the Cubs and Pirates during eight seasons, he was a reserve infielder for the 1960 World Series champion Pirates and made three pinch-hit appearances during the Series. In 1961, Baker became the first African-American manager in Organized Baseball when the Pirates named him skipper of their Batavia Pirates farm club in the New York–Penn League. In 1962, he became the first black coach in Organized Baseball when the Pirates named him player-coach of their Triple-A International League affiliate Columbus Jets. In 1963, the Pirates promoted him to coach on the Major League team, he was the second black coach in the big leagues, following Buck O'Neil by a half-season. He is credited with being the first black manager in Major League Baseball when he took over for ejected Pirates manager Danny Murtaugh on September 21, 1963.
Baker spent many years as a scout for the Pirates. He died in Davenport at the age of 74, he is buried in Rock island National Cemetery. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference
Whispers from the Cotton Tree Root: Caribbean Fabulist Fiction is an anthology of speculative fiction by Caribbean authors, edited by Nalo Hopkinson and published by Invisible Cities Press in 2000. It was nominated for the 2001 World Fantasy Award for Best Anthology; the book is out-of-print. Reviewing it in 2002, James Schellenberg wrote: "Whispers from the Cotton Tree Root is recommended to anyone interested in Caribbean culture. Hopkinson has done wonderful work at organizing and presenting the stories." The stories are grouped in seven sections: Marcia Douglas, "What the Periwinkle Remember" Wilson Harris, "Yurokon" Tobias S. Buckell, "Spurn Babylon" Roger McTair, "Just a Lark" Claude-Michel Prévost, "Tears for Érsulie Frèda: Men without Shadow" H. Nigel Thomas, "The Village Cock" Ismith Khan, "Shadows Move in the Britannia Bar" Jamaica Kincaid, "My Mother" Olive Senior, "Mad Fish" Opal Palmer Adisa, "Widows' Walk" Pamela Mordecai, "Once on the Shores of the Stream Senegambia" Lillian Allen, "In the Beginning" Geoffrey Philp, "Uncle Obadiah and the Alien" Robert Antoni, "My Grandmother's Tale of the Buried Treasure and How She Defeated the King of Chacachacari and the Entire American Army with Her Venus-Flytraps" Ian McDonald, "Pot O' Rice Horowitz's House of Solace" Nalo Hopkinson, "Glass Bottle Trick" Antonio Benítez-Rojo, "Buried Statues" Camille Hernandez-Ramdwar, "Soma" Kamau Brathwaite, "My Funny Valentine" Marina Ama Omowale Maxwell, "Devil Beads" Contents List on Locus Magazine
Dave Schulz is a funk and rock musician from Buffalo, New York. Schulz has released albums as a solo artist, as the headliner of the band C. O. Jones, as a band member. Schulz is also the keyboardist for Berlin, Cherie Currie and Brie Darling, Into The Frequency. Previous to that, Schulz was a core member of Lance Diamond's 24 Karat Diamond Band, since the late 90's has toured and performed internationally with bands including Goo Goo Dolls, English Beat, Wang Chung, The Rembrandts, General Public, DEVO founder Gerald Casale's Jihad Jerry & the Evildoers among many others. Schulz had a strong presence in the late 1990 Buffalo music scene, was inducted in 2008 to the Buffalo Music Hall of Fame. After the year 2000, Schulz moved to Los Angeles, performing as a solo act, in organized "all star jams", with Berlin and other bands. Schulz writes and produces for other artists, collaborating with the likes of Daniel Lanois, Robi Banerji, Matt Gruber. C. O. Jones, Who Knew? - 1999 Berlin, Extended Versions - 2005 Jihad Jerry & the Evildoers, Mine is Not a Holy War - 2006 Bran Van 3000, Rose - 2007 Dave Schulz, Connect - 2009 Berlin, All the Way In - 2009 Berlin, Animal - 2013 Tackhead, For the Love of Money - 2014Discography reference Nominee, Male Vocalist of the Year at the 2005 Los Angeles Music Awards Winner, 2006 All Access Awards: a win for Best Keyboardist of the Year Nominee, Song of the Year and Album of the Year.
Inductee, 2008 Buffalo Music Hall of Fame Official website