Chalfonts Community College
Chalfonts Community College is a co-educational secondary school in Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire. It takes children from the age of 11 through to 18 and has 2,000 pupils. In August 2011 the school became an Academy. In September 2002 the Department for Education and Skills awarded the school specialist school status as a Technology College; the college was been awarded a second specialism, had Training School Status. In 2008 it was reported that the school was paying sixth form students to teach younger pupils at the school, instead of employing qualified supply teachers whose quality of teaching the school had sometimes felt to be lacking. Twenty-four students were being paid £5 for fifty minutes of teaching a subject, which they were studying at A-level; the students were accompanied by an adult in the classroom. In 2008, the Chalfonts Community College began to road test the edexcel engineering diploma; the school was one of two that taught the diploma, the current year eleven students are still completing the course.
The Creative and Media Diploma was launched in September 2009. The school was rated "Good" by Ofsted in both November 2013 and May 2017. Official Website Virtual Learning Environment Department for Education Performance Tables 2011 Ofsted Inspection Report 2007
Stowe School is a selective independent school in Stowe, Buckinghamshire. It was opened on 11 May 1923 with 99 schoolboys, with J. F. Roxburgh as the first headmaster; the school is a member of the Rugby Group, the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, the G20 Schools' Group. For boys only, the school is now coeducational, with some 550 boys and 220 girls; the school has been based since its beginnings at Stowe House the country seat of the Dukes of Buckingham and Chandos. Along with many of the other buildings on the school's estate, the main house is now a Grade I Listed Building and is maintained by the Stowe House Preservation Trust. Stowe School opened with its first 99 pupils aged 13, on 11 May 1923. There were two boarding Houses and Temple both in the western part of the mansion; the following term Grenville and Chandos Houses were formed in the eastern wing, with Cobham and Grafton following soon afterwards as further parts of the house were converted into accommodation and classrooms.
Chatham was the first purpose-built house, designed by the school’s first architect, Sir Clough Williams-Ellis. He had been instrumental in developing a vision for saving Stowe as a new centre of learning to match its crucial role in national culture and politics of the 18th Century, he had bought Stowe Avenue in 1922 before old Etonians presented it as birthday gift to the new school in 1924. Helped by Harry Shaw, who had bought the estate the previous year, the new school succeeded in saving Stowe House and landscape gardens from demolition at their sale in October 1922; the school boasted a double foundation. Edward Montauban chaired the preparatory school committee seeking to found a new leading public school after the First World War and was the first to envisage the new school at Stowe; the finance came through the Rev. Percy Warrington and the Martyrs Memorial Trust, giving rise to the group of Allied Schools. J. F. Roxburgh was Stowe’s founding Headmaster, his aim was to produce a modern public school concentrating on the individual, without the unpleasantness of fagging or arcane names common in other schools.
Instead, he sought to instil a new ethos enthused with the beauty of Stowe’s unique environment where the best of traditional education would be tempered by liberal learning and every pupil would “know beauty when he sees it all his life”. Pupils and staff would relate in a civilized and open way, showing confidence and respect based on Christian values; such was Roxburgh’s success in developing this vision that he was recognized as a formative figure in 20th-century English education, “greater than Arnold” in Gavin Maxwell’s words, a pupil at the school. Stowe’s early success led to its rapid expansion. Walpole House was added in 1934 and the school reached 500 pupils by 1935; the art school, sports pavilion, staff housing date from this period too, when the Legal & General Company provided financial support during the recession. Stowe made rapid progress academically too. Teachers included T. H. White, author of The Once and Future King, the Marxist historian George Rudé. Among sporting feats Old Stoic Bernard Gadney captained England’s rugby team to take the triple crown in 1936, while in the early 1930s Laddie Lucas and John Langley were both national boy golf champions while still in Grenville House, helped by the golf course laid out in 1924.
Sir Robert Lorimer’s magnificent Chapel was opened in 1929 by Prince George, while in 1933, on the school’s 10th anniversary, the Prince of Wales launched the repair of the garden buildings with the restoration of the Queen’s Temple as a Music School. The Second World War saw 270 Old Stoics killed in active service. There were 242 decorations; these included the Victoria Cross for two former contemporaries in Chatham House, Major Jack Anderson and Wing Commander Leonard Cheshire, the founder of the Cheshire Homes. The school's cricket ground is used as a first class ground by Northamptonshire CCC; the Stowe Corner of Silverstone Circuit is named after the school. A Southern Railway "Schools Class" steam No. 928, built in 1934 was named after the school, is preserved at the Bluebell Railway in East Sussex. In 2016, a Daily Telegraph investigator posing as a parent of a Russian pupil was told by the school registrar that whilst pupils would always be expected to pass the entrance exam, it would help secure a place if a borderline child's parents were able to donate "about £100,000 or something like that."
