Characters in Hamlet
What follows is an overview of the main characters in William Shakespeare's Hamlet, followed by a list and summary of the minor characters from the play. Three different early versions of the play survive: known as the First Quarto, Second Quarto, First Folio, each has lines—and scenes—missing in the others, some character names vary. Hamlet is the Prince of Denmark. Claudius is the King of Denmark, elected to the throne after the death of King Hamlet. Claudius has married his brother's widow. Gertrude is the Queen of Denmark, King Hamlet's widow, now married to Claudius, mother to Hamlet; the Ghost appears in the image of the late King Hamlet. Polonius is Claudius's chief counsellor, the father of Ophelia and Laertes. Laertes is the son of Polonius, has returned to Elsinore from Paris. Ophelia is the daughter of Polonius, Laertes's sister, who lives with her father at Elsinore, she is in love with Hamlet. Horatio is a good friend of Hamlet, from the university at Wittenberg, who came to Elsinore Castle to attend King Hamlet's funeral.
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are childhood friends and schoolmates of Hamlet, who were summoned to Elsinore by Claudius and Gertrude. Fortinbras Norwegian crown prince, who assumes the throne of Denmark after Hamlet's death. Marcellus and Francisco are sentries at Elsinore. Francisco gives up his watch to Bernardo in the opening of the play, it is Bernardo and Marcellus, who first alert Horatio to the appearance of King Hamlet's Ghost. Marcellus goes with Horatio to tell Hamlet about the Ghost's appearance. Marcellus is the most prominent of the three. Barnardo is spelled Bernardo in Q2 and Barnard in Q1. Voltemand and Cornelius are ambassadors sent by the King of Claudius, to old King Norway, he is a servant to Polonius. Polonius sends Reynaldo to Paris to check up on, he informs Gertrude of Ophelia's strange change in behaviour, before Ophelia's first "mad" appearance. He is the courtier sent by Claudius to invite Hamlet to participate in the duel with Laertes. Osric, as well as Polonius, attempts to engage with Hamlet in the elaborate, witty discourse consistent with Baldassare Castiglione's 1528 work, The Courtier.
This work outlines several courtly rules advising royal retainers to amuse their masters with inventive language. The Players are a company of actors. Friends of Hamlet, they had earlier performed in "the city", but faced stiff competition from boy performers, so they have traveled to Elsinore to offer Hamlet their services. At Elsinore, they perform a version—which Hamlet has modified and called The Mousetrap—of the play The Murder of Gonzago in the "play within a play", he is the leader of the troupe of touring actors. In the "play within a play", he takes the part of the king, murdered; this role was traditionally performed by a man, as were all the female parts in Hamlet, since women did not appear on stage in Elizabethan times. He is called Lucianus in the "play within a play"; the name may be a reference to Lucius in the Brutus legend, a source for Saxo Grammaticus' Gesta Danorum, itself a candidate source for Hamlet. Plays the role similar to Claudius and kills the king by pouring poison into his ear.
The Mousetrap play-within-a-play has a brief Prologue recited by one of the Players. The First Player may do the Prologue, but if not, a Fourth Player, with a speaking part, is required to do it; the bailiff informs the sexton that Ophelia's death was suicide. The sexton unearths Yorick's skull, which leads to Hamlet's famous "Alas, poor Yorick" speech. During the Interregnum, all theatres were closed down by the puritan government; however during this time playlets known as drolls were performed illegally, including one based on the two clowns, called The Grave-Makers, based on Act 5, Scene 1 of Hamlet. He officiates at Ophelia's funeral, does not give her full Christian burial rights, since the church suspects her death was suicide. Called a "Priest" in the First Folio edition of "Hamlet," his speech prefix in the Second Quarto is "Doct" for Doctor of Divinity, a Protestant clergyman. Thus, the two original "good" printings of the play are in disagreement whether the clergyman is Protestant or Catholic.
