Lake Nakuru is one of the Rift Valley soda lakes at an elevation of 1,754 m above sea level. It lies to the south of Nakuru, in the rift valley of Kenya and is protected by Lake Nakuru National Park; the lake's abundance of algae used to attract a vast quantity of flamingos that famously lined the shore. Other birds flourish in the area, as do warthogs and other large mammals. Eastern black rhinos and southern white rhinos have been introduced; the lake's level dropped in the early 1990s but has since recovered. In 2013, the lake received an alarming increase in the water levels that led to the migration of flamingos to Lake Bogoria in search for food supply.. Nakuru means "Dusty Place" in the Maasai language. Lake Nakuru National Park, close to Nakuru town, was established in 1961, it started off small, only encompassing the famous lake and the surrounding mountainous vicinity, but has since been extended to include a large part of the savannahs. Lake Nakuru is protected under the Ramsar Convention on wetlands.
Lake Nakuru National Park, was created in 1961 near Nakuru Town. It is best known for its thousands, sometimes millions of flamingos nesting along the shores; the surface of the shallow lake is hardly recognizable due to the continually shifting mass of pink. The number of flamingos on the lake varies with water and food conditions and the best vantage point is from Baboon Cliff. Of interest is an area of 188 km around the lake fenced off as a sanctuary to protect giraffes as well as both black and white rhinos; the park has been enlarged to provide the sanctuary for the black rhinos. This undertaking has necessitated a fence - to keep out poachers rather than to restrict the movement of wildlife; the park marches for 12.1 km on the south eastern boundary with the Soysambu conservancy which represents a possible future expansion of habitat for the rhinos and the only remaining wildlife corridor to Lake Naivasha. The park now has more than 25 eastern black rhinoceros, one of the largest concentrations in the country, plus around 70 southern white rhinos.
There are a number of Rothschild's giraffe, again relocated for safety from western Kenya beginning in 1977. Waterbuck are common and both the Kenyan subspecies are found here. Among the predators are lions and leopards, the latter being seen much more in recent times; the park has large sized pythons that inhabit the dense woodlands, can be seen crossing the roads or dangling from trees. As well as flamingos, there are myriad other bird species that inhabit the lake and the area surrounding it, such as African fish eagle, Goliath heron, pied kingfisher and Verreaux's eagle among others. Lake Nakuru, a small shallow alkaline lake on the southern edge of the town of Nakuru lies about 164 kilometers north of Nairobi, it can therefore be visited in a day tour from the capital or more as part of a circuit taking in the Masai Mara or Lake Baringo and east to Samburu. The lake is world-famous as the location of the greatest bird spectacle on earth - myriads of fuchsia pink flamingos whose numbers are legion more than a million - or two million.
They feed on the abundant algae. Scientists reckon that the flamingo population at Nakuru consumes about 250,000 kg of algae per hectare of surface area per year. There are two types of flamingo species: the lesser flamingo can be distinguished by its deep red carmine bill and pink plumage unlike the greater, which has a bill with a black tip; the lesser flamingos are ones that are pictured in documentaries because they are large in number. The number of flamingos has been decreasing perhaps due to too much tourism, pollution resulting from industries waterworks nearby who dump waste into the waters or because of changes in water quality which makes the lake temporarily inhospitable; the lake recedes during the dry season and floods during the wet season. In recent years, there have been wide variations between the wet seasons' water levels, it is suspected that this is caused by increasing watershed land conversion to intensive crop production and urbanization, both which reduce the capacity of soils to absorb water, recharge ground water and thus increase seasonal flooding.
Pollution and drought destroy the flamingos' food, Cyanobacteria, or blue-green algae, causing them to migrate to the nearby Lakes, more lakes Elmenteita, Simbi Nyaima and Bogoria. Local climate changes have been hypothesized to contribute to the changing environmental conditions in the lakes catchment. Recent media reports indicate increasing concern among stakeholders, as mass flamingo migrations and deaths could spell doom to the tourism industry; the flamingos feed on algae, created from their droppings mixing in the warm alkaline waters, plankton. But flamingo are not the only avian attraction present are two large fish eating birds and cormorants. Despite the tepid and alkaline waters, a diminutive fish, Alcolapia grahami has flourished after being introduced in the early 1960s; the lake is rich in other bird life. There are in the surrounding park. Thousands of both little grebes and white winged black terns are seen as are stilts, ducks, in the European winter the migrant waders. Zooplankton: The monogonont rotifer species Brachionus sp.