There are 13 boarding houses: 4 girl houses and 1 mixed Sixth Form house. These boarding houses are named after members of the family of Duke of Buckingham and Chandos; each house has a letter assigned to it. 1923–1949: J. F. Roxburgh 1949–1958: Eric Reynolds 1958–1964: Donald Crichton-Miller 1964–1979: Robert Drayson 1979–1989: Christopher Turner 1989–2003: Jeremy Nichols 2003–: Anthony Wallersteiner Former pupils of Stowe School are known as Old Stoics. Sir Richard Branson is the President of the Old Stoic Society. Old Stoics include: Michael Alexander, prisoner of war Major Jack Anderson, recipient of Victoria Cross Lord Annan and Provost of King's College, Cambridge 3rd Earl Attlee, grandson of Clement Attlee George Barclay, Battle of Britain pilot Alexander Bernstein, Baron Bernstein of Craigweil, television executive, Labour Party member of the House of Lords Oliver Bertram, motor racing driver Richard Boston, English journalist and author John Boyd-Carpenter, Baron Boyd-Carpenter, British Conservative Party politician Sir Ri
Independent school (United Kingdom)
In the United Kingdom, independent schools are fee-paying private schools, governed by an elected board of governors and independent of many of the regulations and conditions that apply to state-funded schools. For example, pupils do not have to follow the National Curriculum. Many of the older and more exclusive schools catering for the 13–18 age-range in England and Wales are known as public schools as defined by the Public Schools Act 1868, the term "public" being derived from the fact that they were open to pupils regardless of where they lived or their religion. Prep schools educate younger children up to the age of 13 to "prepare" them for entry to the public schools and other independent schools; some former grammar schools converted to an independent fee-paying model following the 1965 Circular 10/65 which marked the end of their state funding. There are around 2,500 independent schools in the UK, which educate around 615,000 children, some 7 per cent of all British children and 18 per cent of pupils over the age of 16.
In addition to charging tuition fees, many benefit from gifts, charitable endowments and charitable status. Many of these schools are members of the Independent Schools Council. In 2017, the average cost for private schooling was £14,102 for day school and £32,259 for boarding school; some independent schools are old, such as The King's School, The King's School, Rochester, St Peter's School, Sherborne School, Warwick School, The King's School, Ely and St Albans School. These schools were under their complete dominion. However, it was during the late 14th & early 15th centuries that the first schools, independent of the church, were founded. Winchester & Oswestry were the first of their kind and paved the way for the establishment of the modern "Public school"; these were established for male scholars from poor or disadvantaged backgrounds. For instance, the Queen's Scholarships founded at Westminster in 1560, are for "the sons of decay'd gentlemen"; the transformation of free charitable foundations into institutions which sometimes charge fees came about readily: the foundation would only afford minimal facilities, so that further fees might be charged to lodge and otherwise maintain the scholars, to the private profit of the trustees or headmaster.
Facilities provided by the charitable foundation for a few scholars could profitably be extended to further paying pupils. After a time, such fees would eclipse the original charitable income, the original endowment would become a minor part of the capital benefactions enjoyed by the school. In 2009 senior boarding schools were charging fees of nearly £ 30,000 per annum. However, a majority of the independent schools today are still registered as a charity, bursary is available to students on a means test basis. Christ's Hospital in Horsham is an example. A large proportion of its students are funded by its charitable foundation or by various benefactors; the educational reforms of the 19th century were important under first Thomas Arnold at Rugby, Butler and Kennedy at Shrewsbury, the former emphasising team spirit and muscular Christianity and the latter the importance of scholarship and competitive examinations. Edward Thring of Uppingham School introduced major reforms, focusing on the importance of the individual and competition, as well as the need for a "total curriculum" with academia, music and drama being central to education.