He is a commander in Fortinbras' invading army, is assigned by Fortinbras to get the license from Claudius for Fortinbras's army to be in Denmark. The sailors are two pirates who deliver a letter from Hamlet to Horatio, informing Horatio that Hamlet has returned to Denmark, they appear in the final scene to report that Guildenstern are dead. All references to Hamlet, unless otherwise specified, are taken from the Arden Shakespeare "Q2". Under their referencing system, 3.1.55 means act 3, scene 1, line 55. References to the First Quarto and First Folio are marked Hamlet "Q1" and Hamlet "F1" and are taken from the Arden Shakespeare "Hamlet: the texts of 1603 and 1623", their referencing system for "Q1" has no act breaks, so 7.115 means scene 7, line 115. Holland, Peter. 2007. "Shakespeare Abbreviated". In Shaughnessy. Marsden, Jean I. 2002. "Improving Shakespeare: from the Restoration to Garrick". In Wells and Stanton. Shaughnessy, Robert. 2007. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare and Popular Culture.
Isaac Liev Schreiber is an American actor, director and producer. He became known during the late 1990s and early 2000s, having appeared in several independent films, mainstream Hollywood films, including the Scream trilogy of horror films, Phantoms, The Sum of All Fears, The Omen, X-Men Origins: Wolverine, Taking Woodstock, Goon, Pawn Sacrifice, Spotlight, he became known through a younger generation of audiences for his work in My Little Pony: The Movie and Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse. Schreiber is a stage actor, having performed in several Broadway productions. In 2005, he won the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play for his performance in the play Glengarry Glen Ross; that year, he made his debut as a film director and writer with Everything Is Illuminated, based on the novel of the same name. Schreiber has had further success in the television world, notably portraying the eponymous protagonist of the Showtime drama series Ray Donovan, he narrates the HBO series 24/7, as well as various PBS programs.
Schreiber was born in San Francisco, the son of Heather and Tell Carroll Schreiber, a stage actor and director. His father comes from a wealthy Protestant family, his mother is Jewish, his maternal grandfather emigrated from Ukraine. With a firm knowledge of classical music and Russian literature, Schreiber's mother has been described by Schreiber as a "far-out Socialist Labor Party hippie bohemian freak who hung out with William Burroughs." When Heather was 12, her mother was lobotomized. His mother has said that she named him after her favorite Russian author, Leo Tolstoy, while his father has stated that Schreiber was named after the doctor who saved his mother's life, his family nickname, adopted when Schreiber was a baby, is "Huggy."When Schreiber was one year old, his family moved to Canada, winding up in the unincorporated rural community of Winlaw, in the southern interior of British Columbia. Prior to this time, according to Schreiber's father, at the beginning of their marriage, Schreiber's mother had a bad experience on LSD.
Over the next four years, she was admitted to hospitals and underwent therapy. After Schreiber's father threatened to admit her to a mental institution, she left with her son. With his father in pursuit and his mother were trailed by private detectives in various states. By the time Schreiber was four, he was living with her on the fourth floor of a dilapidated walkup at First Avenue and First Street in New York City, he was the object of a fierce custody battle, which bankrupted his maternal grandfather, Alex Milgram. Milgram, the most significant male in Schreiber's youth, played the cello and owned Renoir etchings, made his living by delivering meat to restaurants; when Schreiber was five, his parents divorced. Growing up, they had no electricity, hot water, or beds, his mother was "a cultured eccentric" who supported them by splitting her time between driving a cab and creating papier-mâché puppets." On Schreiber's 16th birthday, his mother bought him a motorcycle "to promote fearlessness."