Austria occurs in the lake. Rift Valley lakes Great Rift Valley Rivers of Kenya http://www.flamingohillcamp.com/ http://www.sopalodges.co
Lake Kapnarok is a seasonal lake in Kenya, at the base of the Kerio Valley. The name originated from the Kalenjin word Narok, used to refer to a species of water plant, found in the lake. Thick mash surrounds the lake making accessibility challenging; the lake occupies an area of 1 km² however being a seasonal lake, the size may at times be much smaller. It was in existence before 1961 but the flood rains of that year led to its enlargement; the flooding disaster saw people living in the area being evacuated in order to save lives. Helicopters were used during the evacuation exercise to airlift people to the higher ground of Maab Konga- a hill near Muchukwo trading centre; the lake was gazetted in 1984. This is the home of 500 elephants. Like other Great Rift Valley lakes, its existence is being threatened because of farming activities in the area. There are deep gullies that are to lead to spilling of the water, thus joining it with the Kerio River. A few measures have been taken to save the lake, including the building of gabions.
The tributaries that feed Lake Kamnarok include the rivers Ketipborok, Cheplogoi and Lelabei
Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria
Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria was the only son and third child of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Elisabeth of Bavaria. He was heir apparent to the throne of Austria-Hungary from birth. In 1889, he died in a suicide pact with his mistress, Baroness Mary Vetsera, at the Mayerling hunting lodge; the ensuing scandal made international headlines. He was named after the first Habsburg King of Germany, Rudolf I, who assumed the throne in 1273. Rudolf was born at Schloss Laxenburg, a castle near Vienna, as the son of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth. Influenced by his tutor Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Rudolf became interested in natural sciences, starting a mineral collection at an early age. After his death, large portions of his mineral collection came into the possession of the University for Agriculture in Vienna. In 1877 the Count of Bombelles was master of the young prince. Bombelles was the former custodian of his aunt Empress Charlotte of Mexico. Rudolf was raised together with his older sister Gisela and the two were close.
At the age of six, Rudolf was separated from his sister as he began his education to become a future emperor. This did not change their relationship and Gisela remained close to him until she left Vienna upon her marriage to Prince Leopold of Bavaria. In contrast with his conservative father, Rudolf held liberal views, that were closer to those of his mother, his relationship with her was, at times, strained. In Vienna, on 10 May 1881, Rudolf married Princess Stéphanie of Belgium, a daughter of King Leopold II of the Belgians, at the Augustinian's Church in Vienna. Although their marriage was a happy one, by the time their only child, the Archduchess Elisabeth, was born on 2 September 1883, the couple had drifted apart, he found solace in drink and other female companionship. Rudolf started having many affairs, wanted to write to Pope Leo XIII about the possibility of annulling his marriage to Stéphanie, but the Emperor forbade it. Stephanie was unable to have other children due to being infected with syphilis.
In 1886, Rudolf bought Mayerling. In late 1888, the 30-year-old crown prince met the 17-year-old Baroness Marie Vetsera, known by the more fashionable Anglophile name Mary, began an affair with her. On 30 January 1889, he and Vetsera were discovered dead in the lodge as a result of an apparent murder–suicide; as suicide would prevent him from being given a church burial, Rudolf was declared to have been in a state of "mental unbalance", he was buried in the Imperial Crypt of the Capuchin Church in Vienna. Mary's body was smuggled out of Mayerling in the middle of the night and secretly buried in the village cemetery at Heiligenkreuz; the Emperor had Mayerling converted into a penitential convent of Carmelite nuns and endowed a chantry. Prayers are still said daily by the nuns for the repose of Rudolf's soul; the current Archduke Rudolf, son of Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria, has disputed this version of events, asserting that Rudolf was in fact assassinated by Freemasons. However, Vetsera's private letters were discovered in a safe deposit box in an Austrian bank in 2015, they revealed that she was preparing to commit suicide alongside Rudolf, out of "love".
