Mid-City, Los Angeles
Mid-City is a neighborhood in Central Los Angeles, California. Attractions include restaurants and a post office named for singer Ray Charles, who had his recording studio in Mid-City; the neighborhood hosts eleven private schools. The Crenshaw/LAX Line from north-south is proposed to serve this area; the City of Los Angeles Department of Transportation has posted Mid-City signage to mark the area. City installed signs are at the following intersections: Hoover Street and Washington Boulevard, Vermont Avenue and Pico Boulevard, Western Avenue and Pico Boulevard, Normandie Avenue and the Santa Monica Freeway, La Brea Avenue and the Santa Monica Freeway. Google Maps outlines an area labeled “Mid-City” that runs from Hoover Street on the East to La Cienega Boulevard & Robertson Boulevard on the West; the North is bordered by Olympic Boulevard and the Santa Monica Freeway is on the South. The Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times states as follows: Mid-City is bounded on the north by Pico Boulevard, on the east by Crenshaw Boulevard, on the south by the Santa Monica Freeway, on the southwest by Washington and National boulevards, on the west by Robertson Boulevard and on the northwest by Cadillac Avenue and La Cienega Boulevard.
It is flanked by Carthay and Mid-Wilshire to the north, Arlington Heights to the east, Culver City and West Adams to the south, Palms to the southwest, Beverlywood to the west and Pico-Robertson to the northwest. The 2000 U. S. census counted 52,197 residents in the 3.47-square-mile neighborhood—an average of 15,051 people per square mile, among the highest population densities in Los Angeles County. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 55,016; the median age for residents was 31, about average for the county. Mid-City was said to be "highly diverse" when compared to the city at large, with a diversity index of 0.637. The ethnic breakdown in 2000 was: Latinos, 45.2%. Mexico and El Salvador were the most common places of birth for the 35.1% of the residents who were born abroad, a figure, considered average for the city and county. The median household income in 2008 dollars was $43,711, considered average for the city; the percentage of households earning $20,000 or less was high, compared to the county at large.
The average household size of 2.8 people was just about average for Los Angeles. Renters occupied 68.9% of the housing units, home- or apartment owners the rest. The percentages of never-married men and never-married women were among the county's highest; the census found 2,748 families headed by single parents, the 23.4% rate being considered high for both the city and the county. Smaller neighborhoods within Mid-City include: Reynier Village. Rocha House, the 13th Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, is located in the village. Lafayette Square, it was designated by the city as a Los Angeles Historic Preservation Overlay Zone in 2000. Brookside Crestview Little Ethiopia Picfair Village Wellington Square Victoria Park Arlington Heights As part of their long-range plans, the Los Angeles County MTA has proposed the Metro Crenshaw/LAX Line, which would place a rail transit station in Mid-City; the proposed rail stop is at the intersection of Pico and San Vicente Boulevards—site of the old Vineyard Junction.
That same intersection was a former rail stop of the Pacific Electric Red Car lines more than 50 years ago. The Pacific Electric Red Car lines heading west from downtown Los Angeles diverged at Vineyard Junction. One line continued on to Beverly Hills; the old Vineyard Junction site is now occupied by the end terminal for the Santa Monica Big Blue Bus. The Crenshaw Light Rail Line would allow Mid-City residents to easy access to the city's east/west rail lines: the Purple Line along Wilshire Boulevard, the Expo Line from Downtown Los Angeles to Downtown Santa Monica, the Green Line from Norwalk to Redondo Beach and soon near LAX; the Mid-City alignment is unfunded, part of the Crenshaw Corridor's "Northern Feasibility Study". DASH Midtown serves the Mid-City area. Nate Holden Performing Arts Center - Located at 4718 West Washington Boulevard, the center is the home of the Ebony Repertory Theater Company; the Del Mar Theater - Located at 5036 W. Pico Boulevard, the theater's blue and yellow neon facade was re-lit in 2003 as part of the non-profit "Pico Revitalization Project".
