Turner Classic Movies
Turner Classic Movies is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Warner Bros. Entertainment, a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia; the channel's programming consisted of classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. However, TCM licenses films from other studios, shows more recent films; the channel is available in the United States, the United Kingdom, Malta, Latin America, Italy, Cyprus, the Nordic countries, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific. In 1986, eight years before the launch of Turner Classic Movies, Ted Turner acquired the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio for $1.5 billion. Concerns over Turner Entertainment's corporate debt load resulted in Turner selling the studio that October back to Kirk Kerkorian, from whom Turner had purchased the studio less than a year before.
As part of the deal, Turner Entertainment retained ownership of MGM's library of films released up to May 9, 1986. Turner Broadcasting System was split into two companies; the film library of Turner Entertainment would serve as the base form of programming for TCM upon the network's launch. Before the creation of Turner Classic Movies, films from Turner's library of movies aired on the Turner Broadcasting System's advertiser-supported cable network TNT – along with colorized versions of black-and-white classics such as The Maltese Falcon. Turner Classic Movies debuted on April 14, 1994, at 6 p.m. Eastern Time, with Ted Turner launching the channel at a ceremony in New York City's Times Square district; the date and time were chosen for their historical significance as "the exact centennial anniversary of the first public movie showing in New York City". The first movie broadcast on TCM was the 1939 film Gone with the Wind, the same film that served as the debut broadcast of its sister channel TNT six years earlier in October 1988.
At the time of its launch, TCM was available to one million cable television subscribers. The network served as a competitor to AMC—which at the time was known as "American Movie Classics" and maintained a identical format to TCM, as both networks focused on films released prior to 1970 and aired them in an uncut and commercial-free format. AMC had broadened its film content to feature colorized and more recent films by 2002. In 1996, Turner Broadcasting System merged with Time Warner which, besides placing Turner Classic Movies and Warner Bros. Entertainment under the same corporate umbrella gave TCM access to Warner Bros.' Library of films released after 1950. In the early 2000s, AMC abandoned its commercial-free format, which led to TCM being the only movie-oriented basic cable channel to devote its programming to classic films without commercial interruption or content editing. On March 4, 2019, Time Warner's new owner AT&T announced a planned reorganization that would dissolve Turner Broadcasting.
TCM, along with Cartoon Network, Adult Swim, over-the-top video company Otter Media, will be moved directly under Warner Bros.. Speaking about the move, then-Warner Bros. CEO Kevin Tsujihara explained that TCM was "a natural fit with Warner Bros." due the company's massive film library. In 2000, TCM started the annual Young Composers Film Competition, inviting aspiring composers to participate in a judged competition that offers the winner of each year's competition the opportunity to score a restored, feature-length silent film as a grand prize, mentored by a well-known composer, with the new work subsequently premiering on the network; as of 2006, films that have been rescored include the 1921 Rudolph Valentino film Camille, two Lon Chaney films: 1921's The Ace of Hearts and 1928's Laugh, Clown and Greta Garbo's 1926 film The Temptress. In April 2010, Turner Classic Movies held the first TCM Classic Film Festival, an event—now held annually—at the Grauman's Chinese Theater and the Grauman's Egyptian Theater in Hollywood.
Hosted by Robert Osborne, the four-day long annual festival celebrates Hollywood and its movies, featured celebrity appearances, special events, screenings of around 50 classic movies including several newly restored by The Film Foundation, an organization devoted to preserving Hollywood's classic film legacy. Turner Classic Movies operates as a commercial-free service, with the only advertisements on the network being shown between features – which advertise TCM products, network promotions for upcoming special programs and the original trailers for films that are scheduled to be broadcast on TCM, featurettes about classic film actors and actresses. In addition to this, extended breaks between features are filled with theatrically released movie trailers and classic short subjects – from series such as The Passing Parade, Crime Does Not Pay, Pete Smith Specialties, Robert Benchley – under the banner name TCM Extras (formerly On
Aurore Clément is a French actress who has appeared in French language and English language motion pictures and television productions. She was born Marie-Thérèse Aurore Louise Clément in Aisne. Following the death of her father, as a young girl she worked to support her family. For a time she modeled in Paris until accepting a film role. Since her appearance in Louis Malle's 1974 film Lacombe Lucien, she has and been cast in supporting roles. Clément has appeared in more than 80 films and is most remembered as the character "Anne" in the film Paris, which won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival, her first appearance in a U. S. movie was in Apocalypse Now, but her scenes—a long sequence involving French former colonists—were cut from the film and only restored in 2001 in the Redux version. She has been cast in television films. In France, Clément made her stage debut in 1988, with The Singular Life of Albert Nobbs, adapted from George Moore's short story, won an acting prize from The French Association of Theatre critics.
