Lafayette Welcoming Parade of 1824 (Philadelphia)

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Lafayette Welcoming Parade
LafayettePhilly.jpg
The Marquis de Lafayette enters Philadelphia in 1824.
Date September 28, 1824 (1824-09-28)
Location Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Type parade
Organized by City of Philadelphia
Participants Marquis de Lafayette

The Lafayette Welcoming Parade of 1824 was a parade held in Philadelphia in September 1824 to welcome the arrival of the Marquis de Lafayette on the occasion of his visit to the United States for a sixteen-month tour.[1][2]

Background[edit]

In 1824 the Marquis de Lafayette, a Frenchman, was the last surviving general of the American War of Independence.[3] That year, the United States Congress issued a formal invitation for him to visit the United States. Penned by President James Monroe, it informed the marquis that "the whole nation ardently desire to see you again among them". News that Lafayette had responded favorably to the congressional invitation prompted a flurry of articles in the leading newspapers of the nation issuing increasingly hysterical appeals for the organization of lavish celebrations, including one popular suggestion that every town from "Maine to Louisiana" fire simultaneous artillery salutes once word had arrived Lafayette had stepped foot on American territory.[4] Lafayette was called "the greatest man in the world" in some press reports.[5]

Parade[edit]

The parade ended at Independence Hall, pictured here in 2006.

Lafayette and his entourage arrived on the outskirts of Philadelphia on September 27, 1824 and were entertained with an evening ball in Holmesburg, Pennsylvania. They spent the night at the Frankford Arsenal. The next day an enormous, 6,000-man military escort drawn from the Pennsylvania militia was assembled. At 8:00 a.m. a 100-gun salute was fired to Lafayette who was, thereafter, driven at the head of the troops into the city in a carriage drawn by six white horses.[6][7][8] The marquis' secretary, Auguste Levasseur, described the scene in a journal he kept of the tour:[8]

The three-mile-long procession that accompanied Lafayette into the city wound through a dozen temporary triumphal arches that had been constructed for the occasion. Aging veterans of the Revolution had assembled outside the Second Bank of the United States to cheer Lafayette as his coach passed; seeing them he stood and "saluted them most respectfully with three low bows".[9] The parade ultimately terminated at Independence Hall, where a reception was held in his honor.[7][10]

Aftermath and significance[edit]

The Philadelphia welcoming parade for Lafayette has been described as the "most sumptuous pageantry" of all such events held during his tour.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clary, David (2007). Adopted Son: Washington, Lafayette, and the Friendship that Saved the Revolution. New York, New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-80435-5. , pp. 443-444
  2. ^ Loveland, Anne (1971). Emblem of Liberty: The Image of Lafayette in the American Mind. LSU Press. ISBN 0-8071-2462-1. , p. 3
  3. ^ "Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, LAFAYETTE, Marquis de". malegislature.gov. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  4. ^ "Lafayette's Return: An Early American Media Event". readex.com. Readex Report. Retrieved April 17, 2016. 
  5. ^ Pyle, Richard (November 17, 2007). "Forgotten Hero: Exhibit Honors Lafayette". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 17, 2016. 
  6. ^ Jones, Charles (2006). Francis Johnson (1792-1844): Chronicle of a Black Musician. Associated University Press. pp. 89–92. ISBN 0934223866. 
  7. ^ a b Mires, Charlene (2016). "Lafayette's Tour". Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia. Mid-Atlantic Regional Center for the Humanities. 
  8. ^ a b Levasseur, Auguste (1825). Lafayette in America in 1824 and 1825: Or, Journal of a Voyage to the United States, Volume 1. 
  9. ^ Mires, Charlene (2015). Independence Hall in American Memory. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 48–50. ISBN 978-0-8122-2282-1. 
  10. ^ Rossell, Daves (2013). Commemoration in America: Essays on Monuments, Memorialization, and Memory. University of Virginia Press. ISBN 0813934338. 
  11. ^ Diethorn, Karie (2001). History of the Portrait Collection, Independence National Historic Park. American Philosophical Society. p. 19. ISBN 0871692422.