Istiaia-Aidipsos is a municipality in the Euboea regional unit, Central Greece, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Istiaia; the municipality has an area of 509.204 km2. The municipality Istiaia-Aidipsos was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Aidipsos Artemisio Istiaia Lichada Oreoi The province of Istiaia was one of the provinces of the Euboea Prefecture, it had the same territory as the present municipality Istiaia-Aidipsos. It was abolished in 2006
Skala is a town and a former municipality in Laconia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Evrotas, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit; the municipal unit has an area of 143.945 km2. Population 5,933. Skala is known for organic food production and the organic wholesaler Stavros Darmos with his company Silver Leaf. Following the Orlov events, in 1777, many inhabitants of Skala bearing the name "Mavroudas" migrated to Koldere, near Magnesia. Tracy Spiridakos, actress
Piraeus Prefecture was one of the prefectures of Greece. It was part of the Athens-Piraeus super-prefecture; the capital of the prefecture was Piraeus. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was abolished, its territory was divided into two regional units: Islands and Piraeus; the prefecture covered the south-western part of the agglomeration of Athens, several islands in the Saronic Gulf and Troizina on the Peloponnese peninsula, the islands of Kythira and Antikythera south of the Peloponnese. An indication of the geographical diversity of the prefecture was the stark difference in population density between its seven mainland municipalities in the Athens urban area, which have 9,244.2 inhabitants/km2, its detached outlying areas, which average only 85.83 inhabitants/km2. Province of Salamis - Salamina Province of Aegina - Aegina Province of Troizinia - Methana Province of Hydra and Spetses - Hydra Province of Kythira - Kythira Agglomerate of PiraeusNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
Edessa Province was one of the three provinces of Pella Prefecture of Greece. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Skydra, it was abolished in 2006
Thessaloniki (regional unit)
Thessaloniki is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia and its capital is the city of Thessaloniki; the regional unit stretches from the Thermaic Gulf in the southwest to the Strymonic Gulf in the east. Two bodies of water are located in the north, Lake Koroneia in the heart of the regional unit and Lake Volvi in the east. There are farmlands throughout the west and southwest, with fewer in the northeast and along the Axios River valley. Mountainous areas include the Chortiatis in the west-central part, the Vertiskos in the north and parts of the Kerdylio mountains in the northeast; the regional unit borders on the Imathia regional unit to the southwest, Pella to the west, Kilkis to the north, Serres to the east and Chalkidiki to the south. Its climate includes hot Mediterranean summers and cool to mild winters in low-lying areas and plains. Winter weather is common in areas 500m above sea level and into the mountains; the area, to become the Thessaloniki regional unit was annexed by Greece in 1912, during the First Balkan War.
The area was struck by an earthquake in 1978, by flooding due to rainfall in October 2006. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of modern Turkey, was born in Salonica, the name for the city of Thessaloniki when it was part of the Ottoman Empire; the Thessaloniki regional unit is subdivided into 14 municipalities. These are: Ampelokipoi-Menemeni Chalkidona Delta Kalamaria Kordelio-Evosmos Lagkadas Neapoli-Sykies Oraiokastro Pavlos Melas Pylaia-Chortiatis Thermaikos Thermi Thessaloniki Volvi The Thessaloniki Prefecture was created when the area was annexed by Greece during the First Balkan War in 1913. At that time, its area was the largest prefecture in the country, covering about 7% of the total land. The prefectures of Pella and Kilkis were split off in 1930 and 1937 and after World War II in 1947, Imathia and Pieria were additionally created from land belonging to the Thessaloniki Prefecture; as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the Central Macedonia region, without any change in boundaries.
At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Province of Thessaloniki Province of LagkadasNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece; the regional unit of Thessaloniki is connected with the following highways. Motorways: A1/E75 A2/E90 A25/Ε79 A25 National Roads: ΕΟ2/Ε86 W ΕΟ12/Ε79 Ν ΕΟ16, SW ΕΟ65, Ν Until the A1/E75 motorway and the A2/E90 motorway were constructed, GR-1 and GR-2 were the main road links connecting the regional unit of Thessaloniki with other parts of the country. Furthermore, parts of GR-67 linking Chalkidiki, GR-65 linking Kilkis, were converted into motorways during the 2000s. Public transport services are provided by the Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization Thessaloniki Metro Most of the stations are in the city. Here are list of stations outside the city: Thermi TV - Thermi Iraklis Aris PAOK Apollon Kalamarias Agrotikos Asteras List of settlements in the Thessaloniki regional unit Macedonia
Pella (regional unit)
Pella is one of the regional units of Greece, in the geographic region of Macedonia. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia, it is named after the ancient city of Pella, the capital of ancient Macedonia and the birthplace of Alexander the Great. The capital of Pella is Edessa with a population of 19,036 inhabitants according to the census of 2011, while the largest city and industrial and commercial center is Giannitsa with 29,789 inhabitants. Other centers are the towns Krya Vrisi and Skydra; the regional unit Pella is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are: Almopia Edessa Pella Skydra Administratively. According to the 2011 census the population of the regional unit was 139,680. Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece; the regional unit covers an area of 2,505.8 Km², the majority of, covered by arable land and pastures. Mountainous areas surrounding Pella are Mount Vora, Mount Vermion, Mount Paiko, Mount Jenna and Mount Pinovo; the main plains are the vast plain of Giannitsà in the southeastern part.