She has been in several plays, including Les Eaux et Forêts and La Dame aux Camélias, for which she was nominated for the Molière Awards. Clément has been married since 1986 to Dean Tavoularis, an American motion picture production designer. Aurore Clément on IMDb
British Academy of Film and Television Arts
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts is an independent charity that supports and promotes the art forms of the moving image in the United Kingdom. In addition to its annual awards ceremonies, BAFTA has an international programme of learning events and initiatives offering access to talent through workshops, scholarships and mentoring schemes in the United Kingdom and the United States. BAFTA started out as the British Film Academy, was founded in 1947 by a group of directors David Lean, Alexander Korda, Roger Manvell, Laurence Olivier, Emeric Pressburger, Michael Powell, Michael Balcon, Carol Reed, other major figures of the British film industry. David Lean was the founding chairman of the academy; the first Film Awards ceremony took place in May 1949 and honouring the films The Best Years of Our Lives, Odd Man Out and The World Is Rich. The Guild of Television Producers and Directors was set up in 1953 with the first awards ceremony in October 1954, in 1958 merged with the British Film Academy to form the Society of Film and Television Arts, whose inaugural meeting was held at Buckingham Palace and presided over by HRH The Duke of Edinburgh.
In 1976, Queen Elizabeth, The Duke of Edinburgh, The Princess Royal and The Earl Mountbatten of Burma opened the organisation's headquarters at 195 Piccadilly, in March the society became the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. BAFTA is an independent charity with a mission to "support and promote the art forms of the moving image, by identifying and rewarding excellence, inspiring practitioners and benefiting the public", it is a membership organisation comprising 7,500 individuals worldwide who are creatives and professionals working in and making a contribution to the film and games industries in the UK. In 2005, it placed an overall cap on worldwide voting membership "which now stands at 6,500". BAFTA does not receive any funding from the government: it relies on income from membership subscriptions, individual donations, trusts and corporate partnerships to support its ongoing outreach work. BAFTA has offices in Scotland and Wales in the UK, in Los Angeles and New York in the United States and runs events in Hong Kong and mainland China.
Amanda Berry OBE has been chief executive of the organisation since December 2000. In addition to its high-profile awards ceremonies, BAFTA manages a year-round programme of educational events and initiatives including film screenings and Q&As, tribute evenings, interviews and debates with major industry figures. With over 250 events a year, BAFTA's stated aim is to inspire and inform the next generation of talent by providing a platform for some of the world's most talented practitioners to pass on their knowledge and experience. Many of these events are free to watch online via its official channel on YouTube. BAFTA runs a number of scholarship programmes across US and Asia. Launched in 2012, the UK programme enables talented British citizens who are in need of financial support to take an industry-recognised course in film, television or games in the UK; each BAFTA Scholar receives up to £12,000 towards their annual course fees, mentoring support from a BAFTA member and free access to BAFTA events around the UK.
Since 2013, three students every year have received one of the Prince William Scholarships in Film and Games, supported by BAFTA and Warner Bros. These scholarships are awarded in the name of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge in his role as president of BAFTA. In the US, BAFTA Los Angeles offers financial support and mentorship to British graduate students studying in the US, as well as scholarships to provide financial aid to local LA students from the inner city. BAFTA New York's Media Studies Scholarship Program, set up in 2012, supports students pursuing media studies at undergraduate and graduate level institutions within the New York City area and includes financial aid and mentoring opportunities. Since 2015, BAFTA has been offering scholarships for British citizens to study in China, vice versa. BAFTA presents awards for film and games, including children's entertainment, at a number of annual ceremonies across the UK and in Los Angeles, USA; the BAFTA award trophy is a mask, designed by American sculptor Mitzi Cunliffe.
