G. I. Joe is a line of action figures owned by the toy company Hasbro; the initial product offering represented four of the branches of the U. S. armed forces with the Action Soldier, Action Sailor, Action Pilot, Action Marine and on, the Action Nurse. The name derived from the usage of "G. I. Joe" for the generic U. S. soldier, itself derived from the more general term "G. I.". The development of G. I. Joe led to the coining of the term "action figure". G. I. Joe's appeal to children has made it an American icon among toys; the G. I. Joe trademark has been used by Hasbro for several different toy lines, although only two have been successful; the original 12-inch line introduced on February 2, 1964 centered on realistic action figures. In the United Kingdom, this line was known as Action Man. In 1982 the line was relaunched in a 3.75-inch scale complete with vehicles, a complex background story involving an ongoing struggle between the G. I. Joe Team and the evil Cobra Command which seeks to take over the Free World through terrorism.
As the American line evolved into the Real American Hero series, Action Man changed, by using the same molds and being renamed as Action Force. Although the members of the G. I. Joe team are not superheroes, they all had expertise in areas such as martial arts and explosives. G. I. Joe was inducted into the National Toy Hall of Fame at The Strong in Rochester, New York, in 2003; the original idea for the action figure that would become G. I. Joe was developed in 1963 by a Manhattan licensing agent. Weston made rudimentary prototypes of the figure and basic marketing materials that showed the sales potential of a military action figure; when he showed these materials to Donald Levine, a Hasbro executive, Levine told Weston "You will make a fortune with these." Weston subsequently licensed the entire concept to Hasbro for US$100,000. The conventional marketing wisdom of the early 1960s was that boys would not play with dolls and parents would not buy their sons dolls which have been traditionally a girl’s toy.
I. Joe. "Action figure" was the only acceptable term, has since become the generic description for any poseable doll intended for boys. "America's movable fighting man" is a registered trademark of Hasbro, was prominently displayed on every boxed figure package. The Hasbro prototypes were named "Rocky" "Skip" and "Ace", before the more universal name G. I. Joe was adopted. One of the prototypes would sell in a Heritage auction in 2003 for $200,001. Aside from the obvious trademarking on the right buttock, other aspects of the figure were copyrighted features that allowed Hasbro to pursue cases against producers of cheap imitations, since the human figure itself cannot be copyrighted or trademarked; the scar on the right cheek was one. Early trademarking, with "G. I. Joe™", was used through some point in 1965. I. Joe was a registered trademark. I. Joe®" now appears on the first line. Subsequently, the stamped trademarking was altered after the patent was granted, assigned a number. Figures with this marking would have entered the retail market during 1967.
By the late 1960s, in the wake of the Vietnam War, Hasbro sought to downplay the war theme that had defined "G. I. Joe"; the line became known as "The Adventures of G. I. Joe". In 1970, Hasbro settled on the name "Adventure Team". Highlights of the line included: To coincide with the new direction, "Life-Like" flocked hair and beard, an innovation developed in England by Palitoy for their licensed version of Joe, Action Man, is introduced in 1970. A retooled African American Adventurer was introduced, which came in two versions as did the others in the series, bearded or shaven. In 1974, named after the popular martial art, Hasbro introduced "Kung-Fu Grip" to the G. I. Joe line; this was another innovation, developed in the UK for Action Man. The hands were molded in a softer plastic that allowed the fingers to grip objects in a more lifelike fashion. In 1976, G. I. Joe was given eagle eye vision; this would be the last major innovation for the original line of 12-inch figures. A shift in play patternsFor its first ten years, G.
I. Joe was a generic soldier/adventurer with only the slightest hints of a team concept existing. In 1975, after a failed bid to purchase the toy rights to the Six Million Dollar Man, Hasbro issued a bionic warrior figure: Mike Power, Atomic Man. One million units were sold. Added to the Adventure Team was a superhero, Bullet Man; this character had The Intruders -- Strongmen from Another World. Comics included with figures at the time featured "Eagle Eye" Joe, Atomic Man, Bullet Man operating together; the original 12-inch G. I. Joe line ended in America in 1976. At this time, Hasbro released a line of inexpensive, rotationally molded mannequins in the G. I. Joe style called The Defenders. From 1966 through 1984, Palitoy Ltd. produced a British version of the 12-inch G. I. Joe line, under the Action Man name for the UK market; these were the same designs as the American figures, at first the same military theme which included figures from World War II. The line expanded the line to include all men of action, like footbal
Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc. Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Worldwide's parent company. Marvel started in 1939 the common name in the Golden Age was Timely Comics, by the early 1950s, had become known as Atlas Comics; the Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years. Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Captain America, Iron Man, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, the Silver Surfer, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons, the Defenders, the Guardians of the Galaxy, supervillains including Galactus, Doctor Doom, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Doctor Octopus and Venom.
Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places. Pulp-magazine publisher Martin Goodman founded the company known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939. Goodman, who had started with a Western pulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by already popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he held the titles of editor, managing editor, business manager, with Abraham Goodman listed as publisher. Timely's first publication, Marvel Comics #1, included the first appearance of Carl Burgos' android superhero the Human Torch, the first appearances of Bill Everett's anti-hero Namor the Sub-Mariner, among other features; the issue was a great success. While its contents came from an outside packager, Inc. Timely had its own staff in place by the following year; the company's first true editor, writer-artist Joe Simon, teamed with artist Jack Kirby to create one of the first patriotically themed superheroes, Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1.
It, proved a hit, with sales of nearly one million. Goodman formed Timely Comics, Inc. beginning with comics cover-dated April 1941 or Spring 1941. While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these three characters, some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-day retcon appearances and flashbacks—include the Whizzer, Miss America, the Destroyer, the original Vision, the Angel. Timely published one of humor cartoonist Basil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper", as well as a line of children's funny-animal comics featuring characters like Super Rabbit and the duo Ziggy Pig and Silly Seal. Goodman hired his wife's cousin, Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939; when editor Simon left the company in late 1941, Goodman made Lieber—by writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service in World War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff. One of these shell companies through which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics #55; as well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics #12, were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961. The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion. Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than Timely had published, featuring horror, humor, funny animal, men's adventure-drama, giant monster and war comics, adding jungle books, romance titles and medieval adventure, Bible stories and sports. Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned, on comics cover-dated November 1951 though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.
This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications. Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of following popular trends in television and movies—Westerns and war dramas prevailing for a time, drive-in movie monsters another time—and other comic books the EC horror line. Atlas published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, including Dan DeCarlo's Homer the Happy Ghost and Homer Hooper. Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America. Atlas did not achieve any breakout hits and, according to Stan Lee, Atlas survived chiefly because it produced work cheaply, at a passable quality; the first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand w
G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (Marvel Comics)
G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero is a comic book, published by Marvel Comics from 1982 to 1994. Based on Hasbro, Inc.'s G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero line of military-themed toys, the series has been credited for making G. I. Joe into a pop-culture phenomenon. G. I. Joe was the first comic book to be advertised on television, in what has been called a "historically crucial moment in media convergence."The series was written for most of its 155-issue run by comic book writer and editor Larry Hama, was notable for its realistic, character-based storytelling style, unusual for a toy comic at the time. Hama wrote the series spontaneously, never knowing how a story would end until it was finished, but worked with the artists, giving them sketches of the characters and major scenes. While most stories involved the G. I. Joe Team battling against the forces of Cobra Command, an evil terrorist organization, many focused on the relationships and background stories of the characters. Hama created most characters in collaboration with Hasbro, used a system of file cards to keep track of the personalities and fictional histories of his characters, which became a major selling point for the action figure line.
G. I. Joe was Marvel's top-selling subscription title in 1985, was receiving 1200 fan letters per week by 1987; the series has been credited with bringing in a new generation of comic book readers, since many children were introduced to the comic book medium through G. I. Joe, went on to read other comics; the comic book has been re-printed several times, translated in multiple languages. In addition to direct spin-offs of the comic book, several revivals and reboots have been published throughout the 2000s. In the early 1980s, Hasbro noted the success of Kenner Products' Star Wars action figures, decided to re-launch their long-running G. I. Joe property as G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero with 3.75 inches scale action figures rather than the traditional 12 inches scale. Hasbro decided that they wanted the new figures to have a back story. In 1981, Hasbro CEO Stephen Hassenfeld and Marvel Comics President Jim Galton met by coincidence at a charity fundraiser and Hassenfeld shared Hasbro's plans for the G.