Most public schools developed during the 18th and 19th centuries, came to play an important role in the development of the Victorian social elite. Under a number of forward-looking headmasters leading public schools created a curriculum based on classics and physical activity for boys and young men of the upper and upper middle classes, they were schools for the gentlemanly elite of Victorian politics, armed forces and colonial government. Successful businessmen would send their sons to a public school as a mark of participation in the elite. Much of the discipline was in the hands of senior pupils, not just a means to reduce staffing costs, but was seen as vital preparation for those pupils' roles in public or military service. More heads of public schools have been emphasising that senior pupils now play a much reduced role in disciplining. To an extent, the public school system influenced the school systems of the British Empire, recognisably "public" schools can be found in many Commonwealth countries.
Until 1975 there had been a group of 179 academically selective schools drawing on both private and state funding, the direct grant grammar schools. The Direct Grant Grammar Schools Regulations 1975 required these schools to choose between full state funding as comprehensive schools and full independence; as a result, 119 of these schools became independent. Pupil numbers at independent schools fell during the mid-1970s recession. At the same time participation at all secondary schools grew so that the share of the independent sector fell from a little under 8 per cent in 1964 to reach a low of 5.7 per cent in 1978. Both these trends were reversed during the 1980s, the share of the indepe
Margaret Maria Verney, was an English-born educationist. Verney was the daughter of Lady Sarah Elizabeth Amherst and her husband John Hay-Williams, 2nd Baronet Williams of Bodelwyddan, she married Sir Edmund Hope Verney, MP. In 1894 she became a member of the Statutory Council of the University of Wales, holding the position until 1922. In 1904 she produced an edition of the Memoirs of the Verney Family during the Seventeenth Century, she contributed to the Dictionary of National Biography. R. F. Verney et al. - In Memory of Margaret Maria Lady Verney Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Margaret Maria, Lady Verney and promoter of higher education in Wales, by H. E. D. Blakiston, rev. H. J. Spencer
Dr Challoner's High School
Dr Challoner's High School, abbreviated to DCHS, is a grammar school for girls between the ages of 11 and 18, located in Buckinghamshire, England. In August 2011 the school became an Academy. In September 2001, the school was awarded specialist school status as a Sports College, by the Department for Education and Skills, it was awarded a second specialism as a Language College. It is an affiliate member of the Girls' Schools Association. In 2011, Ofsted judged the school to be Outstanding and in 2014 DCHS achieved the Exceptional Schools Award; the school was established in 1962 as an all-girls' school, when the mixed Dr Challoner's Grammar School became an all-boys' school, due to increasing roll numbers. To gain entry to the school, pupils from primary schools in the local area are invited to do the 11-plus exam. Entry to a grammar school requires a score of 121/141, though pupils who gain scores of below 121 are invited to appeal their case. Prospective pupils who did not take the 11+ take the school's own entry test.
The school operates a house system, with girls being placed in one of the five houses at the start of their time at the school along with the rest of their forms. The five houses are named after notable women in history and each have a corresponding colour: Bronte is blue, Curie is green, Nightingale is purple, Pankhurst is yellow and Teresa is red. Five girls in the upper sixth are appointed the head of houses each year; the houses play a part in music and sports in the school, with girls earning points for winning competitions and events, in particular interhouse, a sports half-day competition occurring once a term for years 7–11. At the end of each academic year one house will win the house cup for having the most points. Pupils are introduced to a wide range of subjects from Year 7, including IT, Art and Drama. Pupils study French and Spanish for the first year. In years 8 and 9 the students study Latin, in turn dropping one of their other two languages, before continuing on with at least one language at GCSE level.
All pupils take at least eight subjects for GCSE, although most take 10 subjects. Three A levels are taken by most students but in the case of certain subjects, or outstanding achievement at GCSE, students may take four; the vast majority of pupils go on to some form of higher education. The Tower Block: Humanity subjects, Religious Studies and Geography are taught here, as well as Classics and Latin; this building was part of the school when it first opened in 1962. The Science Block: Also part of the school when it first opened, the three sciences are taught here; the art rooms were situated upstairs but have been renovated to become new science rooms. The Curved Building: Added in 1998, English and Art are taught here; the library is situated in this building, as is the Sixth Form Common Room and the Careers Room. The curved space between the Curved Building and the Tower Block creates a sloped outdoor theatre area; the Modern Foreign Languages Building: Known as the MFL Block, French and German are taught here, although the Music teaching and practice rooms are attached to it.