The Comedy Union - Located at 5040 W. Pico Boulevard, The Comedy Union is a comedy club that showcases black comedians; the Mint - Located at 6010 W. Pico Boulevard, The Mint is a music club, established in 1937. Past performers include Macy Gray, The Wallflowers, Natalie Cole. Beth Chayim Chadashim - recognized by the Los Angeles Conservancy for its "cultural significance" as the world's first lesbian and gay synagogue Roscoe's House of Chicken and Waffles - Local branch of the restaurant chain. United States Post Office, Ray Charles Station - An existing post office at 4960 West Washington Boulevard was renamed in honor of singer Ray Charles in 2005. Gladys Jean Wesson Park, 2508 S W Blvd Vineyard Recreation Center, 2942 Vineyard Ave Mascot Park, Mascot Street and Pickford Street Washington Irving Pocket Park, 4103 W. Washington Blvd Mid-City has an aquatic gym in the name of Eleanor Green Roberts Aquatic Center located on 4526 W Pico Blvd Mid-city residents aged 25 and older holding a four-year degree amounted to 16.8% of the population in 2000, about average for both the city and the county.
These are the elementary or secondary schools within the neighborhood's boundaries: The Los Angeles Unified School District operates public schools: Hamilton High School, 2955 Robertson Boulevard Saturn Stre
Odd Future is an American hip hop collective formed in Los Angeles in 2007. The collective was formed by Tyler, the Creator, Left Brain, Casey Veggies, The Super 3, Jasper Dolphin. Members include Earl Sweatshirt, Domo Genesis, Mike G, Syd. Outside music, Odd Future had an Adult Swim skit show called Loiter Squad and a clothing line named Golf Wang. Since 2015, the collective has been inactive as a unit. Many have speculated that the collective has broken up, although this has never been affirmatively announced. Odd Future was formed in 2007 in Los Angeles; the co-founders were the Creator, Left Brain, Hodgy Beats and Jasper Dolphin. Much of the collective's early music was recorded in a room of Syd tha Kyd and Taco's South Central Los Angeles home, known as The Trap. In November 2008, they released The Odd Future Tape. At some point before the release of Tyler's mixtape Bastard, Chicago-based rapper brandUn DeShay collaborated with the group, appeared on the track "Session". Tyler and DeShay had a falling out, his vocals on "Session" were replaced by Mike G.
Domo Genesis, Earl Sweatshirt, Mike G, Frank Ocean joined the group between 2009 and 2010. The group completed a two-stop tour, their first outside Los Angeles: in London, on November 5, 2010, New York City on November 8; the concert at The Drop in London sold out within 48 hours of announcement. Their concerts have been compared to punk rock shows, with stagediving and group members antagonizing the crowd. MellowHype re-released their album BlackenedWhite through Fat Possum Records. Frank Ocean self-released his debut mixtape, Ultra on February 16, 2011 after joining Odd Future. Tyler, the Creator signed a one-album deal with XL Recordings and released his sophomore effort, Goblin, on May 10, 2011, they have collected a cult following, have received press attention from blogs and magazines. Though they are labeled as horrorcore, the group has universally dismissed it on Twitter, in interviews, on tracks such as "Sandwitches". Pitchfork Media has labeled the group as indie rap. In April 2011, the group signed a deal with RED Distribution and Sony Music Entertainment to start their own label, Odd Future Records.
On August 2, 2011, Odd Future announced on their website the Golf Wang Tour 2011. The tour included 27 stops, beginning on September 28, 2011 in San Diego, California at the House of Blues. On September 8, 2011, it was announced that Odd Future would be making a television show called Loiter Squad; the show was announced to be a sketch comedy show featuring various skits and pranks and aired on March 25, 2012 on Adult Swim. The show features Tyler, Taco and Lionel as main cast members with other members of Odd Future making cameo appearances; the program is produced by Dickhouse Productions, the production company for Jackass. On October 3, 2011, The Creator tweeted a link to iTunes with a compilation album of 12 old Odd Future songs from artists within the group such as Domo Genesis, Hodgy Beats, Mike G, The Jet Age of Tomorrow, MellowHype, The Internet, Tyler himself; the album is named 12 Odd Future Songs, despite having 13 tracks, including a brand new release by The Internet. On March 20, 2012, the collective released their debut album, The OF Tape Vol. 2.
The album was a sequel to The Odd Future Tape. On the same day, Earl Sweatshirt, absent from Odd Future from June 2010 until February 2012, first performed with the group at the Hammerstein Ballroom in New York. Frank Ocean released his debut studio album channel ORANGE on July 17, 2012. Other solo releases for the second half of 2012 included Domo Genesis's No Idols with The Alchemist, released on August 1, MellowHype's Numbers, released on October 9. On December 5, 2012 it was announced Frank Ocean was nominated for six awards at the 55th Grammys, including Best New Artist, Record of the Year for "Thinkin Bout You" and Album of the Year for channel ORANGE. On April 2, The Creator released his second studio album, which received positive reviews from critics and debuted at #3 on the Billboard 200, selling 89,895 copies in the United States. Earl Sweatshirt released his debut studio album Doris on August 20, 2013, met with critical acclaim, MellowHigh released their self-titled debut album together on October 31, 2013.