Rudolf's death plunged his mother into despair. She wore black or pearl grey, the colours of mourning, for the rest of her life and spent more and more time away from the imperial court in Vienna. Empress Elisabeth was murdered while abroad in Geneva, Switzerland in 1898 by an Italian anarchist, Luigi Lucheni. Politically, Rudolf's death left Franz Joseph without a direct male heir. Franz-Joseph's younger brother, Archduke Karl Ludwig, was next in line to the Austro-Hungarian throne, though it was falsely reported that he had renounced his succession rights. In any case, his death in 1896 from typhoid made his eldest son, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the new heir presumptive. In 1914, Franz Ferdinand's assassination precipitated World War I. Emperor Franz-Joseph was succeeded by his grandnephew, Karl; the demands of American President Wilson forced Emperor Karl to renounce involvement in state affairs in Vienna in early November 1918. As a result, the empire ceased to exist and a republic came into being without revolution.
Karl and his family went into exile in Switzerland after spending a short time at Castle Eckarstau. Mayerling, a film directed by Anatole Litvak, with Charles Boyer and Danielle Darrieux, based on a novel by Claude Anet. Sarajevo, a film directed; the musical Marinka, with book by George Marion Jr. and Karl Farkas, lyrics by George Marion, Jr. music by Emmerich Kalman. Rudolf appears in the Austrian film Der Engel mit der Posaune and in the British remake of that film, The Angel with the Trumpet. Mayerling, a 1968 film, starring Omar Sharif as Crown Prince Rudolf, Catherine Deneuve as Mary with James Mason as Kaiser Franz Josef and Ava Gardner as Empress Elisabeth. Japanese Takarazuka Revue's "Utakata no Koi"/"Ephemeral Love", based on the 1968 film. Requiem for a Crown Prince, one-hour episode of the British documentary/drama series Fall of Eagles, directed by James Furman and written by David Turner, tracks in detail the events of 30 January 1889 and the following few days at Mayerling. Miklós Jancsó's 1975 film Vizi Privati, Publiche Virtù, a reinterpretation in which the lovers and their friends are murdered by imperial authorities for treason and immorality.
Kenneth MacMillan's Mayerling. Rudolf appears as a character in the musical Elisabeth Rudolf appears as a character
Amharic is one of the Ethiopian Semitic languages, which are a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages. It is spoken as a first language by the Amharas and as a lingua franca by other populations residing in major cities and towns of Ethiopia; the language serves as the official working language of Ethiopia, is the official or working language of several of the states within the Ethiopian federal system. With 21,811,600 total speakers as of 2007, including around 4,000,000 L2 speakers, Amharic is the second-most spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic. Amharic is written left-to-right using a system that grew out of the Ge'ez script, called, in Ethiopian Semitic languages, Fidäl, "writing system", "letter", or "character" or abugida, from the first four symbols, which gave rise to the modern linguistic term abugida. There is no agreed way of romanising Amharic into Latin script; the Amharic examples in the sections below use one system, common, though not universal, among linguists specialising in Ethiopian Semitic languages.
Amharic has been the working language of courts, language of trade and everyday communications, the military, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church since the late 12th century and remains the official language of Ethiopia today. As of the 2007 census, Amharic is spoken by 21.6 million native speakers in Ethiopia and 4 million secondary speakers in Ethiopia. Additionally, 3 million emigrants outside of Ethiopia speak the language. Most of the Ethiopian Jewish communities in Ethiopia and Israel speak Amharic. In Washington DC, Amharic became one of the six non-English languages in the Language Access Act of 2004, which allows government services and education in Amharic. Furthermore, Amharic is considered a holy language by the Rastafari religion and is used among its followers worldwide, it is the most spoken language in the Horn of Africa. The Amharic ejective consonants correspond to the Proto-Semitic "emphatic consonants" transcribed with a dot below the letter; the consonant and vowel tables give these symbols in parentheses where they differ from the standard IPA symbols.
The Amharic script is an abugida, the graphemes of the Amharic writing system are called fidel. Each character represents a consonant+vowel sequence, but the basic shape of each character is determined by the consonant, modified for the vowel; some consonant phonemes are written by more than one series of characters: /ʔ/, /s/, /sʼ/, /h/. This is because these fidel represented distinct sounds, but phonological changes merged them; the citation form for each series is the consonant + ä form. The Amharic script is included in Unicode, glyphs are included in fonts available with major operating systems; as in most other Ethiopian Semitic languages, gemination is contrastive in Amharic. That is, consonant length can distinguish words from one another. Gemination is not indicated in Amharic orthography, but Amharic readers do not find this to be a problem; this property of the writing system is analogous to the vowels of Arabic and Hebrew or the tones of many Bantu languages, which are not indicated in writing.