The critic John Lahr wrote in a 1999 New Yorker profile that, "To a large extent, Schreiber's professional shape-shifting and his uncanny instinct for isolating the frightened, goofy parts of his characters are a result of being forced to adapt to his mother's eccentricities. It's both his grief and his gift." He endured her mood swings and bohemian proclivities, which included making him take Hindu names, wear yoga shirts, forcing Liev to go to an ashram school in Connecticut when he was 12. In high school, Liev played the bass clarinet. Schreiber's mother forbade her son from seeing color movies; as a result, his favorite actors were Andrew Cartwright and Basil Rathbone. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, known as Shiva Das, lived at the Satchidananda Ashram, Yogaville East, in Pomfret, Connecticut, he abided by his mother's vegetarian diet. In retrospect, Schreiber said in a 2008 interview that he appreciates his mother's influences, saying: "Since I've had Sasha, I've identified with everything my mother went through raising me... and I think her choices were inspired."Subsequently, Schreiber attended Friends Seminary at the same time as future actress Amanda Peet.
Schreiber went on to Hampshire College in Amherst, where he began his acting training at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, via the Five Colleges consortium. In March 1989, Liev played Antonio in The Merchant of Venice alongside Jeffrey Donovan. Liev graduated with a master's degree from the Yale School of Drama in 1992, where he starred in Charles Evered's The Size of the World, directed by Walton Jones. At Yale, Liev studied with Earle R. Gister, he attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. He wanted to be a screenwriter, but was steered toward acting. Schreiber had several supporting roles in various independe
Thomas Andrew Felton is an English actor and musician. Felton began appearing in commercials when he was eight years old for companies such as Commercial Union and Barclaycard, he made his screen debut in the role of Peagreen Clock in The Borrowers and he portrayed Louis T. Leonowens in Anna and the King, he rose to prominence for his role as Draco Malfoy in the film adaptions of the best-selling Harry Potter fantasy novels by J. K. Rowling, his performances in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 won him two consecutive MTV Movie Awards for Best Villain in 2010 and 2011. Following the conclusion of the series in 2011, Felton appeared in the 2011 film Rise of the Planet of the Apes, a reboot of the Planet of the Apes series, he had roles in the minor films From the Rough and The Apparition, starred as James Ashford in the critically acclaimed period drama film Belle, followed by roles in In Secret and Against the Sun. Felton's 2016 films include the epic biblical drama Risen, alongside Joseph Fiennes, the period biopic A United Kingdom, alongside David Oyelowo and Rosamund Pike.
He starred in the movie Feed. He portrayed Julian Albert in The Flash. Felton was born in the son of Sharon and Peter Felton, he was educated at West Horsley's Cranmore School until the age of thirteen, after which time he attended The Howard of Effingham School. Felton was part of a choir at the age of seven, he was a member of four school choirs and was given the chance to be part of the Guildford Cathedral Choir. He has three older brothers. Felton began acting in adverts for companies such as Commercial Barclaycard. In 1998, he performed the voice of James in the television series Bugs and landed his first feature film role in 1997 when he played the role of Peagreen Clock in Peter Hewitt's film The Borrowers. Felton played witness Thomas Ingham opposite Clive Owen in Second Sight in 1999. Felton's role of Louis T. Leonowens in the film Anna and the King, starring Jodie Foster, was filmed in 1999 in Malaysia. Felton made an appearance in the episode "Hide and Seek" of Second Sight 2 followed in 2000.
The Guildford Cathedral Choir offered him a position. On 11 November 2005, he and Rupert Grint presented Liz Carnell with the Daily Mirror's Pride of Britain Award for all of her work to raise awareness of the dangers of bullying. Felton worked on Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix throughout 2006. Having read more of the Harry Potter books, Felton reflected: "I have had input into Draco. If they give me a line and I do not think it is something he would say, I suggest changing it, they do listen to you and you do feel a part of it."In July 2007, Felton visited Children's Hospital in Denver, Colorado in a pre-screening charitable event of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. He was present at Leicester Square for the premiere of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix on 3 July 2007. On 12 November 2008, Felton appeared alongside Jack Osbourne on Adrenaline Junkie as he participated in various challenges in South Africa, including a 200 ft bungee jump on Bloukrans Bridge, took a ride in a helicopter, followed by a parachute freefall and came face-to-face with Great White sharks.