On September 12, the Odd Future station premiered on the online 24/7 radio, Dash Radio, released the month before by DJ Skee. The station features a live playlist, special links such as "Taco Tuesday" and coverage of live events, such as the Camp Flog Gnaw Carnival hosted by Odd Future. On January 18, 2015, Hodgy Beats confirmed that MellowHype will no longer exist, that he and Left Brain will continue to make music together, just no longer under the name MellowHype. Hodgy states in the interview, "Nah, we ain't breaking up. Nah, this ain't no weirdo shit. It's just some real shit. It's a refocus. Going from boys to men this is. So it's either understand it,'cause it will be explained–cry about it, talk shit, applaud us–we still moving."In May 2015, Tyler posted a photo on Twitter from 2010 which contained the entire Odd Future collective. He added "although it's no more, those 7 letters are forever." This was believed to be a confirmation of the collective's dissolution. However, the next day he explained that his tweet was misinterpreted and was "looking at old photos with friends and thinking about how time flies."
The next day, member Earl Sweatshirt wrote: "No sympathy for male virgins who're in their feelings about Tyler pointing out and solidifying the obvious." This
Paul Williams (architect)
Paul Revere Williams, FAIA was an American architect based in Los Angeles, California. He practiced in Southern California and designed the homes of numerous celebrities, including Frank Sinatra, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, Lon Chaney, Barbara Stanwyck and Charles Correll, he designed many public and private buildings. Orphaned at four years of age, Williams was the only African-American student in his elementary school, he studied at the Los Angeles School of Art and Design and at the Los Angeles branch of the New York Beaux-Arts Institute of Design Atelier, subsequently working as a landscape architect. He went on to attend the University of Southern California, designing several residential buildings while still a student there. Williams became a certified architect in 1921, the first certified African-American architect west of the Mississippi, he married Della Mae Givens on June 1917, at the First AME Church in Los Angeles. They had three children: Paul Revere Williams, Jr.. Williams won an architectural competition at age 25, three years opened his own office.
Known as an outstanding draftsman, he perfected the skill of rendering drawings "upside down." This skill was developed because in the 1920s many of his white clients felt uncomfortable sitting directly next to a black man. He learned to draft upside down so that he could sit across the desk from his clients who would see his drafts right-side-up. Struggling to gain attention, he served on the first Los Angeles City Planning Commission in 1920. From 1921 through 1924, Williams worked for Los Angeles architect John C. Austin becoming chief draftsman, before establishing his own office. In 1923, Williams became the first African-American member of the American Institute of Architects. In 1939, he won the AIA Award of Merit for his design of the MCA Building in Los Angeles. A. Quincy Jones was an architect, claimed to have hired Williams and collaborated with him on projects in Palm Springs, including the Palm Springs Tennis Club and the Town & Country and Romanoff's on the Rocks restaurants. During World War II, Williams worked for the Navy Department as an architect.
In 1951, Williams won Inc.. Man of the Year award and in 1953 he received the Spingarn Medal from the NAACP for his outstanding contributions as an architect and member of the African-American community. Williams received honorary doctorates from Lincoln University of Missouri, Howard University, the Tuskegee Institute. In 1956, he won an award for service, from Wisdom magazine, for "contributions to knowledge and distinguished service to mankind." In 1957, he became the first black member to be inducted into the AIA's College of Fellows. An April 2, 1957 letter from the Executive Secretary of AIA, offered Williams the honor of Fellowship and membership in the College of Fellows "for your notable contribution in Public Service." Book: The Small Home of Tomorrow, with a successor volume New Homes for Today. Essay: "I Am a Negro," American Magazine. In 2004, USC honored him by listing him among its distinguished alumni, in the television commercial for the school shown during its football games.