Other natural features of the area include Lakes Vegoritida and Agra, Rivers Loudias and Edessian. Pella's southernmost portion is flat and in ancient times, it was a gulf connected to the Aegean Sea; the elevation in the south does not exceed about 5 to 10 m above sea level. Pella has groundwater resources. There are a number of archaeological sites in the area. Pella is bounded by the prefectures of Kilkis to the northeast, Thessaloniki to the east, Imathia to the south, Kozani to the southwest, by Lake Vegoritida to the southwest, by Florina to the west. On the north, it is bounded by the Republic of Macedonia. In antiquity, the area around the modern Pella regional unit was part of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon, it became part of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires. Following 500 years of Ottoman rule, it rejoined Greece in 1913, following the Balkan Wars; the southern part of the regional unit has a number of orchards. While agriculture once represented its main industry, manufacturing and other businesses dominate about 70% of its industry.
GR-1, SE GR-2/E90, W, SW, Cen. E, SE Edessa - Verroia road, S Thessaloniki-Giannitsa-Edessa List of settlements in the Pella regional unit Former toponyms of places in Pella Prefecture Official website of the prefecture of Pella Map & info of Pella Prefecture
Prefectures of Greece
During the first administrative division of independent Greece in 1833–1836 and again from 1845 until their abolition with the Kallikratis reform in 2010, the prefectures were the country's main administrative unit. They are now defunct, have been replaced by regional units, they are called departments in ISO 3166-2:GR and by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. The prefectures were the second-degree organization of local government, grouped into 13 regions or 10 geographical departments, in turn divided into provinces and comprising a number of communities and municipalities; the prefectures became self-governing entities in 1994, when the first prefectural-level elections took place. The prefects were appointed by the government. By 2010, their number had risen to 51, of which one, the Attica Prefecture, where more than a third of the country's population resided, was further subdivided into four prefecture-level administrations. In addition, there were three super-prefectures controlling two or more prefectures.
With the Kallikratis reform, which entered into force on 1 January 2011, the prefectures were abolished. Many in the mainland, were retained in the form of regional units within the empowered regions, which took over the prefectures' administrative role; the current "Prefectural Self-Governments" were formed in 1994 and replaced the previous prefectures, whose councils and prefects were appointed by the government. Prefectures are governed by a Prefectural Council made up of 21 to 37 members, led by the Prefect and presided by a Council President. Other organs of the prefectures are: The Prefectural Committee, consisted of the Prefect or an assistant appointed by him and 4 to 6 members, elected by the Prefectural Council; the Provincial Council and The Eparchos. Super-prefectures have their own organs. Prefectural councillors are elected via public election every four years. Three-fifths of all seats go to the combination winning a majority and two-fifths of the seats go to remaining parties based on a proportional system.
Prefect becomes the president of the victorious electoral combination. Electoral is a combination which attains more than 42% in the first round of the prefectural elections. If no combination passes this threshold, a second round takes place between the two combinations that took the most votes in the first round The State oversees the actions of local governments, including the prefectures, but the Constitution of Greece and the Code of Prefectural Self-Government still provide communities and municipalities with legal control over the administration of their designated areas; the Code of Prefectural Self-Government does not include a non-restrictive list of prefectural duties, but a general rule, according to which the newly formed Prefectural Self-Governments have all the duties of the previous prefectures, which are related to their local affairs. Nonetheless, the affairs of " state administration" belonging to the prefects before 1994 are now exerted by the Presidents of the Regions.
The current Prefectural Self-Governments have kept the "local affairs of prefectureal level" not belonging to the " state administration". With certain laws specific affairs of certain ministries were transferred to the Prefectural Self-Governments; the following prefectures have been part of the Greek state since independence: Notes: Many of the prefectures were combined in pairs: Attica and Boeotia formed the Attica and Boeotia Prefecture Phthiotis Prefecture and Phocis Prefecture formed the Phthiotis and Phocis Prefecture Corinthia Prefecture and Argolis Prefecture formed Argolis and Corinthia Prefecture Achaea Prefecture and Elis Prefecture formed the Achaea and Elis Prefecture Aetolia-Acarnania also included Evrytania. Unlike the rest mentioned above, the prefecture never broke up into two prefectures, thus being the only one left with a composite appellation. Messenia included the southern half of what is now Elis. Laconia included the southern-eastern half of what is now Messinia. Euboea included the Sporades, which now belong to Magnesia.
The territory of Phthiotis Prefecture did not include the Domokos Province, part of Thessaly. The area constituting the Domokos Province of the Fthiotis Prefecture only became a part of the Greek state in general, of Phthiotis in particular, after the annexation of Thessaly to Greece in 1881. Arcadia Prefecture and the Cyclades Prefecture are the only prefectures to have their borders unchanged since independence; the capital of Argolis Prefecture, Nafplion was the first capital of the modern Greek state, before the move of the capital to Athens by King Otto. There were several short-lived prefectures in areas of present Albania and Turkey, during the Greek occupation of those areas during World War I and the Greco-Turkish War respectively: Argyrokastron, in Northern Epirus Korytsa, in Northern Epirus Adrianople, in Eastern Thrace Kallipolis, in Eastern Thrace Rhaedestos, in Eastern Thrace Saranta Ekklisies, in Eastern Thrace ISO 3166-2:GR Map of Greece at Archive.today "Nomarchy". New International Encyclop