Ethiopian novelist Haddis Alemayehu, an advocate of Amharic orthography reform, indicated gemination in his novel Fǝqǝr Ǝskä Mäqabǝr by placing a dot above the characters whose consonants were geminated, but this practice is rare. Punctuation includes the following: ፠ section mark ፡ word separator ። full stop ፣ comma ፤ semicolon ፥ colon ፦ preface colon ፧ question mark ፨ paragraph separator Simple Amharic sentencesOne may construct simple Amharic sentences by using a subject and a predicate. Here are a few simple sentences: Like most languages, Amharic grammar distinguishes person and gender; this includes personal pronouns such as English I, Amharic እኔ ǝne. As in other Semitic languages, the same distinctions appear in three other places in their grammar. Subject–verb agreementAll Amharic verbs agree with their subjects; because the affixes that signal subject agreement vary with the particular verb tense/aspect/mood, they are not considered to be pronouns and are discussed elsewhere in this article under verb conjugation.
Object pronoun suffixesAmharic verbs have additional morphology that indicates the person and gender of the object of the verb. While morphemes such as -at in this example are sometimes described as signaling object agreement, analogous to subject agreement, they are more thought of as object pronoun suffixes because, unlike the markers of subject agreement, they do not vary with the tense/aspect/mood of the verb. For arguments of the verb other than the subject or the object, there are two separate sets of related suffixes, one with a benefactive meaning, the other with an adversative or locative meaning. Morphemes such as -llat and -bbat in these examples will be referred to in this article as prepositional object pronoun suffixes because they correspond to prepositional phrases such as for her and on her, to distinguish them from the direct object pronoun suffixes such as -at'her'. Possessive suffixesAmharic has a further set of morphemes that are suffixed to nouns, signalling possession: ቤት bet'
Count Sámuel Teleki de Szék was a Hungarian explorer who led the first expedition to Northern Kenya. He was the first European to see, name, Lake Rudolf, though the existence of the lake was known in Europe long before Teleki arrived at the scene. Teleki was born in a village in the Kingdom of Hungary, Transylvania, he was a member of a prominent Hungarian family active in culture. His great-grandfather Sámuel Teleki, a chancellor of Transylvania, had founded the Teleki library in Târgu Mureş, one of the first Hungarian public libraries, which opened in 1802 and holds today more than 200,000 volumes. For some 40 years, Count Sámuel Teleki von Szék, "a jovial Hungarian aristocrat of immense wealth," managed his property and assets and started a political career by becoming a member of the Hungarian Upper House of Parliament in 1881. A keen hunter, he was fascinated by the early African explorers. In 1886, he accepted a suggestion by his friend and benefactor, Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, son of the Austro-Hungarian Emperor-King Franz Joseph I, to turn the East African safari he was planning into a journey of exploration of the territories north of Lake Baringo.
He was to explore the lands beyond where Scottish explorer Joseph Thomson had set foot, in order to find the desert lake previous travellers had heard rumours about, based on local legends about a sea that lay beyond the desert, surrounded by tribes of giants and islands inhabited by monsters and ghosts. Count Teleki and his companion, Lieutenant Ludwig von Höhnel, an Austrian naval officer, left Pangani in February 1887 with around 400 porters, following the Ruvu river, they were the first to survey a great part of the East African Rift. Teleki was the first to reach the snow-line on Mount Kilimanjaro at 5,300 m, the first explorer to set foot on Mount Kenya, climbing up to around 4,300 m, he headed on northwards, following the interior river system, to see on 5 March 1888 the last of the Great Lakes, referred to as the Jade Sea by Count Teleki, who named the lake after his friend, Prince Rudolf. The lake was renamed Turkana in 1975 from the tribe. Teleki's and von Höhnel's journey in southern Ethiopia unveiled a smaller lake, now called Lake Chew Bahir.