I. Joe relaunch. Galton offered Marvel's services as creative consultants, Hassenfeld agreed to allow Marvel attempt to design a concept for G. I. Joe. Coincidentally Larry Hama an editor at Marvel, had begun to design characters and background for a series concept he was pitching that would be entitled Fury Force, about a team of futuristic super-soldiers affiliated with S. H. I. E. L. D. An existing Marvel Universe property combining military and science fiction genre elements; as Hama tells it, he got the job of writing for the series because Marvel had asked every other available creator to write it and no one else would. Unable to find other writing work, he said that, "If they had asked me to write Barbie, I would have done that, too."Soon after this, Hasbro hosted a meeting with Hama, Jim Shooter, Tom DeFalco, Archie Goodwin, Nelson Yomtov to discuss the future of the property. It was at this meeting that Goodwin suggested the idea of Cobra Command as a recurring enemy for G. I. Joe to fight. Prior to this, Hasbro had not considered giving G.
I. Joe an enemy. Based on the results of this meeting, Hasbro contracted Marvel to produce a comic book series featuring the toys; the first issue was published in June 1982, containing two stories, both of which were written by Hama. The first story, "Operation: Lady Doomsday", was drawn by Herb Trimpe, who drew most of the early issues and wrote issue #9, the second story, "Hot Potato", was drawn by Don Perlin; this issue introduced many basic concepts of the G. I. Joe universe, such as the Joes having a base under a motor pool, introduced the iconic "original 13" G. I. Joe Team members; the issue introduced two recurring villains, Cobra Commander and the Baroness. Whereas Cobra Commander and the various Joes had action figures issued, The Baroness is the earliest example of a G. I. Joe character whose first appearance in the comics predated the conception of their action figure. Most of the early stories were completed in one issue, but multi-part stories began to appear by the middle of the series' first year of publication, there were hints of the ongoing storylines that would characterize the series.
In May 1983, issue #11 introduced many new characters, including most of the 1983 action figure line and the villain Destro, who would become a recurring character. Many subsequent storylines involved the machinations and power struggles between him, Cobra Commander, the Baroness. Issue #11 established a pattern for the series in which every so Marvel would publish an issue introducing a group of characters and vehicles that represented the new year's toy offerings. An early highlight was 1984's "Snake Eyes: The Origin" Parts I & II, published in issues #26-27; this issue established Snake Eyes' complicated background, tied his character into many other characters, both G. I. Joe and Cobra. Hama considers it to be his favorite storyline from the Marvel run. In 1986, echoing events portrayed in the TV series, G. I. Joe #49 was published, introducing the character of Serpentor, a genetically created amalgam of history's greatest warriors. Serpentor played a significant role in the Cobra Civil War, which occurred in issues #73-76, a landmark story event that involved nearly every G.
I. Joe and Cobra character vying for control of Cobra Island; when G. I. Joe began, most toy tie-in comics lasted an average of two years, so G. I. Joe, lasting for 12 years, was considered a runaway success
Flint (G.I. Joe)
Flint is a fictional character from the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero series, he was created as a character for the Sunbow G. I. Joe animated series in 1984, introduced into the comic book and produced as an action figure in 1985, he is portrayed by D. J. Cotrona in the 2013 film G. I. Joe: Retaliation. Flint is the chief warrant officer for the G. I. Joe Team, his real name is Dashiell R. Faireborn, he was born in Wichita, Kansas, he holds a degree in English literature. He graduated with top honors from Airborne School, Ranger School, Special Forces School and Flight Warrant Officers School; as a master tactician, he oversaw several strategically important rescue missions. Because of his credentials, Duke brought him in to the G. I. Joe Team. Flint has earned a reputation as an arrogant egotist, but Flint's skills back up his inflated ego; this brought him into frequent conflict with teammate Lady Jaye, the two fought attraction to each other for years, but gave in and expressed their feelings for each other.
The two shared a tenuous relationship until G. I. Joe was disbanded, at which time Flint decided to remain active in the military, while Lady Jaye went into semi-retirement; when the team was reinstated, Flint chose to accept a position as the team's primary tactical planner rather than return as a field commander. Flint's action figure card describes him as a "Warrant Officer" but his character profile states his grade as E-6 for his original release; this was due to the error by an editor, not the original author of the file card, Larry Hama. All subsequent releases give him a Rank of WO-2. In the UK Action Force comics and toys, Flint's real name was David R. Faireborn and his file card stated that he hailed from Lincoln, England. Flint was first released as part of series 4 in 1985. Common elements of many of his appearances are his choice of a shotgun for a weapon; the figure was repainted and released as part of the Tiger Force line in 1988. In 1991, as part of the Eco-Warriors line, Flint's body was molded from color changing plastic, which would change to show sludge damage when hit with cold water.
