Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States. It began as a British colony in 1733, the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established. Named after King George II of Great Britain, the Province of Georgia covered the area from South Carolina south to Spanish Florida and west to French Louisiana at the Mississippi River. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. In 1802–1804, western Georgia was split to the Mississippi Territory, which split to form Alabama with part of former West Florida in 1819. Georgia declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, was one of the original seven Confederate states, it was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia is the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Empire State of the South. Atlanta, the state's capital and most populous city, has been named a global city.
Atlanta's metropolitan area contains about 55% of the population of the entire state. Georgia is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by South Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Florida, to the west by Alabama; the state's northernmost part is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains system. The Piedmont extends through the central part of the state from the foothills of the Blue Ridge to the Fall Line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the coastal plain of the state's southern part. Georgia's highest point is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet above sea level. Of the states east of the Mississippi River, Georgia is the largest in land area. Before settlement by Europeans, Georgia was inhabited by the mound building cultures; the British colony of Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733. The colony was administered by the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America under a charter issued by King George II.
The Trustees implemented an elaborate plan for the colony's settlement, known as the Oglethorpe Plan, which envisioned an agrarian society of yeoman farmers and prohibited slavery. The colony was invaded by the Spanish during the War of Jenkins' Ear. In 1752, after the government failed to renew subsidies that had helped support the colony, the Trustees turned over control to the crown. Georgia became a crown colony, with a governor appointed by the king; the Province of Georgia was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution by signing the 1776 Declaration of Independence. The State of Georgia's first constitution was ratified in February 1777. Georgia was the 10th state to ratify the Articles of Confederation on July 24, 1778, was the 4th state to ratify the United States Constitution on January 2, 1788. In 1829, gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains leading to the Georgia Gold Rush and establishment of a federal mint in Dahlonega, which continued in operation until 1861.
The resulting influx of white settlers put pressure on the government to take land from the Cherokee Nation. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, sending many eastern Native American nations to reservations in present-day Oklahoma, including all of Georgia's tribes. Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Worcester v. Georgia that U. S. states were not permitted to redraw Indian boundaries, President Jackson and the state of Georgia ignored the ruling. In 1838, his successor, Martin Van Buren, dispatched federal troops to gather the tribes and deport them west of the Mississippi; this forced relocation, known as the Trail of Tears, led to the death of over 4,000 Cherokees. In early 1861, Georgia became a major theater of the Civil War. Major battles took place at Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta. In December 1864, a large swath of the state from Atlanta to Savannah was destroyed during General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea. 18,253 Georgian soldiers died in service one of every five who served.
In 1870, following the Reconstruction Era, Georgia became the last Confederate state to be restored to the Union. With white Democrats having regained power in the state legislature, they passed a poll tax in 1877, which disenfranchised many poor blacks and whites, preventing them from registering. In 1908, the state established a white primary, they constituted 46.7% of the state's population in 1900, but the proportion of Georgia's population, African American dropped thereafter to 28% due to tens of thousands leaving the state during the Great Migration. According to the Equal Justice Institute's 2015 report on lynching in the United States, Georgia had 531 deaths, the second-highest total of these extralegal executions of any state in the South; the overwhelming number of victims were male. Political disfranchisement persisted through the mid-1960s, until after Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. An Atlanta-born Baptist minister, part of the educated middle class that had developed in Atlanta's African-American community, Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as a national leader in the civil rights movement.
King joining with others to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta in 1957 to provide political leadership for the Civil Rights Movement across the South. By the 1960s, the proportion of
Floyd County, Georgia
Floyd County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,317; the county seat is Rome. Floyd County comprises GA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county was established on December 3, 1832, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly and was created from land, part of Cherokee County at the time. The county is named after United States Congressman John Floyd. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 518 square miles, of which 510 square miles is land and 8.6 square miles is water. The northern third of Floyd County is located in the Oostanaula River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin; the eastern third of the county is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the larger ACT River Basin, while the western third of Floyd County is located in the Upper Coosa River sub-basin of the same ACT River Basin. Walker County – north Gordon County – northeast Bartow County – east Polk County – south Cherokee County, Alabama – west Chattooga County – northwest Chattahoochee National Forest As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 90,565 people, 34,028 households, 24,227 families residing in the county.
The population density was 176 people per square mile. There were 36,615 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.34% White, 13.31% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 2.88% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races. 5.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 34,028 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.60% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,615, the median income for a family was $42,302. Males had a median income of $31,659 versus $23,244 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,808. About 10.80% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 13.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 96,317 people, 35,930 households, 24,916 families residing in the county; the population density was 188.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 40,551 housing units at an average density of 79.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 76.9% white, 14.2% black or African American, 1.3% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.3% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 16.2% were English, 13.3% were American, 12.4% were Irish, 6.8% were German.
Of the 35,930 households, 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.7% were non-families, 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 37.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,066 and the median income for a family was $49,310. Males had a median income of $40,269 versus $29,587 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,640. About 13.3% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. The county government is housed in the Floyd County Administration Building in Rome, the county seat; this was Courthouse. The county has a council-manager form of government, with five county council members elected at-large. Two members must reside there; the at-large voting tends to reward candidates who can muster majority votes from across the whole county, which requires more money and organization for campaigns.
The council hires a professional county manager to manage daily operations. Armuchee High School Coosa High School Model High School Pepperell High School Armuchee Middle School Coosa Middle School Model Middle School Pepperell Middle School Armuchee Elementary School Alto Park Elementary School Garden Lakes Elementary School Cave Spring Elementary School Johnson Elementary School Model Elementary School Pepperell Elementary School Glenwood Primary McHenry Primary Pepperell Primary Floyd County College & Career Academy Rome High School Rome Middle School Anna K. Davie Elementary School East Central Elementary School Elm Street Elementary School North Heights Elementary School West Central Elementary School West End Elementary School Darlington School Unity Christian School St. Mary's Catholic School Berry College Elementary & Middle School Montessori School of Rome Bob Richards Youth Detention Center Cave Spring Rome Lindale Shannon Armuchee Coosa Floyd Springs Livingston Mount Berry Rosedale Silver Creek National Register of Historic Places listings in Floyd County, Georgia Berry College Floyd County
Lake Conasauga is a 19-acre lake in the Lake Conasauga Campground located near the summit of Grassy Mountain in the Chattahoochee National Forest in northern Georgia, United States. It is the highest lake in Georgia at 3,150 feet above sea level, it was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps, which finished it in 1940. "Conasauga" is a name derived from the Cherokee language meaning "grass". Lake Conasauga camp ground is managed by the Armuchee-Cohutta Ranger District of the U. S. Forest Service; the area opens in mid-April and closes in late October The campground has 35 family camping units located directly on the lake and in the surrounding woods with restrooms and water faucets. While each campsite has a tent pad, picnic table, fire ring and lantern post, there is no electricity available on the mountain. In addition to camping, the campground area offers a Day Use area with a roped-off swimming area, picnic tables, group shelters and restrooms as well as several hiking trails located on Grassy Mountain including the 1.2-mile Lake Conasauga Trail, the 1.7-mile Songbird Trail and the 2-mile Grassy Mountain Tower Trail.
The lake was restocked with Bass and trout several years ago and offers fishing from the bank or from the water only from canoes or electric-powered boats that can be launched from a boat ramp located across the lake from the Day Use area. Http://www.fs.fed.us/conf/lkcnacmp.htm http://www.fs.fed.us/conf/rec/fow/20040630-fow.shtml SherpaGuides.com Forgotten Lakes of the Chattahoochee National Forest Weekend Guide Southern Hiker U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Conasauga Lake