The Sports Hall: Completed in 2002, most indoor sports lessons are held here. There are changing rooms with showers available; the school fields and Tennis and astro-turf courts are situated by this building. The school's original gym and a dance and drama studio, built more were knocked down to make way for a new drama complex, completed around 2009 with the help of fundraising and donations from parents. There is a canteen and Main Hall at the front of the school, attached to the Tower Block and part of the original school of 1962. 1962 -1974 Miss Agnes McMaster 1974 – 1986 Mrs Jean Williams 1986 – 1993 Dr Sheila Cousens 1993–2003 Mrs Sue Lawson 2003–2006 Mrs Hilary Winter 2006 Mr Andrew MacTavish, acting headmaster 2006–2011 Miss Peg Hulse 2011–2015 Mr Ian Cooksey 2015–present Mr Alan Roe Fern Britton, television presenter Amal Clooney, lawyer and author Helen Grant, young adult author Lucy Winkett, first female Canon of St Paul's Cathedral Honey G, The X Factor contestant, born Anna Georgette Gilford In 2014 the school was awarded Exceptional Schools Award by the Best Practice Network, only the ninth school in the whole country to receive the award after an extensive inspection.
In 2011 DCHS was judged to be an Outstanding school by OFSTED. In 2008, Dr Challoner's High achieved the best A Level results of any Buckinghamshire state school with an A/B pass rate of 84%. At GCSE the A*/A grade pass rate was 81% and over a third of girls achieved all A*/As; the school has appeared in the Times Parent Power school league tables. Ofsted rated'Grade 1 – Outstanding' in its last inspection of the school in 2011. In 2010 the school achieved another set of outstanding A Level results. 22.3% of entries were graded A*, a higher figure than any other Buckinghamshire school. Over 88% of entries were graded A*-B. In recent years the school has won Good Schools' Guide awards in History and Spanish; the Politics department won the top prize, achieving the best A Level results of any school in England for the period 2004–06. In addition to its academic success, the school has a proud reputation for sporting success winning the national U16 basketball title and the tennis team were national runners-up in the year 8 and under Nestle School Teams Tennis competition.
In December 2008 the school won the national junior cross-country championships held in Leicestershire. The school has a well established debating soci
Chesham Grammar School
Chesham Grammar School is a co-educational grammar school on White Hill, Buckinghamshire. There are about 1,200 male and female pupils aged between eleven and eighteen, including nearly 350 in the sixth form. In 2007 the Department for Education awarded the school specialist school status as a Humanities College. In August 2011 the school became an Academy; the school was founded in 1947 as the Chesham Technical School - a result of the Education Act 1944 which set up the tripartite arrangements of grammar and secondary modern schools. The all-boys' school was housed in only one building, now the sixth form block known as "The Curtis Centre". In 1961, the school became known as Chesham Technical High School and during the 1960s, there was huge development in the area, it became a co-educational grammar school. In 1970, the school changed its name to Chesham High School as it moved away from its technical roots; the name of the school changed to Chesham Grammar School on 7 May 2010. It is as a grammar school that CGS has seen improved results.
The school was rated outstanding in all categories by OFSTED in March 2014. Sidney Chapman Paddy Evans Ken Stokes Tim Andrew Nigel Fox Philip Wayne Annmarie McNaney Over the last couple of decades, there has been major expansion of the school, including a new maths block, a textiles block, an art block, expansion of the English block, a new library and a new drama/psychology block. There is now a new technology/art building built over, the main art room. In the last year, the Sixth Form facilities have been developed. In 2015, GCSE level results were the best in the history of the school, with 66% of results being awarded at A*/A and 100% achieving at least 5 A* - C grades, including English and maths. Philip Wayne, who joined the school in 2007, left in 2015 to take up the post of Headmaster of the Royal Grammar School, High Wycombe; the new Headteacher being Annmarie McNaney, a Deputy Headteacher of the school. Admission to the school is brokered through Buckinghamshire County Council, which operates a selective secondary education system throughout the county.