A new version of Flint was released as part of the Battle Corps line. A version of Flint with no accessories came with the Built to Rule Ground Striker in 2004; the forearms and the calves of the figure sported places. Flint never appeared in the G. I. Joe: Sigma 6 TV series, though a Sigma 6 action figure was released near the end of the line. Flint was released in 2007 with the first wave of single packs, celebrating the 25th Anniversary of G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero. In 2008, he was released disguised as a Cobra Officer with an interchangeable masked head.. Flint was released as part of the Hall of Heroes series; the figure came packaged in a special collectors' box. The first wave was released in April 2009. In the Marvel Comics G. I. Joe series, he first appeared in issue #37, he helps save the lives of Gung-Ho and Blowtorch. Flint is a featured character in the Special Missions back-up story for issue #50. Along with Beach-Head and Lady Jaye, he infiltrates a terrorist held airplane. All of the adversaries are neutralized.
Flint takes some private time to romance Lady Jaye. He thinks, she is hiding from Cobra Eels, underwater troopers who are providing backup support for a Cobra invasion of Joe Headquarters. Flint takes on all of the Cobra soldiers by himself. There are tears in her eyes. Flint escapes an EEL executioner and is seen injured and bleeding but still mobile. Flint, Lady Jaye and Snake Eyes take a vacation in the island country of Grenada. Flint witnesses what seems to be the death of the latter two. Flint's relationship with Lady Jaye hits an important point in issue #67. Scarlett and Snake Eyes come back with the Joes. Flint is angry. Lady Jaye punches lectures him that the other two did what they did because they cared. Flint replies "Like you do?" Scarlett escorts Snake Eyes away from Flint and Lady Jaye hugging. Flint leads the Joe sub-team, the "Eco-Warriors". With Ozone and Clean-Sweep, he confronts the Cobra agent Cesspool, causing a pollution disaster from an abandoned oil platform. Flint had his more brutal side, as shown in a mission in war-torn Wolkekuckuckland.
He and Lady Jaye stumble upon two Cobra soldiers. Flint is forced to kill his opponent; the other man, a Cobra Viper, surrenders to Lady Jaye. Flint says they cannot take prisoners, offers to kill the man if she is not able to do it. In the end, the prisoner lived; the two soldiers have to deal with Wolkekuckuckland's leader and the man's traitorous assistant. When G. I. Joe disbands and Lady Jaye marry; when G. I. Joe is reformed, they both return to the team, just as Flint is starting to write a book on his experiences in G. I. Joe. Flint resumes his duties as the team's primary tactician, while Lady Jaye becomes the Joes' Head of Intelligence and a field commander. Many of their teammates comment that Flint's marriage to Lady Jaye seems to have a positive effect on him, causing him to mellow out a great deal. Flint's book, Fight For Freedom, becomes popular, he goes on a book tour for it. Flint and the Baroness are both kidnapped by the same organization in Czechoslovakia. Destro and Duke arrange for G.
I. Joe and the Oktober Guard to team up, in order to rescue them. Despite being betrayed by Lt. Gorky and the Baroness are rescued, Daina joins the G. I. Joe team aft
Bryn Mawr College
Bryn Mawr College is a women's liberal arts college in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. Founded as a Quaker institution in 1885, Bryn Mawr is one of the Seven Sister colleges and the Tri-College Consortium; the college has an enrollment of 450 graduate students. U. S. News & World Report lists Bryn Mawr College as the 32nd best liberal arts college in the United States in its 2017 rankings. In 2018, the college ranking site Niche listed Bryn Mawr as the 15th most diverse college in America. Bryn Mawr is known for being the first women's college to offer graduate education through a PhD. Bryn Mawr College is a private women's liberal arts college founded in 1885; the phrase bryn mawr means "large hill" in Welsh "hill large". The Graduate School is co-educational, it is named after the town of Bryn Mawr, in which the campus is located, renamed by a representative of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Bryn Mawr was the name of an area estate granted to Rowland Ellis by William Penn in the 1680s. Ellis's former home called Bryn Mawr, was a house near Dolgellau, Gwynedd, Wales.