When the Guild merged with the British Film Academy to become the Society of Film and Television Arts the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, the first'BAFTA award' was presented to Sir Charles Chaplin on his Academy Fellowship that year. Today's BAFTA award – including the bronze mask and marble base – weighs 3.7 kg and measures 27 cm x 14 cm x 8 cm. In 2017, the British Academy of Film and Television Arts introduced new entry rules for British Films Only starting from 2018 season. BAFTA's annual film awards ceremony is known as the British Academy Film Awards, or "the BAFTAs", reward the best work of any nationality seen on British cinema screens during the preceding year. In 1949 the British Film Academy, as it was known, presented the first awards for films made in 1947 and 1948. Since 2008 the ceremony has been held at the Royal Opera House in London's Covent Garden, it had been held in the Odeon cinema on Leicester Square since 2000. Since 2017, the BAFTA ceremony has been held at the Royal Albert Hall.
The ceremony had been performed during April or May of each year, but since 2002 it has been held in February to precede the academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences' Academy Awards, or Oscars. In order for a film to be considered for a BAFTA nomination its first public exhibition must be displayed in a cinema and it must have a
Vittorio De Sica
Vittorio De Sica was an Italian director and actor, a leading figure in the neorealist movement. Four of the films he directed won Academy Awards: Sciuscià and Bicycle Thieves, while Yesterday and Tomorrow and Il giardino dei Finzi Contini won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Indeed, the great critical success of Sciuscià and Bicycle Thieves helped establish the permanent Best Foreign Film Award; these two films are considered part of the canon of classic cinema. Bicycle Thieves was cited by Turner Classic Movies as one of the 15 most influential films in cinema history. De Sica was nominated for the 1957 Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for playing Major Rinaldi in American director Charles Vidor's 1957 adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms, a movie, panned by critics and proved a box office flop. De Sica's acting was considered the highlight of the film. Born into poverty in Sora, Lazio, he began his career as a theatre actor in the early 1920s and joined Tatiana Pavlova's theatre company in 1923.
In 1933 he founded his own company with his wife Giuditta Sergio Tofano. The company performed light comedies, but they staged plays by Beaumarchais and worked with famous directors like Luchino Visconti, his meeting with Cesare Zavattini was a important event: together they created some of the most celebrated films of the neorealistic age, like Sciuscià and Bicycle Thieves, both of which De Sica directed. De Sica appeared in the British television series The Four Just Men, his passion for gambling was well known. Because of it, he lost large sums of money and accepted work that might not otherwise have interested him, he never kept his gambling a secret from anyone. In 1937 Vittorio De Sica married the actress Giuditta Rissone, who gave birth to their daughter, Emi. In 1942, on the set of Un garibaldino al convento, he met Spanish actress Maria Mercader, with whom he started a relationship. After divorcing Rissone in France in 1954, he married Mercader in 1959 in Mexico, but this union was not considered valid under Italian law.
In 1968 he married Mercader in Paris. Meanwhile, he had had two sons with her: Manuel, in 1949, a musician, Christian, in 1951, who would follow his father's path as an actor and director. Although divorced, De Sica never parted from his first family, he led a double family life, with double celebrations on holidays. It is said that, at Christmas and on New Year's Eve, he used to put back the clocks by two hours in Mercader's house so that he could make a toast at midnight with both families, his first wife agreed to keep up the facade of a marriage so as not to leave her daughter without a father. Vittorio De Sica died at 73 after a surgery at the Neuilly-sur-Seine hospital in Paris, he was a Roman Catholic. Vittorio De Sica was given the Interfilm Grand Prix in 1971 by the Berlin International Film Festival. Miracolo a Milano Cannes Film Festival Palme D'Or Winner Umberto D. Cannes Film Festival Official Selection Stazione Termini Cannes Film Festival Official Selection L'oro di Napoli Cannes Film Festival Official Selection Il Tetto Cannes Film Festival OCIC Award Winner Anna di Brooklyn Berlin International Film Festival Official Selection La Ciociara Cannes Film Festival Official Selection Matrimonio all'italiana Moscow International Film Festival Official Selection Il Giardino dei Finzi-Contini Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear Winner Berlin International Film Festival Interfilm Award Winner – Otto Dibelius Film Award Nastro d'Argento for Best Director 1946 for Sciuscià Academy Award 1947 Honorary Award to the Italian production for Sciuscià, 1946 Academy Award 1949 Special Foreign Language Film Award for Bicycle Thieves BAFTA 1950 Best film Bicycle Thieves Academy Award 1965 Best Foreign Language film for Ieri, domani Academy Award 1972 Best Foreign Language film for Il giardino dei Finzi-Contini Note: on many sources, Fontana di Trevi by Carlo Campogalliani and La bonne soupe by Robert Thomas are included but de Sica does not appear in those films.