Felton appeared in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, the sixth film of the series. When asked whether he was looking forward to playing a good guy in the future he answered: "No. Well, I don't know. I suppose, but after the Potter legacy is over I look forward to playing a good guy, or someone different anyway. Felton played the character Simon in the 2009 horror/thriller movie The Disappeared. Felton posted three music videos on YouTube under an account called "Feltbeats", in which he performs fragments of original songs. Nine songs have been re-recorded and are now available on iTunes: "Time Well Spent," "Time Isn't Healing", "One of These Days", "Under Stars," "Right Place, Right Time," "In My Arms," "All I Need," and "I Will Be There" join the instrumental "Silhouettes in Sunsets." He recorded an album titled In Good Hands. It includes the six songs "If You Could Be Anywhere", "We Belong", "When Angels Come", "Convinced", "Father of Mine", "If That's Alright with You". In 2010, Felton released his original song "Hawaii" on Six String Productions – an independent record label run by Felton, David Proffitt and Philip Haydn-Slater promoting creative independence and ownership of artists' material and musical talent.
In November 2010, the film White Other, which Tom played the main character, Ray Marsden, was released. Tom's character Ray is a troubled youth in the "ends" of England and Imelda Staunton, who played Dolores Umbridge in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 makes an appearance as one of the other main roles in the film. Felton had a cameo role in Get Him to the Greek, released on 4 June 2010, he portrayed the human character Dodge Landon in the 2011 science-fiction film Rise of the Planet of the Apes, played a paranormal investigator in the thriller film The Apparition. On 18 March 2011, Felton appeared in a comedy sketch on Red Nose Day 2011 alongside James Corden, Rupert Grint, George Michael, Justin Bieber, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, Gordon Brown MP, Professor Robert Winston and Keira Knightley. In 2016 and 2017, Felton appeared as CSI Julian Albert / Doctor Alchemy on the third season of The Flash. On April 26, 2018, it was announced that Felton was cast in the series regular role of Logan Maine on the YouTube science fiction series Origin.
In 2003, Felton and his brother Chris worked with Joe Babbitt, the St. Lawrence County An
The lady doth protest too much, methinks
"The lady doth protest too much, methinks" is a line from the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare. It is spoken by Queen Gertrude in response to the insincere overacting of a character in the play within a play created by Prince Hamlet to prove his uncle's guilt in the murder of his father, the King of Denmark; the phrase is used in everyday speech to indicate doubt concerning someone's sincerity. A common misquotation places methinks first, as in "methinks the lady doth protest too much"; the line, like most of Shakespeare's works, is in iambic pentameter. It is found in Scene II of Hamlet, where it is spoken by Queen Gertrude, Hamlet's mother. Hamlet believes that the king, was murdered by his uncle Claudius. Hamlet decides to stage a play, the Murder of Gonzago, that follows a similar sequence of events, in order to test whether viewing it will trigger a guilty conscience on the part of Claudius; as Hamlet, Gertrude and others watch the play-within-the-play, the Player Queen, representing Gertrude, declares in flowery language that she will never remarry if her husband dies.