The College was founded through the bequest of Joseph W. Taylor, its first president was James Evans Rhoads. Bryn Mawr was one of the first institutions of higher education in the United States to offer graduate degrees, including doctorates, to women; the first class included eight graduate students. Bryn Mawr was affiliated with the Religious Society of Friends, but by 1893 had become non-denominational. In 1912, Bryn Mawr became the first college in the United States to offer doctorates in social work, through the Department of Social Economy and Social Research; this department became the Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research in 1970. In 1931, Bryn Mawr began accepting men as graduate students, while remaining women-only at the undergraduate level. From 1921 to 1938 the Bryn Mawr campus was home to the Bryn Mawr Summer School for Women Workers in Industry, founded as part of the labor education movement and the women's labor movement; the school taught women workers political economy and literature, as well as organizing many extracurricular activities.
A June 3, 2008, article in The New York Times discussed the move by women's colleges in the United States to promote their schools in the Middle East. The article noted that in doing so, the schools promote the work of alumnae of women's colleges such as Hillary Clinton, Emily Dickinson, Diane Sawyer, Katharine Hepburn and Madeleine Albright; the Dean of Admissions of Bryn Mawr noted, "We still prepare a disproportionate number of women scientists We’re about the empowerment of women and enabling women to get a top-notch education." The article contrasted the difference between women's colleges in the Middle East and "the American colleges for all their white-glove history and academic prominence, are liberal strongholds where students fiercely debate political action, gender identity and issues like'heteronormativity', the marginalizing of standards that are other than heterosexual. Middle Eastern students who attend these colleges tell of a transition that can be jarring."The College celebrated its 125th anniversary of "bold vision, for women, for the world" during the 2010–2011 academic year.
In September 2010, Bryn Mawr hosted an international conference on issues of educational access and opportunity in secondary schools and universities in the United States and around the world. Other festivities held for the anniversary year included publication of a commemorative book on 125 years of student life, and, in partnership with the Philadelphia Mural Arts Program, creation of a mural in West Philadelphia highlighting advances in women's education. On February 9, 2015, the Board of Trustees announced approval of a working group recommendation to expand the undergraduate applicant pool. Trans women and intersex individuals identifying as women may now apply for admission, while trans men identifying as such at time of application may not; this official decision made Bryn Mawr the fourth women's college in the United States to accept trans women. 1885–1894 James E. Rhoads 1894–1922 M. Carey Thomas 1922–1942 Marion Edwards Park 1942–1970 Katharine Elizabeth McBride 1970–1978 Harris L. Wofford 1978–1997 Mary Patterson McPherson 1997–2008 Nancy J. Vickers 2008–2013 Jane Dammen McAuliffe 2013–present Kimberly Wright Cassidy The campus was designed in part by noted landscape designers Calvert Vaux and Frederick Law Olmsted, has subsequently been designated an arboretum.
In 2011, Travel+Leisure named Bryn Mawr as one of the most beautiful college campuses in the United States. The majority of Bryn Mawr students live on campus in residence halls. Many of the older residence halls were designed by Cope & Stewardson and are known for their Collegiate Gothic architecture, modeled after Cambridge University; each is named after a county town in Wales: Brecon, Denbigh and Radnor, Pembroke East and West. Rhoads North and South was named after James E. Rhoads. Erdman was opened in 1965, designed by architect Louis Kahn. In addition, students may choose to live in Batten House. Perry House, established as the Spanish language house in 1962, was redefined as the Black Cultural Center in the 1970s. In 2015, Perry House was relaunched by the college in the former French tower of Haffner, which had undergone renovations and reconstruction the previous year. Along with Perry, now known as
Snake Eyes (G.I. Joe)
Snake Eyes is a fictional character from the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline, comic books, animated series, he is one of the original and most popular members of the G. I. Joe Team, is most known for his relationships with Scarlett and Storm Shadow. Snake Eyes is one of the most prominent characters in the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero franchise, having appeared in every series of the franchise since its inception, he is portrayed by Ray Park in the 2009 live-action film G. I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra, the 2013 sequel G. I. Joe: Retaliation. Snake Eyes is the code name of a member of the G. I. Joe Team, he is the team's original commando, much of his history and information, including his real name, place of birth and service number, have remained "CLASSIFIED" throughout all depictions of his origin. All, known for certain is his rank/grade, his primary military specialty is infantry, his secondary military specialty is hand-to-hand combat instructor. Snake Eyes was trained at the MACV Recondo School, served in LRRPs in Southeast Asia with Stalker and Storm Shadow leaving the service to study martial arts with Storm Shadow's Arashikage ninja clan.