Though it is stated that he discovered the body of water now referred to as Lake Turkana, the African people living around the lake were aware of it. If the meaning of the word "discovery" is taken so as to put that aside, the existence of the lake was known in Europe decades prior to Teleki's expedition; as far back as 1849, Dr. Ludwig Krapf wrote about the Samburu people and his intentions of visiting their lands. A far more direct reference to the lake is found in an 1869 article in the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society. Here, the author, who himself relied on descriptions from African long distance traders, described a large water body; the article included a detailed map and here, the position, general shape and orientation are a perfect match for Lake Turkana. Teleki and Höhnel made many observations on the climate and fauna of the territories visited. One of the giant Lobelia plants found in the Afro-alpine belt of Mt Kenya is named Lobelia telekii, after Count Samuel Teleki, they collected more than 400 ethnographical objects, most of them from Maasai and Kikuyu tribes and brought home a valuable collection of plants and animals.
During the return to the East African coast, which they reached at Mombasa in October 1888, along the dry riverbed of the Turkwel, Teleki discovered an active volcano in South Kenya. On their way back, they stopped at Aden whence Teleki intended to explore at a date the Ethiopian highlands and the great lakes region from the north. In 1895 Teleki was back in Kenya in another unsuccessful effort to climb the Kilimanjaro. Teleki wrote "East African diaries", in 1886-95 with English translations. Von Höhnel wrote a report of the expedition entitled The discovery of Lakes Stefanie. After the expedition, Teleki returned to his aristocratic life in Hungary, dying in Budapest after a long illness
Princess Stéphanie of Belgium
Princess Stéphanie of Belgium was a Belgian princess by birth and became Crown Princess of Austria through her marriage to the heir-apparent of the Habsburg dynasty, Archduke Rudolf. She was famously widowed in 1889 when Rudolf and his mistress, Mary Vetsera, were found dead in an apparent murder-suicide pact at the Imperial hunting lodge at Mayerling in the Vienna Woods, her grandfather Leopold I of Belgium was the country's first king. Her aunt, Charlotte of Belgium, the future ill-fated Empress of Mexico, was married to Maximilian, the brother of her future father-in law, the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph. Stéphanie Clotilde Louise Herminie Marie Charlotte was born at the Royal Palace of Laeken in the Kingdom of Belgium, her mother, Queen Marie Henriette, was an Archduchess of Austria by birth and aunt to the Queen of Spain. Her father, Leopold II of Belgium became king of the Belgians in December 1865; the royal couple had an unhappy marriage. The contradictory Leopold II was delicate. Marie Henriette was undisciplined and boisterous.
Leopold was abrasive to her, tried to dominate her with his criticisms and frequent infidelity. While her natural charm made Marie Henriette more popular with her Belgian subjects than her husband, she retired from court life to escape him, lived the rest of her life in Spa near the Ardennes. Leopold had little interest in Stéphanie and her older sister Princess Louise, the education of his daughters was neglected as he focused all his doting attention on his son, Prince Léopold, Duke of Brabant, the future of the Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty in Belgium. Tragically, when he was nine Prince Leopold died, his father never recovered. He reconciled with Marie Henriette in the hope of producing another male heir, but the result was the birth of Princess Clémentine in 1872. Leopold thereafter lost interest in his family, he turned his attentions to the notorious creation of the Congo Free State, his personal fiefdom and not a Belgian colonial territory, as such its ruthless exploitation amassed him a vast private fortune.
Leopold rejected his family for his mistresses. In 1909, on his deathbed, he married his favorite mistress in an attempt to expunge the sin of infidelity. Brought up in the unhappy life, the product of their parents' arranged marriage, Stéphanie and her sister did no better in their own. Louise was married to her cousin, Prince Philipp of Saxe-Coburg, a harsh man, fourteen years her senior. After she tried to elope with her lover, Leopold had her committed to a mental asylum, she was granted a divorce in 1907. In March 1880, Crown Prince of Austria was invited to the Belgian court at the insistence of Leopold II. Rudolf arrived in Brussels on 5 March. After meeting the fifteen-year-old Princess Stéphanie, he wrote to his mother, Empress Elisabeth, "I have found what I sought," noting that she was "pretty, clever". Unable under canon law to marry his cousin Archduchess Maria Antonia and having refused several Infantas of Portugal and Spain, he found that Stéphanie was one of the few available Catholic princesses in Europe.