The Four Just Men, by Sapphire Films Vittorio De Sica on IMDb Vittorio De Sica director bio for The Garden of the Finzi-Continis Sony Pictures Entertainment website, retrieved 8 April 2006 Vittorio De Sica Review Wall Street Journal article, retrieved 9 March 2013
Golden Globe Award
The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign. The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year in the Academy Awards; the eligibility period for the Golden Globes corresponds to the calendar year. The 76th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television in 2018, were held on January 6, 2019; the 77th Golden Globe Awards will take place on January 5, 2020. In 1943, a group of writers banded together to form the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, and, by creating a generously distributed award called the Golden Globe Award, they now play a significant role in film marketing; the 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, were held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at various venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.
In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. Recognizing its subject as an international figure within the entertainment industry, the first award was presented to director and producer, Cecil B. DeMille; the official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award. Beginning in 1963, the trophies commenced to be handed out by one or more persons referred to as "Miss Golden Globe", a title renamed on January 5, 2018 to "Golden Globe Ambassador"; the holders of the position were, the daughters or sometimes the sons of a celebrity, as a point of pride, these continued to be contested among celebrity parents. In 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned; the New York firm Society Awards collaborated for a year with the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to produce a statuette that included a unique marble and enhanced the statuette's quality and gold content.
It was unveiled at a press conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show. Revenues generated from the annual ceremony have enabled the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to donate millions of dollars to entertainment-related charities, as well as funding scholarships and other programs for future film and television professionals; the most prominent beneficiary is the Young Artist Awards, presented annually by the Young Artist Foundation, established in 1978 by Hollywood Foreign Press member Maureen Dragone, to recognize and award excellence of young Hollywood performers under the age of 21 and to provide scholarships for young artists who may be physically or financially challenged. The qualifying eligibility period for all nominations is the calendar year from January 1 through December 31. Voice-over performances and cameo appearances in which persons play themselves are disqualified from all of the film and TV acting categories. Films must be at least 70 minutes and released for at least a seven-day run in the Greater Los Angeles area, starting prior to midnight on December 31.
Films can be released on pay-per-view, or by digital delivery. For the Best Foreign Language Film category, films do not need to be released in the United States. At least 51 percent of the dialogue must be in a language other than English, they must first be released in their country of origin during a 14-month period from November 1 to December 31 prior to the Awards. However, if a film was not released in its country of origin due to censorship, it can still qualify if it had a one-week release in the United States during the qualifying calendar year. There is no limit to the number of submitted films from a given country. A TV program must air in the United States between the prime time hours of 11:00 p.m.. A show can air on basic or premium cable, or by digital delivery. A TV show must either be made in the United States or be a co-production financially and creatively between an American and a foreign production company. Furthermore and non-scripted shows are disqualified. For a television film, it cannot be entered in both the film and TV categories, instead should be entered based on its original release format.
If it was first aired on American television it can be entered into the TV categories. If it was released in theaters or on pay-per-view it should instead to be entered into the film categories. A film festival showing does not count towards disqualifying. Actors in a TV series must appear in at least six episodes during the qualifying calendar year. Actors in a TV film or miniseries must appear in at least five percent of the time in that TV film or miniseries. Active HFPA members need to be invited to an official screening of each eligible film directly by its respective distributor or publicist; the screening must take place in the Greater Los Angeles area, either before the film's release or up to one week afterwards. The screening can be a regular screening in a theater with a press screening; the screening must be cleared with the Motion Picture Association of America so there are not scheduling conflicts with other official screenings. For TV programs, they must be available to be seen by HFPA members in any common format, including the original TV broadcast.
Entry forms for films need to be received by the HFPA within ten days of the
Murmur of the Heart
Murmur of the Heart is a 1971 French film by French director Louis Malle and starring Lea Massari, Benoît Ferreux and Daniel Gélin. Written as Malle's semi-autobiography, the film tells a coming of age story about a 14-year-old boy growing up in bourgeois surroundings in post-World War II Dijon, with a complex relationship with his Italian mother; the film was a box office success in France. In the United States, it received positive reviews and a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. Laurent Chevalier is a nearly 15-year-old boy living in Dijon in 1954 who loves jazz, always receives the highest grades in his class and who opposes the First Indochina War, he has an unloving father Charles, a gynecologist, an affectionate Italian mother and two older brothers and Marc. Thomas and Marc are notorious pranksters, while Laurent engages in taboos such as shoplifting and masturbation. Laurent witnesses Clara meeting with a lover, upset with the adultery, runs to tell Charles.