Hamlet turns to his mother and asks her, "Madam, how like you this play?", to which she replies "The lady doth protest too much, methinks", meaning that the Player Queen's protestations of love and fidelity are too excessive to be believed. The quotation comes from the Second Quarto edition of the play. Versions contain the simpler line, "The lady protests too much, methinks"; the line's allusion to Gertrude's fidelity to her husband has become a cliché of sexually fickle womanhood and a shorthand expression conveying doubt in a person's sincerity when the subject is male. As in the play, it is used to imply that someone who denies something strongly is hiding the truth, it is shortened to " protest too much", or misquoted with methinks at the beginning, as in "methinks the lady doth protest too much". Reaction formation Streisand effect
W. G. Wills
William Gorman Wills known as W. G. Wills, was an Irish dramatist and painter. Wills was born at Blackwell lodge in the neighbourhood of Kilmurry, County Kilkenny, the son of the Reverend James Wills, author of Lives of Illustrious and Distinguished Irishmen, his wife Katherine Gorman Wills; as a young man, he was educated at Waterford Grammar School and went to Trinity College, Dublin where he took no degree, but was awarded the Vice-Chancellor's Medal for his poem "Poland." He left the university and studied at the Royal Hibernian Academy in Dublin where he studied painting. Though he had planned to study law, WIlls preferred the arts, his first novel was Old Times, for which he drew and engraved the illustrations. After publishing Old Times in an Irish magazine, he travelled to London, for some time wrote for periodicals without much success. A second novel, The Wife's Evidence was dramatised with some success. Wills chose to live a bohemian lifestyle, lodging at the Arundel Club, he joined the Garrick Club.
For a period, he attempted to make a career as an artist. He set up as a portrait-painter in 1868, he had some success, despite limited artistic training, but his disorderly lifestyle and reputation for missing appointments undermined his career. He painted narrative works, he found his true vein in drama, produced over 30 plays, after having his first major success with The Man of Airlie, shown in London and New York. He worked with the Lyceum Theatre; some of his most notable works were Medea in Corinth, Eugene Aram, Jane Shore and Olivia, a dramatisation of The Vicar of Wakefield, which had great success. Wills' plays were in verse, participating in the revival of verse drama at the time. Many of his plays were based on historical events. Charles I, about the life of the English king, was one of his major successes; these works has been criticised for their freedom with historical fact. Harold Child in The Cambridge History of English and American Literature commented, Richard Cordell described Charles I as "an amazing picture of Charles as the guileless prince yoked to a perfect queen, with Cromwell as the heavy villain."Wills worked with Henry Irving.
Irving produced his Vanderdecken in a version of the Flying Dutchman story. In 1880 he created a revised version of Henrik Hertz's play King René's Daughter under the title Iolanthe. Irving commissioned King Arthur in 1890, but it remained unproduced as Irving was unhappy with the work, he asked J. Comyns Carr to rewrite it. Irving commissioned a version of Don Quixote but did not produce it, he wrote several novels after The Wife's Evidence, including Notice to Quit and The Love That Kills, both of which deal with the aftermath of the Irish Potato Famine. He published Life's Foreshadowings and David Chantrey. Wills' long blank verse narrative poem Melchior, in the manner of Browning, was recommended by Oscar Wilde, it tells the story of a German composer inspired by a young woman whom he imagines to be Saint Cecilia. He wrote many song lyrics, his biography, W. G. Wills: Dramatist and Painter, was written by his brother Freeman Wills in 1898; however by Wills' reputation was in decline. His works were rarely revived or read after his death and have been subject to some scathing criticism.
Richard Cordell described Broken Spells as "a flatulent Napoleonic piece", adding that Wills "wavered between uninspired verse plays and noisy melodrama". Peter Thomson calls Eugene Aram "semi poetic drivel". James Joyce alludes to his play A Royal Divorce many times in Finnegans Wake. Wills Encyclopedia Entry Biography at Whistler This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cousin, John William. A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource
King Claudius is a fictional character and the primary antagonist of William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet. He is the brother to King Hamlet, second husband to Gertrude and uncle and stepfather to Prince Hamlet, he obtained the throne of Denmark by murdering his own brother with poison and marrying the late king's widow. He is loosely based on the Jutish chieftain Feng who appears in Chronicon Lethrense and in Saxo Grammaticus' Gesta Danorum. There had never been an actual Danish King of that name. Claudius is seen at the beginning of the play to be a capable monarch as he deals diplomatically with such issues as the military threat from Norway and Hamlet's depression, it is not until the appearance of King Hamlet's Ghost in the courtyard that the reader questions his motives. During the play's progression he takes a turn for the worse by first resorting to spying, when that fails, murder, it is in Act III Scene 3, when Claudius forestalls Hamlet's revenge by confessing his sins to God in his own private chapel, that the audience can be sure of his guilt.