Pupils have to achieve a mark of 121 or above in the 11-plus to be eligible to attend the school. The school will be oversubscribed in year 7 2015 for the first time in living memory; the school's catchment area broadly covers the whole of Chiltern District area which includes the towns of Amersham, Chalfont St Giles, Chalfont St Peter and Chesham, larger villages such as Great Missenden and Little Chalfont. A significant proportion of the intake comes from Hertfordshire; as Chesham town is a terminus on the Metropolitan Line of the London Underground, pupils travel in from North London. The school's progress profile shows that these pupils perform at a comparatively similar level at GCSE and A level. Pupils attained places on the Prime Minister's Global Fellowship programme in the inaugural year 2008, in 2009 had two more successful applicants. Department for Education Performance Tables 2011
The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills is a non-ministerial department of the UK government, reporting to Parliament. Ofsted is responsible for inspecting a range of educational institutions, including state schools and some independent schools, it inspects childcare and fostering agencies and initial teacher training, regulates a range of early years and children’s social care services. The Chief Inspector is appointed by an Order-in-Council and thus becomes an office holder under the Crown. Amanda Spielman has been HMCI since 2017. In 1833, Parliament agreed an annual grant to the National Society for Promoting Religious Education and the British and Foreign School Society, which provided Church of England and non-denominational elementary schools for poor children. To monitor the effectiveness of the grant, two inspectors of schools were appointed in 1837, Seymour Tremenheere and the Rev. John Allen. Dr. James Kay-Shuttleworth secretary of the Privy Council education committee, ensured that the inspectors were appointed by Order-in-Council to guard their independence.
The grant and inspection system was extended in 1847 to Roman Catholic elementary schools established by the Catholic Poor School Committee. Inspectors were organised on denominational lines, with the churches having a say in the choice of inspectors, until 1876, when inspectors were re-organised by area. After the Education Act 1902, inspections were expanded to state-funded secondary schools along similar lines. Over time, more inspections were carried out by inspectors based in local education authorities, with HMI focussing on reporting to the Secretary of State on education conditions across the country; the government of John Major, concerned about variable local inspection regimes, decided to introduce a national scheme of inspections though a reconstituted HMI, which became known as the Office for Standards in Education. Under the Education Act 1992, HMI would supervise the inspection of each state-funded school in the country, would publish its reports for the benefit of schools and government instead of reporting to the Secretary of State.
In September 2001, Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Schools in England became responsible for registration and inspection of day care and childminding in England, the position was renamed Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Education, Children's Services and Skills. This was done by 150 local authorities, based on their implementation by 1992 of the Daycare Standards provisions of the 1989 Children Act. Schedule 11 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006 changed the way in which Ofsted works without changing the provision. Since 2006 the structure of Ofsted has derived elements from business models, with a Chair, an executive board, regional officers, a formal annual report to Parliament in the light of concerns about schools, local authority children's services. In April 2007 the former Office for Standards in Education merged with the Adult Learning Inspectorate to provide an inspection service that includes all post-16 government funded education. At the same time it took on responsibility for the registration and inspection of social care services for children, the welfare inspection of independent and maintained boarding schools from the Commission for Social Care Inspection.
The services Ofsted inspects or regulates now include: local services, child day care, children's centres, children's social care, CAFCASS, state schools, independent schools and teacher training providers and learning and skills providers in England. It monitors the work of the Independent Schools Inspectorate. HMI are empowered and required to provide independent advice to the United Kingdom government and parliament on matters of policy and to publish an annual report to parliament on the quality of educational provision in England. Ofsted distributes its functions amongst its offices in London, Nottingham, Cambridge and Bristol. Ofsted only covers England; the current Chief Inspector is Amanda Spielman, appointed in January 2017 replacing Sir Michael Wilshaw. Ofsted directly employs Her Majesty's Inspectors; as of July 2009 there were 443 HMIs, of whom 82 were engaged in management, 245 in the inspection of schools, the rest in inspection of other areas for which Ofsted in responsible. All HMIs inspecting schools have teaching experience.
Most school inspections were carried out by Additional Inspectors employed by external companies known as Regional Inspection Service Providers. As of July 2009 there were 1,948 AIs. Although Ofsted claims that most of these have teaching experience, in 2012 it was forced to admit that it had done no quality control checks on these inspectors, that many of them – including lead inspectors – were not qualified teachers and many had no experience of working with children. A further scandal surrounded headteachers dismissed following poor OFSTED reports being hired as inspectors. In 2015, 40% of additional inspectors who wanted to continue working for OFSTED were not re-hired after a contractual change. Although OFSTED insisted that this was part of a quality control process and'should not be seen as an admi