Charles, busy with his practice, angrily turns him away. One night and Marc take Laurent to a brothel, where Laurent loses his virginity to a prostitute, before they are disrupted by his drunken brothers. Upset, Laurent leaves on a scouting trip, where he catches scarlet fever and is left with a heart murmur. Laurent is bedridden and entertained by Clara and their maid Augusta. Laurent's teacher at his Catholic school suggests that Laurent's illness has matured him, so that he has made progress in his studies, urges Clara to treat him more like an adult; as Laurent requires treatment at a sanatorium, he and Clara check into a hotel. Due to an error by Charles' secretary Solange, the hotel books one room for both Clara and Laurent, given the hotel is full, hotel staff cannot offer an additional room. Laurent takes interest in two young girls at the hotel, Hélène and Daphne, spies on his mother in the bathtub. Though Laurent pursues Hélène, Hélène says. Clara temporarily leaves with her lover, but comes back distraught after their breakup, is comforted by her son.
After a night of heavy drinking on Bastille Day and Clara have sex. Clara tells him afterwards that this incest will not be repeated, but that they should not look back on it with remorse. Afterwards, Laurent leaves their room, after unsuccessfully trying to seduce Hélène, spends the night with Daphne. Director Louis Malle wrote Murmur of the Heart in part as an autobiography; as Malle said, "My passion for jazz, my curiosity about literature, the tyranny of my two elder brothers, how they introduced me to sex— this is pretty close to home." Malle suffered from a heart murmur and shared a hotel room with his mother during treatment. Aside from this, the film is a work of fiction, takes place than Malle's true childhood; the humorous and earthy Italian mother is a fictional character, based more on a friend's mother than his own. Malle asserted in interviews, he claimed that in writing the script, he had no intention to include incest, but ended up doing so as he explored an intense mother-son relationship.
Upon submitting his screenplay, the National Center of Cinematography raised objections to the perverse erotic scenes. Malle was surprised by the response. With the Censorship Board denying funding, the film was financed with the help of Mariane Film, a French subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Given his love of jazz, the fact that Laurent steals a Charlie Parker album at the beginning of the film, Malle employed Parker for the film score. In France, the film had 2,652,870 admissions, it was screened at the Cannes Film Festival in May 1971 and played at the New York Film Festival in October 1971. On its re-release in the United States in 1989, it grossed US$1,160,784. In Region 1, The Criterion Collection released the film on DVD in 2006, along with Malle's other films Lacombe, Lucien and Au Revoir les Enfants. Roger Ebert gave the film a four-star review, comparing it favourably to The 400 Blows, writes that with the incest, Malle "takes the most charged subject matter you can imagine, mutes it into simple affection."
Judith Crist, writing for New York, praised the "remarkable" performances from Lea Massari, Benoît Ferreux and Daniel Gélin. Richard Schickel, writing for Life, said he had a "strange enthusiasm" for the film, which he felt demonstrated "taste and the most winning sentiment." Variety staff complimented Massari's performances. Roger Greenspun wrote a negative opinion in The New York Times, claiming "it isn't good" and "that it could have been made with as much distinction by any of those directors, all anonymous, who specialize in urban romantic comedy of a sophistication, supposed to be peculiarly French."In 1989, Desson Howe wrote in the Washington Post that the film maintained its "fresh intelligence and delicacy" and "Malle's world of sarcastic, upper-middle-class brats seems to be Murmur's most enduring creation." In 1990, Richard Stengel gave the film an A- in Entertainment Weekly, writing "Almost everything about this coming-of-age story rings true, Malle avoids any heavy-handed explanations of family behavior."