Under pressure by his parents to marry as soon as possible, the Crown Prince was satisfied with her and by the 7th of March, he asked for her hand and announced their engagement. Stephanie was despatched to Vienna to be taught Imperial court etiquette in preparation for her marriage but a month after her arrival, the ladies-in-waiting realized that the girl had not yet reached puberty; when the obvious questions were put to her, it became clear. The wedding had to be postponed, the humiliated girl was sent back to Belgium for a time. Rudolf's mother was disappointed with the match as the Belgian monarchy dated only from 1830 and did not compare to the Habsburgs in terms of seniority, though its royal house was a branch of that of Saxony, one of the oldest ruling houses in Europe. Rudolph's father the emperor was pleased and approved the marriage; the emperor bestowed Walthere Frere-Orban the grand Cross of Saint-Stephen and the Empress bestowed multiple Ladies the honour of the Starry Cross.
On 10 May 1881, several weeks before her 17th birthday, Princess Stéphanie of Belgium married the Crown Prince in the Saint Augustine's Church in Vienna. Her parents walked her down the aisle. Among the illustrious attendees were the future King Edward VII of the United Kingdom and his nephew, the future German Emperor Wilhelm II. In honour of the nuptials, which were celebrated lavishly throughout Austria, the Austrian astronomer Johann Palisa named asteroid 220 Stephania in her honour in 1881, commemorating the union. After the ceremony, the couple honeymooned at Laxenburg outside the capital. On the 18th of May the couple was welcomed in Budapest; the marriage was happy at first, but difficulties developed. Though intelligent, Rudolf was strung, unconventional and liberal, while Stéphanie's conservative upbringing left her conventional and reactionary, their only child, Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria, was born at Laxenburg Castle on 2 September 1883. She was known within the family as "Erzsi," short for "Erzsébet," the Hungarian form of "Elisabeth."
Stephanie received little support from the Imperial family during her marriage. The exceptionally beautiful Empress Elisabeth avoided Stéphanie and disdained her, believing her to be an inadequate match for her son; the Empress turned
Lake Baringo is, after Lake Turkana, the most northern of the Kenyan Rift Valley lakes, with a surface area of 130 square kilometres and an elevation of 970 metres. The lake is fed by several rivers, Perkerra and Ol Arabel, has no obvious outlet, it is one of the two freshwater lakes in the Rift Valley in the other being Lake Naivasha. In a remote location in a hot and dusty area with over 470 species of birds including migrating flamingos. A Goliath heronry is located on a rocky islet in the lake known as Gibraltar; the lake is part of the East African Rift system. The Tugen Hills, an uplifted fault block of volcanic and metamorphic rocks, lies west of the lake; the Laikipia Escarpment lies to the east. Water flows into the lake from the Mau Hills and Tugen Hills, it is a critical habitat and refuge for more than 500 species of birds and fauna, some of the migratory waterbird species being significant regionally and globally. The lake provides an habitat for seven fresh water fish species. One, Oreochromis niloticus baringoensis, is endemic to the lake.
Lake fishing is important to local economic development. Additionally the area is a habitat for many species of animals including the hippopotamus, Nile crocodile and many other mammals, amphibians and the invertebrate communities. While stocks of Nile tilapia in the lake are now low, the decline of this species has been mirrored by the success of another, the marbled lungfish, introduced to the lake in 1974 and which now provides the majority of fish from the lake. Water levels have been reduced by droughts and over-irrigation; the lake is turbid with sediment due to intense soil erosion in the catchment area on the Loboi Plain south of the lake. The lake has the largest being Ol Kokwe Island. Ol Kokwe, an extinct volcanic centre related to Korosi volcano north of the lake, has several hot springs and fumaroles, some of which have precipitated sulfur deposits. A group of hot springs discharge along the shoreline at Soro near the northeastern corner of the island. Several important archaeological and palaeontological sites, some of which have yielded fossil hominoids and hominins, are present in the Miocene to Pleistocene sedimentary sequences of the Tugen Hills.
The main town near the lake is Marigat, while smaller settlements include Loruk. The area is visited by tourists and is situated at the southern end of a region of Kenya inhabited by pastoralist ethnic groups including Il Chamus, Rendille and Kalenjin. Accommodation, as well as boating services are available at and near Kampi-Ya-Samaki on the western shore, as well as on several of the islands in the lake; the journey to Lake Baringo was famously noted to be "... a genuine pain in the ass" by Jimmy Stewart in a poem read on the Tonight Show with Johnny Carson. Rift Valley lakes Korosi, a volcano at the northern end of Lake Nakuru Media related to Lake Baringo at Wikimedia Commons Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Baringo". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press