In 2017, Williams will be posthumously honored with the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal. "Our profession needs more architects like Paul Williams," wrote William J. Bates, FAIA, in his support of William's nomination for the AIA Gold Medal. "His pioneering career has encouraged others to cross a chasm of historic biases. I can't think of another architect, his recognition demonstrates a significant shift in the equity for the profession and the institute." Williams designed more than 2,000 private homes, most of which were in the Hollywood Hills and the Mid-Wilshire portion of Los Angeles. He designed at least one home in the San Rafael district along with many others in Pasadena and La Cañada Flintridge; the Linda Vista Area of Pasadena has many Spanish Colonial and French Country homes of his design including many commissioned by business magnates and actors. His most famous homes were for celebrities, he was well regarded for his mastery of various architectural styles. Modern interpretations of Tudor-revival, French Chateau, French Country, Mediterranean architecture were all within his vernacular.
One notable home, which he designed for Jay Paley in Holmby Hills, the current residence of Barron Hilton, was used as the'Colby mansion' in exterior scenes for The Colbys television series. Williams's client list included Frank Sinatra, Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, Lon Chaney, Sr. Lucille Ball, Julie London, Tyrone Power, Barbara Stanwyck, Bert Lahr, Charles Correll, Will Hays, Zasu Pitts, Danny Thomas. In contrast to these splendid mansions, Williams co-designed with Hilyard Robinson the first federally funded public housing projects of the post-war period and the Pueblo del Rio project in southeast Los Angeles. Williams famously remarked upon the bitter irony of the fact that most of the homes he designed, whose construction he oversaw, were on parcels whose deeds included segregation covenants barring blacks from purchasing them. A number of his works are
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Venice Boulevard is a major east–west thoroughfare in Los Angeles, running from the ocean in the Venice district, past the I-10 intersection, into downtown Los Angeles. It was known as West 16th Street under the Los Angeles numbered street system; the western terminus of Venice Boulevard is Ocean Front Walk in Venice. Proceeding easterly, it assumes the designation California State Route 187 crossing Lincoln Boulevard; the route passes through the Mar Vista neighborhood. Further east, it forms the boundary between Palms and Culver City and passes near Sony Pictures Studios. Continuing northeast into the Crestview neighborhood in West Los Angeles, the SR 187 designation terminates at the intersection with Cadillac Avenue and the ramp carrying traffic from westbound I-10. Continuing to parallel Washington Boulevard directly to its south, as it does for much of its length, the route proceeds between the Pico-Robertson neighborhood in West Los Angeles and Lafayette Square in Mid-City, through the Mid-Wilshire district, through Arlington Heights and Harvard Heights, dips under the Harbor Freeway, continues into the heart of downtown Los Angeles, where it turns into East 16th Street at Main Street.
Metro Local line 33 and Metro Rapid line 733 operate on Venice Boulevard. The Metro Expo Line serves a rail station at its intersection with Robertson Boulevard. Prior to 1932, West 16th Street ended at Crenshaw Boulevard. In that year part of the Pacific Electric Railway right of way was taken and Venice Boulevard was cut through from La Brea Avenue to Crenshaw. At that time West 16th Street was renamed Venice Boulevard. Venice High School is located near the intersection with Walgrove Avenue. Loyola High School is located by Vermont Avenue; the Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery lies on Venice
Los Angeles Conservancy
The Los Angeles Conservancy is a historic preservation organization in Los Angeles, California. It works to document and revitalize historic buildings and neighborhoods in the city; the Conservancy is the largest membership based historic preservation organization in the country. The group was formed in 1978 to preserve Los Angeles Central Library, threatened with demolition; the organization has over 400 volunteers. There is a volunteer Modern Committee, dedicated to the preservation of postwar architecture as well as a Historic Theaters Committee that produces the annual "Last Remaining Seats" film series of classic films in the historic movie palaces in downtown Los Angeles; the executive director since 1992 has been Linda Dishman. The Conservancy hosts an annual preservation awards ceremony at the Millennium Biltmore Hotel and works with the business and development communities to find preservation solutions for historic buildings. Https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g32655-d2227049-Reviews-Los_Angeles_Conservancy_Walking_Tours-Los_Angeles_California.html Some of the Conservancy's biggest success stories have included Bullocks Wilshire, the Cathedral of Saint Vibiana, the Wiltern Theater and the oldest operating McDonald's in Downey, CA.