He is shown to be unhappy with the events taking place. The young prince spies him brooding about his wrongdoings and trying to pray for forgiveness, but he knows all too well that prayer alone will not save him if he continues to benefit from his own sin. If he were to repent, he would have to confess his sin and give up all he achieved through it, which he chooses not to do. Despite his remorse, the King still seeks Hamlet's death in an effort to save both his throne and his life, as he believes the prince is now aware of his part in Old King Hamlet's death. Hamlet is ready to kill him, only to back down, feeling that to kill the King in such a way would contradict the revenge conditions given to him by his father, who commanded him specifically: "Taint not thy mind." When Laertes seeks revenge for his father Polonius' death at Hamlet's hands, Claudius concocts a'surefire' plan to deal with Hamlet once and for all. He arranges a fencing match between Hamlet and Laertes, but plots with Laertes to poison his foil and give Hamlet a poisoned drink.
The king's plan fails. As Norway's army, led by young Prince Fortinbras, surrounds the castle, Hamlet exacts his revenge and slays Claudius by stabbing him with the sword and forcing him to drink the poison that he had intended for Hamlet; the character Claudius is both the major antagonist of a complex individual. He is the villain of the piece, as he admits to himself: "O, my offence is rank it smells to heaven", yet his remarkable self-awareness and remorse complicates Claudius's villain status, much like Macbeth. Claudius's fratricide is the corruption permeating the play's world – that which is, in the words of Marcellus, "something … rotten in the state of Denmark." Shakespeare reminds the audience of the crime several times by having characters mention the story of Cain and Abel, including Claudius himself, who admits being inflicted with "the primal eldest curse." Claudius's cruelty is reflected in his schemes to kill Hamlet – sending him to England to be killed, as well as setting up a rigged fencing match.
Claudius is a heavy drinker, proposing numerous toasts and presiding over a rowdy court. The king is not without redeeming virtues, though, he is seen to be an able monarch as well as a quick thinker and smooth talker, who in Act IV, Scene 5 converts Laertes from rebel to accomplice. In Act III, Scene 1 he fleetingly shows remorse for his crimes, attempts to pray in Scene 3 as he realises that he cannot sincerely repent, continues in his evil ways. Most commentators agree that the king's evil nature is evident, that the other aspects of his nature exemplify Shakespeare's ability to portray his villains as human; the king is named after the Roman emperor Claudius, considered the archetype of an evil ruler in Shakespeare's time. The historical Claudius's incestuous marriage to and alleged poisoning by Agrippina the Younger, herself murdered by her son Nero, are mirrored in the play, as Hamlet himself appears to note in Act III, Scene 2: "Soft! now to my mother. / O heart, lose not thy nature. Eduard von Winterstein portrayed Claudius in the 1921 German silent film adaptation of Hamlet.
Basil Sydney portrayed Claudius in Laurence Olivier's film adaptation of Hamlet. Alan Bates portrays Claudius as a drunken, craven schemer in Franco Zeffirelli's film adaptation of Hamlet. In Kenneth Branagh's 1996 film version of Hamlet, Claudius is played by Derek Jacobi. Jacobi had not only been Branagh's mentor as an actor, but had played Hamlet himself with Patrick Stewart playing Claudius in a BBC production. In Michael Almereyda's 2000 film version of Hamlet, Claudius is played by Kyle MacLachlan. Patrick Stewart once again portrayed Claudius with the Royal Shakespeare Company in 2008, in a production directed by Gregory Doran. Claudius inspired the character Miraz in C. S. Lewis' novel Prince Caspian, part of The Chronicles of Narnia series. Ron Perlman portrays Clay Morrow in the television series Sons of Anarchy, which relies on the general plot structure of Hamlet