He has undergone drill sergeant training, is a former U. S. Army Special Forces and Delta Force operator. Little else about his past has been revealed. Snake Eyes was living a life of strict self-denial and seclusion in the High Sierras with a pet wolf named Timber, when he was recruited for the G. I. Joe Team, he is an expert in all NATO and Warsaw Pact small arms, a black belt in 12 different fighting systems. He is highly skilled in the use of edged weapons his Japanese sword and spike-knuckled trench knives, but is qualified with and willing to use firearms and explosives. Snake Eyes is quiet in his movements, relies on one set of weapons to the exclusion of others. During one of his first missions for G. I. Joe, Snake Eyes' face was disfigured in a helicopter explosion. Since Snake Eyes has had extensive plastic surgery to repair the damage, but his vocal cords cannot be repaired, he wears a black bodysuit, along with a balaclava and visor to cover his face. When out of his uniform, Snake Eyes is shown to be Caucasian with an athletic build, blonde hair, blue eyes.
Snake Eyes has been shown in most continuities to be romantically involved with fellow team member Scarlett. He has had several apprentices, including Kamakura, Tiger Claw, Jinx, his personal quote is "Move with the wind, you will never be heard." Snake Eyes was one of the original figures in the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline in 1982, he shared many parts except for his unique head sculpt. He was designed to save Hasbro money in the paint application process, as his first figure was made of black plastic with no paint applied for details, his head did not require any detail because of the mask. All of the original sixteen figures from 1982 were released with "straight arms"; the same figure was re-released in 1983 with "swivel-arm battle grip", which made it easier for figures to hold their rifles and accessories. A second version of Snake Eyes was released in 1985, packaged with his wolf Timber. A third version of Snake Eyes was released in 1989, a fourth version in 1991. Snake Eyes has been released as a member of several sub-lines of G.
I. Joe figures, such as Ninja Force and Shadow Ninjas, he has been released in several Hasbro multi-packs such as the Heavy Assault Squad, Winter Operations, the Desert Patrol Squad Toys "R" Us exclusive. A common element in all Snake Eyes figures, is that his face is covered; the 1991 version was released as a 12" G. I. Joe Hall of Fame action figure in 1992; this Snake Eyes figure introduced a new variation on the trademark G. I. Joe scar by putting the scar over the figure's left eye, instead of on his right cheek as had traditionally been the case during the vintage era of G. I. Joe. A version of Snake Eyes with no accessories came with the Built to Rule Headquarters Attack in 2004; the figure featured additional articulation with a mid-thigh cut joint, the forearms and the calves of the figure sported places where blocks could be attached. The 1982 mold of Snake Eyes was used in several countries in various forms. In most countries, because he was different from all of the other G. I. Joe figures available at that time, he was treated as a member of Cobra.
In Brazil, his head was recolored and used to create Cobra De Aço, the entire mold was used with a silver Cobra logo to create Cobra Invasor. The figure was available without the Cobra logo as O Invasor. In Argentina, Snake Eyes was recolored in red and silver, released as Cobra Mortal and as a different version of Cobra Invasor. Snake Eyes was featured in the G. I. Joe Team 5 pack for the 25th Anniversary in 2007 as a Commando, using a new mold based on his first design, his ninja design was sold in the first line of individual figures packaged with Timber in 2007. In 2008, he received an updated version of his "Version 3" mold from 1989, which featured removable butterfly swords for the first time. For the finale of the 25th anniversary in April 2009, Hasbro launched a poll on their website, for fans to pick their favorite figures for the Hall of Heroes line. Two versions of Snake Eyes were selected for this series, which featured the figures packaged on a blister card, but in a special collectors box.