In 2006, the L. A. Conservancy won the American Planning Association's Daniel Burnham award, its most prestigious National Planning award. LA Conservancy Official Website Modern Committee
Roscoe Conkling "Fatty" Arbuckle was an American silent film actor, comedian and screenwriter. Starting at the Selig Polyscope Company he moved to Keystone Studios, where he worked with Mabel Normand and Harold Lloyd, he discovered Buster Keaton and Bob Hope. Arbuckle was one of the most popular silent stars of the 1910s, soon became one of the highest paid actors in Hollywood, signing a contract in 1920 with Paramount Pictures for US$14,000.00. Between November 1921 and April 1922, Arbuckle was the defendant in three publicized trials for the rape and manslaughter of actress Virginia Rappe. Rappe had fallen ill at a party hosted by Arbuckle at the St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco in September 1921. Arbuckle was accused by Rappe's acquaintance of accidentally killing Rappe. After the first two trials, which resulted in hung juries, Arbuckle was acquitted in the third trial and received a formal written statement of apology from the jury. Despite Arbuckle's acquittal, the scandal has overshadowed his legacy as a pioneering comedian.
Following the trials, his films were banned and he was publicly ostracized. Although the ban on his films was lifted within a year, Arbuckle only worked sparingly through the 1920s, he worked as a film director under the alias William Goodrich. He was able to return to acting, making short two-reel comedies in 1932 for Warner Bros, he died in his sleep of a heart attack in 1933 at age 46 on the same day he signed a contract with Warner Brothers to make a feature film. Roscoe Conkling Arbuckle was born on March 24, 1887, in Smith Center, one of nine children of Mary E. "Mollie" Gordon and William Goodrich Arbuckle. He weighed in excess of 13 lb at birth and, as both parents had slim builds, his father believed the child was not his, he named the baby after a politician whom he despised, Republican senator Roscoe Conkling of New York. The birth was traumatic for Mollie and resulted in chronic health problems that contributed to her death 12 years later; when Arbuckle was nearly two his family moved to California.
Roscoe had a "wonderful" singing voice and was agile. At the age of eight, with his mother's encouragement, he first performed on stage with Frank Bacon's company during their stopover in Santa Ana. Arbuckle enjoyed performing and continued on until his mother's death in 1899 when he was 12, his father, who had always treated him harshly, now refused to support him and Arbuckle got work doing odd jobs in a hotel. Arbuckle was in the habit of singing while he worked and was overheard by a customer, a professional singer; the customer invited him to perform in an amateur talent show. The show consisted of the audience judging acts by clapping or jeering with bad acts pulled off the stage by a shepherd's crook. Arbuckle sang and did some clowning around, but did not impress the audience, he saw the crook emerge from the wings and to avoid it somersaulted into the orchestra pit in obvious panic. The audience went wild, he not only won the competition but began a career in vaudeville. In 1904, Sid Grauman invited Arbuckle to sing in his new Unique Theater in San Francisco, beginning a long friendship between the two.
He joined the Pantages Theatre Group touring the West Coast of the United States and in 1906 played the Orpheum Theater in Portland, Oregon, in a vaudeville troupe organized by Leon Errol. Arbuckle became the group took their show on tour. On August 6, 1908, Arbuckle married Minta Durfee, the daughter of Charles Warren Durfee and Flora Adkins. Durfee starred in many early comedy films with Arbuckle, they made a strange couple, as Minta was short and petite while Arbuckle tipped the scales at 300 lbs. Arbuckle joined the Morosco Burbank Stock vaudeville company and went on a tour of China and Japan returning in early 1909. Arbuckle began his film career with the Selig Polyscope Company in July 1909 when he appeared in Ben's Kid. Arbuckle appeared sporadically in Selig one-reelers until 1913, moved to Universal Pictures and became a star in producer-director Mack Sennett's Keystone Cops comedies Although his large size was undoubtedly part of his comedic appeal, Arbuckle was self-conscious about his weight and refused to use it to get "cheap" laughs.
For example, he would not allow himself to be stuck in a chair. Arbuckle was a talented singer. After famed operatic tenor Enrico Caruso heard him sing, he urged the comedian to "...give up this nonsense you do for a living, with training you could become the second greatest singer in the world." Despite his physical size, Arbuckle was remarkably acrobatic. Director Mack Sennett, when recounting his first meeting with Arbuckle, noted that he "skipped up the stairs as as Fred Astaire", his comedies are noted as rollicking and fast-paced, have many chase scenes, feature sight gags. Arbuckle was fond of the "pie in the face", a comedy cliché that has come to symbolize silent-film-era comedy itself; the earliest known pie thrown in film was in the June 1913 Keystone one-reeler A Noise from the Deep, starring Arbuckle and frequent screen partner Mabel Normand. In