Critic Pauline Kael called Massari "superb." In his 2002 Movie & Video Guide, Leonard Maltin gives the film three and a half stars and calls it a "fresh, affectionately comic tale."US director Wes Anderson cited Murmur of the Heart an influence, saying he loved the characters Laurent and Clara. Regarding the incest, he says, "The stuff between him and the mother feels more kind of romanti
Louis Marie Malle was a French film director and producer. His film Le Monde du silence won the Palme d'Or in 1956 and the Academy Award for Best Documentary in 1957, although he was not credited at the ceremony. In his career he was nominated multiple times for Academy Awards. Malle is one of the few directors to have won the Golden Lion multiple times. Malle worked in both French cinema and Hollywood, he produced both French and English language films, his most famous films include the crime film Ascenseur pour l'échafaud, the World War II drama Lacombe, the romantic crime film Atlantic City, the comedy-drama My Dinner with Andre, the autobiographical film Au revoir les enfants. Malle was born into a wealthy industrialist family in Thumeries, France, the son of Francoise and Pierre Malle. During World War II, Malle attended a Roman Catholic boarding school near Fontainebleau; as an 11-year-old he witnessed a Gestapo raid on the school, in which three Jewish students, including his close friend and a Jewish teacher, were rounded up and deported to Auschwitz.
The school's headmaster, Père Jacques, was arrested for harboring them and sent to the concentration camp at Mauthausen. Malle would address these events in his autobiographical film Au revoir les enfants; as a young man, Malle studied political science at Sciences Po before turning to film studies at IDHEC. He worked as the co-director and cameraman to Jacques Cousteau on the documentary The Silent World, which won an Oscar and the Palme d'Or at the 1956 Academy Awards and Cannes Film Festival respectively, he assisted Robert Bresson on A Man Escaped before making his first feature, Ascenseur pour l'échafaud in 1957. A taut thriller featuring an original score by Miles Davis, Ascenseur pour l'échafaud made an international film star of Jeanne Moreau, at the time a leading stage actress of the Comédie-Française. Malle was 24 years old. Malle's The Lovers, which starred Moreau, caused major controversy due to its sexual content, leading to a landmark U. S. Supreme Court case regarding the legal definition of obscenity.
In Jacobellis v. Ohio, a theater owner was fined $2,500 for obscenity; the decision was reversed by the higher court, which found that the film was not obscene and hence constitutionally protected. However, the court could not agree on the definition of "obscene", which caused Justice Potter Stewart to utter his "I know it when I see it" opinion the most famous single line associated with the court. Malle is sometimes associated with the nouvelle vague movement, his work does not directly fit in with or correspond to the auteurist theories that apply to the work of Jean-Luc Godard, François Truffaut, Claude Chabrol, Éric Rohmer and others, he had nothing whatsoever to do with the Cahiers du cinéma. However, Malle's work does exemplify some of the characteristics of the movement, such as using natural light and shooting on location, his film Zazie dans le Métro inspired Truffaut to write an enthusiastic letter to Malle. Other films tackled taboo subjects: The Fire Within centres on a man about to commit suicide, Le souffle au cœur deals with an incestuous relationship between mother and son, Lacombe Lucien, co-written with Patrick Modiano, is about collaboration with the Nazis in Vichy France during World War II.
The second of these earned Malle his first Oscar nominations for "Best Writing and Screenplay Based on Factual Material or Material Not Previously Published or Produced". Malle visited India in 1968, made a seven-part documentary series, L'Inde fantôme: Reflexions sur un voyage, a documentary film, released in cinemas. Concentrating on real India, its rituals and festivities, Malle fell afoul of the Indian government, which disliked his portrayal of the country, in its fascination with the pre-modern, banned the BBC from filming in India for several years. Malle claimed his documentary on India was his favorite film. Malle moved to the United States and continued to direct there, his films include Pretty Baby, Atlantic City, My Dinner with Andre, Alamo Bay and Vanya on 42nd Street in English. Just as his earlier films such as The Lovers helped popularize French films in the United States, My Dinner with Andre was at the forefront of the rise of American independent cinema in the 1980s. Towards the end of his life, Malle was interviewed extensively for The Times by cultural correspondent Melinda Camber Porter.
In 1993, the interviews were included in Camber Porter's book Through Parisian Eyes: Reflections On Contemporary French Arts And Culture. Malle was married to Anne-Marie Deschodt from 1965 to 1967, he had a son, Manuel Cuotemoc Malle, with German actress Gila von Weitershausen, a daughter, filmmaker Justine Malle, with Canadian actress Alexandra Stewart. He married actress Candice Bergen in 1980, they had one child, a daughter, Chloé Françoise Malle, on 8 November 1985. He died from lymphoma, aged 63, at their home in Beverly Hills, California, on 23 November 1995. Le Monde du silence Cannes Film Festi