In 2009, to coincide with the film G. I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra, Hasbro
Warrant officer (United States)
In the United States Armed Forces, the ranks of warrant officer are rated as officers above senior non-commissioned officers, candidates and midshipmen but subordinate to the officer grade of O‑1. This application differs from the Commonwealth of Nations and other militaries, where warrant officers are the most senior of the other ranks, equivalent to the US Armed Forces grades of E‑8 and E‑9. Warrant officers are skilled, single-track specialty officers, while the ranks are authorized by Congress, each branch of the uniformed services selects and uses warrant officers in different ways. For appointment to warrant officer one, a warrant is approved by the secretary of the respective service. For chief warrant officer ranks, warrant officers are commissioned by the President of the United States and take the same oath as regular commissioned officers. Warrant officers can and do command detachments, activities, vessels and armored vehicles, as well as lead, coach and counsel subordinates. However, the warrant officer's primary task as a leader is to serve as a technical expert, providing valuable skills and expertise to commanders and organizations in their particular field.
The Army warrant officer traces lineage to 1896 with the War Department's creation of civilian Headquarters Clerks and Pay Clerks. In 1916, an Army Judge Advocate General review determined that field clerks should be members of the military. Legislation in 1916 authorized those positions as military rather than civilian and created the ranks of Army Field Clerk and Quarter Master Corps Field Clerk. In July, 1917, all Field Clerks were considered were assigned an enlisted uniform, their branch insignia was two crossed quill pens. In December 19, 1917, Special Regulation 41 stated that the Army Field Clerk and Quarter Master Corps Field Clerk ranks were authorized the same uniform as an officer, their rank insignia was now a freework pin of crossed quill pens on either side of the freework "U. S." pins worn on the standing collar of the M1909 tunic. They were not permitted the brown mohair cuff braid band of an Army officer, but were authorized a silver-and-black braid hatcord for wear with the M1911 Campaign Hat and the officer's "G.
I. Eagle" on the M1902 peaked cap. On 9 July 1918, Congress established the rank and grade of warrant officer concurrent with establishing the Army Mine Planter Service within the Coast Artillery Corps. Creation of the Mine Planter Service replaced an informal service crewed by civilians, replacing them with military personnel, of whom the vessel's master, chief engineer, assistant engineers were Army warrant officers. Warrant officer rank was indicated by rings of brown cord worn on the lower sleeve of the uniform jacket: two for 2nd Mate and 2nd Assistant Engineer, three for 1st Mate and Assistant Engineer, four for Ship's Master and Chief Engineer. Since that time, the position of warrant officer in the Army has been refined. On August 21, 1941, under Pub. L. 77–230, Congress authorized two grades: warrant officer and chief warrant officer. In 1942, temporary appointments in about 40 occupational areas were made; the insignia for warrant officer was a gold bar 3⁄8 inch wide and 1 inch long, rounded at the ends with brown enamel on top and a latitudinal center of gold 1/8 inch wide.
The insignia for chief warrant officer was a gold bar 3⁄8 inch in width and 1 inch in length with rounded ends, brown enamel on top with a longitudinal center stripe of gold 1⁄8 inch wide. The brown enamel backing of the warrant officer insignia was based on the color of the sleeve insignia of rank for ship's officers of the AMPS. On July 18, 1942 Pub. L. 77–658, the Flight Officer Act, was enacted, creating the rank of flight officer, equivalent to warrant officer and assigned to the U. S. Army Air Forces. Insignia was the same as for a warrant officer, except the backing was in blue enamel rather than brown. Most flight officers were graduates of various USAAF flight-training programs, including power and glider pilots, navigator and bombardier ratings. Graduates were appointed to the rating of flight officer, but some of each graduating class were commissioned as second lieutenants. Once reaching operational units and after gaining flying experience, flight officers were offered direct commissions as lieutenants.
Flight sergeants, who were assigned as transport and glider pilots, were appointed as flight officers when the new rank was created. Some of the first eligible flight officers were Americans who had served as sergeant pilots in the Royal Air Force and who transferred to the USAAF after the U. S. entered the war. In November 1942, the War Department defined the rank order as having warrant officers above all enlisted grades and below all commissioned grades. In March 1944, the first six women were appointed to the warrant officer grades as Band Leaders and administrative specialists. In 1947, legislation was sought to introduce four grades of warrant officers. Proposed rank titles were: chief warrant officer, senior warrant officer, warrant officer first class, warrant officer. In 1949, Pub. L. 81–351, the Career Compensation Act, created four pay grades, W-1 through W-4, for all the armed services. The two warrant ranks were unchanged, but warrant officer was pay grade W-1, while chief warrant officer started at W-2 and could advance to W-3 and -4.
In late 1949, th